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1. A __________ wind changes in anti-clockwise direction.

a). backing b). blowing c). veering d). shifting

2. An area of low pressure is called a ________.

a). cyclone b). hurricane c). anti-cyclone d). shifting

3. A high-pressure area is a ________.

a). cyclone b). hurricane c). anti-cyclone d). shifting

4. __________ is merely an amount of air that moves in a horizontal motion over the
earth from an area of high barometric pressure towards an area of low barometric
a). cloud b). rain c). wind d). humidity

5. Falling barometric pressure generally indicates that a ________ is approaching.

a). earthquake b). gale c). tsunami d). hurricane

6. Rising pressure indicates the approach or continuation of _________ weather.

a). fair b). stormy c). overcast d). bad

7. A ____________ for seafarers offers a survey of weather conditions that may be

expected in certain places, sea areas and in vicinities of coastal stations within the next 24
a). estimation b). prognosis c). weather forecast d). prevision

8. __________ very often indicate an imminent change of weather.

a). clouds b). stars c). gusts d). winds

9. The presence of _________ may be a warning for an approaching storm.

a). altocumulus b). stratus clouds c). cirrus clouds d). cumulonimbus
clouds clouds

10. The low-hanging ____________ indicate unstable weather.

a). altocumulus b). stratus clouds c). cirrus clouds d). cumulonimbus
clouds clouds

11. The ________________ may precede adverse weather.

a). altocumulus b). stratus clouds c). cirrus clouds d). cumulonimbus
clouds clouds
Supply the missing terms
tropical storm • hectopascals • average • wind • heavy
hectopascals • depression • falling • settled • weather • moderate • pressure

31. Every rise in the ____________ does not foretell an anticyclone and every fall does
not foretell a ___________ .
32. Variations of three to four ____________ except in the tropics, are fairly normal.
33. Five hp above and steady or still rising barometer indicates ______________ weather
with light to ____________ winds.
34. A barometer reading of five hectopascals, below normal, with the barometer still
_____________ , is an indication of a period of unsettled ____________
35. In the tropics a fall of three mb below the _____________ needs to be treated with
36. If it lasts for two or three days, it is a sure predication of a_____________ . 37. In
other areas the pressure of less than 1000 ____________ , and the barometer
falling rapidly at one hp per hour, indicates strong _____________ and ___________
Insert the following missing meteorological terms:

• heavy • visibility • veer • drizzle • front • direction • warm • speed • cold • sky • rain
• wind • approach • speed • haze • sleet • cold front

37. In modern meteorological language wind-shift lines are called ______________ ;

three types of fronts are recognized: __________________ fronts, _____________fronts,
and occluded fronts.
38. The meteorological elements of special interest to the navigator are wind
_______, wind _________, appearance of the __________ and frontal __________.
39. The ______________ of a well-defined warm front is indicated in middle and high
latitudes by solidly overcast skies with more or less steady _______________ and
diminishing _______________ .
40. When the warm front arrives, the __________________ veers rather suddenly, the
rain stops or diminishes to a fine _____ .
41. The conditions following the passage of a warm front are succeeded, sooner or later,
by passage of a _______ .
42. When this occurs, _____________ rain begins and the wind _____________
43. Precipitation of rain and snow or snow and hail is called ___________ .
44. In _____________ the visibility is reduced to about one mile.

Put the verbs in brackets into the Simple Present (active or passive):

Tropical storms (occur) _______________ (45) in tropical and sub-tropical latitudes in

all oceans. They (have)____________ (46) different names in different oceans. In the
western North Atlantic, eastern North Pacific and western South Pacific they (know)
_________________ (47) as hurricanes. They (call) ____________ (48) cyclones in the
Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal, South Indian Ocean and the vicinity of North-West
Australia. In the western North Pacific they (refer) _______________ (49) to as
typhoons. In the Arabian Sea and in the China Sea a monsoon wind (reach)
______________ (50) gale force.