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CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

CHAPTER 22
AUTOFLIGHT
CONTENTS
Page
INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................ 22-1
General .......................................................................................................................... 22-3
Description .................................................................................................................... 22-3
Components................................................................................................................... 22-5
Operation....................................................................................................................... 22-7
Diagnostics .................................................................................................................... 22-7
GFC 700 Pre-Flight Test Sequence and Troubleshooting............................................. 22-7
GARMIN GSA-80 AND GSA-81 SERVOS ....................................................................... 22-9
GARMIN GSM-85A SERVO MOUNTS ............................................................................ 22-9
ROLL SERVO REMOVAL/INSTALLATION .................................................................. 22-11
PITCH SERVOL REMOVAL/INSTALLATION .............................................................. 22-13
YAW SERVO REMOVAL/INSTALLATION .................................................................... 22-15
PITCH TRIM REMOVAL/INSTALLATION ................................................................... 22-17
PITCH TRIM RIGGING/INSPECTION .......................................................................... 22-19
SERVO CAPSTAN CLUTCH ADJUSTMENT ................................................................ 22-19
KING KFC-225 ................................................................................................................. 22-21
Components ................................................................................................................ 22-21
Controls for Operation ................................................................................................ 22-23
Maintenance Considerations....................................................................................... 22-27
KING KFC-150 .................................................................................................................. 22-29
Components ................................................................................................................ 22-29

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CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

Control and Operation...................................................................................................22-29


KING KAP-150 ....................................................................................................................22-31
KING KFC-250 ....................................................................................................................22-32
SPERRY MODELS ..............................................................................................................22-33
AF-550A .......................................................................................................................22-33
IF-550A .........................................................................................................................22-33

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CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

ILLUSTRATIONS
Figure Title Page
22-1 Garmin GFC-700 Interconnect ...............................................................................22-2
22-2 Garmin GMC-710 AFCS Controller.......................................................................22-4
22-3 AFCS Status Box ....................................................................................................22-7
22-4 GSA-80/81 Servo Actuator and GSM-78A Servo Mount ......................................22-8
22-5 Autopilot Roll Servo Installation ..........................................................................22-10
22-6 Autopilot Pitch Servo Installation.........................................................................22-12
22-7 Autopilot Yaw Servo Installation ..........................................................................22-14
22-8 Autopilot Pitch Trim Servo Installation................................................................22-16
22-9 Castlenut Adjustment Fix......................................................................................22-18
22-10 KFC-225 Schematic ..............................................................................................22-20
22-11 Flap Sense Circuit Breakers..................................................................................22-22
22-12 Control Wheel .......................................................................................................22-24
22-13 Warning Horn........................................................................................................22-26
22-14 King KFC-150 Autopilot/Flight Control System Schematic................................22-28
22-15 King KAP-150 Flight Control System Schematic................................................22-30

TABLES
Table Title Page
22-1 AFCS Controller Controls .................................................................................... 22-6
22-2 Servo Capstan Clutch Adjustment ...................................................................... 22-19

Revision 0.1 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY 22-iii


CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

CHAPTER 22
AUTOFLIGHT

INTRODUCTION
The Cessna 208 has several options for autoflight. Typical installations include the
Garmin G1000 integrated avionics system, the King KFC-225 or the King KFC/KAP-150
autopilot/flight control system (AFCS). Other installations include the Sperry 400B
navomatic autopilot or the Sperry 400B integrated flight control system and the King
KFC-250 flight control system.

Revision 0 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY 22-1


22-2
Garmin G1000 AFCS
HDG APR NAV FD XFR ALT VS DN FLC

HDG CRS1 ALT SEL CRS2

BC BANK AP YD VNV SPD

UP
PUSH SYNC PUSH DIR PUSH DIR

NAV 1 116.90 115.40 EHF ETE 13:47 DTK GS 175 DIS 38 NAV1 116.90 115.40 EHF GMN EHF DIS 38.0NM BRG 331° 128.375 127.100 COM1
NAV1 116.90 115.40 EHF GMN EHF DIS 38.0NM BRG 331° 128.375 127.100 COM1 331° 128.375 127.100 COM1
PUSH MAP - NAVIGATION MAP PUSH PUSH NAV2 112.50 117.80 FLW GPS AP YD ALT 10000FT 121.500 122.450 COM2 PUSH
PUSH NAV2 112.50 117.80 FLW GPS AP YD ALT 10000FT 121.500 122.450 COM2 PUSH VOL ID NAV 2 112.50 117.50 FLW 121.500 122.450 COM2 VOL SQ VOL ID VOL SQ
VOL ID VOL SQ
TRQ C80 KHJO 10KT TRACK UP
15 KVISV459
N 10 000
10 000 NAV EMERG COM NAV 10300 EMERG COM
NAV 10300 EMERG COM
FT–LB
10 X100 20 V248 24CL V165 170 2
170 20 20 2 V137 R
20 20
E 0
V459 10200
10200 1650 KPRB V23 KPTV
160 ITT 160
10 10 1 PUSH 600 PUSH PUSH 10 10 1 PUSH
PUSH 10100 PUSH 10100
1-2 1-2 1-2 °C 900 KDLO 1-2 1-2 1-2
V113 150
150 0 700 20
20 BARO V27 BARO BARO
145 3100 00
100 -900 KSBP V485 145 310000
100 -900
50 100 V165 140 80
140 80 % RPM V107
12 EHF
9900 96.5 KRFL L 9900
10 10 1 KNID 10 10 1
PROP RPM 1900 130
130 PUSH PUSH
PUSH KSMX V459
9800 STD OIL PSI 95 STD
9800 STD

328° 2 RANGE KVBC RANGE 120 328° 2 RANGE


120 HDG 328° CRS 331° V25 HDG 328° CRS 331°
OIL °C 85 V23 9700
9700 V27 V137 – +
33 29.92IN – + V183 – + 33 29.92IN
N KMHV 30 N
30 FLIGHT PLAN FUEL QTY
L LBS R
GMN
3

KLGB / KFAT

3
W

W
PUSH V12 KEDW PUSH PUSH
GPS ENR DTK DIS O KSBA GPS ENR PAN
PAN F KWJP PAN
GMN – – –° – – – –NM
6

F V107 V137

6
24

24
V23.FRAME V25 V22 D MENU
D MENU D MENU
V186 KPMD
GMN 331° 38.0NM V27
TERRAIN
E

E
21

FFLOW PPH V12

21
FRAME 324° 73.2NM 379 V201 FPL PROC
FPL PROC KCMA FPL PROC
KFAT 334° 10.0NM
KVCV-- 100FT
BAT AMPS 4 KNTD V386
XWHP
12
V107 37.9NM 50.0NM
12
37.9NM 50.0NM –1000FT
S S
BUS VOLTS 28.0
15
XBUR
15
EHF FLW CLR ENT 80NM CLR ENT EHF FLW CLR ENT
316 V197
NAV1 NAV2 V107 NAV1 NAV2
OAT__– 5°c XPDR1 4234 ALT R LCL 08:44:27 A–ICE GAL 4.7 V23 MAP WPT AUX NRST OAT__– 5°c XPDR1 4234 ALT R LCL 08:44:27
DFLT MAP FMS DFLT MAP FMS
DFLT MAP FMS ?????? INSET SENSOR PFD OBS CDI DME XPDR IDENT TMR/REF NRST ALERTS
?????? INSET SENSOR PFD OBS CDI DME XPDR IDENT TMR/REF NRST ALERTS TRAFFIC TOPO TERRIAN AIRWY BACK

PUSH CRSR PUSH CRSR


PUSH CRSR

GDC 74A #1 GDC 74A #2


Air Data Air Data
Computer Computer
OAT OAT
Airspeed Airspeed
No. 1 GIA 63W Altitude Altitude No. 2 GIA 63W
Integrated Avionics Unit Vertical Speed Vertical Speed Integrated Avionics Unit
VHF COM VHF COM
VHF NAV/LOC VHF NAV/LOC
GPS GRS 77 #1 GRS 77 #2 GPS
Glideslope AHRS AHRS Glideslope

FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY


AFCS Mode Logic Attitude GMU 44 #1 GMU 44 #2 Attitude AFCS Mode Logic
Pitch Magnetometer Magnetometer Pitch
Heading Heading
Rate Of Turn Rate Of Turn
Slip/Skid Slip/Skid
CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

GSA 81 Pitch Servo GSA 81 Pitch Trim GSA 81 Yaw Servo GSA 81 Roll Servo

Figure 22-1. Garmin GFC 700 Interconnect

Revision 0
CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

GENERAL attitude, heading, altitude, airspeed vertical


speed and outside air temperature informa-
Any of these systems allows the crew to tion, all displayed on the Primar y Flight
automatically or manually control the flight of Display (PFD) (data is displayed on the MFD
the aircraft. in reversionary mode).
T h e s y s t e m s p r ov i d e t h e f o l l ow i n g Data outputs from the GRS and GDC 74A are
functions: sent directly to the PFD 1 and 2 and the MFD
• Tracking of any magnetic heading via ARINC 429. Additional communications
paths connect the GRS and GDC 74A to
• Automatic intercept and tracking of VOR on-side GIA 63W units, providing quadruple
radials or ILS localizer and glide slope redundant interface.
beams The GRS 77 received GPS data from both
• Automatic pitch synchronization and trim GIAs, airspeed data from the GDC 74A, and
magnetic heading from the GMU. Using these
• Manual turn (400B only) three exter nal sources, combined with
inter nal sensor data, the GRS accurately
• Pitch command calculates aircraft attitude and heading.
• Altitude hold
• Back course switching NOTES
• NAV 1 or NAV 2 receiver selection
• Pitch attitude disengagement with
associated warning tone

The autoflight system includes annunciator


lights. The Sperry 400B system includes an
A/P ROLL TRIM indicator that signals any
adjustments necessary to neutralize
autopilot roll effort and a prior-to-flight test
function.

DESCRIPTION
The Cessna Caravan aircraft has the GFC 700
AFCS to help decrease the pilot workload
during flight. This section describes the
controller and autopilot servo installations
used by the AFCS. This section also has
references to the Garmin G1000 integrated
avionics system. For a general description of
the G1000 system, refer to Chapter —
”Navigation.”
The GRS 77 AHRS, 74A Air Data Computer,
and GMU 44 Magnetometer are responsible for
p r ov i d i n g t h e G 1 0 0 0 s y s t e m w i t h f l i g h t
instrumentation. Data consists of aircraft

Revision 0 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY 22-3


CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

HDG APR NAV FD XFR ALT VS DN FLC

HDG CRS1 ALT SEL CRS2

BC BANK AP YD VNV SPD

UP
PUSH SYNC PUSH DIR PUSH DIR

ALTERNATE STATIC SOURCE CORRECTION

CLIMBS & APPROACHES: NO CORRECTION REQUIRED.


CRUISE: CORRECTIONS VARY WITH VENTS OPEN OR
CLOSED. REFER TO SECTION 5 OF PILOT’S OPERATING
HANDBOOK.
2605017-1

The markings and d placards installed in this airplane contain operating limitations
which must be complied d with when operating this airplane in the Normal
Category. Other operating limitations
itations which must be complied with when
operating this airplane in this category ry are contained in the Pilot’s Operating
Handbook and FAA Approved Airplane Flight ight Manual.
No acrobatic maneuvers, including spins, ins, approved.
This airplane is approved for flights into icing conditions if the
proper optional equipment is installed and operational. nal. See POH
for weight and altitude restrictions relating to ice.
This airplane is certified for the following flight operations as of date of original
inal
airworthiness certificate:

DAY - NIGHT - VFR - IFR 2105015-7

HDG APR NAV FD XFR ALT VS DN FLC

HDG CRS1 ALT SEL CRS2


BELOW
ICING
MAX WT MANEUVERING SPEED 148 KIAS WHEN TAKEOFF TORQUE SETTINGS ARE BELOW MIN SPD BC BANK AP YD VNV SPD
1865 FT-LBS, THE AIR CONDITIONER MUST BE
SEE POH OTHER WEIGHTS OFF FOR TAKEOFF AND LANDING 2605031-3
UP
PUSH SYNC PUSH DIR PUSH DIR

COM1 COM1
NAV1 116.90 115.40 EHF GMN EHF DIS 38.0NM BRG 331° 128.375 127.100 COM1 MIC
NAV 1 116.90 115.40 EHF ETE 13:47 DTK 331° GS 175 DIS 38 128.375 127.100 COM1 NAV1 116.90 115.40 EHF GMN EHF DIS 38.0NM BRG 331° 128.375 127.100 COM1
NAV2 112.50 117.80 FLW GPS AP YD ALT 10000FT 121.500 122.450 COM2 NAV 2 112.50 117.50 FLW MAP - NAVIGATION MAP 121.500 122.450 COM2 NAV2 112.50 117.80 FLW GPS AP YD ALT 10000FT 121.500 122.450 COM2
N208FS VOL ID
PUSH PUSH
VOL SQ
COM2
MIC COM2
PUSH
VOL ID
TRQ C80 KHJO 10KT TRACK UP
PUSH
VOL SQ
PUSH
VOL ID
PUSH
VOL SQ
QUARTZ

15 KVISV459 0 5 1 0 0
1
10
LIGHTS NAV 10 000
10300 EMERG COM NAV
N
EMERG COM NAV 10 000
10300 EMERG COM TOTAL HOURS
LEFT TAXI/ RIGHT COM3
MIC COM3 FT–LB
24CL
LDG RECOG LDG 170 E 20 20 2 10 X100 20 V248
V137 R
V165 170 20 20 2
ON 10200
COM
0 1650 KPRB V23
V459
KPTV 10200 ARTEX
ELT
TEL
160 1/2 ITT 160

EMERGENCY USE ONLY


PUSH 10 10 10100 1 PUSH PUSH 600 PUSH PUSH 10 10 10100 1 PUSH
1-2 1-2 1-2 °C 900
V113 KDLO 1-2 1-2 1-2
150 20
PA SPKR
0 700 150 20 ON
3100 00 BARO V27 BARO 310000 BARO
145 100 -900 KSBP V485 145 100 -900 ARM
POWER 140 80 MKR HI 50
% RPM
100 V165
140 80
MUTE SENS V107
OUTLET STROBE NAV BCN EHF
KRFL
ALL ON
9900 12
96.5
KNID L 9900
C 10 10 1
1900 10 10 1 TEST/RESET

R 130 DME NAV1


PROP RPM
130 PRESS ON
WAIT 1 SECOND
PUSH KSMX PUSH PUSH
E 9800 STD OIL PSI 95 V459
STD 9800 STD
PRESS ARM

W
120 328° 2 RANGE ADF NAV2 KVBC RANGE 120 328° 2 RANGE
OFF HDG 328° CRS 331° OIL °C 85 V25 HDG 328° CRS 331°
9700 – + V27 V137 V23
– + 9700 – +
33 N 29.92IN V183 33 N 29.92IN
NO SEAT 30 FUEL QTY KMHV 30
PROP HEAT SMOKE BELT CABIN FLIGHT PLAN AUX
L LBS R
AUTO ON KLGB / KFAT GMN
W

W
3

3
PUSH V12 KEDW PUSH PUSH
GPS ENR DTK DIS
PAN MAN PLAY O KSBA
PAN GPS ENR PAN
O GMN – – –° – – – –NM
SQ F KWJP
24

24
F F V107 V137
6

6
CREW V25 V22
F V23.FRAME D MENU D MENU D MENU
V27
V186 KPMD
GMN 331° 38.0NM PILOT COPLT
TERRAIN
379
21

21
FFLOW PPH V12
E

E
MANUAL FRAME 324° 73.2NM
FPL PROC
ICS ISOLATION
KCMA V201
KVCV-- 100FT FPL PROC FPL PROC
12 KFAT 334° 10.0NM BAT AMPS 4 KNTD V386 12
PILOT PASS XWHP
ANTI-ICE 37.9NM S 15 50.0NM BUS VOLTS 28.0 V107 –1000FT 37.9NM S 15 50.0NM
P/S HEAT / STALL WING FLUID CONTROL EHF FLW CLR ENT
316
XBUR
V197 80NM CLR ENT EHF FLW CLR ENT
V107
LOW A/S HEAT LIGHT PRIMARY MAX FLOW BACKUP OAT__– 5°c NAV1 NAV2 XPDR1 4234 ALT R LCL 08:44:27 A–ICE GAL 4.7 V23 MAP WPT AUX NRST OAT__– 5°c NAV1 NAV2 XPDR1 4234 ALT R LCL 08:44:27
AWARE HIGH AIRFRAME ON DFLT MAP FMS DFLT MAP FMS DFLT MAP FMS
ON ?????? INSET SENSOR PFD OBS CDI DME XPDR IDENT TMR/REF NRST ALERTS TRAFFIC TOPO TERRIAN AIRWY BACK ?????? INSET SENSOR PFD OBS CDI DME XPDR IDENT TMR/REF NRST ALERTS
N
O VOL SQ
R
M
OFF WINDSHIELD OFF PUSH CRSR DISPLAY BACKUP PUSH CRSR PUSH CRSR

WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICE MUST BE


OFF FOR TAKEOFF AND LANDING
2605076-5

T H E S I G H T G A G E O N T H E T K S TA N K I S
T H E O N LY A P P R O V E D M E A N S O F A S S U R I N G
A D E Q U AT E D I S PAT C H F L U I D Q T Y TEMP °C
30+ 0 –30 HF VENT–PULL ON
VENT–PULL ON FEET

5.000
100
COM NAV ADC AHRS PFD XPDR ADF 2 141618 1
ENG
1 1 INTFC 1 1 1 1 1 40 9 C 1
5 5 5 5 5 5 2
200 PRESS
ALT ALTIMETER 10 E R 1 RX

180 AIRSPEED 60 8 2 15
200

29.8 5 TORQUE
1015 29.9
AVN
BUS
160 1010 30.0 20
T.O. EMER TEST FUNC
PHONE
TAS

1 80 7 3 0 FREQ CHAN
180

VOL TUNE
ELT 140 KNOTS FT–LB
25
AUDIO A/P A/P NAV RADIO RADAR VACUUM
6 4 X 100
MOD TX
ENT

OVERSPEED SERVOS CONT INTFC ALT R/T 120 100


16 5
PUSH
PWR
SQL
GOVERNOR TEST SWITCH 0
OPT MIC
PUSH TO TEST FIRE DETECT–UP 5 5 5 5 5 5
FUEL SELECT OFF–DN

LOCK
CONTINUED FLIGHT IN ICING CONDITION IS WARNING WARNING
PROHIBITED AFTER ENCOUNTERING ONE OR ASSURE THAT ALL CONTAMINANTS, INCLUDING
COM NAV MFD ADC AHRS PFD XPDR ADF MORE OF THE FOLLOWING: WATER ARE REMOVED FROM FUEL AND FUEL
PHONE ADF
332 3:10
AIRSPEED OF 120 KIAS CANNOT BE MAINTAINED FLT A S S U R E T H AT S E AT I S L O C K E D I N P O S I T I O N
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 IN LEVEL FLIGHT.
SYSTEM BEFORE FLIGHT. FAILURE TO ASSURE
PRIOR TO TAXI, TAKEOFF, AND LANDING. FAILURE
CONTAMINANT FREE FUEL AND HEED ALL SAFETY
AIRSPEED DECREASE OF 10 KIAS THAT CANNOT ADF INSTRUCTIONS AND OWNER ADVISORIES PRIOR
T O P R O P E R LY L AT C H S E AT A N D H E E D A L L
5 5 5 5 5 5 BE PREVENTED BY INCREASE TO MAX
CONTINUOUS POWER. USE STBY/TIMER
TO FLIGHT CAN RESULT IN BODILY INJURY OR
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS CAN RESULT IN BODILY
INJURY OR DEATH. 0705097-1
DEATH.
MEA OR MOCA IF APPLICABLE ON CURRENT LEG 0705098-1
FALLS INTO AREA “C” OF ICING SERVICE CEILING INERTIAL SEPARATOR KR 87 TSO VOL
MIC AVN CHART CONTAINED IN SECTION 5 OF TEH POH/ ADF BFO FRQ FLT SET
ET RST
BUS AFM KNOWN ICING EQUIPMENT SUPPLEMENT. BYPASS–PULL BENDIX / KING OFF

2
2605070-10 NORMAL–PUSH

DME TAS XM–DATA STM HF HF DIMMING AIR CONDITIONING CABIN HEAT


LINK SCOPE RCVR AMP AVIONICS STANDBY SW/CB PNLS CB/PED/ LEFT RIGHT TEMP BLEED AIR MIXING AIR
IND / ANNUN OVHD FLOOD FLOOD HOT HEAT GND–PULL AFT CABIN–PULL DEFROST–PULL
AC FANS ON FLT–PUSH FWD CABIN–PUSH FWD CABIN–PUSH
5 5 5 5 5 30 LEFT AFT RIGHT
COOL HIGH
ALTSTATIC AIR
PULL ON
OFF
PARKING
BRAKE
PULL VENTILATE LOW
DAY

DO NOT TAKEOFF WITH ICE/FROST/SNOW ON THE


AIRCRAFT.
2605070-9

TRIM
DN

TRIM
UP

Caravan Caravan

BUS STBY LEFT PROP PRI TORQUE IGN START GEN GEN
BUS ON 1 PWR PITOT ANTI– ANTI– CONT CONT FIELD
PWR HEAT ICE ICE
STARTER

OFF OFF
30 40 15 30 5 5 5 5 5 15
EXTERNAL BATTERY
POWER
RESET ON BUS STBY RIGHT PROP BACKUP W/S AUX LEFT AUX FUEL
2 PWR PITOT ANTI–ICE ANTI– ANTI–ICE 12V DC FUEL FUEL SEL
ON NORM PWR HEAT CONT ICE PWR QTY PUMP WARN

TRIP OFF
GENERATOR FUEL
30 40 15 5 5 2 10 5 10
BOOST

ON ON START BUS RDNG INST LEFT STROBE BEACON WING RIGHT F FLOW FUEL
1 LIGHT LIGHT LDG LIGHT LIGHT ICE DET FUEL NG & NP CONT
OFF PWR LIGHT LIGHT QTY HEATER

OFF NORM MOTOR


IGNITION STARTER 30 7 5 10 5 10 5 5 2 10
STBY ALT PWR

BUS SEAT AVN RIGHT TAXI NAV FIRE PROP AIR DECK
2 BELT FLOOD LDG LIGHT LIGHT DET O-SPD COND SKIN
1 ON 2 PWR SIGN LIGHT LIGHT TEST CONT FAN

30 5 5 10 15 10 5 5 5 5
OFF
AVIONICS
AUX AUDIO IN
AVIONICS AVIONICS BUS FLAP AIR AFT LEFT
STBY BUS TIE 1 MOTOR SPEED VENT VENT
PWR PWR WARN BLWR BLWR

30 7 5 10 5 10 5 10 10

BUS STBY STALL BLEED RIGHT


2 FLAP WARN AIR VENT
PWR MOTOR HEAT BLWR

30 7 5 10 5 10 10 5 10

Figure 22-2. Garmin GMC-710 AFCS Controller

22-4 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Revision 0


CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

COMPONENTS GA Switch (Go Around)


Disengages the autopilot and selects flight
Garmin GMC-710 AFCS director Takeoff (on ground) or Go Around (in
Garmin Controller air) Mode If an approach procedure is loaded
this switch also activates the missed approach
The AFCS controller is on the AFCS when the selected navigation source is GPS or
m o u n t i n g t r ay i m m e d i a t e ly b e l ow t h e when the navigation source is VOR/LOC and
cockpit glareshield, but above the standby a valid frequency has been tuned. The GA
i n s t r u m e n t s ( Fi g u r e 2 2 - 2 ) . T h i s A F C S Switch is located on the throttle.
controller is the central location for all of the
autopilot control functions. It re ce ive s
electrical power from the AFCS CONTROL MEPT Switch
circuit breaker on the copilot CB panel. The (Manual Electric Pitch Trim)
AFCS controller also has integ ral light- Used to command manual electric pitch trim
emitting diode (LED) lighting that is An MEPT Switch is located on each control
controlled automatically by the Garmin G1000 wheel. This composite switch is split into left
S y s t e m o r m a n u a l ly by t h e p i l o t o n t h e and right sides. The left switch is the ARM
L I G H T I N G ( c e n t e r ) sw i t c h p a n e l . T h e contact and the right switch controls the DN
control wheel steering (CWS) and AP DISC (forward) and UP (rearward) contacts. Pushing
sw i t c h e s a r e o n t h e c o n t ro l wh e e l . T h e the MEPT ARM Switch disengages the
go-around (GA) switch is on the throttle. autopilot, if currently engaged, but does not
affect yaw damper operation. The MEPT ARM
AP DISC Switch S w i t c h m ay b e u s e d t o a c k n ow l e d g e a n
(Autopilot Disconnect) autopilot disconnect alert and mute the
associated aural tone.
Disengages the autopilot and yaw damper and
interrupts pitch trim operation An AP DISC Manual trim commands are generated only
Switch is located on each control wheel. This when both sides of the switch are operate
sw i t c h m ay b e u s e d t o a c k n ow l e d g e a n simultaneously. If either side of the switch is
autopilot disconnect alert and mute the active separately for more than three
associated aural tone. seconds, MEPT function is disabled and
“PTRM” is displayed as the AFCS Status
CWS Button Annunciation on the PFDs. The function
(Control Wheel Steering) remains disabled until both sides of the switch
are inactivated.
While pressed, allows manual control of the
aircraft while the autopilot is engaged and
synchronizes the flight director’s Command
Bars with the current aircraft pitch (if not in
a Vertical Navigation, Glideslope, or Glidepath
Mode) and roll (if in Roll Hold Mode) A CWS
Button is located on each control wheel. Upon
release of the CWS Button, the flight
director may establish new pitch and roll
references, depending on the current vertical
and lateral modes. CWS operation details are
discussed in the respective mode sections of
this manual.

Revision 0 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY 22-5


CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

Table 22-1. AFCS CONTROLLER CONTROLS

BUTTON OR KNOB FUNCTION USE

HDG Button Heading Select Mode Key Selects or cancels the Heading Select Mode.

APR Button Approach Mode Key Selects or cancels the Approach Mode.

NAV Button Navigation Mode Key Selects or cancels the Navigation Mode.

FD Button Flight Director Key Activates or cancels the flight director only. Push this
button once to activate the pilot side flight director in the
vertical and lateral modes. Push this button twice to
cancel the flight director and remove the command
bars. If the autopilot is engaged, this key is disabled.

XFR Button Transfer Key Transfers between the active flight director and standby
flight director.

ALT Button Altitude Hold Mode Key Selects or cancels the Altitude Hold Mode.

VS Button Vertical Speed Mode Key Selects or cancels the Vertical Speed Mode.

FLC Button Flight Level Change Selects or cancels the Flight Level Change Mode.
Mode Key

CRS Button CRS Select Knob Adjusts the selected course in 1-degree increments on
the horizontal situation indicator (HSI) of the related PFD.

SPD Button Airspeed Reference Key Changes airspeed reference between indicated airspeed
(IAS) and Mach for the Flight Level Change Mode.

NOSE UP/DN Wheel Reference Select Wheel Adjusts the reference in Pitch Hold, Vertical Speed, and
Flight Level Change Modes.

VNV Button Vertical Mavigation Key Selects or cancels Vertical Path Tracking Mode for
vertical navigation flight control.

ALT SEL Knob Altitude Select Knob Controls the selected altitude in 100-foot increments.
During initial turn, the current airplane altitude to the
closest 100 feet is displayed as the selected altitude in
the box aboe the altimeter. A resolution of 10 feet is
available during approach conditions.

YD Button Yaw Damper Key Selects or cancels the yaw damper.

AP Button Autopilot Key Selects or cancels the autopilot.

BANK Button Low Bank Mode Key Manually selects or cancels the Low Bank Mode.

BC Button Back Course Key Selects or cancels the Back Course Mode.

HDG Knob Heading Select Knob Adjusts the selected heading and bug in 1-degree
increments on the HSI (pilot’s and pilot’s PFD’s). Push
this knob to synchronize the selected heading to the
current heading.

22-6 FOR TRAINING PURPOSES ONLY Revision 0


CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

OPERATION GFC 700 PRE-FLIGHT TEST


SEQUENCE AND
Garmin GFC-700 AFCS TROUBLESHOOTING
Controller
This section helps the technician determine
The mode logic and flight director calculations why the GFC 700 has failed the Pre-Flight
are done by the Garmin GIA-63W integrated Te s t ( P F T ) i n d i c a t e d b y t h e r e d P F T
avionics unit (GIA) and are displayed on the annunciation. There are 16 steps to the GFC
pilot and copilot GDU 1040A PFDs. 700 PFT. The PFT is performed by both GIAs
(See Figure 22-2). The AFCS function of the at startup, and needs to pass on both GIAs
GIA supplies flight director steering before the autopilot can be engaged. The PFT
commands and annunciations in relation to is only started if the AHRS has aligned, the
the active pitch and roll flight director modes. GIAs and ser vos are conf igured, and the
The AFCS continuously monitors the flight certification gains are valid. If the PFT has not
director and autopilot functions for correct completed after one minute from when the
sensor data. If the flight director modes initialization started it will fail. After the
cannot be calculated, the flight director and system PFT has passed, it will be performed
autopilot automatically disengage. If sensor again if a servo resets, if the autopilot servo
data for the autopilot or yaw damper are not breaker is reset or the cross-side GIA restarts
cor rect, these modes also automatically it. Generally, the PFT failure fault is logged
disengage. in the GIA Maintenance Log and not in the
Servo Maintenance Logs unless the GIA log
DIAGNOSTICS fault identif ies a servo problem.

Flight director mode annunciations are


d i s p l aye d o n t h e P F D s wh e n t h e f l i g h t
director is active. Flight director selection
and autopilot and yaw damper statuses are
shown in the center of the AFCS Status Box.
Lateral flight director modes are displayed
on the left and vertical on the right. Armed
modes are displayed in white and active in
green.

Yaw
Autopilot Damper
Lateral Modes Status Status Vertical Modes

GPS ALTS VPTH


Armed Active Flight Director Active Mode Armed
Indicator Arrow Reference
AFCS Status Box

Figure 22-3. AFCS Status Box

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Figure 22-4. GSA80/81 Servo Actuator & GSM78A Servo Mount

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GARMIN GSA-80 AND GARMIN GSM-85A


GSA-81 SERVOS SERVO MOUNTS
There are four servos on the aircraft: The four servo mounts are installed with the
Garmin GSA-80 and GSA-81 servos. The
• Two Garmin GSA-80 high-torque servos
servo mounts transfer the output torque of the
• Two G a r m i n G S A - 8 1 l ow - t o r q u e servos to the mechanical flight control surface
servos (Figure 22-2) linkage. The mounts include a slip clutch with
different adjustments (torques) that are set by
Three of these servos (aileron, rudder, and Cessna.
elevator) are used by the AFCS to actuate
changes to the flight control surfaces. The A solenoid in the servo controls when the
remaining ser vo is used to control the drive clutch in the servo mount will engage.
electric elevator trim. The slip clutch lets the capstan turn
independently of the servo when a suff icient
The calculations and monitoring for the force is applied to the capstan. This lets the
a u t o p i l o t , y aw d a m p e r, a u t o t r i m , a n d pilot override the operation of the servo if a
manual electric pitch trim are done by the problem occurs.
s e r vo s . T h e a u t o p i l o t c a l c u l a t i o n i n t h e
elevator and aileron ser vos operates the
motors as necessary for the steering NOTES
commands that are given from the flight
director. Attitude heading and reference
system (AHRS) altitude and rate data and
airspeed indications come from the air data
system.
The yaw damper calculation in the rudder
servo, operates its motor as necessary for the
yaw rate, roll angle, lateral acceleration, and
airspeed. This gives the commands necessary
t o g iv e D u t c h r o l l d a m p i n g a n d t u r n
coordination.
The pitch trim servo calculates commands as
necessary to control its motor to decrease
continued elevator forces when the autopilot
i s e n g a g e d . I t i s a l s o c o n t r o l l e d by t h e
manual electric pitch trim (MEPT) switches
to give manual trim control.

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A (BELOW FLOOR)

ROLL
SERVO
SERVO
MOUNT ROLL
BRACKET
SUPPORT

BRACKET

SCREW

BRIDLE
CABLE CLAMP
BOLT/WASHER

DETAIL A
Figure 22-5. Autopilot Roll Servo Installation

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CESSNA 208 CARAVAN I MAINTENANCE TRAINING MANUAL

ROLL SERVO 8. Use the turnbuckle to adjust the roll servo


bridle cable tension to 12 pounds,
REMOVAL/INSTALLATION ±2 pounds.
9. Install the access panel.
A. Remove the Roll Servo
10. Connect electrical power from the aircraft.
1. Disconnect electrical power from the aircraft.
11. Do an operational test of the autopilot.
2. Remove the copilot’s seat. Refer to “Introduction” in the List of
3. Remove the access panel (232DR). Manufacturers Technical Publications for
the manufacturer’s installation manual.
4. Disconnect the electrical connector from the
roll servo.
5. Release the control cable tension and
NOTES
loosen the roll servo brindle cable at the
turnbuckle.
6. Remove the bolts and washers that attach
the roll servo to the bracket assembly.
7. Remove the roll servo from the airplane.
8. Do an inspection of the roll servo. Refer
to Roll Servo Inspection.

B. Install the Roll Servo


1. Put the roll servo actuator in position on the
torque mount and attach with bolts and
washers.
a. Torque the bolts to 45 inch pounds,
±5 inch pounds.

2. Connect the electrical connector to the roll


servo.
3. Install the roll servo bridle cable on the roll
servo.
4. Make sure the aileron and bell crank are in
the neutral position.
5. Wind the bridle cable around the servo drum
approximately 1.25 turns in each direction
from the swaged ball (drum ball detent
inboard).
6. Make sure the flanges of the bridle cable
guard do not touch the bridle cable.
7. Make sure the flanges of the bridle cable
guard are on each side of the notches around
the outer edge of the mount.

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A
(AFT OF BULKHEAD)

MOUNT
PITCH
SERVO
BOLT/WASHER

CLIP
TURNBUCKLE

CABLE

BRACKET
BRIDAL
CABLE

DETAIL A

Figure 22-6. Autopilot Pitch Servo Installation

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PITCH SERVO 11. Do an operational test of the autopilot.


Refer to “Introduction” in the List of
REMOVAL/INSTALLATION Manufacturers Technical Publications for
the manufacturer’s installation manual.
A. Remove Pitch Servo.
1. Disconnect electrical power from the aircraft. NOTES
2. Remove the Rear Compartment Wall.
3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the
pitch servo.
4. Release the bridle cable tension and loosen
the pitch servo bridle cable at the turnbuckle.
5. Remove the bolts and washers that attach
the pitch servo to the bracket assembly.
6. Remove the pitch servo from the airplane.
7. Do an inspection of the pitch servo.
Refer to Pitch Servo Inspection.

B. Install the Pitch Servo.


1. Put the Pitch Servo in position on the
bracket assembly and attach with the bolts
and washers.
a. Torque the bolts to 45 inch pounds, ±5
inch pounds.
2. Connect the electrical connector to the Pitch
Servo.
3. Install the Pitch Servo bridle cable on the
Pitch Servo actuator.
4. Make sure the elevator and bell crank are in
the neutral position.
5. Wind the bridle cable around the Servo
drum approximately 1.25 turns in each
direction from the swaged ball (drum ball
detent inboard).
6. Make sure the flanges of the bridle cable
guard do not touch the bridle cable.
7. Make sure the flanges of the bridle cable
guard are on each side of the notches around
the outer edge of the mount.
8. Use the turnbuckle to adjust the Pitch Servo
cable tension to 20 pounds ±5 pounds.
9. Install the Rear Compartment Wall.
10. Connect electrical power to the aircraft.

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A (AFT OF BULKHEAD)

RIGHT LEFT
RUDDER RUDDER
CABLE CABLE

SCREW
GSA 80
YAW SERVO
SERVO CLAMP
MOUNT

CLIP
BRACKET

TURNBUCKLE

BRIDLE
WASHER CABLE

BOLT

DETAIL A
Figure 22-7. Autopilot Yaw Servo Installation

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YAW SERVO 9. Install the Rear Compartment Wall.


Refer to Chapter 25, “Rear Compartment
REMOVAL/INSTALLATION wall—Maintenance Practices.”

A. Remove Yaw Servo. 10. Connect electrical power to the aircraft.


1. Disconnect electrical power from the aircraft. 11. Do an operational test of the autopilot.
Refer to “Introduction” in the List of
2. Remove the Rear Compartment Wall. Manufacturers Technical Publications
Refer to Chapter 25, “Rear Compartment for the manufacturer’s installation
Wall—Maintenance Practices.” manual.
3. Disconnect the electrical connector from
the Yaw Servo. NOTES
4. Release the bridle cable tension and
loosen the Yaw Servo bridle cable at the
turnbuckle.
5. Remove the bolts and washers that attach
the Yaw Servo to the bracket.
6. Remove the Yaw Servo from the airplane.
7. Do an inspection of the Yaw Servo. Refer
to Yaw Servo Inspection.

B. Install the Yaw Servo.


1. Put the Yaw Servo in position on the
bracket and attach with the bolts and
washers.
2. Connect the electrical connector to the
Yaw Servo.
3. Install the Yaw Servo bridle cable on the
Yaw Servo actuator.
4. Make sure the rudder and bell crank are
in the neutral position.
5. Wind the bridle cable around the Servo
drum approximately 1.25 turns in each
direction from the swaged ball (drum ball
detent inboard).
6. Make sure the flanges of the bridle cable
guard do not touch the bridle cable.
7. Make sure the flanges of the bridle cable
guard are on each side of the notches
around the outer edge of the mount.
8. Use the turnbuckle to adjust the Yaw
Servo cable tension to 20 pounds,
±5 pounds.

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