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PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

BAB III

PERHITUNGAN JALAN TRASE I

Data lalu lintas tahun 2007

Jenis kendaraan C LHR EMP SMP

Mobil penumpang 1.1 1.2 4500 1 5400

Bus 1.2 0.9 4200 2 11340


Truk ringan 1.2 L 0.9 1200 3 3240
Truk berat1 .2H 0.9 450 3 1215
Truk 1.2.2 0.9 120 3 324
Trailer 1.2 + 2.2 0.9 45 5 202.5
Trailer 1.2 - 2 0.9 25 5 112.5
Trailer 1.2 – 2.2 0.9 0 5 0
Σ 17675 21834

Satuan mobil penumpang tahun 2008

SMP 2007 = ( 1+ r )^n x SMP 2007

= ( 1+0,05)2 x 21834

= 24532.68

Satuan mobil penumpang selama umur rencana jalan 10 th ( th 2017)

SMP 2019 = ( 1+ r )^n x SMP 2008

= ( 1+ 0,065)10 x 24532.68

= 48259.49

Dari data data satuan mobil penumpang dapat ditentukan :

a. jenis jalan adalah jalan Arteri kelas 2

b. jumlah lajur = 2 lajur, 2 arah

c. kecepatan rencana adalah 60 km/jam (buku bina marga tabel 2 hal. 10)

d. lebar jalur = 3.25 m (buku bina marga tabel 3 hal. 11)

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 1


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

e. lebar bahu jalan = 1.5 m (bina marga tabel 8 hal 16)

f. lebar median = 0.5 m (bina marga tabel 9 hal. 17)

g. jari-jari minimum = 239 (bina marga tabel 10 hal. 18)

table 2

Kelas jalan 1 2-1 3 4-3 5-4 5


Kecp rencana 80 60 50 40 30 20

km/jam

4.2 Perhitugan Azimuth


Diketahui :
Koordinat titik A : ( 1000 ; 800 ) , αA = 121,258º , d1 = 655,13 m
Koordinat titik I : ( 1910 ; 600 ) , α1 = 90º , d2 = 1190 m
Koordinat titik II : ( 2660 ; 600 ) , α2 = 56,977º , d3 = 715,612 m
Koordinat titik III : ( 3400 ; 970 ) , α3 = 90º , d4 = 500 m
Koordinat titik B : ( 4000 ; 900 )

a. Kontrol Alpha ( α )
(Y1  YA ) 600  800
αA = arc tg + 90º = arc tg + 90º = 102.39°
( X1  X A ) 1910  1000

α1 = 90°
(YIII  YII ) 970  600
α2 = 90° - arc tg = 90° - arc tg = 63.45°
( X III  X II ) 3400  2660

(YIV  YIII ) 900  970


α3 = arc tg + 90º = arc tg + 90º = 96.65°
( X IV  X III ) 4000  3400

b. Kontrol Jarak ( D )
dI = ( X I  X A ) 2  (YI  YA ) 2

= (600  800) 2  (1910  1000) 2

= 931.72 m → Ok
d II = ( X II  X I ) 2  (YII  YI ) 2

= (600  600) 2  ( 2660  1910) 2

= 750 m → Ok

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 2


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

d III = ( X III  X II ) 2  (YIII  YII ) 2

= (970  600) 2  (3400  2660) 2

= 827.35 m → Ok
d IV = ( X IV  X III ) 2  (YIV  YIII ) 2

= (900  970) 2  (4000  3400) 2

= 604.07 m → Ok

c. Perhitungan Delta ( ∆ )
Δ1 = 90°
Δ2 = 12.39°
Δ3 = 6.65°

d. Kontrol Koordinat
Koordinat titik A ( 1000 ; 1200 )
Titik 1 → X1 = XA + d1 sin αa
= 1000 + ( 931.72 x sin 102.39º )
= 1910 m
Y1 = YA + d1 sin αa
= 1200 + ( 931.72 x cos 102.39º )
= 600 m

Jadi Koordinat Titik 1 adalah ( 1910 ; 600 ) → ok

Titik 2 → X2 = X1 + d2 sin α1
= 1910 + ( 750 x sin 90º )
= 2660 m
Y2 = Y1 + d2 sin α1
= 600 + ( 750 x cos 90º )
= 600 m

Jadi Koordinat Titik 2 adalah ( 2660 ; 600 ) → ok

Titik 3 → X3 = X2 + d3 sin α2
= 2660 + ( 827.35 x sin 63.45° )

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 3


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

= 3400 m
Y3 = Y2 + d3 sin α2
= 600 + ( 827.35 x cos 63.45º )
= 970 m → 1250 m

Jadi Koordinat Titik 3 adalah ( 3400 ; 970 ) → ok

Titik B → Xb = X3 + d4 sin α3

= 3400 + ( 604.07 x sin 96.65º )


= 4000 m
Yb = Y3 + d4 sin α3
= 970 + (604.07 x cos 96.65º )
= 900 m

Jadi Koordinat Titik B adalah ( 4000 ; 900 ) → ok

Tabel : 1

TITIK KOORDINAT JARAK (m) AZIMUTH


X Y
A 1000 800
931.72 102.39°
1 1910 600
750 90O
2 2660 600
827.35 63.45°
3 3400 970
604.07 96.65O
B 4000 900

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 4


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

4.3 Perhitungan Potongan

Potongan Elevasi Kiri Elevasi As Jalan Elevasi Kanan


A - B

1-1 158.06 156.91 155.76

2-2 153.71 152.94 152.17

3-3 150.41 149.455 148.5

4-4 147.04 145.855 144.67

5-5 143.7 144.78 145.85

6-6 142.38 143.57 144.75

7-7 141.78 142.87 143.96

8-8 141.81 142.64 143.46

9-9 141.58 142.19 142.8

10-10 141.84 142.22 142.6

11-11 141.1 141.28 141.46

12-12 140.1 140.1 140.1

13-13 137.77 137.59 137.4

14-14 135.5 135.03 134.56

15-15 129.81 129.72 129.62

16-16 127.37 127.35 127.38

17-17 125 125.35 125.45

18-18 126.16 125.72 125.27

19-19 126.46 125.05 125.64

20-20 126.61 126.19 124.77

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 5


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

21-21 126.88 126.495 126.11

22-22 126.15 126.53 126.91

23-23 126.09 126.49 126.88

24-24 126.06 125.54 125.02

25-25 123.4 122.8 122.2

26-26 120.74 120.11 119.48

27-27 118.18 117.69 117.2

28-28 115.34 115.27 115.19

29-29 117.82 118.075 118.33

30-30 121.13 121.36 121.58

31-31 124.47 124.61 124.75

32-32 127.39 127.39 127.39

33-33 130.31 130.59 130.78

34-34 134.22 133.78 133.33

35-35 135.55 135.17 134.78

36-36 136.18 135.71 135.24

37-37 136.71 136.075 135.44

38-38 136.99 136.29 135.59

39-39 137.05 136.315 135.58

40-40 136.84 136.295 135.75

41-41 137.64 136.89 136.14

42-42 138.16 137.37 136.57

43-43 139 138.15 137.3

44-44 139.79 138.92 138.04

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 6


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

45-45 142.05 140.88 139.7

46-46 144.67 143.495 142.32

47-47 145.89 145.28 144.63

48-48 146.52 146.02 145.51

49-49 147.08 146.75 146.41

50-50 146.53 145.55 144.56

51-51 144.4 143 141.6

52-52 141.09 138.55 136

53-53 137.4 135.2 133

54-54 137.39 134.27 131.14

55-55 136.33 133.82 131.3

56-56 136.3 133.57 130.83

57-57 136.38 133.89 131.38

58-58 135.76 133.84 131.92

59-59 135.43 133.695 131.96

60-60 135 133.02 131.04

61-61 132.23 131.34 130.45

62-62 131.67 130.69 129.7

63-63 130.22 129.36 128.5

64-64 128.86 128.08 127.3

65-65 126.02 125.17 124.32

66-66 116 115.29 114.58

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 7


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

67-67 109.12 109.11 109.1

68-68 116.5 116.59 116.67

69-69 123.36 123.58 123.22

70-70 127.8 127.54 127.27

71-71 131.36 131.12 130.88

72-72 135 134.35 133.69

73-73 141.66 140.205 138.75

74-74 142.59 141.73 140.96

4.4 Data kondisi medan

160.19  157.2
Potongan 1 = x 100 % = 7.5 %
40
156.43  154.88
Potongan 2 = x 100 % = 3.9 %
40

151.9  150.32
Potongan 3 = x 100 % = 3.95 %
40

148.33  147.09
Potongan 4 = x 100 % = 3.1 %)
40

145.5  143.7
Potongan 5 = x 100 % = 4.5 %
40

144.75  142.39
Potongan 6 = x 100 % = 5.9 %
40

143.96  141.79
Potongan 7 = x 100 % = 5.425 %
40

142.64  141.91
Potongan 8 = x 100% = 3.875 %
40

142.9  141.59
Potongan 9 = x 100% = 3.275 %
40

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 8


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

142.6  141.59
Potongan 10 = x 100% = 1.65 %
40

141.1  141.46
Potongan 11 = x 100 % = 0.9 %
40

140.1  140.1
Potongan 12 = x 100 % = 0 %
40

137.77  137.4
Potongan 13 = x 100 % = 0.925 %
40

135.5  134.56
Potongan 14 = x 100 % = 2.35 %
40
129.91  129.62
Potongan 15 = x 100 % = 0.725 %
40

127.37  127.3
Potongan 16 = x 100 % = 0.175 %
40

125.46  125
Potongan 17 = x 100 % = 1.15 %
40

126.16  125.27
Potongan 18 = x 100 % = 2.225 %
40

126.46  125.64
Potongan 19 = x 100 % = 2.05 %
40

126.61  125.77
Potongan 20 = x 100 % = 2.1 %
40

126.99  126.11
Potongan 21 = x 100 % = 2.2 %
40

126.91  126.15
Potongan 22 = x 100 % = 1.9 %
40

126.99  126.09
Potongan 23 = x 100 % = 2.25 %
40

126.06  125.05
Potongan 24 = x 100 % = 2,525 %
40

125.02  123.4
Potongan 25 = x 100 % = 4.05 %
40

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 9


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

120.74  119 .49


Potongan 26 = x 100 % = 3.125 %
40

119 .19  117 .2


Potongan 27 = x 100 % = 4.975 %
40

115 .34  115 .19


Potongan 28 = x 100 % = 0.375 %
40

119 .33  117 .92


Potongan 29 = x 100 % = 3.525 %
40
121.59  121.13
Potongan 30 = x 100 % = 1.15 %
40

124.75  124.47
Potongan 31 = x 100 % = 0.7 %
40

127.39  127.39
Potongan 32 = x 100 % = 0 %
40

130.96  130.13
Potongan 33 = x 100 % = 1.625 %
40

134.22  133.33
Potongan 34 = x 100 % = 2.225 %
40

135.55  134.19
Potongan 35 = x 100 % = 3.4 %
40

136.19  135.24
Potongan 36 = x 100 % = 2.375 %
40

136.71  135.44
Potongan 37 = x 100 % = 3.175 %
40

139.59  136.99
Potongan 38 = x 100 % = 6.5 %
40

137.05  135.59
Potongan 39 = x 100 % = 3.65 %
40

136.75  135.75
Potongan 40 = x 100 % = 2,5 %
40

137.64  136.14
Potongan 41 = x 100 % = 3.75 %
40

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 10


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

139.16  136.57
Potongan 42 = x 100 % = 6.475 %
40

139  137.3
Potongan 43 = x 100 % = 4.25 %
40

139.92  139.04
Potongan 44 = x 100 % = 2.2 %
40

142.05  139.7
Potongan 45 = x 100 % = 5.875 %
40

144.67  142.32
Potongan 46 = x 100 % = 5.875 %
40

145.99  144.63
Potongan 47 = x 100 % = 3.4 %
40

146.52  145.51
Potongan 48 = x 100 % = 2.525 %
40

147.09  146.41
Potongan 49 = x 100 % = 1.7 %
40

146.53  144.56
Potongan 50 = x 100 % = 4.925 %
40

144.4  141.61
Potongan 51 = x 100 % = 6.975 %
40
141.09  136
Potongan 52 = x 100 % = 12.725 %
40

137.4  133
Potongan 53 = x 100 % = 11 %
40
137.39  131.14
Potongan 54 = x 100 % = 15.625 %
40

136.33  131.3
Potongan 55 = x 100 % = 12.575 %
40

136.3  130.94
Potongan 56 = x 100 % = 13.4 %
40

136.39  131.99
Potongan 57 = x 100 % = 11 %
40

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 11


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

135.76  131.92
Potongan 58 = x 100 % = 9.6 %
40

135.43  131.96
Potongan 59 = x 100 % = 8.675 %
40

1135  131.04
Potongan 60 = x 100 % = 9.9 %
40

132.33  130.45
Potongan 61 = x 100 % = 4.7 %
40

131.67  129.7
Potongan 62 = x 100 % = 4.925 %
40

130.22  129.36
Potongan 63 = x 100 % = 2.15 %
40

129.3  127.3
Potongan 64 = x 100 % = 5 %
40

126.02  124.32
Potongan 65 = x 100 % = 4.25 %
40

116  114.59
Potongan 66 = x 100 % = 3.525 %
40

109.12  109.1
Potongan 67 = x 100 % = 0.05 %
40

116 .67  116 .5


Potongan 68 = x 100 % = 0.425 %
40

123.36  123.22
Potongan 69 = x 100 % = 0.35 %
40

127.9  127.27
Potongan 70 = x 100 % = 1.575 %
40

131.36  130.99
Potongan 71 = x 100 % = 0.925 %
40

135  133.69
Potongan 72 = x 100 % = 3.275 %
40

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 12


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

141.66  139.75
Potongan 73 = x 100 % = 4.775 %
40

142.59  140.96
Potongan 74 = x 100 % = 4.075 %
40

4.4 PERHITUNGAN ALINYEMEN HORISONTAL


a) Tikungan 1
Dipakai Rmin = 112.04 m (denagn Vr 60 km/jam, teknik
perencanaan jalan raya hal 95)
Rc = 358 m (ditentukan sendiri)
E = 0,054
Ls = 50 m ( Tabel Bina Marga )
Vr = 60 km/jam
∆1 = 12.39°

Perhitungan Tikungan 1
Cek rumus modified short form
28.648  Ls
Qs =
R
28.648  50
=
358
= 4º
Qc = Δ – 2Qs
= 12.39 – (2x4º)
= 4.39

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 13


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

Qc
Lc = 2πR
360
4.39
= 2xπx358
360
= 27.43 m >20 m, maka digunakan S-C-S
 Ls 2 
Xc = Ls 1  
 40  Rc 2  

 50 2 

= 50  1  
 40  358 2 
= 49.97m

Ls 2
Yc =
6  Rc
50 2
=
6  358
= 1.16 m
P = Yc  Rc1  cos Qs  = 1.16 – 358 ( 1 – cos 4° ) = 0.29 m
K = Xc – Rc sin Qs = 49.97 – 358 sin 4° = 25 m
1 1
Ts =  Rc  P   tg  K =  358  0.29  tg 12.39  25
2 2
= 63.86 m
 Rc  P   Rc   358  0.29
Es =
cos 12  1 
cos 12 12.39    358  2.39m
L = 2  Ls + Lc
= 2  50 + 27.43
= 127.43 m

b) Tikungan 2
Dipakai Rmin = 112.04 m (denagn Vr 60 km/jam, teknik
perencanaan jalan raya hal 95)
Rc = 286 m (ditentukan sendiri)
E = 0,064
Ls = 50 m ( Tabel Bina Marga )

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 14


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

Vr = 60 km/jam
∆1 = 26.55°

Perhitungan Tikungan 2
Cek rumus modified short form
28.648  Ls
Qs =
R
28.648  50
=
286
= 5º
Qc = Δ – 2Qs
= 26.55º – (2x5º)
= 16.55º
Qc
Lc = 2πR
360
16.55
= 2xπx286
360
= 82.61m >25 m, maka digunakan S-C-S
 Ls 2 
Xc 
= Ls  1  
 40  Rc 2 

 50 2 
= 50 1  
 40  286 2 
= 49.96 m
Ls 2
Yc =
6  Rc
50 2
=
6  286
= 1.46 m
P = Yc  Rc1  cos Qs  = 1.46 – 286 ( 1 – cos 5° ) = 0.37m
K = Xc – Rc sin Qs = 49.96 – 286 sin 5° = 25.03 m
1 1
Ts =  Rc  P   tg  K =  286  0.37   tg 26.55  25.03
2 2

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 15


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

= 92.59 m
 Rc  P   Rc   286  0.37
Es =
cos 12  1 
cos 12 26.55   286  8.23.m
L = 2  Ls + Lc
= 2  50 + 82.61
= 182.61 m

c) Tikungan 3
Dipakai Rmin = 112.04 m (denagn Vr 60 km/jam, teknik
perencanaan jalan raya hal 95)
Rc = 205 m (ditentukan sendiri)
E = 0,08
Ls = 50 m ( Tabel Bina Marga )
Vr = 60 km/jam
∆1 = 39.85°

Perhitungan Tikungan 3
Cek rumus modified short form
28.648  Ls
Qs =
R
28.648  50
=
205
= 6.99º
Qc = Δ – 2Qs
= 39.85º – (2x6.99º)
= 25.87º
Qc
Lc = 2πR
360
25.87
= 2xπx205
360
= 92.58 m >25 m, maka digunakan S-C-S

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 16


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

 Ls 2 
Xc = Ls 1  
 40  Rc 2  

 50 2 

= 50  1  
 40  205 2 
= 49.93 m
Ls 2
Yc =
6  Rc
50 2
=
6  205
= 2.03 m
P = Yc  Rc1  cos Qs  = 2.03 – 205 ( 1 – cos 6.99° ) = 0.51m
K = Xc – Rc sin Qs = 69,933 – 205 sin 6.99° = 24.98 m
1 1
Ts =  Rc  P   tg  K =  205  0.51  tg 39.85  24.98
2 2
= 99.48 m
 Rc  P   Rc   205  0.51
Es =
cos 1 2  1 
cos 12 39.85    205  13.59.m
L = 2  Ls + Lc
= 2  50 + 92.58
= 192.58 m

d) Perhitungan stationing
Diketahui : Sta = 0 + 000
D1 = 931.72 m
D2 = 750 m
D3 = 827.35 m
D4 = 604.07 m

Perhitungan :
- Sta A = 0 + 000
- Sta A-I = Sta A + d1
= ( 0 + 00 ) + 931.72
= 0 + 931.72
- Sta TS1 = Sta A-I - Ts

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 17


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

= ( 0+ 931.72 ) - 63.86
= 0+ 867.86
- Sta Sc1 = Sta TS1 + LS
= (0+ 867.86) + 50
= 0 + 917.86
- Sta Cs1 = Sta Sc1 +Lc
= (0+ 917.86) + 27.43
= 0+ 945.29

-Sta St1 = Sta Cs1 +Ls


= (0+ 945.29) + 50
= 0+ 995.29
- Sta II = Sta ST1 + D2 – Ts
= (0+995.29) + 750 – 63.86
= 1 + 681.43
- Sta Ts2 = Sta II + Ts
=(1 + 681.43) - 92.59
= 2 + 338.84
-Sta SC2 = Sta Ts2 +Ls
= (2 + 338.84) + 50
= 2 + 388.84
- Sta CS2 = Sta SC2 + Lc
= (2 + 388.84) + 82.61
= 2 + 471.45
- Sta ST2 = Sta CS2 + Ls
= (2+ 471.45) + 50
= 2+521.45
- Sta III = Sta ST2 – Ts + D3
= (2+ 459,385) – 92.59 + 827.35
= 3 + 256.21
- Sta III-B = Sta III + D3
= (3 + 256.21) + 827.35
= 4 + 083.56

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 18


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

- Sta TS3 = Sta III-B – Ts3


= (4 + 083.56) – 99.48
= 4 + 183.04
- Sta Sc3 = Sta TS3 + Ls
= (4 + 183.04) + 50
= 4 + 233.04
- Sta CS = Sta SC3+ Lc
= (4 + 233.04) + 92.58
= 4 + 325.62
- Sta ST4 = Sta CS + LS
= ( 4+ 325.692 ) + 50
= 4 + 375.62
- Sta B = Sta ST+ D4 – Ts
= (4 + 375.62)+604.07 – 99.48
= 4 + 880.21

4.5 Perhitungan jarak pandang henti ( JPH = D)


Diketahui :
VR = 60 Km/jam
T = 2.5 s
g = 9.81 m/s
f = 0.33 koefisien friksi mengerem
1. Jika kelandaian 5.4 % ,
2
  VR  
   
V
 R xT   3 . 6  
JPH =  3. 6 2 xgx( f  l ) 
 
 
2
  60  
  
 60  3.6 
 
 
=  x 2.5  
2 x9.81x (0.33  0.054) 
 3.6
 
 

= 78.57 m

2. Jika kelandaian 6.4 % ,

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 19


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

2
  VR  
   
 V R xT   3. 6  
JPH =  3. 6 2 xgx( f  l ) 
 
 
2
  60  
  
 60  3.6 
 
 
=  x 2.5  
2 x9.81x (0.33  0.064) 
 3.6
 
 

= 77.64 m
3. Jika kelandaian 8 % ,
2
  VR  
   
 V R xT   3. 6  
JPH =  3. 6 2 xgx( f  l ) 
 
 
2
  60  
  
 60  3.6 
 
 
=  x 2.5  
2 x9.81x (0.33  0.08) 
 3.6
 
 

= 76.23 m

4.6 Perhitungan jarak pandang menyiap


Diketahui :
VR = 60 Km/jam
M = Beda kecepatan
= 11 Km/jam
t1 = 2.12 + 0.026 x VR
= 2.12 + 0.026 x 60
= 3.68 s
a = 2.052 + 0.0036 x V
= 2.052 + 0.0036 x 60
= 2.268 s
 axt1 
d1 = 0.278 xt `1 xV R  m  
 2 

 2.268 x3.68 
= 0.278 x3.68 x 60  11  2

 

= 54.398 m

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 20


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

t2 = 6.56 + 0.048 x VR
= 6.56 + 0.048 x 60
= 9.44 s
d2 = 0.278 x VRx t2
= 0.278 x 60 x 9.44
= 157.456 m
d3 = 30 – 100 m ( direncanakan 30 m )
2 2
d4 = D2  157.456  104.971
3 3
Jd = d1+d2+d3+d4
= 54.398 + 157.456 + 30 + 104.971
= 346.825

4.7 Pelebaran pada tikungan


Tikungan I
b = 2.5 m
Ri = Rrencana – b
= 358 – 2.5 = 355.5 m
Rc = Ri + ½ b
= 355.5 + ½ 2.5
= 356.75 m
1 1
B=  Rc 2 ( P  A) 2  xb 2  2 ( P  A) 2  Rc 2  ( p  A) 2  xb
2 2

B=

1 1
 355.5 2 (6.5  2.5) 2  x 2.5 2  2 (6.5  2.5) 2  355.5 2  (6.5  2.5) 2  x 2.5
2 2

B = 358.62 – 355.41
B = 3.21 m

ε= B–b
= 3.21 – 2.5 = 0.71 m

Tikungan II

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 21


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

b = 2.5 m
Ri = Rrencana – b
= 386 – 2.5 = 283.5 m
Rc = Ri + ½ b
= 283.5 + ½ x 2.5
= 284.75 m
1 1
B=  Rc 2 ( P  A) 2  xb 2  2 ( P  A) 2  Rc 2  ( p  A) 2  xb
2 2

B=

1 1
 284.75 2 (6.5  1.5) 2  x 2.5 2  2 (6.5  2.5) 2  284.75 2  (6.5  2.5) 2  x 2.5
2 2

B = 287.87 – 284.64
B = 3.23 m

ε= B–b
= 3.23– 2.5 = 0.73 m
Tikungan III
b = 2.5 m
Ri = Rrencana – b
= 205 – 2.5 = 202.5m
Rc = Ri + ½ b
= 202.5 + ½ x 2.5
= 203.75 m
1 1
B=  Rc 2 ( P  A) 2  xb 2  2 ( P  A) 2  Rc 2  ( p  A) 2  xb
2 2

B=

1 1
 203.752 (6.5  1.5) 2  x 2.5 2  2 (6.5  2.5) 2  203.75 2  (6.5  2.5) 2  x 2.5
2 2

B = 206.87– 203.59
B = 3.28 m

ε= B–b
= 3.28 – 2.5 = 0.78 m

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 22


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

4.8 Alinyemen vertikal


a. Stasioning
Perhitungan Lengkung yang dipakai :
Titik A Sta 0 + 0 Elevasi 160 m
PPV 1 Sta 0 + 500 Elevasi 160 m
PPV 2 Sta 1 + 000 Elevasi 142 m
PPV 3 Sta 1 + 500 Elevasi 120 m
PPV 4 Sta 2 + 000 Elevasi 130 m
PPV 5 Sta 2 + 500 Elevasi 146 m
PPV 6 Sta 2 + 930 Elevasi 130 m
PPV 7 Sta 3 + 100 Elevasi 130 m

b. Perhitungan Landai
160  142
g1 =  1000%  3.6% ( naik )
500
142  120
g2 =  100%  4.4% ( naik )
500
120  130
g3 =  100%  2% ( turun )
500
130  146
g4 =  100%  3.2% ( turun )
500
146  130
g5 =  100%  3.2% ( naik )
500
130  130
g6 =  100%  0% ( datar )
430
130  142
g7 =  100%  7.06% ( turun )
170

c. Perhitungan Jarak Pandang Henti ( JPH )


Rumus yang digunakan :
V
JPH = 0,278  V  t+
254   f  G 

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 23


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

Dengan : V = kecepatan
t = waktu reaksi pengemudi
f = koefisien gesekan
G = kelandaian
Diketahui : V = 60 km/jam
t = 2,5 detik
f = 0,33
60
1. JPH1 = 0,278  60  2,5 +
254   0,33  0.036 

= 42.35 m
60
2. JPH2 = 0,278  60  2,5 + 254   0,33  0.044 

= 42.33 m
60
3. JPH3 = 0,278  60  2,5 +
254   0,33  0.02 

= 42.46 m
60
4. JPH4 = 0,278  60  2,5 +
254   0,33  0.032 

= 42.49 m
60
5. JPH5 = 0,278  60  2,5 +
254   0,33  0.032 

= 42.35 m
60
6. JPH6 = 0,278  60  2,5 +
254   0,33  0 

= 42.42 m
60
7. JPH7 = 0,278  60  2,5 +
254   0,33  0.0706

= 42.61 m

d. Perhitungan Panjang Lengkung ( Lv ) dan Tinggi Lengkung ( Ev )

Rumus yang digunakan :


  JPHn   JPHn
Lv cembung = Lv cekung =
399 120  3.5 xJhn

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 24


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

  Lvn
Ev =
800
Dengan : ∆ = perbedaan landai
JPH n = panjang jarak pandang henti
Lv n = panjang lengkung

1. Lengkung 1
∆1 = g2 – g1 = 4.4 – 3.6 = 0.8 % ( Cekung )
0.8  42.35 2
Lv1 = = 5.35 m
120  (3.5 x 42.35)

0.8  5.35
Ev1 = = 0.00535 m
800
2. Lengkung 2
∆2 = g3 – g2 = -2 - 4.4 = -6.4% ( Cembung )
6.4  42.33 2
Lv2 = = 28.74 m
399
6.4  28.74
Ev2 = = 0.23 m
800
3. Lengkung 3
∆3 = g4 – g3 = -3.2 – (-2) = -1.2 % ( Cembung )
1.2  42.46 2
Lv3 = = 5.4 m
399
1.2  5.4
Ev3 = = 0.0081 m
800

4 Lengkung 4
∆4 = g5 – g4 = 3.2 – (-3.2) = 6.4 % ( cekung )
6.4  42.49 2
Lv4 = = 42.99 m
120  (3.5 x 42.49)

6.4  42.99
E v4 = = 0.34 m
800
5. Lengkung 5

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 25


PROYEK PERANCANGAN JALAN BARU ANTAR KOTA DALAM PROPINSI KARSA PRIMA

PT. IKDI KARYA

∆5 = g6 – g5= 0 – 3.2 = -32 % ( cembung )


3.2  42.35 2
Lv5 = = 14.38 m m
399
3.2  14.38
Ev5 = = 0.05752 m
800
6. Lengkung 6
∆6 = g7 – g6 = -7.06 – 0 = -7.06 % ( Cembung )
7.06  42.42 2
Lv6 = = 31.84 m
399
7.06  31.84
Ev6 = = 0.28 m
800
7. Lengkung 7
∆7 = g8 – g7 = 0 – (-7.06) = -7.06 % ( Cembung )

7.06  42.42 2
Lv6 = = 31.84 m
399
7.06  31.84
Ev6 = = 0.28 m
800

PERHITUNGAN GEOMETRI BAB - 3 - 26