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Naming Chemical Compounds Worksheet

Chemical reactions occur when atoms gain, lose, or share electrons.

Which of these is metals and nonmetals ?

Nonmetals ________________________________________________electrons.
This gives them a ___________________________________________charge.
Negative ions are called ______________________________________.
Metals ___________________________________________________electrons.
This gives them a __________________________________________charge.
Positive ions are called ___________.

The charge of an ion can be determined by its place on the Periodic Table. so determine
the ion charge for each group on the periodic table !

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When metals lose electrons they become ions, but their name does not change.
example : Na Na+ + e-

When nonmetals gain electrons they become ions, and their name does change.
Examlple : F + e- F-

............ide

There are also ions that form after elements have shared electrons. These ions are known as
______________________, and each polyatomic ion already has a name.

Give a name for the polyatomic ion below!

Polyatomic Ions Name


NH4+ ....................................
C2H3O2- ....................................
CN- ....................................
CO32- ....................................
MnO4- ....................................
NO2- ....................................
NO3- ....................................
SO32- ....................................
SO42- ....................................

Steps for Naming Ionic Compounds


Example: CaBr2 _____________________
Step 1: Write the name of the metal ion.
Step 2: Write the name of the nonmetal ion.

Give a name the compounds below !


1. NaF _____________________
2. MgO _____________________
3. SrCl2 _____________________

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When polyatomic ions are used, simply use the name of the polyatomic ion in the
compound.
4. NH4F____________________
5. CaSO4 ____________________
6. Mg(NO3)2 ____________________

You can also determine the formula of an ionic compound from its name. To do this,
you will need to use what you already know about the Periodic Table.
Example: magnesium iodide _________________________
Step 1: Write the symbol of the metal ion.
Step 2: Write the symbol of the nonmetal ion.
Step 3: Determine the charges using the periodic table.
Step 4: Determine the formula from the ions.

Remember that the names of transition metals include their charge because their
charges are less predictable.
What are the charges of the transition metals below!
Iron (II) _________ Iron (III) _______
Copper (II) _______ Copper (I) _______
Tin (IV) _______ Tin (II) _______
Lead (II) _______ Lead (IV) _______

The charges of the transition metals are important when you are determining the
formula of an ionic compound.
Example: iron (III) oxide _____________________________
Step 1: Write the symbol of the cation.
Step 2: Write the symbol of the anion.
Step 3: Determine the charges using the periodic table and the roman numerals.
Step 4: Determine the formula from the ions.

Write the formula of each of the ionic compounds named !


1. Iron (II) sulfide_________________________
2. Iron (II) sulfate__________________________
3. Tin (IV) chloride_________________________
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