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18.

7
A constant volume bomb contains air at 66 ℉ and 21.2 psia. One pound of liquid water is
introduced into the bomb. The bomb is then heated to a constant temperature of 180◦ F. After
equilibrium is reached, the pressure in the bomb is 33,0 psia. The vapor pressure of water at
180 ℉ is 7.51 psia.
a) Did all of the water evaporate?
b) Compute the volume of the bomb in cubic feet ?
c) Compute the humidity of the air the bomb at final conditions in pounds of water per
pound of air ?

 Di ketahui
 PADA KEADAAN AWAL
T = 66 = 66+459,67= 525,67◦R
udara
P = 21,2 psia

 PADA KEADAAN AKHIR (setelah ditambahkan H2O 1lb dan


di panaskan)
T=180℉ = 180+459,67=63,67 ◦R
P=33 psia
p*H2O( Vapor pressure of water at 80℉ ) = 7,511 𝑝𝑠𝑖𝑎

 Di tanya
a) Did all f the water evaporate ?
b) Compute the volume f the bomb i cubic feet ?
c) Cmpute the humidity of the air the bmb at final coditions in pounds
water per pounds f air ?

 Jawaban
 Step 1. mencari P H2O
Persamaan pada kodisi awal
Pair . Vair = nair . R . T
21,2 psia . Vair = nair . R . 525,67
Persamaa kodisi akhir
Pair . Vair = nair . R . T
( 33 – PH2O ) . Vair = nair . R . 634,63ºR
Dari kedua persamaan maka di dapatkan :
21,2 𝑝𝑠𝑖𝑎 . 𝑉𝑎𝑖𝑟 = 𝑛𝑎𝑖𝑟 . 𝑅 . 525,6 º𝑅
( 33 − 𝑃𝐻2𝑂 ). 𝑉𝑎𝑖𝑟 = 𝑛𝑎𝑖𝑟 . 𝑅. 639,67º𝑅

21,2 𝑝𝑠𝑖𝑎 525,67º𝑅


= (33 −𝑃𝐻2𝑂)
=
639,67º𝑅

= -525,67 . PH2O = - 3786,106

PH2O = 7,20243 psia

a) PH2O = 7,20243 psia


P*H2O = 7,511 psia
Iya semua air teruapkan karena di lihat dari perbedaan atara tekanan
parsial air dan tekanan uapnya , dari kedua tekanan tersebut dapat
diketahui bahwa tekanan parsial air lebih redah atau kurang dari tekanan
uapnya, sehingga seluruh air dapat teruapkan

 Step 2 mencari ndry air


1 𝑙𝑏
nH2O = = 0,055 lb.mol
18 𝑙𝑏/𝑚𝑜𝑙
Pdry air = Ptot – PH2O = 33 – 7,20243 = 25,776 psia
molar humidity :
PH2O 𝑛𝐻2𝑂
=
Pdry air 𝑛𝑑𝑟𝑦 𝑎𝑖𝑟

7,2024 𝑝𝑠𝑖𝑎 0,055 𝑙𝑏.𝑚𝑜𝑙


= =
25,7976 𝑝𝑠𝑖 𝑛𝑑𝑟𝑦 𝑎𝑖𝑟
0,055 𝑙𝑏.𝑚𝑜𝑙
= 0,28004 =
𝑛 𝑑𝑟𝑦 𝑎𝑖𝑟

= Ndry air = 0,16400 lb.mol

b) ntot = ndryair + nH2O = 0,16400 + 0,055 = 0,219


𝑛𝑡𝑜𝑡 . 𝑅 . 𝑇
V=
𝑃
𝑓𝑡3
(0,16400+0,055)𝑙𝑏𝑚𝑜𝑙 . 10,32 𝑝𝑠𝑖𝑎 . . 639,67◦𝑅
𝑙𝑏𝑚𝑜𝑙. 𝑅
=
33 𝑝𝑠𝑖𝑎
0,219. 10,32 𝑓𝑡3 . 639 ,67
=
33

1145,7053𝑓𝑡3
=
33

= 43,80925 ft3
𝑛𝐻2𝑂 𝑀𝑟 𝐻2𝑂
c) Humidity = X
𝑛 𝑑𝑟𝑦 𝑎𝑖𝑟 𝑀𝑟𝑑𝑟𝑦 𝑎𝑖𝑟

0,055 18 𝑙𝑏.𝑚𝑜𝑙
= 𝑋
0,16400 29 𝑙𝑏.𝑚𝑜𝑙
= 0,33536 x 0,6206

𝑙𝑏 𝐻2𝑂
= 0,20812
𝑙𝑏 𝑢𝑑𝑎𝑟𝑎