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1 (Ethiopic Apocalypse of) Enoch committed against him."

(Second Century B.C. - First Century 2 (1) Examine all the activit(ies which take
A.D.) place) in the sky and how they do not alter
Translation By E. Isaac their ways, (and examine) the luminaries of
heaven, how each one of them rises and
Book I (1-36) sets; each one is systematic according to its
The Parable of Enoch respective season; and they do not divert
from their appointed order. • (2) And look at
The righteous and the wicked the earth and turn in your mind d concerning
1 (1) The blessing of Enoch: with which he the action which is taking place in her from
blessed the elect and the righteous who the beginning to the end: how all the work of
would be present on the day of tribulation at God as being manifested does not change. •
(the time of) the removal of all the ungodly (3) And behold the summer and the winter,
ones. • (2) And Enoch, the blessed and how the whole earth is filled with water and
righteous man of the Lord, took up (his clouds and dew; and he causes rain to rest
parable) while his eyes were open and he upon her.
saw, and said, "(This is) a holy vision from
the heavens which the angels showed me: 3 (1) Examine and observe everything—and
and I heard from them everything and I the trees, how all their leaves appear as if
understood. I look not for this generation but they wither and had fallen, except fourteen
for the distant one that is coming. I speak trees whose (leaves) do not fall but the old
about the elect ones and concerning them.” (foliage) remains for about two to three
• (3) And I took up with a parable (saying), years until the new (leaves) come.
"The God of the universe, the Holy Great
One, will come forth from his dwelling. • (4) 4 (1) And again, examine the days of the
And from there he will march upon Mount summer, how (the heat of) the sun is upon
Sinai and appear in his camp emerging from (the earth) and dominates her. And as for
heaven with a mighty power. And everyone you, you will crave shade and shelter on
shall be afraid, and Watchers shall quiver. • account of the heat of the sun; and the earth
(5) And great fear and trembling shall seize shall burn with scorching heat, and you are
them unto the ends of the earth. • (6) not able to walk on the earth or on the rock
Mountains and high places will fall down on account of the heat.
and be frightened. And high hills shall be
made low; and they shall melt like a 5 (1) Observe how the verdant trees are
honeycomb before the flame. • (7) And earth covered with leaves and they bear fruit. Pay
shall be rent asunder; and all that is upon attention concerning all things and know in
the earth shall perish. And there shall be a what manner he fashioned them. All of them
judgment upon all, (including) the righteous. belong to him who lives forever. • (2) His
• (8) And to all the righteous he will grant work proceeds and progresses from year to
peace. He will preserve the elect, and year. And all his work prospers and obeys
kindness shall be upon them. They shall all him, and it does not change; but everything
belong to God and they shall prosper and functions in the way in which God has
be blessed; and the light of God shall shine ordered it. • (3) And look at the seas: They
unto them. • (9) Behold, he will arrive with do not part; they fulfill all their duties. • (4)
ten million of the holy ones in order to But as for you, you have not been long-
execute judgment upon all. He will destroy suffering and you have not done the
the wicked ones and censure all flesh on commandments of the Lord, but you have
account of everything that they have done, transgressed and spoken slanderously
that which the sinners and the wicked ones grave and harsh words with your impure


mouths against his greatness. Oh, you hard- Armon, for they swore and bound one
hearted, may you not find peace! • (5) another by a curse. • (7) And their names
Therefore, you shall curse your days, and are as follows: Semyaz," the leader of
the years of your life shall perish and Arakeb, Rame'el, Tam'el, Ram'el, Dan'el,
multiply in eternal execration; and there will Ezeqel, Baraqyal, As'el, Armaros, Batar'el,
not be any mercy unto you. • (6) In those Anan'el, Zaqe'el, Sasomaspe'el, Kestar'el,
days; you shall make your names an eternal Tur'el, Yamayol, and Arazyal." • (8) These
execration unto all the righteous; and the are their chiefs of tens and of all the others
sinners shall curse you continually—you with them.
together with the sinners. • (7) But to the
elect there shall be light, joy, and peace, 7 (1) And they took wives unto themselves,
and they shall inherit the earth. To you, and everyone (respectively) chose one
wicked ones, on the contrary, there will be a woman for himself, and they began to go
curse. • (8) And then wisdom shall be given unto them. And they taught them magical
to the elect. And they shall all live and not medicine, incantations, the cutting of roots,
return again to sin, either by being wicked or and taught them (about) plants. • (2) And
through pride; but those who have wisdom the women became pregnant and gave birth
shall be humble and not return again to sin. to great giants whose heights were three
• (9) And they shall not be judged all the hundred cubits. • (3) These (giants)
days of their lives; nor die through plague or consumed the produce of all the people until
wrath, but they shall complete the the people detested feeding them. • (4) So
(designated) number of the days of their life. the giants turned against (the people) in
• (10) And peace shall increase their lives order to eat them. • (5) And they began to
and the years of their happiness shall be sin against birds, wild beasts, reptiles, and
multiplied forever in gladness and peace all fish. And their flesh was devoured the one
the days of their life. by the other, and they drank blood. • (6) And
then the earth brought an accusation
The fall of angels against the oppressors.
6 (1) In those days, when the children of
man had multiplied, it happened that there 8 (1) And Azaz'el taught the people (the art
were born unto them handsome and of) making swords and knives, and shields,
beautiful daughters. • (2) And the angels, the and breastplates; and he showed to their
children of heaven, saw them and desired chosen ones bracelets, decorations,
them; and they said to one another, "Come, (shadowing of the eye) with antimony,
let us choose wives for ourselves from ornamentation, the beautifying of the
among the daughters of man and beget us eyelids, all kinds of precious stones, and all
children." • (3) And Semyaz, being their coloring tinctures and alchemy. • (2) And
leader, said unto them, "I fear that perhaps there were many wicked ones and they
you will not consent that this deed should be committed adultery and erred, and all their
done, and I alone will become (responsible) conduct became corrupt. • (3) Amasras
or this great sin." • (4) But they all taught incantation and the cutting of roots;
responded to him, "Let us all swear an oath and Armaros the resolving of incantations;
and bind everyone among us by a curse not and Baraqiyal astrology, and Kokarer'el (the
to abandon this suggestion but to do the knowledge of) the signs, and Tam'el taught
deed." • (5) Then they all swore together and the seeing of the stars, and Asder'el taught
bound one another by (the curse). • (6) And the course of the moon as well as the
they were altogether two hundred; and they deception of man." • (4)And (the people)
descended into 'Ardos, which is the summit cried and their voice reached unto heaven.
of Hermon. And they called the mount


9 (1) Then Michael, Surafel, and Gabriel Great and Holy One! And he sent Asuryal to
observed carefully from the sky and they the son of Lamech, (saying), • (2) "Tell him
saw much blood being shed upon the in my name, 'Hide yourself!' and reveal to
earth," and all the oppression being wrought him the end of what is coming; for the earth
upon the earth. • (2) And they said to one and everything will be destroyed. And the
another, "The earth, (from) her empty Deluge is about to come upon all the earth;
(foundation), has brought the cry of their and all that is in it will be destroyed. • (3)
voice unto the gates of heaven. • (3) And And now instruct him in order that he may
now, [O] holy ones of heaven, the souls of flee, and his seed will be preserved for all
people are putting their case before you generations." • (4) And secondly the Lord
pleading, 'Bring our judgment before the said to Raphael "Bind Azaz'el hand and foot
Most High.' " • (4) And they said to the Lord (and) throw him into the darkness!" And he
of the potentates, "For he is the Lord of made a hole in the desert which was in
lords, and the God of gods and the King of Duda'el and cast him there; • (5) he threw
kings, and the seat of his glory (stands) on top of him rugged and sharp rocks. And
throughout all the generations of the world. he covered his face in order that he may not
Your name is holy, and blessed, and see light; • (6) and in order that he may be
glorious throughout the whole world. • (5) sent into the fire on the great day of
You have made everything and with you is judgment. • (7) And give life to the earth
the authority for everything. Everything is which the angels have corrupted. And he
naked and open before your sight, and you will proclaim life for the earth: that he is
see everything; and there is nothing which giving life to her. And all the children of the
can hide itself from you. • (6) You see what people will not perish through all the secrets
Azaz'el has done; how he has taught all (of the angels)," which they taught to their
(forms of) oppression upon the earth. And sons. • (8) And the whole earth has been
they revealed eternal secrets which are corrupted by Azaz'el's teaching of his (own)
performed in heaven (and which) man actions; and write upon him all sin. • (9) And
learned." • (7) (Moreover) Semyaz, to whom to Gabriel the Lord said, "Proceed against
you have given power to rule over his the bastards and the reprobates and against
companions, co-operating, they went in unto the children of adultery; and destroy the
the daughters of the people on earth; • (8) children of adultery and expel the children of
and they lay together with them—with those the Watchers from among the people. And
women—and defiled themselves, and send them against one another (so that)
revealed to them every (kind of) sin. • (9) As they may be destroyed in the fight, for length
for the women, they gave birth to giants to of days have they not. • (10) They will beg
the degree that the whole earth was filled you everything—for their fathers on behalf of
with blood and oppression. • (10) And now themselves—because they hope to live an
behold, the Holy One will cry and those who eternal life. (They hope) that each one of
have died will bring their suit up to the gate them will live a period of five hundred
of heaven. Their groaning has ascended years." • (11) And to Michael God said,
(into heaven), but they could not get out "Make known to Semyaza and the others
from before the face of the oppression that who are with him, who fornicated with the
is being wrought on earth. • (11) And you women, that they will die together with them
know everything (even) before it came to in all their defilement. • (12) And when they
existence and you see (this thing) (but) you and all their children have battled with each
do not tell us what is proper for us that we other, and when they have seen the
may do regarding it." destruction of their beloved ones, bind them
for seventy generations underneath the
10 (1) And then spoke the Most High, the rocks of the ground until the day of their


judgment and of their consummation, until upon the earth, over the work and the toil of
the eternal judgment is concluded. • (13) In the children of man. • (2) And peace and
those days they will lead them into the truth shall become partners together in all
bottom of the fire—and in torment—in the the days of the world, and in all the
prison (where) they will be locked up generations of the world."
forever. • (14) And at the time when y they
will burn and die, those who collaborated Dream vision of Enoch: his intercession
with them will be bound together with them for the fallen angels
from henceforth unto the end of (all) 12 (1) Before these things (happened)
generations. • (15) And destroy all the souls Enoch was hidden, and no one of the
of pleasure and the children of the children of the people knew by what he was
Watchers, for they have done injustice to hidden and where he was. • (2) And his
man. • (16) Destroy injustice from the face dwelling place as well as his activities were
of the earth. And every iniquitous deed will with the Watchers and the holy ones; and
end, and the plant of righteousness and (so were) his days. • (3) And I, Enoch,
truth will appear forever and he will plant began to bless the Lord of the mighty ones
joy. • (17) And then all the righteous ones and the King of the universe. • (4) At that
will escape; and become the living ones moment the Watchers were calling me. And
until they multiply and become tens of they said to me, "Enoch, scribe of
hundreds; and all the days of their youth righteousness, go and make known to the
and the years of their retirement they will Watchers of heaven who have abandoned
complete in is peace. • (18) And in those the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and
days the whole earth will be worked in have defiled themselves with women, as
righteousness, all of her planted with trees, their deeds move the children of the world,
and will find blessing. • (19) And they shall and have taken unto themselves wives:
plant pleasant trees upon her—vines. And he They have defiled themselves with great
who plants a vine upon her will produce defilement upon the earth; • (5) neither will
wine for plenitude. And every seed that is there be peace unto them nor the
sown on her, one measure will yield a forgiveness of sin. • (6) For their children
thousand (measures) and one measure of delight in seeing the murder of their beloved
olives will yield ten measures of presses of ones. But they shall groan and beg forever
oil. • (20) And you cleanse the earth from all over the destruction of their children, and
injustice, and from all defilement, and from there shall not be peace unto them even
all oppression, and from all sin, and from all forever."
iniquity which is being done on earth;
remove them from the earth. • (21) And all His intercession for Azaz'el
the children of the people will become 13 (1) As for Enoch, he proceeded and said
righteous, and all nations shall worship and to Azaz'el, "There will not be peace unto
bless me; and they will all prostrate you; a grave judgment has come upon you.
themselves to me. • (22) And the earth shall • (2) They will put you in bonds, and you will
be cleansed from all pollution, and from all not have (an opportunity for) rest and
sin, and from all plague, and from all supplication because you have taught
suffering; and it shall not happen again that I injustice and because you have shown to
shall send (these) upon the earth from the people deeds of shame, injustice, and
generation to generation and forever. sin." • (3) Then I went and spoke to all of
them together; and they were all frightened,
11 (1) And in those days I shall open the and fear and trembling seized them. • (4)
storerooms of blessing which are in the And they begged me to write for them a
heavens, so that I shall send them down memorial prayer in order that there may be


for them a prayer of forgiveness, and so that ascend into heaven unto all eternity, but you
I may raise their memorial prayer unto the shall remain inside the earth, imprisoned all
Lord of heaven. • (5) For, as for themselves, the days of eternity. • (6) Before that you will
from henceforth they will not be able to have seen the destruction of your beloved
speak, nor will they raise their eyes unto sons and you will not have their treasures,
heaven as a result of their sins which have which will fall before your eyes by the
been condemned. • (6) And then I wrote sword. • (7) And your petitions on their
down their memorial prayers and the behalf will not be heard—neither will those
petitions on behalf of their spirits and the on your own behalf (which you offer)
deeds of each one of them, on account of weeping (and) praying—and you will not
the fact that they have prayed in order that speak even a word contained in the book
there may be for them forgiveness (of sin) which I wrote.
and a length (of days). • (7) And I went and
sat down upon the waters of Dan—in Dan Enoch's vision
which is on the southwest of Hermon—and I • (8) And behold I saw the clouds: And they
read their memorial prayers until I fell were calling me in a vision; and the fogs
asleep. • (8) And behold a dream came to were calling me; and the course of the stars
me and visions fell upon me, and I saw a and the lightnings were rushing me and
vision of plagues (so that) I may speak to causing me to desire; and in the vision, the
the children of heaven and reprimand them. winds were causing me to fly and rushing
• (9) And upon my awakening, I came unto me high up into heaven. • (9) And I kept
them (while) they were all conferring coming (into heaven) until I approached a
together, in Lesya'el, which is (located) wall which was built of white marble and
between Lebanon and Sanser, while surrounded by tongues of fire; and it began
weeping and with their faces covered. • (10) to frighten me. • (10) And I came into the
And I recounted before them all the visions tongues of the fire and drew near to a great
that I had seen in sleep and began to speak house which was built of white marble, and
those words of righteousness and to the inner wall(s) were like mosaics of white
reprimand the Watchers of heaven. marble, the floor of crystal, • (11) the ceiling
like the path of the stars and lightnings
14 (1) This is the book of the words of between which (stood) fiery cherubim and
righteousness and the chastisement of the their heaven of water; • (12) and flaming fire
eternal Watchers, in accordance with how surrounded the wall(s), and its gates were
the Holy and Great One had commanded in burning with fire. • (13) And entered into the
this vision. • (2) I saw in my sleep what I house, which was hot like fire and cold like
now speak with my tongue of flesh and the ice, and there was nothing inside it; (so) fear
breath of the mouth which the Great One covered me and trembling seized me. • (14)
has given to man (so that) he (man) may And as I shook and trembled, I fell upon my
speak with it — and (so that) he may have face and saw a vision. • (15) And behold
understanding with his heart as he (the there was an opening before me (and) a
Great One) has created and given it to man. second house which is greater than the
• (3) Accordingly he has created me and former and everything was built with
given me the word of understanding so that I tongues of fire. • (16) And in every respect it
may reprimand the Watchers, the children of excelled (the other)—in glory and great
heaven. • (4) I wrote down your prayers—so honor—to the extent that it is impossible for
it appeared in vision—for your prayers will me to recount to you concerning its glory
not be heard throughout all the days of and greatness. • (17) As for its floor, it was
eternity; and judgment is passed upon you. • of fire and above it was lightning and the
(5) From now on you will not be able to path of the stars; and as for the ceiling, it


was flaming fire. • (18) And I observed and blood and flesh, (which) die and perish. • (5)
saw inside it a lofty throne—its appearance On that account, I have given you wives in
was like crystal and its wheels like the order that (seeds) might be sown upon them
shining sun; and (I heard?) the voice of the and children born by them, so that the
cherubim; • (19) and from beneath the deeds that are done upon the earth will not
throne were issuing streams of flaming fire. be withheld from you. • (6) Indeed you,
It was difficult to look at it. • (20) And the formerly you were spiritual, (having) eternal
Great Glory was sitting upon it—as for his life, and immortal in all the generations of
gown, which was shining more brightly than the world. • (7) That is why (formerly) I did
the sun, it was whiter than any snow. • (21) not make wives for you, for the dwelling of
None of the angels was able to come in and the spiritual beings of heaven is heaven.' " •
see the face of the Excellent and the (8) "But now the giants who are born from
Glorious One; and no one of the flesh can the (union of) the spirits and the flesh shall
see him— • (22) the flaming fire was round be called evil spirits upon the earth,
about him, and a great fire stood before him. because their dwelling shall be upon the
No one could come near unto him from earth and inside the earth. • (9) Evil spirits'
among those that surrounded the tens of have come out of their bodies. Because
millions (that stood) before him. • (23) He from the day that they were created from the
needed no councils but the most holy ones holy ones they became the Watchers; their
who are near to him neither go far away at first origin is the spiritual foundation. They
night nor move away from him. • (24) Until will become evil upon the earth and shall be
then I was prostrate on my face covered and called evil spirits. • (10) The dwelling of the
trembling. And the Lord called me with his spiritual beings of heaven is heaven; but the
own mouth and said to me, "Come near to dwelling of the spirits of the earth, which are
me, Enoch, and to my holy Word." • (25) born upon the earth, is in the earth. • (11)
And he lifted me up and brought me near to The spirits of the giants oppress each other;
the gate, but I (continued) to look down with they will corrupt, fall, be excited, and fall
my face. upon the earth, and cause sorrow. They eat
no food, nor become thirsty, nor find
15 (1) But he raised me up and said to me obstacles. • (12) And these spirits shall rise
with his voice, "Enoch." I (then) heard, "Do up against the children of the people and
not fear, Enoch, righteous man, scribe of against the women, because they have
righteousness; come near to me and hear proceeded forth (from them)."
my voice. • (2) And tell the Watchers of
heaven on whose behalf you have been 16 (1) "From the days of the slaughter and
sent to intercede: 'It is meet (for you) that destruction, and the death of the giants and
you intercede on behalf of man, and not the spiritual beings of the spirit, and the
man on your behalf. • (3) For what reason flesh, from which they have proceeded forth,
have you abandoned the high, holy, and which will corrupt without incurring
eternal heaven; and slept with women and judgment, they will corrupt until the day of
defiled yourselves with the daughters of the the great conclusion, until the great age is
people, taking wives, acting like the children consummated, until everything is concluded
of the earth, and begetting giant sons? • (4) (upon) the Watchers and the wicked ones. •
Surely you, you [used to be] holy, spiritual, (2) And so to the Watchers on whose behalf
the living ones, [possessing] eternal life; but you have been sent to intercede—who were
(now) you have defiled yourselves with formerly in heaven—(say to them), • (3) 'You
women, and with the blood of the flesh were (once) in heaven, but not all the
begotten children, you have lusted with the mysteries (of heaven) are open to you, and
blood of the people, like them producing you (only) know the rejected mysteries.


Those ones you have broadcast to the direction of the west; and it was flaming day
women in the hardness of your hearts and and night toward the seven mountains of
by those mysteries the women and men precious stones—three toward the east and
multiply evil deeds upon the earth.' Tell three toward the south. • (7) As for those
them, 'Therefore, you will have no peace!' " toward the east, they were of colored stones
—one of pearl stone and one of healing
Enoch's Tour of The Earth and Sheol stone; and as for those toward the south,
The first journey they were of red stone. • (8) The ones in the
17 (1) And they lifted me up into one place middle were pressing into heaven like the
where there were (the ones) like the flaming throne of God, which is of alabaster and
fire. And when they (so) desire they appear whose summit is of sapphire; • (9) and I saw
like men. • (2) And they took me into a place a flaming fire. • (10) And I saw what was
of whirlwind in the mountain; the top of its inside those mountains—a place, beyond the
summit was reaching into heaven. • (3) And great earth, where the heavens come
I saw chambers of light and thunder in the together. • (11) And I saw a deep pit with
ultimate end of the depth e toward (the heavenly fire on its pillars; I saw inside them
place where) the bow the arrow, and their descending pillars of fire that were
quiver and a fiery sword and all the immeasurable (in respect to both) altitude
lightnings were. • (4) And they lifted me up and depth. • (12) And on top of that pit I saw
unto the waters of life,« unto the occidental a place without the heavenly firmament
fire which receives every setting of the sun. above it or earthly foundation under it or
• (5) And I came to the river of fire which water. There was nothing on it—not even
flows like water and empties itself into the birds—but it was a desolate and terrible
great sea in the direction of the west. • (6) place. • (13) And I saw there the seven stars
And I saw all the great rivers and reached to (which) were like great, burning mountains. •
the great darkness and went into the place (14) (Then) the angel said (to me), "This
where all flesh must walk cautiously. • (7) place is the (ultimate) end of heaven and
And I saw the mountains of the dark storms earth: it is the prison house for the stars and
of the rainy season and from where the the powers of heaven. • (15) And the stars
waters of all the seas flow. • (8) And I saw which roll over upon the fire, they are the
the mouths of all the rivers of the earth and ones which have transgressed the
the mouth of the sea. commandments of God from the beginning
of their rising because they did not arrive
18 (1) And I saw the storerooms of all the punctually. • (16) And he was wroth with
winds and saw how with them he has them and bound them until the time of the
embroidered all creation as well as the completion of their sin in the year of
foundations of the earth. • (2) I saw the mystery. "
cornerstone of the earth; I saw the four
winds which bear the earth as well as the 19 (1) And Uriel said to me, "Here shall
firmament of fills heaven. • (3) I saw how the stand in many different appearances the
winds ride the heights of heaven and stand spirits of the angels which have united
between heaven and earth: These are the themselves with women. They have defiled
very pillars of heaven. • (4) I saw the winds the people and will lead them into error so
which turn the heaven and cause the star to that they will offer sacrifices to the demons
set—the sun as well as all the stars. • (5) l as unto gods, until the great day of
saw the souls carried by the clouds. I saw judgment in which they shall be judged till
the path of the angels in the ultimate end of they are finished. • (2) And their women
the earth, and the firmament of the heaven whom the angels have led astray will be
above. • (6) And I kept moving e in the peaceful ones." • (3) (So) I, Enoch, I saw the


vision of the end of everything alone; and I able to estimate. • (8) At that moment, what
none among human beings will see as I a terrible opening is this place and a pain to
have seen. look at! • (9) Then Ura'el, (one) of the holy
angels who was with me, responded and
Names of Archangels said to me, "Enoch, why are you afraid like
20 (1) And these are names of the holy this?" (I answered and said), • (10) "I am
angels who watch: • (2) Suru'el, one of the frightened because of this terrible place and
holy angels—for (he is) of eternity and of the spectacle of this painful thing." And he
trembling. • (3) Raphael, one of the holy said unto me, "This place is the prison
angels, for (he is) of the spirits of man. • (4) house of the angels; they are detained here
Raguel, one of the holy angels who take forever."
vengeance for the world and for the
luminaries. • (5) Michael, one of the holy
angels, for (he is) obedient in his
benevolence over the people and the
nations. • (6) Saraqa'el, one of the holy
angels who are (set) over the spirits of
mankind who sin in the spirit. • (7) Gabriel,
one of the holy angels who oversee the
garden of Eden, and the serpents, and the

Enoch's second journey: preliminary and

final place of punishment of fallen stars
21 (1) And I came to an empty place. • (2)
And I saw (there) neither a heaven above
nor an earth below, but a chaotic and
terrible place. • (3) And there I saw seven
stars of heaven bound together in it, like
great mountains, and burning with fire. • (4)
At that moment I said, "For which sin are
they bound, and for what reason were they
cast in here." • (5) Then one of the holy
angels, Uriel, who was with me, guiding me,
spoke to me and said to me, "Enoch, for
what reason are you asking and for what
reason do you question and exhibit
eagerness? • (6) These are among the stars
of heaven which have transgressed the
commandments of the Lord and are bound
in this place until the completion of ten
million years, (according) to the number of
their sins." • (7) I then proceeded from that
area to another place which is even more
terrible and saw a terrible thing: a great fire
that was burning and flaming; the place had
a cleavage (that extended) to the last sea,
pouring out great pillars of fire; neither its
extent nor its magnitude could I see nor was