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ACTIVITY # 1

1. A 60 year old male patient came to your clinic having a blood pressure of palpatory 30mm/hg?

What will you do? Give 5 ways to increase his blood pressure? Discuss thoroughly the 5 drugs that
you will use. Explain how physiologically

2. A 35 year old female came to your clinic having a blood pressure of 220/140 mm/hg?

What will you do? Give 5 ways to decrease her blood pressure? Discuss thoroughly the 5 drugs
that you will use. Explain how physiologicall?

ACTIVITY #2

1. WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF PRELOAD?

2. WHAT IS THE DEFINITION OF AFTERLOAD?

3. WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PRELOAD AND BLOOD PRESSURE?

4. WHAT IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AFTERLOAD AND BLOOD PRESSURE?

5. WHAT IS THE MAIN DETERMINANT OF BLOOD PRESSURE? (ANATOMICALLY)

6. WHAT IS THE FORMULA FOR BLOOD PRESSURE?

7. WHAT IS THE FORMULA FOR CARDIAC OUTPUT?

8. HOW CAN THE DRUGS LOWER BLOOD PRESSURE? (DETAILED EXPLANATION AND CORRELATE TO
THE FORMULA OF BLOOD PRESSURE) GIVE THE SITE OF ACTION

a. diuretics

b. sympathoplegics

c. sympathetic nerve terminal blockers

d. alpha blockers

e. beta blockers

f. calcium channel blockers

g. ACE - inhibitors

h. ARBS

i. Renin inhibitor

9. Define chonotropic, inotropic effect?

10. Why is there hyperkalemia in Digitalis toxicity? Detailed explanation