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ANNEXURE

BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION


FOR
PIPING FLANGES
OF
CLEANING PLANT SKID
BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 1/2"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 1/2

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 81.29016 0.126 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 10.17

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 154.209571

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 180.818


N 1773.82458

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 1403.805


N 13771.3271

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 13771.3271

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 3787.11494 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 9619.27194 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 46.5876182

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 123.367657

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 9.62


BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 3/4"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 1/2

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 81.29016 0.126 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 10.17

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 154.209571

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 210.278


N 2062.82718

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 1530.587


N 15015.0585

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 15015.0585

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 4129.14108 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 10488 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 50.7950911

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 123.367657

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 10.49


BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 1"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 1/2

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 81.29016 0.126 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 10.17

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 154.209571

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 320.468


N 3143.79108

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 2234.857


N 21923.9472

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 21923.9472

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 6029.08547 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 15313.8771 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 74.1674696

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 123.367657

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 15.31


BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 1.5"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 1/2

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 81.29016 0.126 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 10.17

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 154.209571

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 626.841


N 6149.31021

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 3890.714


N 38167.9043

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 38167.9043

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 10496.1737 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 26660 2/7 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 129.119855

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 123.367657

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 26.66


BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 2"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 5/8

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 130.32232 0.202 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 12.88

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 514.260726

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 944.164


N 9262.24884

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 5481.667


N 53775.1533

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 53775.1533

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 14788.1671 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 46952.4307 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 113.473787

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 411.408581

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 46.95


BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 2.5"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 5/8

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 130.32232 0.202 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 12.88

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 514.260726

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 1191.814


N 11691.6953

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 6393.472


N 62719.9603

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 62719.9603

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 17247.9891 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 54762.3654 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 132.348696

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 411.408581

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 54.76


BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 3"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 5/8

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 130.32232 0.202 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 12.88

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 514.260726

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 1749.868


N 17166.2051

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 9133.213


N 89596.8195

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 89596.8195

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 24639.1254 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 78229.2231 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 189.062974

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 411.408581

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 78.23


BOLT TORQUE CALCULATION FOR PIPING FLANGE- 4"

DESIGN PRESSURE P Mpa(g) 1.0002783

Design Temperature (Max.) Deg,C 150

Ext. Bolt Diameter D UNC 5/8

Bolt Sectional Area A mm2 130.32232 0.202 in2

Bolt Root Diameter Dn mm 12.88

Number of Bolt N 4

Bolt Material SA 193 Gr. B8

Bolt Yield Stress Sy Mpa 514.260726

Operating Bolt Load W M1 Kg 2767.822


N 27152.3338

Gasket Seating Bolt Load W M2 Kg 14605.152


N 143276.541

Maximum Load (Max. of Wm1 & Wm2) W reg N 143276.541

Safety Factor considered for above calculation 1.1

Force Required =Wreq x SOF / N Freq N 39401.0488 ( For Single Bolt)

Required Bolt Torque (K * D * Freq) T N-mm 125098.33 (K = 0.2)

Induced Stress in Bolt (Freq/A) Sinduced Mpa 302.335385

Allowable Stress = (0.8 * Bolt Yield Stress) Sallowed Mpa 411.408581

Thus bolt torque to be provided T N-m 125.10