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THE SAFEST WATER SOURCE 
IN BACOOR ACCORDING TO 
THE PH LEVEL 
 
Milestone 1 | Physical Science 11 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
November 2018 
 
Agato, Christine Joyce 
Herrera, Francheska Mae 
Honra, Ervon Jazmir 
Legaspi, Jamie Alyanna 
 
 
 
 
APEC SCHOOLS - SAN NICOLAS III, BACOOR 
 
 
 
Problem Statement : 
Which water source is safe and clean to use? 
 
Hypothesis : 
Maynilad water has the pH level between 6.5 to 8.5 which is safe to use and as clean as 
purified water. 
 
Experiment : 
Materials Needed: 
1. Water from Maynilad 
2. Water from Delivery Trucks 
3. Water from Power Tanks 
4. Mineral Drinking Water 
5. Blue Litmus Paper 
6. 4 250mL Beakers 
7. 4 Petri Dishes 
8. Termometer 
9. Alcohol Lamp 
10. 4 Plastic Cups 
11. Markers 
12. 4 Eye Dropper 
13. Timer 
 
Methodology : 
 
For the first trial, pour 100 mL of each Maynilad Water, Delivery Truck Water, and 
Power Tank Water stored for 6 six days into three(3) different plastic cups. Label each plastic 
cup according to its classification (e.g ‘From Maynilad’, ‘From Water Truck’, and ‘From 
Power Tank’) ​Start with the Maynilad Water, Rip a piece of the blue litmus paper and place it 
into the petri dish. Using a dropper get a sample of the water from the cup and drop the 
sample to the litmus paper and observe the changes happened in the strip for 1 minute. 
Check it’s color, if the blue strip doesn’t change its color, it indicates an 8.5 pH level of 
alkaline. If the blue strip was changed into red, the water contains acid, it indicates a 4.5 pH 
level of acid. If the color was changed into purple the result is neutral, this indicates a pH 
level 7 or 8. Compare the color of the strip in the pH level indicator table below. Repeat the 
process to the water from delivery truck, and water from power tank. 
 
If there is a result with the acidity level of 6 or below, and the color is changed into 
red, using the alcohol lamp boil three sets of 35 mL water for 2 minutes, 3 minutes and 5 
minutes. Let the water cool and repeat the process of identifying the pH level of the water 
boiled for each water. Remember that the good pH level is between 7 to 8.5 with colors 
between purple to blue. Record results in a table and analyze the results. Rank the water 
based on the observations, color of the strip and the number coordinated to the strip, the 
first one being the safest to use and the third one to be the least safe to use. For the second 
setup, repeat the process using 100 mL of each Maynilad Water, Delivery Truck Water, and 
Power Tank Water that was just collected in the morning. For the third setup, repeat the 
procedures using 50 mL of Mineral Water. 
 
 

Experiment Setup:  
 
SET A  SET B  SET C 

     
Water stored for 5 days  Water got in the morning  Mineral Drinking Water. 
before the experiment.  before the experiment. 
 
 
 
Independent Variable​​ :  Dependent Variable​​ :  Controlled Variable​​ : 
Types of Water and Boiling  ​ H level of the water 
p Litmus Paper, Dropper, 
Point  Plastic Cups, Petri Dishes 
 
Data Table : 
Table 1 : The pH level of water stored for 5 days 
SET A  The pH level of the water 

Water Source  Trial 1  Trial 2  Trial 3  Trial 4  Trial 5  Trial 6 

Truck  11  9  11  9  10  9 

Maynilad  9  11  10  10  9  10 

Tank  10  10  9  11  11  11 


 
Table 1 Data Interpretation: 
The table shows the results of the 6 trials of testing the pH level of the water samples stored for 5 
days. The results shows that water from delivery trucks has mostly 9 pH level of Alkaline; Maynilad 
water having 10 pH level of Alkaline, and water from powered tanks having 11 pH level of Alkaline. 
 
 

Figure 1 : Data Interpretation 


The graph shows the results of the 6 trials of testing the pH level of the water samples stored for 5 
days. The results shows that water from delivery trucks has mostly 9 pH level of Alkaline; Maynilad 
water having 10 pH level of Alkaline, and water from powered tanks having 11 pH level of Alkaline. 
 
 
 
Table 2 : The pH level of the water got on the same day 
SET B  The pH level of the water 

Water Source  Trial 1  Trial 2  Trial 3  Trial 4  Trial 5  Trial 6 

Truck  9  9  10  9  9  10 

Maynilad  10  10  11  11  10  9 

Tank  11  11  9  10  11  11 


 
Table 2 Data Interpretation 
The table shows the results of the 6 trials of testing the pH level of the water samples got on the same 
day. The results shows the same result from the first setup that water from delivery trucks has mostly 
9 pH level of Alkaline; Maynilad water having 10 pH level of Alkaline, and water from powered tanks 
having 11 pH level of Alkaline. 
 

 
Figure 2 : Data Interpretation 
The table shows the results of the 6 trials of testing the pH level of the water samples got on the same 
day. The results shows the same result from the first setup that water from delivery trucks has mostly 
9 pH level of Alkaline; Maynilad water having 10 pH level of Alkaline, and water from powered tanks 
having 11 pH level of Alkaline. 
 
 
 
 
The pH level of mineral water  
SET C  The pH level of the water 

Water Source  Trial 1  Trial 2  Trial 3 

Mineral Water  8  8  8 
 
Table 3 : Data Interpretation 
The table shows the results of the 3 trials of testing the pH level of the water sample of mineral water. 
The result shows a constant pH level of alkaline: 8 pH level which is neutral and is safe to use and 
drink. 
 

 
Figure 3 : Data Interpretation 
The figure shows the results of the 3 trials of testing the pH level of the water sample of mineral 
water. The result shows a constant pH level of alkaline: 8 pH level which is neutral and is safe to use 
and drink. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Table 4 : The pH level of the water tested 
  pH level of the water samples 

Water Source  pH level  Rank 

Truck  9  2nd 

Maynilad  10  3rd 

Tank  11  4th 

Mineral  8  1st 
 
Table 4 : Data Interpretation 
The table shows the final tally of results gathered. It is ranked by 1st being safe to drink and use for 
cooking, 2nd being the next safest to use for cleaning it is 10x more caustic than the 8 pH level; 3rd 
has 10 pH level it is 100x more caustic to use; and the 4th has 11 pH level it is part of the highly caustic 
and it contains bleach and ammonia.  
 
Analysis : 
The color of the litmus paper when water samples were dropped indicates the level of 
alkaline or acid present in the substance. This is called the Colorimetric Method. Based on 
the table of pH level indicator, level 7 is the safest to drink and is a pure water. Level 8 has a 
neutral level of alkalinity and still safe to drink and use. 9 pH level indicates a high presence 
of alkaline, it is caustic and can be dangerous when drunk. Level 10 is 100x more caustic 
when drunk. In the experiment, Maynilad water has this pH level. The highest pH level that 
is obtained in this experiment is 11, this is highly caustic and contains bleach and ammonia.  
 
Conclusion and Recommendation : 
The experiment went until 6 trials to accurately identify the results. Since blue litmus paper 
is used, we’ll be testing the acidity level of the water. If the paper changes into color red, it 
has a high level of acidity, when it doesn’t change its color it has alkaline. The results shows 
that all of the water tested does not contain acid thus contains a high level of alkaline. 
According to Mr. Brian Oram of Water Research Center (n.d.), a pH level greater than 8.5 
does not lead to health risk but can cause aesthetic problems like leaving sediments on 
dishes when cleaning, making it hard to create bubbles or foam when washing clothes and 
may decrease your electrical appliances’ efficiency. Concluding what has been and said 
above, among the 3 main variables tested, the safest to use is the water from delivery trucks. 
The water can still be used only for cleaning though it is on pH level 9. For the other 
aspirants who wants to redone this experiment, we recommend to also boil the water if it 
has a high level of alkalinity. This is to know if it will be safe to drink and used for cooking. 
To make the results more accurate, focus more on the time for observing the litmus paper.