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2/15/2019 Blue route – Axios Delta National Park


Δέλτα Αξιού - Μπλε διαδρομή

Údaje máp ©2019 Google Obrázky ©2019 TerraMetrics Zmluvné podmienky 2 km

Kalohori Lagοon – Gallikos river estuary – Axios Delta

Distance: 28 km
Time on vehicle: 1 h 30 min

The area of Kalohori is the gateway to the National Park for the city of Thessaloniki. Whilst the urban
center lies in ten minutes distance, this place is a haven of peace for both wild life and visitors. Admire it!

 In the lagoon 1/3
2/15/2019 Blue route – Axios Delta National Park

The estuaries of Gallikos river and the Kalohori lagoon o er the nearest escape to nature from the city of
Thessaloniki. Begin your tour from the Kalochori lagoon and the 1 km walking trail from the Kerkyras
Park and connects the village of Kalochori with the sea. In winter time you will usually see amingos and
shelducks, whereas in the summer you will nd many waders (sandpipers, little ringed plovers, Kentish
plovers etc). The lagoon is very important for the reproduction of the black-winged stilt, the avocet and
Kentish plover, but also for migratory birds, due to the plentiful food found in its shallow waters. Quite
often, some rare, winged visitor will stray from its usual route and set foot in the lagoon, sounding the
alarm to the enthusiastic birdwatchers of Greece!

The lagoon of Kalohori is unique in Greece; it has been created gradually since the mid 60’s, following the
construction of coastal embankments which were necessary to protect the village of Kalohori from
ooding. The ood danger rose because the area had subsided due to decade long overexploitation of
the underground aquifer, in combination with the loose composition of the soil.

The beauty of the coastal zone

Get ready for a long driving tour and take the coastal road north-west, direction to Axios Delta. Pause at
“Hinaru” to enjoy a very nice view of the city of Thessaloniki. During the winter months look for red-
breasted mergansers, black-throated loons and various grebes in the gulf of Thermaikos. From here on
begins the Ramsar site, one of the ten most important wetlands of Greece, protected by the International
Convention for Wetlands. 2/3
2/15/2019 Blue route – Axios Delta National Park

The wetland zone that intervenes between the sea and the elds is very important for the birds and
other organisms that it hosts, but also for humans, since it protects the area from erosion and ooding
and balances the salinity of the soil, enabling farming to continue.

In the ponds you will see on your right, there are usually large numbers of waders (avocets, black-winged
stilts, plovers, sandpipers) and further ahead, on the islets of the coastal part lies the “kingdom” of the
Mediterranean gull. This is one of the few areas in Greece where this rare species reproduces.

Caution! During winter passing through certain parts of this dirt road can only be possible with 4X4

On your arrival to the little church of Agios Nikolaos you may choose to return to the highway crossing
the rice elds, or you may join the suggested route no 2.

Let’s go by bus!

Visitors can visit the natural area of Kalochori with a bus from Thessaloniki. Take bus no 40 which starts
every half an hour from behind the train station of Thessaloniki. Don’t be discouraged by the rather ugly
industrial scenery you will see until you get there. If you want to visit the Kalochori lagoon get o at
“Miltiadou” stop and continue straight to the Kerkyras Park. 3/3