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PH of salt made by strong acids and weak bases when dissolved in water will produce
pH <7. Conversely, salt comes from a mixture of weak acids and strong bases producing
a solution with a high pH value (> 7). The chemistry behind this is clear that the salt is
partially hydrolyzed. Comment why only cations or anions from these salts are partially
2. The internet provides every information for users without the exception of chemists. To
create a buffer solution at this time, we don't need to do our own calculations just by
using a buffer calculator on the Internet. Explore the tool that pretends to want to make
the carbonate buffer up to pH 7.0. Record and report the ingredients and instructions for
making a buffer solution. Are you going to use the same tool in the future to create your
buffer solution?

1. Salt that comes from strong acids and weak bases in water will experience hydrolysis
partly because one component of salt (weak base cation) undergoes hydrolysis to produce
H + ions, then pH <7 so that salt solutions are acidic.

While salts derived from weak acids and strong bases in water will experience partial
hydrolysis. The salt component (weak acid anion) undergoes hydrolysis resulting in an
OH- ion, then pH> 7 so that the salt solution is alkaline.
Examples: CH3COOK, CH3COONa, KCN, CaS, and so on.
Ionization reaction = CH3COOK (aq) → K + (aq) + CH3COO- (aq)
Hydrolysis reaction = K + (aq) + H2O (l) - / -> (not hydrolyzed)
CH3COO- (aq) + H2O (l) → CH3COOH (aq) + OH- (aq) is alkaline
2. How to calculate using a buffer calculator:

The result:

 To make 1000 ml of 0.1 M carbonate (pKa1 = 6.37) Buffer: pH = 7
 Ionic strength = 0.154 M (Ionic strength due to buffer = 0.085M)
 Thermodynamic PKa = 6.37, pKa '= 6.24
 Temperature coefficient = -0.0055 per oC
 Prepared at 25oC, used at 25oC
How to:
Dissolve 6.2 g of Carbonic acid (Mr = 62) in approximately. 900 ml of pure water.
Add 4.03 g of NaCl.
Titrate to pH 7 at lab temperature 25oC with strong bases or monovalent acids as needed.
Add volume up to 1000 ml with pure water
The buffer of course will have a pH of 7.00 at 25oC

Alternative ways:
Dissolve the acid component 0.0148 moles
Dissolve 0.0851 moles of basic components
Add 4.03 g of NaCl.
Make up to 1000 ml with pure water

How to calculate buffer solutions by using a buffer calculator on the internet is indeed easy
for us. But we will forget the calculation and formula in calculating the buffer.