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DESIGN OF BRACED SHORE PILE

12 ft
R 12 ft R
O

H = 31 ft
19 ft
19 ft

h = 46.1 ft

O''

Y= 3.31 ft

D 15.11 ft
D1= 12 ft
INPUT DATA

Length of free end H = 31 ft

Depth of passive pressure D1 = 11.795 ft , eqn = -505196

No. of storey of building close to the boundary = 2 storied

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL) w = 70 psf

Assumed depth of isolated footing of this building = 6 ft

Assumed depth of influence of surcharge pressure (5xB) = 30 ft (assuming B = 6 ft)

Dia of pile = 36 inch

Spacing of pile = 3 ft

Depth of bracing from EGL = 12 ft

Spacing of bracing = 16 ft

Depth water table from EGL = 12 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line) φ1 = 28 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line) φ2 = 32 deg

Unit wt of soil (Wet) above dredge line y = 125 Pcf


Unit wt of soil (Dry) above dredge line y' = 120 Pcf

Unit wt of water yw = 62.4 Pcf

Unit wt of soil (Dry) below dredge line yb' = 120 Pcf

Factor of safety (F.S.) = 1.5

CALCULATION

Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line) = Ka = 0.361

Active earth pressure coeff. (below dredge line) = Ka' = 0.307

Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line) = Kp = 3.255

Calculation of Pressure

12 ft R
120 x 12 = 1440
x 0.36 = 519.8882162 psf (dry)
125 x 19 = 2375
x
0.36 = 857.4545233 psf (wet) 19 ft
3815
x 0.31 = 1172.191271 psf

pp'-pa' = yb' x (kp-ka') = 353.68 Pcf

Y = 1172.191271 354 = 3.31 ft


Y= 3.31 ft
Surcharge pressure = 0.36 x 70 x 2= 50.5 psf
pp'-pa' = 354

CALCULATION OF EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Taking moment about bracing level

12 ft R

3119.3 x -4 = -12477.3171897 ft-lb 0 ft

9877.9 x 9.5 = 93839.823030848 ft-lb


19 ft
8145.8 x 12.7 = 103180.4 ft-lb

1942.5 x 20.1 = 39053.1 ft-lb X ft

1516.3 x 9= 13647.065676231 ft-lb


237243.06250795 ft-lb
24602 # Y= 3.31 ft

Now,
Pp = 0.5 x 354 x D12
equn = Pp x X = 237243.06
By trial D1 = 11.795 ft

equn = -505196 ≈ 0

Therefore total embedment required, D = 15.11 ft

For F.S. = 1.5

D= 15.11 x 1.2 = 18.1 ft

Therefore minimum pile length required, = 49.1 ft

Provided length of pile = 50 ft O.K.

Pp = 24602.3 #
now
R= T/ 16 = 24601.84596 - 24602.3092299788 = -0.46327 #

(30% increment for bracing & wale design) -0.4632706518 x 1.3 = -0.60 #

Reaction per bracing, T = 0.00 x 16 = 0 kip

Calculation Maximum Moment


z

Let the point of zero shear be at z below water level 12 ft R


= 0.36 x 125 z
= 45.1 z
Then equn is

-0.46 = 3119.3292974243 + 520 z + 50.54 (z+ 6) + 0.5 x 45.1 z2 19 ft


By trial z = 7.775 ft

equn = -9222 ≈ 0

Maximum Moment 3.31 ft

3119.329297 x 11.8 = 36730.102477171 ft-lb

519.89 x 7.78 = 4042.130881 x 3.89 = 15713.783800843 ft-lb


354
0.5 x 45.1 x z2
= 1364.043733 x 2.59 = 3535.1466739453 ft-lb

50.54 x 13.8 = 696.2530729 x 6.89 = 4795.4430397795 ft-lb


60774 ft-lb

9221.756984 x 7.78 = 71699.160552997 ft-lb 4171.65


Maximum moment = 10925 ft-lb
= 11 kip-ft

Negative moment per pile = 32.77405368 kip-ft

Ultimate moment= 32.77405368 x 1.5 = 49 kip-ft


6 ft
12 ft

19 ft

30 ft
519.888 psf 6 ft
12 ft

19 ft

857 psf 30 ft

1172.19 psf
D1

surcharge pressure
= 50.54 psf

12 ft 6 ft
3119.33 #

19 ft
9877.88 #
30 ft
8145.82 #
1516 #

1942.48 #

D1 = 12 ft
519.888 psf 6 ft
12 ft

z ft
19 ft

857 psf 30 ft

1172.19 psf

12 ft

surcharge pressure
psf = 50.54 psf
DESIGN OF UNBRACED SHORE PILE

0 ft
R 0 ft R 2.5 ft
O 22 ft

H = 22 ft
22 ft
22 ft 0 ft

h = 24.3 ft 30 ft

O''

Y= 2.29 ft

D 2.29 ft
D1= 0 ft

INPUT DATA

Length of free end H = 21.976 ft

Depth of passive pressure D1 = 0 ft , eqn = 179244

No. of storey of building close to the boundary = 1 storied

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL) w = 250 psf

Assumed depth of isolated footing of this building = 2.5 ft

Assumed depth of influence of surcharge pressure (5xB) = 30 ft (assuming B = 6 ft)


Dia of pile = 30 inch

C/C Spacing of pile = 2.78 ft

Depth of bracing from EGL = 0 ft

C/C Spacing of bracing = 0 ft

Depth water table from EGL = 21.98 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line) φ1 = 32 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line) φ2 = 32 deg

Unit wt of soil (Wet) above dredge line y = 125 Pcf

Unit wt of soil (Dry) above dredge line y' = 110 Pcf

Unit wt of water yw = 62.4 Pcf

Unit wt of soil (Dry) below dredge line yb' = 110 Pcf

Factor of safety (F.S.) = 2

CALCULATION

Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line) = Ka = 0.307

Active earth pressure coeff. (below dredge line) = Ka' = 0.307

Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line) = Kp = 3.255

Calculation of Pressure

0 ft R 742.89 psf 2.5


110 x 22 = 2417.8 0 21.98 ft
x 0.31 = 742.8896606 psf (dry)
125 x 0= -0.5
x
0.31 = -0.153629262 psf (wet) 22 ft
2417.3 -0.004 ft
x 0.31 = 742.7360313 psf
-0.15 psf 30
pp'-pa' = yb' x (kp-ka') = 324.21 Pcf

Y = 742.7360313 324 = 2.29 ft


Y= 2.29 ft
Surcharge pressure = 0.31 x 250 x 1= 76.8 psf 742.736 psf
pp'-pa' = 324 D1

surcharge pressure
= 76.81 psf

CALCULATION OF EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Taking moment about bracing level

0 ft R 22 ft 2.5
8164.36 #
8164.4 x 14.7 = 119635.049993437 ft-lb 22 ft

-2.9716 x 22 = -65.3089158418 ft-lb


22 ft 0 ft
0.0003 x 22.0 = 0.0 ft-lb -2.9716 #
30
850.78 x 22.7 = 19346.4 ft-lb X ft 0.00031 #

2304.4 x 17.5 = 40327.681343574 ft-lb


179243.878198167 ft-lb
F = 11317 # Y= 2.29 ft 850.781 #

Now,
Pp = 0.5 x 324 x D12
equn = Pp x X = 179243.88 D1 = 0 ft

By trial D1 = 0 ft

equn = 179244 ≈ 0

Therefore total embedment required, D = 2.29 ft

For F.S. = 2

D= 2.29 x 1.3 = 3.0 ft

Therefore minimum pile length required, = 25.0 ft

Provided length of pile = 35 ft O.K.

Pp = 0 #
now
R= T/ 0 = 11316.60564 - 0 = 11316.6056 #

(30% increment for bracing & wale design) 11316.6056412641 x 1.3 = 14711.59 #

Reaction per bracing, T = 14.71 x 0 = 0 kip


As there is no need to provide anchor, therefore we provide Cantilever Shore Pile instead of Anchored Shore Pile.

Assume a Trial Depth of Shore Pile below 'Y' distance D = 21 ft


0 ft 22 ft 2.5
Calculation of p1 & p2 0#

p1 = yb' x (Kp-Ka') x D = 6808 Psf 22 ft 0 ft


0#
P yb' x (H + Y + D) x Kp = 16205.77667 Psf 30
8520.4 #
P' yb' x (Y + D) x Ka' = 787.1972705 Psf
n
p2 = P - P' = 15418.579 Psf
Y= 2.29 ft 755.95 #
zero pressure plane
Calculation of z & a a= 8.35531 ft

z = ( p1xD - 2xF)/(p1+p2) zero shear plane O'


D= 21 ft
z = 5.41423661 ft
z = 5.4 ft
Force in Anchor, by summing all moments @ O
O
For Cantilever Shore Pile, R should be zero otherwise try another depth, D

R = -112.3658113 Kip p1 = 6808 Psf p2 = 15419 Psf

D+Y = 23.29 ft

Factor of Safety = 1.30

Therefore total Length of Pile required = 52.25 ft

Provided Length of Pile = 68.5 ft OK

a = √ (2 x F / ( yb' (Kp - Ka')))

= 8.355306391 ft

Calculation of Mmax
Mmax applied on Pile by summing moment @ O'

Mmax = 101500.0211 lb-ft

= 137.0250285 kip-ft/ft

Net Mmax = 380.9295793 Kip-ft


at each pile
ft

ft
ft

ft

2304 #
ft

ft

2304 #
DESIGN OF UNBRACED SHORE PILE

0 ft
R 0 ft R 0 ft
O 22 ft

H = 22 ft
21.976 ft
22 ft 0 ft

h = 52.2 ft 30 ft

O''

Y= 4.03 ft

D 30.27 ft
D1= 26 ft
INPUT DATA

Length of free end H = 21.976 ft

Depth of passive pressure D1 = 26.246 ft , eqn = -2575231

No. of storey of building close to the boundary = 1 storied

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL) w = 250 psf

Assumed depth of isolated footing of this building = 0 ft

Assumed depth of influence of surcharge pressure (5xB) = 30 ft (assuming B = 6 ft)

Dia of pile = 30 inch

C/C Spacing of pile = 2.78 ft

Depth of bracing from EGL = 0 ft

C/C Spacing of bracing = 0 ft

Depth water table from EGL = 21.98 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line) φ1 = 32 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line) φ2 = 32 deg

Unit wt of soil (Wet) above dredge line y = 125 Pcf

Unit wt of soil (Dry) above dredge line y' = 110 Pcf

Unit wt of water yw = 62.4 Pcf

Unit wt of soil (Sat.) below dredge line ɣs' = 62.6 Pcf (y-yw)

Factor of safety (F.S.) = 1.5


CALCULATION

Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line) = Ka = 0.307

Active earth pressure coeff. (below dredge line) = Ka' = 0.307

Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line) = Kp = 3.255 2.947

Calculation of Pressure

0 ft R 742.89 psf 0 ft
110 x 22 = 2417.8 0 21.98 ft
x 0.31 = 742.8896606 psf (dry)
125 x 0= 0
x
0.31 = 0 psf (wet) 21.98 ft
2417.8 -0.004 ft
x 0.31 = 742.8896606 psf dry earth pressure
0 psf 30 ft
pp'-pa' = ɣs' x (kp-ka') = 184.5 Pcf

Y = 742.8896606 184.5 = 4.03 ft


Y= 4.03 ft
Surcharge pressure = 0.31 x 250 x 1= 76.8 psf 742.89 psf

pp'-pa' = 185 D1

surcharge pressure
= 76.81 psf
CALCULATION OF EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Taking moment about bracing level

0 ft R 22 ft 0 ft
lb/ft 8164.36 #
8164.4 x 14.7 = 119635.049993437 ft-lb/ft due to dry earth above dredge line 22 ft

0x 22 = 0 ft-lb/ft due to water above dredge line


21.98 ft 0 ft
0x 22.0 = 0.0 ft-lb/ft due to water above dredge line -2.9716 #
30 ft
1495.6 x 23.3 = 34874.6 ft-lb/ft due to dry earth below dredge line X ft 0#
2304 #
2304.4 x 15 = 34566.5840087777 ft-lb/ft due to surcharge
189076.263105927 ft-lb/ft
F = 11964 # Y= 4.03 ft 1495.6 #

Now,
Pp = 0.5 x 185 x D12
equn = Pp x X = 189076.26 D1 = 26.25 ft

By trial D1 = 26.246 ft

equ = n
-2575231 ≈ 0

Therefore total embedment required, D = 30.27 ft

For F.S. = 1.5

D= 30.27 x 1.2 = 36.3 ft

Therefore minimum pile length required, = 58.3 ft

Provided length of pile = 50.512 ft Not O.K.

Pp = 63547.624201 #
now
R= T/ 0 = 11964.39668 - 63547.6242014462 = -51583.22752 #

(30% increment for bracing & wale design) -51583.2275171942 x 1.3 = -67058.20 #

Reaction per bracing, T = -67.06 x 0 = 0 kip


As there is no need to provide anchor, therefore we provide Cantilever Shore Pile instead of Anchored Shore Pile.

Assume a Trial Depth of Shore Pile below 'Y' distance D = 26.246 ft


0 ft 22 ft 0 ft
Calculation of p1 & p2 0#

p1 = ɣs' x (Kp-Ka') x D = 4842 Psf 21.98 ft 0 ft


0#
P = ɣs' x (H + Y + D) x Kp = 10644.95235 Psf 30 ft
8520.4 #
P' = ɣs' x (Y + D) x Ka' = 582.2717275 Psf 2304 #
10062.68063 n
p2 = P - P' = 10062.681 Psf
Y= 4.03 ft 755.95 #
zero pressure plane
Calculation of z & a a= 11.3883 ft

z = ( p1xD1 - 2xF)/(p1+p2) from base upto max passive pressure zero shear plane O'
D= 26.25 ft
z = 6.921534403 ft
z = 6.92 ft
Force in Anchor, by summing all moments @ O
O
For Cantilever Shore Pile, R should be zero otherwise try another depth, D

R = -71.31673735 Kip p1 = 4842 Psf p2 = 10063 Psf

D+Y = 30.27 ft 19.5 43.79 calculated from eq 20.4


Factor of Safety = 1.30

Therefore total Length of Pile required = 59.71 ft

Provided Length of Pile = 50.12 ft NOT OK

ybar 11.353107
a = √ (2 x F / ( ɣs' (Kp - Ka'))) Pp'' 5220.219
C1 28.293434
= 11.38829916 ft 11.38829916 C2 -518.77343
c3 -8834.6886
c4 -141800
Calculation of Mmax
solving 4
Mmax applied on Pile by summing moment @ O' degree Do 22.92
eqn D=Do+Yo 26.95

Mmax = 148146.6092 lb-ft 1.4xD 37.7250162


total= D+H 59.71
= 199.9979225 kip-ft/ft
Mmax 226669.16 lb-ft
Net Mmax = 555.9942245 Kip-ft 226.66916 k-ft/ft
at each pile 1008.2244 KN-m/m
753.7526091 KN-m/Pile

886.7677754 KN-m/m
DESIGN OF UNBRACED SHORE PILE

0 ft
R 0 ft R 0 ft
O 25 ft

H = 24.6 ft
24.6075 ft
25 ft 0 ft

h = 56.1 ft 0 ft

O''

Y= 5.10 ft

D 31.46 ft
D1= 26 ft
INPUT DATA

Length of free end H = 24.608 ft

Depth of passive pressure D1 = 26.361 ft , eqn = -2792829

No. of storey of building close to the boundary = 0 storied

Assumed load per floor of this building (DL+LL) w = 0 psf

Assumed depth of isolated footing of this building = 0 ft

Assumed depth of influence of surcharge pressure (5xB) = 0 ft (assuming B = 6 ft)

Dia of pile = 30 inch

C/C Spacing of pile = 2.78 ft

Depth of bracing from EGL = 0 ft

C/C Spacing of bracing = 0 ft

Depth water table from EGL = 24.61 ft

Angle of internal friction (above dredge line) φ1 = 32 deg

Angle of internal friction (below dredge line) φ2 = 32 deg

Unit wt of soil (Wet) above dredge line y = 125 Pcf

Unit wt of soil (Dry) above dredge line y' = 110 Pcf

Unit wt of water yw = 62.4 Pcf

Unit wt of soil (Dry) below dredge line ɣs' = 62.6 Pcf

Factor of safety (F.S.) = 2


CALCULATION

Active earth pressure coeff. (above dredge line) = Ka = 0.307

Active earth pressure coeff. (below dredge line) = Ka' = 0.307

Passive earth pressure coeff (below dredge line) = Kp = 3.255 2.947

Calculation of Pressure

0 ft R 831.78 psf 0 ft
110 x 24.6 = 2707.1 0 24.61 ft
x 0.31 = 831.7795517 psf (dry)
125 x 2.84 = 355
x
0.31 = 109.0767762 psf (wet) 24.61 ft
3062.1 0 ft
x 0.31 = 940.8563279 psf earth pressure
109 psf 0 ft
pp'-pa' = ɣs' x (kp-ka') = 184.5 Pcf

Y = 940.8563279 184.5 = 5.10 ft


Y= 5.10 ft
Surcharge pressure = 0.31 x 0x 0= 0.0 psf 940.856 psf

pp'-pa' = 185 D1

surcharge pressure
= 0.00 psf
CALCULATION OF EMBEDMENT DEPTH

Taking moment about bracing level

0 ft R 25 ft 0 ft
lb/ft 10235 #
10235 x 16.4 = 167923.010748408 ft-lb/ft due to dry earth 25 ft

0x 24.6 = 0 ft-lb/ft due to water


24.61 ft 0 ft
278.11 x 24.6 = 6843.9 ft-lb/ft due to wet 0#
0 ft
2398.9 x 26.3 = 63108.8 ft-lb/ft due to dry earth below dredge line X ft 278.114 #
0#
0x 0= 0 ft-lb/ft due to surcharge
237875.726434767 ft-lb/ft
F = 12912 # Y= 5.10 ft 2398.91 #

FOR ANCHOR SHORE PILE


Now,
Pp = 0.5 x 185 x D12
equn = Pp x X = 237875.73 D1 = 26.36 ft

By trial D1 = 26.36 ft

equ = n
-2792829 ≈ 0

Therefore total embedment required, D = 31.46 ft

For F.S. = 2.0

D= 31.46 x 1.4 = 44.0 ft

Therefore minimum pile length required, = 68.7 ft

Provided length of pile = 53.81 ft Not O.K.

Pp = 64100.863729 #
now
R= T/ 0 = 12912.069 - 64100.8637287539 = -51188.79473 #

(30% increment for bracing & wale design) -51188.7947261221 x 1.3 = -66545.43 #

Reaction per bracing, T = -66.55 x 0 = 0 kip


As there is no need to provide anchor, therefore we provide Cantilever Shore Pile instead of Anchored Shore Pile.

Assume a Trial Depth of Shore Pile below 'Y' distance D = 26.3609 ft


0 ft 25 ft 0 ft
Calculation of p1 & p2 0#

p1 = ɣs' x (Kp-Ka') x D = 4864 Psf 24.61 ft 0 ft


0#
P = ɣs' x (H + Y + D) x Kp = 11423.10093 Psf 0 ft
8520.4 #
P' = ɣs' x (Y + D) x Ka' = 605.1197427 Psf 0#
10817.98119 n
p2 = P - P' = 10817.981 Psf
Y= 5.10 ft 755.95 #
zero pressure plane
Calculation of z & a a= 11.8307 ft

z = ( p1xD1 - 2xF)/(p1+p2) from base upto max passive pressure zero shear plane O'
D= 26.36 ft
z = 6.529057514 ft
z = 6.53 ft
Force in Anchor, by summing all moments @ O
O
For Cantilever Shore Pile, R should be zero otherwise try another depth, D

R = -161.3314142 Kip p1 = 4864 Psf p2 = 10818 Psf

D+Y = 31.46 ft
Factor of Safety = 1.30

Therefore total Length of Pile required = 55.23 ft

Provided Length of Pile = 53.81 ft NOT OK

ybar 13.302747
a = √ (2 x F / ( ɣs' (Kp - Ka'))) Pp'' 5954.3202
C1 32.272241
= 11.83072568 ft 11.83072568 C2 -559.86428
c3 -11171.774
c4 -199856.77
Calculation of Mmax
solving 4
Mmax applied on Pile by summing moment @ O' degree Do 16.77
eqn D=Do+Yo 21.87

Mmax = 104838.1152 lb-ft 1.4xD 30.6171792


total= D+H 55.23
= 141.5314556 kip-ft/ft
Mmax 273605.42 lb-ft
Net Mmax = 393.4574464 Kip-ft 273.60542 k-ft/ft
at each pile 1216.9969 KN-m/m
533.4040603 KN-m/Pile

627.5341885 KN-m/m