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ELECTROSTATICS

This section contains multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D), out of which
ONLY ONE is correct.
1. A capacitor is made of two concentric spherical shells A and B of radii a and b
respectively, where a < b. The external shell B is grounded. Inner shell i.e., (r  a) is filled
with a uniform positive charge of density . Variation of electric field versus distance
from the centre.
E E

(A) (B)

a b r a b r
E E

(C) (D)

a b r a r
A
R
2. In circuit diagram capacitance of capacitor C2
C1
C1  3F and C 2  1F . It is given that time
C1 C2 B
constant of circuit between A and B is 3
millisecond. Value of R will be C1

(A) 1  R
C2
(B) 10 
(C) 100 
(D) 1000 
3. As shown in circuit diagram an ideal voltmeter Box
and an ideal ammeter reading are zero. Sum of
potential drop across box and 5  resistances 12Volt  V

will be (given that there are no fault in voltmeter 


A
and ammeter)
(A) 7 volt
(B) 5 volt
(C) 12 volt
(D) Data insufficient
4. For maximum power from battery the internal resistance of battery r is

R R
R

R R
R R

R R

r

4R
(A) 10 R (B)
9
(C) R/8 (D) 10R/9
5. Two concentric spherical shells A and B are kept as shown with the
B
switch open. The potentials at A and B are 5 V and 3 V
respectively. If the switch is closed, then potential of sphere A will A
become S
(A) 5 V (B) 3 V
(C) 2 V (D) 7 V
6V, 1
6. In the circuit shown, the readings of the ammeter and
voltmeter are
(A) 6 A, 60 V (B) 0.6 A, 6V  A
V
6 60
(C) 6 A, 6 V (D) A, V
11 11


R R
7. In the given circuit, when key K is open, reading of
ammeter is I. Now key K is closed then the correct 
statement is : A
K
(A) If 1 < IR, reading of the ammeter is less than I
(B) If IR < 1 < 2IR, reading of the ammeter is greater

than I
(C) If 1 = 2IR, reading of the ammeter will be zero
(D) Reading of ammeter will not change
R
8. Time constant of charging of the capacitor shown in the
adjoining figure is
(A) 2 RC (B) CR/2
R
(C) zero (D) infinite

9. In meter bridge or wheat stone bridge for measurement of


resistance, the unknown and the known resistance are C
E
S
interchanged. The error so removed is
(A) End Correction (B) Index error
(C) Out to temperature effect (D) Random error
10. A parallel-plate capacitor, filled with a dielectric of dielectric constant k, is charged to a
potential V0. It is now disconnected from the cell and the slab is removed. If it now
discharges, with time constant , through a resistance, the potential difference across it will
be V0 after time
(A) k (B)  ln k
 1
(C)  ln 1   (D)  ln (k  1)
 k
11. A uniform electric field of 4 V/m is directed at 450 to the x-axis along the vector 1i  1j .
Considered the points A(0, 2) and B (3, 0). The potential difference VA – VB is given by
(a) 0 (b) 4 V (c) 6.4 V (d) 2.8 V
12. An ellipsoidal cavity is present inside a solid conducting sphere centered at the origin. The
radius of the sphere is R and it is electrically neutral. On the XY plane, the equation of the
cavity can be given by the equation X2/a2 + Y2/b2 = 1. If a point charge +Q is placed at the
centre of the cavity then what is the potential of the point A{having coordinates (0, b)} due
to induced charges on ellipsoidal surface?
Y

X
+Q

(a) (Q/4π0)(1/b – 1/R) (b) (Q/4π0)(1/b + 1/R)


(c) (Q/4π0)(– 1/b) (d) Q/4π0R
13. The diagram shows V versus X graph. Which of the following graphs most appropriately
represent the E versus X graph?
V

Parabolic

E E
(a) (b)

X X

E
E
(c) (d)
X

14. Three infinitely long charge sheets are placed as shown in figure. The electric field at
point P is:

2  2  4  4 
(a) k (b)  k (c) k (d)  k
0 0 0 0
15. A non-conducting ring of radius 0.5 m carries a total charge of 1.11 10 10 C distributed
non-uniformly on its circumference producing an electric field E everywhere is space.
The value of the
l  0  
integral  E.dl (l = 0 being centre of the ring) in volt is:
l= 
1
(a) +2 (b) –2 (c)  (d) zero
2

16. Charge Q is divided into two parts which are then kept some distance apart. The force
between them will be maximum if eth two parts are
(A) Q/2 each
(B) Q/4 and 3Q/4
(C) Q/3 and 2Q/3
(D) e and (Q – e), where e = electronic charge

17. For the circuit shown, find the potential difference between A C
A
and B
E
2E C
(A) E (B)
3
2E B
(C) (D) zero C C
5

18. For a uniformly charged conducting solid cylinder of infinite length, which of the
following graph shows the variation of E with r ? (distance from axis)
E E

1 E r 1
(A) E r (B) E r
R r R r
E E

1 E r 1
(C) E (D) E
r2 r2
R r R r

19. In the arrangement of a pair of parallel plates having separation 1 cm as 1cm


shown. What is electric field in the region between the plates ?
(A) 15 kN/C towards right (B) 15 kN/C towards left
(C) 25 kN/C towards right (D) 25 kN/C towards left

-50V +200V
z
20. A charge Q is placed at P (0, 0, a). The coordinates of A and C
 a 
of a square are  0, , 0  and (a, a, 0) respectively. The flux Q Pz(0, 0, a)
 2 
through ABCD is a
A(0, 2 , 0) B
O y
Q Q
(A) (B)
16 o 24 o
Q x E D C(a, a, 0)
(C) (D) none of these
48o

21. A dipole of dipole moment p is placed at a distance r from a point charge


Q (as shown in figure). Choose the incorrect statement.
(A) Torque acting on the dipole is zero p
(B) Force acting on the dipole due to the electric field produced by Q is Q r
zero.
Qp
(C) Potential energy of the dipole due to the point charge Q is
4o r 2
Qp
(D) Force acting on the dipole due to the point charge Q is
2o r 3

22. A capacitor of capacitance C is charged by a battery of emf V and l


then disconnected. The work done by an external agent to insert a
dielectric of dielectric strength k of half the length of the capacitor is
1  k – 1 1 1 – k 
(A) CV2   (B) CV2  
2  k  1 2  k  1
1 1 l l
(C) CV2 (k – 1) (D) CV2 (1 – k) 2 2
4 4

23. A spherically symmetric charge distribution is given by.


 r
  0  1   when r  a
 a
0 when r  a
For what value of r is the field will be maximum
a a 2a 2a
(a) r  (b) r  (c) r  (d) r 
2 3 3 3

This section contains multiple choice questions. Each question has 4 choices (A), (B), (C) and (D), out of which
MORE THAN ONE IS/ARE CORRECT.

24. A parallel plate capacitor with plate area A and separation d has charge Q. A slab of
dielectric constant k is inserted in space between the plates almost completely fills the
space. If E0 and C0 be the electric field and capacitance before inserting the slab, then
E
(A) the electric field after inserting the slab is 0
k
(B) the capacitance after inserting the slab is k C0
 1
(C) the induced charge on the slab is Q  1  
 k
U
(D) the energy stored in the capacitor becomes 0 , U0 being the energy of the capacitor
k
before inserting the slab

25. In the circuit shown, a potential difference of 100 V is A 2C


C
applied across AB. Then
(A) the potential difference between points C and D is 50 V 100V C C
(B) the potential difference between A and C is 25 V 2C
(C) the potential difference between B and D is 25 V D
B
(D) all the capacitors have equal charge

26. Three very large plates are given charges as shown in the Q –5Q 10Q
figure. If the cross-sectional area of each plate is the same, then
the final charge distribution on the surface of the plates
a, b, c, d, e, f is a b c d e f
(A) 7Q on surface e and 3Q on surface f
(B) -2Q on surface b and 3Q on surface a
A B C
(C) -7Q on surface d and 2Q on surface c
(D) the magnitude of charges at all surfaces b, c, d, e is equal

27. A particle of mass m and charge –q is projected from the origin with a horizontal speed v
into an electric field of intensity E directed downward. Choose the correct statements.
(a) The kinetic energy after a displacement y along y-axis is qEy
(b) The horizontal and vertical components of acceleration are ax = 0, ay = qE/m
(c) The equation of trajectory is y = 0.5 (qEx2/mv2)
(d) All the above are correct
28. Charges Q1 and Q2 are placed inside and out side respectively of an uncharged conducting
shell. Their separation is r.
Q1Q2
(a) The force on Q1 is zero (b) The force on Q1 is k
r2
Q1Q2
(c) The force Q2 is k (d) The force on Q2 is zero
r2
29. A conductor with a cavity is placed inside a non-uniform electric field
(a) the electric field inside the conductor is zero, but non zero in the cavity
(b) the total charge on the conductor is zero
(c) the total charge on the conductors is non zero
(d) the electric field inside the conductor as well as cavity is zero
30. A conducting disc is rotated with angular velocity  about vertical axis.
(a) the center is at higher potential than periphery
(b) the electric field inside the disc is zero
(c) the electric field inside the disc is non zero
(d) the center is at lower potential than periphery
R1
31. In the circuit shown in figure, R1 = R2 = R3 = R. Switch
is closed at time t = 0. Then C
(A) Potential difference across R2 is equal to potential V
R3
 CR  S R2
difference across R3 at t    ln(2)
 2 
(B) Maximum current through R3 is V/2R
(C) Minimum current through R3 is V/2R
V
(D) Maximum charge stored in the capacitor is C
2

32. In a potentiometer arrangement E 1 is the cell establishing current in primary circuit. E2 is


the cell to be measured. AB is the potentiometer wire and G is a galvanometer. Which of
the following are the essential conditions for balance to be obtained
(A) The e.m.f. of E1 must be greater than the e.m.f. of E2
(B) Either the positive terminals of both E1 and E2 or the negative terminals of both E1 and
E2
must be joined to one end of potentiometer wire
(C) The e.m.f. E2 must be greater then E1
(D) Terminals can be joined in any manner
A B
33. Three ammeters A, B and C of resistances RA, RB and RC
T T2
respectively are joined as shown in the figure. When some potential 1
difference is applied across the terminals T1 and T2, their readings C
are IA, IB and IC respectively
(A) IA = IB (B) I A R A  I BR B  I C R C
I R I RC
(C) A  C (D) B 
IC R A IC R A  R B

34. A voltmeter and an ammeter are joined in series to an ideal cell, giving readings V and A
respectively. If a resistance equal to the resistance of the ammeter is now joined in parallel
to the ammeter
(A) V will not change
(B) V will increase slightly
(C) A will become exactly half of its initial value
(D) A will become slightly more than half of its initial value