Anda di halaman 1dari 3

Cisco Security Advisory

Cisco NX-OS Software Cisco Fabric Services Denial of Service Vulnerability


Advisory ID: cisco-sa-20190306-nxos-fabric-dos CVE-2019-1616 Download CVRF
CWE-20 Cisco Security Vulnerability
Published: 2019 March 6 16:00 GMT Policy
Download PDF
Version1.0: Final
CVSS Score: Base - 8.6 Email To learn about Cisco security
vulnerability disclosure policies
Workarounds: No workarounds available
and publications, see the
Cisco Bug IDs: CSCvh99066 Security Vulnerability Policy.
CSCvj10176 This document also contains
CSCvj10178 instructions for obtaining fixed
CSCvj10181 software and receiving security
CSCvj10183 vulnerability information from
Cisco.
Summary
Related Resources
A vulnerability in the Cisco Fabric Services component of Cisco NX-OS Software could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker Cisco Event Response:
to cause a buffer overflow, resulting in a denial of service (DoS) condition.
March 2019 Cisco FXOS and
The vulnerability is due to insufficient validation of Cisco Fabric Services packets. An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by NX-OS Software Security
sending a crafted Cisco Fabric Services packet to an affected device. A successful exploit could allow the attacker to cause a Advisory Bundled Publication
buffer overflow, resulting in process crashes and a DoS condition on the device.

Cisco has released software updates that address this vulnerability. There are no workarounds that address this vulnerability. Subscribe to Cisco Security
Notifications
This advisory is available at the following link:
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20190306-nxos-fabric-dos Subscribe

This advisory is part of the March 2019 Cisco FXOS and NX-OS Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication, which includes
25 Cisco Security Advisories that describe 26 vulnerabilities. For a complete list of the advisories and links to them, see Cisco
Event Response: March 2019 Cisco FXOS and NX-OS Software Security Advisory Bundled Publication.
Affected Products

Vulnerable Products

This vulnerability affects the following Cisco products if they are running a vulnerable release of Cisco NX-OS Software:

MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Switches


Nexus 3000 Series Switches
Nexus 3500 Platform Switches
Nexus 3600 Platform Switches
Nexus 7000 Series Switches
Nexus 7700 Series Switches
Nexus 9000 Series Switches in standalone NX-OS mode
Nexus 9500 R-Series Line Cards and Fabric Modules
UCS 6200 Series Fabric Interconnects
UCS 6300 Series Fabric Interconnects
UCS 6400 Series Fabric Interconnects

For information about determining whether a device is configured to use Cisco Fabric Services, see the Details section of this
advisory.

For information about which Cisco NX-OS Software releases are vulnerable, see the Fixed Software section of this advisory.

Determining the Cisco NX-OS Software Release


Administrators can check the release of Cisco NX-OS Software that is running on a device by using the show version
command in the device CLI. The following example shows the output of this command on a device that is running Cisco NX-OS
Software Release 7.0(3)I5(1):

nxos-switch# show version


Cisco Nexus Operating System (NX-OS) Software
TAC support: http://www.cisco.com/tac
Copyright (C) 2002-2016, Cisco and/or its affiliates.
All rights reserved.
The copyrights to certain works contained in this software are
owned by other third parties and used and distributed under their own
licenses, such as open source. This software is provided "as is," and
unless otherwise stated, there is no warranty, express or implied,
including but not limited to warranties of merchantability and fitness
for a particular purpose. Certain components of this software are
licensed under the GNU General Public License (GPL) version 2.0 or
GNU General Public License (GPL) version 3.0 or the GNU
Lesser General Public License (LGPL) Version 2.1 or
Lesser General Public License (LGPL) Version 2.0.
A copy of each such license is available at
http://www.opensource.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.php and
http://opensource.org/licenses/gpl-3.0.html and
http://www.opensource.org/licenses/lgpl-2.1.php and
http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-licenses/library.txt.
Software
BIOS: version 07.57
NXOS: version 7.0(3)I5(1) [build 7.0(3)I5(0.9)]
BIOS compile time: 06/29/2016
NXOS image file is: bootflash:///nxos.7.0.3.I5.0.9.bin
NXOS compile time: 8/1/2016 23:00:00 [08/02/2016 00:30:32]
.
.
.

Products Confirmed Not Vulnerable

Only products listed in the Vulnerable Products section of this advisory are known to be affected by this vulnerability.

Cisco has confirmed that this vulnerability does not affect the following Cisco products:

Firepower 2100 Series Firewalls


Firepower 4100 Series Next-Generation Firewalls
Firepower 9300 Security Appliance
Nexus 1000V Switch for Microsoft Hyper-V
Nexus 1000V Switch for VMware vSphere
Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extenders
Nexus 5500 Platform Switches
Nexus 5600 Platform Switches
Nexus 6000 Series Switches
Nexus 9000 Series Fabric Switches in Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI) mode

Details
Cisco Fabric Services provides a common infrastructure for distributing and synchronizing configuration data between
Cisco devices that are on the same network and with virtual port channels (vPCs). This includes configuration data for
applications and features that are compatible with and enabled to use Cisco Fabric Services-for example, Distributed
Device Alias Services, Network Time Protocol (NTP), and user and administrator roles.

To distribute and synchronize data, Cisco Fabric Services can be configured to use any of the following distribution
types:

Cisco Fabric Services over Fibre Channel (CFSoFC): Distributes data over a Fibre Channel (FC), such as a virtual
storage area network (VSAN). CFSoFC distribution is enabled by default.
Cisco Fabric Services over Ethernet (CFSoE): Distributes data over an Ethernet network. CFSoE packets transit
only on the vPC peer link, which is used to sync states between a pair of vPC switches. CFSoE distribution is
disabled by default.
Cisco Fabric Services over IP (CFSoIP): Distributes data over an IPv4 or IPv6 network. CFSoIP distribution is
disabled by default.

The vulnerability described in this advisory is due to insufficient input validation that could occur when the affected
software processes Cisco Fabric Services packets that it receives during distribution and synchronization operations.
Exploitation of the vulnerability does not require any applications to be enabled to use Cisco Fabric Services. Instead,
exploitation depends on which Cisco Fabric Services distribution types are configured for a device. In addition, the
attack vectors vary based on which distribution types are configured, as follows:

CFSoFC: If FC ports are configured for a device, an attack could occur via Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) or
CFSoFC: If FC ports are configured for a device, an attack could occur via Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) or
Fibre Channel over IP (FCIP). In this scenario, an attack could succeed in the data plane, not the management
plane, of any FC port. If no FC ports are configured for a device, this distribution type cannot be used to exploit
the vulnerability.
CFSoE: An attack is possible from an attacker who has direct access to the vPC peer link. No other peer,
neighbor, or vPC-connected device can be used to exploit the vulnerability.
CFSoIP: An attack is possible from any node that has IP network connectivity to the management interface of a
device. In this scenario, an attack cannot succeed from the data plane.

If a device is enabled to use more than one distribution type, the applicable attack vectors for all those distribution
types exist for the device.

Administrators can display configuration information and check the distribution status of Cisco Fabric Services for a
device by using the show cfs status command in the device CLI, as shown in the following example:

switch# show cfs status

Distribution : Enabled
Distribution over IP : Disabled
IPv4 multicast address : 239.255.70.83
IPv6 multicast address : ff15::efff:4653
Distribution over Ethernet : Disabled

In the preceding example, the Enabled value in the Distribution field of the command output indicates that Cisco Fabric
Services is enabled for the device and the device is configured to use the default Cisco Fabric Services distribution
type, which is CFSoFC. The Disabled value in the Distribution over IP field and the Distribution over Ethernet field
indicates that the device is not additionally configured to use the CFSoIP and CFSoE distribution types.

Workarounds

There are no workarounds that address this vulnerability.

Fixed Software

Cisco has released free software updates that address the vulnerability described in this advisory. Customers may only install
and expect support for software versions and feature sets for which they have purchased a license. By installing, downloading,
accessing, or otherwise using such software upgrades, customers agree to follow the terms of the Cisco software license:
https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/products/end-user-license-agreement.html

Additionally, customers may only download software for which they have a valid license, procured from Cisco directly, or through
a Cisco authorized reseller or partner. In most cases this will be a maintenance upgrade to software that was previously
purchased. Free security software updates do not entitle customers to a new software license, additional software feature sets, or
major revision upgrades.

When considering software upgrades, customers are advised to regularly consult the advisories for Cisco products, which are
available from the Cisco Security Advisories and Alerts page, to determine exposure and a complete upgrade solution.

In all cases, customers should ensure that the devices to be upgraded contain sufficient memory and confirm that current
hardware and software configurations will continue to be supported properly by the new release. If the information is not clear,
customers are advised to contact the Cisco Technical Assistance Center (TAC) or their contracted maintenance providers.

Customers Without Service Contracts

Customers who purchase directly from Cisco but do not hold a Cisco service contract and customers who make purchases
through third-party vendors but are unsuccessful in obtaining fixed software through their point of sale should obtain upgrades by
contacting the Cisco TAC:
https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/web/tsd-cisco-worldwide-contacts.html

Customers should have the product serial number available and be prepared to provide the URL of this advisory as evidence of
entitlement to a free upgrade.

Fixed Releases

Customers are advised to upgrade to an appropriate release as indicated in the applicable table in this section. To help ensure a
complete upgrade solution, customers should consider that this advisory is part of a bundled publication. The following page
provides a complete list of bundle advisories: Cisco Event Response: March 2019 Cisco FXOS and NX-OS Software Security
Advisory Bundled Publication.

In the following tables, the left column lists releases of Cisco FXOS Software or Cisco NX-OS Software. The center column
indicates whether a release is affected by the vulnerability described in this advisory and the first release that includes the fix for
this vulnerability. The right column indicates whether a release is affected by all the vulnerabilities described in this bundle and
which release includes fixes for those vulnerabilities.

Although the releases listed in the right column of each table include fixes for the vulnerabilities, the fix related to the Cisco
NX-OS Software Image Signature Verification Vulnerability requires a BIOS upgrade as part of the software upgrade. Customers
who are upgrading the software for any of the following products are advised to refer to this advisory for further details about the
BIOS upgrade and affected product IDs and BIOS versions:

Nexus 3000 Series Switches


Nexus 9000 Series Fabric Switches in ACI mode
Nexus 9000 Series Switches in standalone NX-OS mode
Nexus 9500 R-Series Line Cards and Fabric Modules

MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Switches: CSCvj10178

Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
5.2 6.2(25) 6.2(27)
6.2 6.2(25) 6.2(27)
7.3 8.1(1b) 8.3(2)
8.1 8.1(1b) 8.3(2)
8.2 8.3(1) 8.3(2)
8.3 Not vulnerable 8.3(2)

Nexus 3000 Series Switches: CSCvh99066

Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
Prior to 7.0(3)I4 7.0(3)I4(9) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I4 7.0(3)I4(9) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I5 7.0(3)I7(4) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I6 7.0(3)I7(4) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I7 7.0(3)I7(4) 7.0(3)I7(6)
9.2 Not vulnerable 9.2(2)

Nexus 3500 Platform Switches: CSCvj10181

Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
Prior to 6.0(2)A8 6.0(2)A8(10) 6.0(2)A8(11)
6.0(2)A8 6.0(2)A8(10) 6.0(2)A8(11)
7.0(3) 7.0(3)I7(4) 7.0(3)I7(6)
9.2 Not vulnerable 9.2(2)

Nexus 3600 Platform Switches: CSCvj10176

Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
7.0(3)F3 7.0(3)F3(3c)1 7.0(3)F3(5)
9.2 Not vulnerable 9.2(2)

1This vulnerability is not fixed in 7.0(3)F3(4) but is fixed in 7.0(3)F3(5).

Nexus 7000 and 7700 Series Switches: CSCvj10178

Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
Prior to 6.2 Not vulnerable 6.2(22)
6.2 6.2(22) 6.2(22)
7.2 8.2(3) 8.2(3)
7.3 8.2(3) 8.2(3)
8.0 8.2(3) 8.2(3)
8.1 8.2(3) 8.2(3)
8.2 8.2(3) 8.2(3)
8.3 Not vulnerable 8.3(2)

Nexus 9000 Series Switches in Standalone NX-OS Mode: CSCvh99066


Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
Prior to 7.0(3)I4 7.0(3)I4(9) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I4 7.0(3)I4(9) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I5 7.0(3)I7(4) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I6 7.0(3)I7(4) 7.0(3)I7(6)
7.0(3)I7 7.0(3)I7(4) 7.0(3)I7(6)
9.2 Not vulnerable 9.2(2)

Nexus 9500 R-Series Line Cards and Fabric Modules: CSCvj10176

Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
7.0(3)F1 7.0(3)F3(3c)1 7.0(3)F3(5)
7.0(3)F2 7.0(3)F3(3c)1 7.0(3)F3(5)
7.0(3)F3 7.0(3)F3(3c)1 7.0(3)F3(5)
9.2 Not vulnerable 9.2(2)

1This vulnerability is not fixed in 7.0(3)F3(4) but is fixed in 7.0(3)F3(5).

UCS 6200, 6300, and 6400 Fabric Interconnects: CSCvj10183

Cisco NX-OS Software First Fixed Release for This First Fixed Release for All Vulnerabilities Described in the
Release Vulnerability Bundle of Advisories
Prior to 3.1 3.2(3j) 3.2(3j)
3.1 3.2(3j) 3.2(3j)
3.2 3.2(3j) 3.2(3j)
4.0 4.0(2a) 4.0(2a)

Additional Resources
For help determining the best Cisco NX-OS Software release for a Cisco Nexus Switch, administrators can refer to the following
Recommended Releases documents. If a security advisory recommends a later release, Cisco recommends following the
advisory guidance.

Cisco MDS Series Switches


Cisco Nexus 1000V for VMware Switch
Cisco Nexus 3000 Series and 3500 Series Switches
Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Switches
Cisco Nexus 5500 Platform Switches
Cisco Nexus 6000 Series Switches
Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switches
Cisco Nexus 9000 Series Switches
Cisco Nexus 9000 Series ACI-Mode Switches

For help determining the best Cisco NX-OS Software release for Cisco UCS, refer to the Recommended Releases documents in
the release notes for the device.
Exploitation and Public Announcements

The Cisco Product Security Incident Response Team (PSIRT) is not aware of any public announcements or malicious use of the
vulnerability that is described in this advisory.

Source

This vulnerability was found during internal security testing.

URL
https://tools.cisco.com/security/center/content/CiscoSecurityAdvisory/cisco-sa-20190306-nxos-fabric-dos

Revision History

Version Description Section Status Date


1.0 Initial public release. - Final 2019-March-06

Legal Disclaimer

THIS DOCUMENT IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS AND DOES NOT IMPLY ANY KIND OF GUARANTEE OR
WARRANTY, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE. YOUR USE
OF THE INFORMATION ON THE DOCUMENT OR MATERIALS LINKED FROM THE DOCUMENT IS AT YOUR OWN RISK.
CISCO RESERVES THE RIGHT TO CHANGE OR UPDATE THIS DOCUMENT AT ANY TIME.

A standalone copy or paraphrase of the text of this document that omits the distribution URL is an uncontrolled copy and may
lack important information or contain factual errors. The information in this document is intended for end users of Cisco products.