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Dynamic VAWT Darrieus by Changing Angle of Attack to Reach Maximum

Efficiency

Budhy Setiawan1, Isac Ilham Akbar Habibi2, Andriani Parastiwi3, Annisa Maulidia Damayanti4 and Riska Nur
Wakidah5
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Electrical Engineering Departement, Malang State Polytechnic, Jl. Soekarno-Hatta No. 9, Malang 65141, Indonesia
Email: isac.ilham@polinema.ac.id

Abstract: Vertical Axis Wind Turbine is one of the most widely developed Renewable Energy. Many experiments and
research are conducted to obtain maximum power efficiency. To get the maximum energy conversion efficiency required
TSR (Tip Speed Ratio) is constant. To have the efficiency controler to change the Angle of Attack is required to maintain
maximum efficiency at any wind speed. The method is applying controled blades (aileron), the blades represent the value
of Angle of Attack. In accordance with the changing of wind speed. In the VAWT Darrieus TSR reference value of 5,
this value becomes the reference to obtain maximum efficiency against changes of wind speed. PID method is used to
control the blades to form an Angle of Attack corresponding to the dynamic changes in wind speed. So that the VAWT
speed is used as feedback into control. The shape of the blade affects the efficiency of the resulting spin, therefore the
most efficient blade of the blades is the thin airfoil family in order to obtain the maximum flow of wind to rotate the
generator. From the simulation done by using VAWT, it can be shown that the power efficiency obtained up to 32% in
any wind speed.
Keywords: VAWT, TSR, PID.

Budhy Setiawan received the BSEET. degrees, in Microprocessor Control & Robotic from Southern
Institute of Technology, USA in 1991 and M.T. degree in Applied Electrical Engineering from
Brawijaya University, Indonesia in 2008, and Dr. Eng degrees in Energy Conversion Control from
Institute of Technology Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya, Indonesia in 2014. He is a lecturer in the
Electronic Engineering field, Department of Electrical Engineering at State Polytechnics of Malang,
Indonesia. His research interests include Aircraft Modeling, Renewable Energy, Control,
Mechatronics and robotic.

Isac Ilham Akbar habibi received the Bachelor of Applied Science, in electrical engineering from
State Polytechnic of Malang, Indonesia in 2015. He is currently a magister student at electrical
engineering departement in State Polytechnic of Malang, Indonesia. His research interest in
Renewaable Energy and focus in Wind Turbine like Vertical Axis Wind Turbine. His so interest on
microcontroling, and mekatronic enginering.