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Core Pangaea Geosphere crust asthenosphere mantle

Atmosphere convergent boundary water cycle tectonic plate

closed system troposphere lithosphere Erosion Conduction biosphere


Ozone greenhouse effect radiation tsunami

open system richter scale transform boundary continental drift evaporation


salinity stratosphere precipitation

Volcano earthquake condensation mountain formation

1. the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle

2. Earth's outermost layer.

3. A 1,800 mile thick region of hot mineral matter

4. a bar of magnetic material (as soft iron) that passes through a coil and serves
to increase the inductance of the coil

5. Earth's crust and solid upper mantle, broken into tectonic plates

6. A subdivision of the mantle situated below the lithosphere. This zone of weak
material exists below a depth of about 100 kilometers and in some regions extends
as deep as 700 kilometers. The rock within this zone is easily deformed.

7. Sections of the Earth's crust that move due to convection currents.

8. Processes by which rock, sand, and soil are broken down and carried away (i.e.
weathering, glaciation)

9. A mixture of gases that surrounds a planet or moon.

10. ..., the lowest layer of the atmosphere

11. Contains the ozone layer

12. A molecule of oxygen containing three oxygen atoms.

13. Energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles.

14. Form of heat transfer where heat energy is directly transferred between molecules
through molecular collisions or direct contact.

15. Process by which atmospheric gases trap heat close to Earth's surface and prevent
it from escaping into space

16. The continuous process by which water moves from Earth's surface to the atmosphere
and back

17. The change of a substance from a liquid to a gas

18. The change from a gas to a liquid


19. Any form of water that falls from clouds and reaches Earth's surface.

20. A measure of the amount of dissolved salts in a given amount of liquid

21. fresh water

22. Evaporation of water from oceans converts salty water to fresh water.

23. Consists of all life on Earth and all parts of the Earth in which life exists,
including land, water, and the atmosphere.

24. A system in which no matter is allowed to enter or leave

25. A system in which both energy and matter are exchanged with the surroundings.

26. (plate tectonics) a hypothetical continent including all the landmass of the earth
prior to the Triassic period when it split into Laurasia and Gondwanaland

27. The hypothesis that the continents slowly move across Earth's surface.

28. A tectonic plate boundary where two plates collide, come together, or crash into
each other.

29. A plate boundary where two plates move past each other in opposite directions

30. Shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground
movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity

31. A huge destructive wave (especially one caused by an earthquake)

32. A weak spot in the crust where molten material, or magma, comes to the surface.

33. Two continental plates push together and cause rock to move upward.

34. A scale that rates an earthquake's magnitude based on the size of its seismic waves.