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Central Board of School Education

Marking Scheme 2016


[Official]
Strictly Confidential — (For Internal and Restricted Use Only)

Senior School Certificate Examination

March 2016
Marking Scheme — Mathematics 65/1/S, 65/2/S, 65/3/S

General Instructions:
1. The Marking Scheme provides general guidelines to reduce subjectivity in the marking. The answers
given in the Marking Scheme are suggested answers. The content is thus indicative. If a student has
given any other answer which is different from the one given in the Marking Scheme, but conveys
the meaning, such answers should be given full weightage

2. Evaluation is to be done as per instructions provided in the marking scheme. It should not be done
according to one’s own interpretation or any other consideration — Marking Scheme should be
strictly adhered to and religiously followed.

3. Alternative methods are accepted. Proportional marks are to be awarded.

4. In question (s) on differential equations, constant of integration has to be written.

5. If a candidate has attempted an extra question, marks obtained in the question attempted first should
be retained and the other answer should be scored out.

6. A full scale of marks - 0 to 100 has to be used. Please do not hesitate to award full marks if the
answer deserves it.

7. Separate Marking Scheme for all the three sets has been given.

8. As per orders of the Hon’ble Supreme Court. The candidates would now be permitted to obtain
photocopy of the Answer book on request on payment of the prescribed fee. All examiners/Head
Examiners are once again reminded that they must ensure that evaluation is carried out strictly as
per value points for each answer as given in the Marking Scheme.
65/1/S
QUESTION PAPER CODE 65/1/S
EXPECTED ANSWER/VALUE POINTS
SECTION A
1
3 =1 1
1. Getting sin θ =
1 4 2 2
.
2 3

 1 4 3 1
Hence | a.b | = . . =1
2 3 2 2

   1 1
2. | a − 2b |2 = 1 ⇒ a.b = .
2 2

  π 1
∴ Angle between a and b =
4 2

1
3. Writing or using, that given planes are parallel
2

| 4 + 10 | 1
d= = 2 units
4 + 9 + 36 2

1
4. | AA T | = |A| | A T | = |A|2
2

1
= 25
2

 7 −8  1
5. Getting AB =  
 0 −10  2

1
|AB| = –70
2

1
6. k(2) = –8 ⇒ k = –4
2

1
–4(3) = 4a ⇒ a = –3
2

SECTION B

7. y = (sin 2 x) x + sin −1 ( 3x ) = u + v

dy du dv 1
∴ = +
dx dx dx 2

1
u = (sin 2 x) x ⇒ log u = x log sin 2 x 2

1 du
= 2 x ⋅ cot 2 x + log sin 2 x 1
u dx

65/1/S (1)
65/1/S

du 1
∴ = (sin 2 x) x [2 x cot 2 x + log sin 2 x]
dx 2

dv 1 3
= 1
dx 1 − 3x 2 x

dy 3 1
∴ = (sin 2 x) x [2 x cot 2 x + log sin 2 x] +
dx 2 x 1 − 3x 2

OR

 1 + x2 − 1 − x2 
−1   and z = cos −1 x 2
Let y = tan
 1 + x2 + 1 − x2 
 

−1  1 + cos z − 1 − cos z 
z = cos–1 x2 ⇒ x2 = cos z ⇒ y = tan   1
 1 + cos z + 1 − cos z 

 z z  z
 cos − sin   1 − tan  1 1
−1
y = tan  2 2 = tan −1 2
z  z
∴ +
z 2 2
 cos + sin   1 + tan 
 2 2  2

  π z  π z 1 1
∴ y = tan −1  tan  −   = − +
  4 2  4 2 2 2

dy 1
⇒ = − 1
dz 2

π
8. LHL = lim− k .sin ( x + 1) = k 1
x→0 2

tan x (1 − cos x )
RHL = lim+ 1
x→0 x3

2
tan x  sin x /2  1
= lim . 2  = 1
x →0 + x  2 x /2  2

1
⇒ k= 1
2

9. When x = am2, we get y = ±am3 1

dy dy 3 x 2
ay2 = x3 ⇒ 2ay = 3x 2 ⇒ = 1
dx dx 2ay

2a am3 2
slope of normal = ∓ 2 4
=∓ 1
3 a m 3m

2
∴ Equation of normal is y ∓ am3 = ∓ ( x − am 2 ) 1
3m
[Full marks may be given, if only one value for point, slope and equation is derived]

65/1/S (2)
65/1/S
1 − sin x (1 + sin x) − 2sin x
10. Writing ∫ sin x(1 + sin x) dx = ∫ sin x(1 + sin x)
dx 1

1 1
= ∫ sin x dx − 2 ∫ 1 + sin x dx 1

(1 − sin x)
= ∫ cosec x dx − 2 ∫ cos 2 x
dx 1

1
= log | cosec x − cot x | − 2∫ (sec2 x − sec x tan x) dx
2

1
= log | cosec x − cot x | −2(tan x − sec x ) + C
2

 1 
11. I = ∫  log(log x ) +  dx
(log x) 2 

1
= ∫ log(log x).1 dx + ∫ (log x)2 dx 1

1 1 1
= log(log x) ⋅ x − ∫ ⋅ ⋅ x dx + ∫ dx 2
log x x (log x)2

 1 −1 1  1 1
= x ⋅ log(log x) −  ⋅x − ∫ 2
⋅ ⋅ x dx +∫ 2
dx
 log x (log x ) x  (log x ) 2

x 1
= x log (log x) − +C
log x 2

π /2 sin 2 x
12. I= ∫0 sin x + cos x
dx ...(i)

π /2 sin 2 (π /2 − x) π /2 cos 2 x
I= ∫0 sin (π /2 − x) + cos (π /2 − x)
dx = ∫
0 cos x + sin x
dx ...(ii) 1

π /2 1
2I = ∫0 sin x + cos x
dx 1

1 π /2 1 1 π /2  π
2 ∫0 2 ∫0
⇒ I = dx = sec  x −  dx 1
2 1 1 2  4
cos x + sin x
2 2
π/2
1   π  π  1
= log sec  x −  + tan  x −  
2 2  4  4 0 2

1 2 +1 1 1
= log or log | 2 + 1|
2 2 2 −1 2 2

65/1/S (3)
65/1/S
OR

1 1  1  1
I = ∫0 cot −1 (1 − x + x 2 ) dx = ∫ tan −1 
0 2
 1− x + x 
dx
2

1 −1  x + (1 − x)  1 1
∫ 0 tan  dx = ∫ 0 tan x dx + ∫ 0 tan (1 − x) dx
−1 −1
=  1
 1 − x (1 − x) 

1 1
= 2∫ tan −1 x dx
0 2


)0 − ∫ 01 1 +xx2 dx 
1 1

(
= 2  tan −1 x. x
2

1
 1 
= 2  x tan −1 x − log |1 + x 2 | 1
 2 0

π 1  π 1
= 2  − log 2  or − log 2
4 2  2 2

13. The given differential equation can be written as

dy 1 1
− y = ( x + 1)2 . e3 x
dx x + 1 2
1
∫ − x +1 dx 1
Here, integrating factor = e = 1
x +1

1
x +1 ∫
∴ Solution is y = ( x + 1) e3 x dx 1

y e3 x e3 x 1
∴ = ( x + 1) − +C 1
x +1 3 9 2

1 2 x + 1 3x
or y =  ( x + 1) − e + C( x + 1)
3 9 

14. From the given differential equation, we can write

dx 2 xe x /y − y 2 x /y e x /y − 1
= = 1
dy 2 ye x /y 2e x /y

x dx dv 1
Putting = v ⇒ = v+ y
y dy dy 2

dv 2vev − 1 dv 1
∴ v+ y = v ⇒ y = − v 1
dy 2e dy 2e

dy 1
⇒ 2 ∫ ev dv = − ∫
y 2

∴ 2ev + log | y | = C ⇒ 2e x /y + log | y | = C 1

65/1/S (4)
65/1/S
15. Let length be x m and breadth be y m

1
∴ (x – 50)(y + 50) = xy ⇒ 50x – 50y = 2500 or x – y = 50
2

1
and (x – 10)(y – 20) = xy – 5300 ⇒ 2x + y = 550
2

 1 −1  x   50   x 1  1 1  50  1
   =   ⇒   =    +1
 2 1  y   550   y 3  −2 1  550  2

1 1 1
⇒ x= (600) = 200 m, y = (450) = 150 m
3 3 2
“Helping the children of his village to learn” (or any other relavent value) 1

3  17 
16. LHS = 2sin −1   − tan −1  
5  31 

3  17 
= 2 tan −1   − tan −1   1
4  31 

 3 
 2⋅ 
−1
= tan  4 − tan −1  17  = tan −1  24  − tan −1  17 
9        1
1 −   31   7   31 
 16 

 24 17 
 −   625  π
tan −1  7 31  = tan −1   = tan −1 (1) = = RHS 1+1
 1 + 24 ⋅ 17   625  4
 7 31 

OR

 −1 3 
cos (tan–1 x) = sin  cot 
 4

 1   −1 4 
⇒ cos  cos −1  = sin  sin  1+1
   5
 1 + x2 

1 4 5
⇒ = or 1 + x2 = 1
1 + x2 5 4

9 3
⇒ x2 = ⇒ x= ± 1
16 4

1
17. Let E1 : selecting bag A, E2 : selecting bag B
2
A : getting 2 white and 1 red out of 3 drawn (without replacement)

1 1
∴ P(E1) = P(E 2 ) =
2 2

A 3
C2 ⋅ 4C1 12
P  = =
7
 E1  C3 35
1
65/1/S (5)
65/1/S

 A 4
C2 ⋅ 3 C1 18
P  = = 1
7
 E2  C3 35

 A 
P(E 2 ) P  
E   E2 
P 2  =
 A  A  A 
P(E1 )P   + P(E 2 )P  
 E1   E2 

1 18

2 35 3
= = 1
1 12 1 18 5
⋅ + ⋅
2 35 2 35

 
18. a = b + c ⇒ piˆ + qjˆ + rkˆ = ( s + 3)iˆ + 4 ˆj + 2kˆ
1
p = s + 3, q = 4, r = 2 1
2
1  
area = |b×c|= 5 6
2

iˆ ˆj kˆ
  ˆ ˆ ˆ 1
b × c = s 3 4 = − 10i + (2s + 12) j + ( s − 9)k
2
3 1 −2

∴ 100 + (2s + 12)2 + (s – 9)2 = (10 6)2 = 600

⇒ s2 + 6s + 55 = 0 ⇒ s = –11, p = –8, or s = 5, p = 8 1+1


19. Equation of plane passing through A, B and C is

x − 3 y − 2 z −1
1 0 −3 = 0
2
2 3 1

⇒ (x – 3)9 – (y – 2)7 + (z – 1)3 = 0 ⇒ 9x – 7y + 3z = 16 …(i) 1


If A, B, C and D are coplanar, D must lie on (i)
⇒ 9λ – 35 + 15 – 16 = 0 ⇒ λ = 4. 1
OR

 4
Equation of plane, perpendicular to n = iˆ + ˆj + 3kˆ and at a distance from origin is
11

 (iˆ + ˆj + 3kˆ) 4  1
r⋅ = or r ⋅ (iˆ + ˆj + 3kˆ) = 4 ...(i) 1
11 11 2

Any point on the line r = ( −iˆ − 2 ˆj − 3kˆ) + λ (3iˆ + 4 ˆj + 3kˆ) is

( −1 + 3λ )iˆ + ( −2 + 4λ ) ˆj + (−3 + 3λ )kˆ ...(ii) 1

If this point is the point of intersection of the plane and the line then,

( −1 + 3λ )1 + ( −2 + 4λ )1 + (−3 + 3λ )3 = 4
⇒ λ = 1. 1

1
Hence the point of intersection is (2, 2, 0)
2
65/1/S (6)
65/1/S
SECTION C
20. Let x1, x2 ∈ N and f (x1) = f (x2)

⇒ 4 x12 + 12 x1 + 15 = 4 x22 + 12 x2 + 15

⇒ 4( x12 − x22 ) + 12( x1 − x2 ) = 0 ⇒ ( x1 − x2 )(4 x1 + 4 x2 + 12) = 0


⇒ x1 – x2 = 0 or x1 = x2 as 4x1 + 4x2 + 12 ≠ 0, x1, x2 ∈ N
∴ f is a 1 – 1 function
2
f : N → S is onto as co-domain = range 1
Hence f is invertible.

y −6 −3
y = 4 x 2 + 12 x + 15 = (2 x + 3) 2 + 6 ⇒ x =
2

y −6 −3
∴ f −1 ( y ) = , y ∈ S. 2
2

31 − 6 − 3 1
f −1 (31) = =1
2
2

87 − 6 − 3 1
f −1 (87) = =3
2
2

(b + c) 2 a2 bc
2
21. Let ∆ = (c + a ) b2 ca
( a + b) 2 c2 ab

1 a2 bc
C1 → C1 + C2 – 2C3 ⇒ ∆ = (a 2 + b 2 + c 2 ) 1 b 2 ca 1
1 c2 ab

0 a 2 − b2 c(b − a)
2 2 2 2 2 1
R1 → R1 – R2, and R2 → R2 – R3 ⇒ ∆ = (a + b + c ) 0 b − c a (c − b ) 1
2
1 c2 ab

0 a + b −c
2 2 2 1
= (a + b + c )(a − b)(b − c) 0 b + c −a
2
1 c2 ab

0 a + b −c
2 2 2
R2 → R2 – R1 ⇒ ∆ = (a + b + c )(a − b)(b − c) 0 c − a c − a 1
1 c2 ab

0 a + b −c
2 2 2
∴ ∆ = (a + b + c )(a − b)(b − c)(c − a ) 0 1 1 1
1 c2 ab

Expanding by C1 to get ∆ = (a 2 + b 2 + c 2 )(a − b)(b − c)(c − a) (a + b + c) 1

65/1/S (7)
65/1/S
OR

 2 −1 3   1 0 0 
   
−5 3 1 =  0 1 0  A
Let A = IA ∴  1
 −3 2 3   0 0 1
   

 2 −1 3   1 0 0 
1
R2 → R2 – 2R3 ⇒  1 −1 −5  =  0 1 −2  A
2
 −3 2 3   0 0 1
  

R1 → R1 − 2R 2  0 1 13   1 −2 4 
⇒  1 −1 −5  =  0 
1 −2  A 1
R 3 → R 3 +3R 2
 0 −1 −12   0 3 −5 
  

 1 −1 −5   0 1 −2 
1
R1 ↔ R2 ⇒  0 1 13  =  1 −2 4  A
  
2
 0 −1 −12   0 3 −5 
  

 R 1 → R1 + R 2  1 0 8  1 −1 2 
 ⇒  0 1 13  = 1 −2 4  A 1
R 3 → R 3 +R 2  0 0 1 1 1 −1
   

R1 → R1 – 8R 3  1 0 0   −7 −9 10 
 ⇒  0 1 0  =  −12 −15 17  A 1
R 2 → R 2 –13R 3  0 0 1  1
   1 −1

 −7 −9 10 
 
⇒ A =  −12 −15 17 
–1
1
 1 1 −1

22. f ′(x) = 4x3 – 24x2 + 44x – 24 1

1
= 4(x3 – 6x2 + 11x – 6) = 4(x – 1)(x – 2)(x – 3) 1
2

1
f ′(x) = 0 ⇒ x = 1, x = 2, x = 3
2
The intervals are (–∞, 1), (1, 2), (2, 3), (3, ∞) 1
since f ′(x) > 0 in (1, 2) and (3, ∞)
∴ f(x) is strictly increasing in (1, 2) ∪ (3, ∞) 1
and strictly decreasing in (–∞, 1) ∪ (2, 3) 1
OR
f(x) = sec x + 2 log |cos x|
f ′(x) = sec x tan x – 2 tan x = tan x (sec x – 2) 1
f ′(x) = 0 ⇒ tan x = 0 or sec x = 2

π 5π 1
⇒ x = π, x = , 1
3 3 2
f ″(x) = sec x tan2 x + (sec x – 2) sec2 x 1

65/1/S (8)
65/1/S

f ″(π/3) = 6 (+ve) ⇒ f(x) is minimum at x = π/3 



 1
f ″(π) = –3 (–ve) ⇒ f(x) is maximum at x = π  1
 2

f ″(5π/3) = 6 (+ve) ⇒ f(x) is minimum at x = 5π/3 

1
Maximum value = f(π) = –1.
2
1
Minimum value = f(π/3) = f(5π/3) = 2 – 2 log 2 or 2 + log (1/4)
2

23. Solving y2 = 6ax and x2 + y2 = 16a2


we get x2 + 6ax – 16a2 = 0
(x + 8a)(x – 2a) = 0
x = –8a, x = 2a 1
Correct Figure 1

 2a 4a
16a 2 − x 2 dx 
Required area = 2  ∫ 6a x dx + ∫
 2
 0 2a

 2 3/2 
2a
x 2 2 2 −1 x 
4a 

= 2  6 a 3 x  +  2 16a − x + 8a sin 4a   1
 0  2 a 

 8 3a 2 2 π 2 2 π
= 2  3 + 8a 2 − 2 a 3 − 8a 
 6 

 2 3a 2 2 π
=  3 + 8a
2  sq. units 1
 3 

24. Points on the lines are a1 = (1, –1, 0), a2 = (0, 2, –1)

and the direction of lines is 2iˆ − ˆj + 3kˆ


let the equation of plane through a1 be

1
a ( x − 1) + b( y + 1) + c( z ) = 0 ...(i)
2
(0, 2, –1) lies on it, ∴ –a + 3b – c = 0 ...(ii) 1
and a, b, c are DR’s of a line ⊥ to the line with DR’s 2, –1, 3
∴ 2a – b + 3c = 0 ...(iii) 1

a b c
Solving (ii) & (iii) we get = = 1
8 1 −5
∴ Equation of plane is 8(x – 1) + 1(y + 1) –5z = 0

1
⇒ 8x + y – 5z = 7 ...(iv)
2
x − 2 y −1 z − 2
For the line = = , since the point (2, 1, 2) lies on plane (iv)
3 1 5
as 8(2) + 1 – 5(2) = 7 1
and 3(8) + 1(1) + 5(–5) = 25 – 25 = 0
∴ The plane (iv) contains the given line 1

65/1/S (9)
65/1/S
25. Let x units of F1 and y units of F2 be mixed
∴ We have Minimise cost (C) = 5x + 6y 1
subject to 4x + 3y ≥ 80 

3x + 6y ≥ 100  2

x ≥ 0, y ≥ 0 

1
Correct Figure 1
2
C(A) = 160
C(B) = 60 + 64 = 124

500
C(D) =
3

1
5x + 6y ≤ 124 passes through B only
2
∴ Minimum cost = ` 124
F1 = 12 units

32
F2 = units 1
3

1
26. Total number of ways = 6C3 = 20
2

X: 1 2 3 4 2

10 6 3 1 1
P(X) : 1
20 20 20 20 2

10 12 9 4
XP(X) :
20 20 20 20

10 24 27 16
X2 P(X) :
20 20 20 20

35 7
Mean = ∑ X P(X) = 20 = 4 1
2 77 49 63
Variance = ∑ X 2 P(X) − ∑ X P(X)  = − =
20 16 80
1

65/1/S (10)