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(a) (a)

~P
At=== =====:::J !)M I

11--' -- x -----+.1 V
(b)

(b)

FIG.5-27 Bending of two separate


beams (c)
(

Y
y

h
2
y,
II 0
h
2

~b~

x (a)

h r
(a) 2
Tmax

II
2

~" (b)
//I

(b) (c)
FIG.5-30 Distribution of shear stresses
in a beam of rectangular cross section:
FIG.5-26 Shear Stresses ill a beam of (a) cross section of beam, and (b) dia-
rectangular cross section gram showing the parabolic distribution
of shear stresses over the height of the
beam
y
a
b
c

(a) A beam made of separate


v "planks."

G=G .r

(b) Normal (flexural) stress. (c) Transverse shear stress.


(a) Stress resultants.
(b) Slip between non-bonded
The stress resultants and stresses on a cross section.
"planks."

c d c d

hxl

rS+
V(x+ ~x)

(a) An element of length Ax, (b) The distribution of flexural stress. (c) A freebody diagram (minus (d) The flexural stress
vertical shear on ac and bd). contributing to F2.

1 It

The shear-stress distribution on


a rectangular cross section.

. . Grips to hold
Nails
A single nail end of plank
( Neglect friction
p
~

(b) A free-body diagram for (c) A direct-shear test to determine .'


(a) Nails on a uniform spacing of Ill. the shear capacity of a single nail.!
determining shear force
in discrete connectors.
ME 218 Transverse Shear Stress in Beams Page

Prismatic beam subjected to non-uniform bending A slice of the beam with width Ax

b e
l.M--~;c~~iE:b~a~d~;~4~;~c~7
----=_ e>:
-ydA' 1 (M+Mf) ydA'

A,lz ylL-_F_H A'_x t,

Me ,--..~
'-i-f----f--x

~rd:1 · ~

----
Free-body-diagram of slice Internal Bending Stresses Free-body-diagram of area A'

In the last free-body-diagram set LFx = 0 or: Fab- Fde + FH = 0 where:

Fab= fA' crabdA' and FH = Shear force over the area t by ~x

j' + 11M) y dA' + FH = 0


Therefore: r.F.~=
1 M
-y dA' -
Allz A'
(M
t,

Canceling terms and rearranging we get: FH


-1 T
- A'
tlM
y
dA'

Since with respect to area A', ~M and I are constant, then: FH = T 1,y dA'

Note that the fA' y dA' is the first moment of the area A' with respect to z-axis or Q, therefore: 1 FH = ~Q 1

FH !lM Q !lM Q .
Since 'tave=Force/Area, then 7:H,avg = tL = ~ = t;;I;i Letting ~x ~ 0 then ~MI~x becomes dMldx

However dMldx = V or shear force'I~~n the horizontal shear stress T is :1 'CH = ~z ~ 1

Since Txy = Tyx, therefore TH = Tv = Tor: or


[,,-_'T_-_V_Q_I I_z _t _~

And if we define the amount of the shear force over one unit length of the beam as q, or shear-flow, then:

'\ q = T X t = V Q I I. ]