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Materials System Specification

01-SAMSS-025 30 January 2013


Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee

Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards


Table of Contents

1 Scope............................................................. 2
2 Conflicts and Deviations................................. 2
3 References..................................................... 3
4 Definitions...................................................... 5
5 Materials........................................................ 5
6 Pipe and Fittings............................................ 6
7 Welding Procedure and Welder Approval...... 8
8 Dimensional Requirements............................ 8
9 Fabrication..................................................... 8
10 Tolerances for Fabricated Items.................... 9
11 Weld Quality................................................. 10
12 Venting......................................................... 10
13 Workmanship............................................... 12
14 Performance................................................. 13
15 Qualification Tests........................................ 13
16 Production Testing....................................... 15
17 Finish............................................................ 16
18 Marking......................................................... 16
19 Packaging..................................................... 17
20 Inspection..................................................... 17
21 Deviation from this Specification.................. 18

Previous Issue: 19 February 2011 Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018


Revised paragraphs are indicated in the right margin Page 1 of 18
Primary contact: Mehdi Mauyed Sahib on +966-3-8809547

Copyright©Saudi Aramco 2013. All rights reserved.


Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

1 Scope

This Specification covers requirements for materials, fabrication, quality, qualification,


marking and inspection for ASME/ANSI class 150 and 300 heavy duty PTFE and PFA
lined carbon steel flanged pipe and fittings transporting corrosive fluids including acids
and alkaline solutions.

It covers pipe sizes from NPS 1 to 20 inches. For ASME/ANSI Class 150, the maximum
allowable working pressure equals the corresponding ANSI pressure-temperature rating
per the designated metallurgy. For ASME/ANSI Class 300, the maximum allowable
working pressure (accounting for the plastic raised face) is:
-20°F to 100°F = 475 psi
200°F = 460 psi
300°F = 440 psi
450°F = 400 psi

1.1 All carbon steel parts are grit blasted before lining to obtain a near white surface
according to NACE 2 which is equivalent to Sa 2½ per Swedish Standard
SIS 05 59 00.

1.2 Lined pipe and fittings shall have fixed and/or rotating flanges, depending on
their location.

1.3 Lined flanged pipe and fittings shall have full vacuum service at 180°C (356°F).

1.4 Where it is proposed to use pipe and fittings to this Specification at temperatures
above 200°C or below 0°C, the Chairman of the Non-Metallic Standards
Committee shall be consulted.

1.5 Solvent based fluids shall not be conveyed through Non-Antistatic Fluorocarbon
Lined Carbon Steel Piping Systems to avoid sparks and potential ignition.

1.6 Every Fluorocarbon lined section shall have at least one vent hole for pressure
tests and as leakage indicator.

1.7 This Specification does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract.

2 Conflicts and Deviations

2.1 Any conflicts between this specification and other applicable Saudi Aramco
Materials System Specifications (SAMSSs), Engineering Standards (SAESs),
Standard Drawings (SASDs), or industry standards, codes, and forms shall be

Page 2 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

resolved in writing, prior to submission of bids or start of related work, by the


Company or Buyer Representative through the Manager, Consulting Services
Department, Saudi Aramco, Dhahran.

2.2 Direct all requests to deviate from this specification in writing to the Company or
Buyer Representative, who shall follow internal company procedure SAEP-302
and forward such requests to the Manager, Consulting Services Department, Saudi
Aramco, Dhahran.

2.3 Proceed with the requested deviation only after the receipt of the Manager's
approval to deviate from this specification.

3 References

Material supplied to this specification shall comply with the latest edition of the
references listed below unless otherwise noted:

3.1 Saudi Aramco References

Saudi Aramco Engineering Procedure


SAEP-302 Instructions for Obtaining a Waiver of a Mandatory
Saudi Aramco Engineering Requirement

Saudi Aramco Engineering Standards


SAES-L-105 Piping Material Specifications
SAES-L-132 Material Selection for Piping Systems

Saudi Aramco Inspection and Testing Requirements Form


175-012200 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene
(PTFE) and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined carbon
Steel Pipe and Fittings

3.2 Industry Codes and Standards

American Petroleum Institute


API SPEC 5L Specification for Line Pipe

American Society for Testing and Materials


ASTM A105 Standard Specification for Forgings, Carbon Steel,
for Piping Components
ASTM A106 Standard Specification for Seamless Carbon Steel
Pipe for High-Temperature Service

Page 3 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

ASTM A216 Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Carbon,


Suitable for Fusion Welding, for High
Temperature Service
ASTM A234 Standard Specification for Piping Fittings of
Wrought Carbon Steel and Alloy Steel for
Moderate and Elevated Temperatures
ASTM A395 Standard Specification for Ferritic Ductile Iron
Pressure Retaining Castings for Use at Elevated
Temperatures
ASTM D792 Test Methods for Specific Gravity, Relative Density
and Density of Plastics by Displacement
ASTM D1505 Test Methods for Density of Plastics by the Density-
Gradient Technique
ASTM D3307 Standard Specification for PFA-Fluorocarbon
Molding and Extrusion Materials
ASTM D4894 Standard Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene
(PTFE) Granular Molding and Ram Extrusion
Materials
ASMT D4895 Standard Specification for Polytetrafluoroethylene
(PTFE) Resin Produced from Dispersion

American National Standards Institute


ANSI B16.5 Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Steel, Nickel
Alloy and other Special Alloys
ANSI B16.10 Face-to-Face and End-to-End Dimensions of Valves
ANSI B16.42 Ductile Iron Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings,
Class 150 And 300
ASME/ANSI B31.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping

American Society of Mechanical Engineers


ASME SEC IX Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code - Section IX:
Welding and Brazing Qualifications

British Standards
BS 10 Specification for Flanges and Bolting for Pipes,
Valves and Fittings (Obsolescent)
BS 21 Specification for Pipe Threads for Tubes and
Fittings where Pressure-Tight Joints are Made

Page 4 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

on the Threads (Metric Dimensions)


BS 1501 Steels for Fired and Unfired Pressure Vessels:
Plates. Part 1: Specification for Carbon and
Carbon Manganese Steels
BS 2050 Specification for Electrical Resistance of
Conducting and Anti-Static Products Made from
Flexible Polymeric Material
BS 2633 Specification for Class I Arc Welding of Ferritic
Steel Pipework for Carrying Fluids
BS 2789 Specification for Spheroidal Graphite or Nodular
Graphite Cast Iron
BS EN ISO 15614-1:2004 Specification and Qualification of Welding
Procedures for Metallic Materials-Welding
Procedure Tests
BS EN 287-1 Approval Testing of Welders for Fusion Welding,
Part1, Steels

French Standard
NF A35-501 Aciers de Construction D'usage General: Nuances
et Qualites: Toles Minces, Moyennes et Fortes,
Larges Plats, Lamines Marchands et Poutrelles

German Standard
DIN 1693 Part 1: Cast Iron with Nodular Graphite; Unalloyed
and Low Alloy Grades

Swedish Standard
SIS 05 59 00 Pictorial Surface Preparation Standards for
Painting Steel Surfaces

4 Definitions
For the purposes of this Specification, the following definitions apply:
Buyer: means the company so named in the Purchase Order.
Seller: means the person, firm or company to whom the Purchase Order is issued.
Contract: means the agreement between the Buyer and the Seller.
Inspecting Engineer: means the representative authorized by the Buyer to carry out
the inspection by this specification.

Page 5 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

5 Materials

5.1 General

Materials shall comply with this Specification unless otherwise specified in the
Purchase Order.

5.2 PTFE Lining

The pipe and fitting lining material shall be made from virgin PTFE material per
ASTM D1457.

5.2.1 Anti-Static PTFE Lining

PTFE lining, with and without Anti-Static agent, shall be made from
virgin resin per ASTM D1457. The virgin PTFE resin shall contain a
maximum antistatic carbon black filler of 2% that is necessary to comply
with the electrical resistance requirements, given in 16.3, for the finished
lining.

5.2.2 The liner wall thickness in relation to the minimum/maximum spool


length is listed in Table 1.

Table 1 - Liner Wall Thickness against Maximum Spool Length


NPS PTFE Straight Pipe
Nominal Liner Wall Thickness Max. Spool Length
Pipe Size in mm ± 10% in mm
1.0” 3.0 6000
1.5” 3.0 6000
2.0” 3.0 6000
2.5” 3.0 6000
3.0” 3.5 6000
4.0” 4.5 6000
5.0” 4.5 6000
6.0” 5.0 6000
8.0” 6.25 6000
10” 6.75 4000
12” 8.0 3500
14” 9.0 3000
16” 10.0 2500
18” 7.5 3000
20” 6.5 2500

Page 6 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

The lining face thickness shall be ±10% of the liner wall thickness.

5.3 PFA Lining

The PFA lining shall be transfer molded material made from virgin resin per
ASTM D3307 with and without antistatic carbon black filler. The resin shall
contain antistatic filler up to a maximum amount of 2%, when required to
comply with the electrical resistance requirements given in 16.3.

The liner wall thickness shall be 4 mm for pipe diameters of 1” through 3” and
4.5 mm for pipe diameters of 4” and above.

5.4 PTFE/PFA Materials Properties

When PTFE liner is tested per ASTM D4894 and ASMT D4895 while PFA is
tested in accordance to ASTM D3307, the minimum tensile strength and
elongation at break, in the longitudinal direction, shall be 3000 psi (20.7 N/mm²)
and 250% respectively for both liners.

5.4.1 Specific Gravity

PTFE lining, without and with antistatic agent, shall have a specific
gravity range between 2.14 to 2.19 when tested in accordance with
ASTM D792 or ASTM D1505. PFA lining shall have a specific gravity
between 2.14 to 2.16, inclusively, per ASTM D3307.

5.4.2 Resistivity

PTFE and PFA shall have sufficiently low volume and surface resistivity
such that the finished lined pipe and fittings satisfy the requirements of
16.2.2.

6 Pipe and Fittings

6.1 Pipe and Fittings

Pipe, seamless or welded, shall be carbon steel to API SPEC 5L Grade B or


ASTM A106 Grade B.

Fittings shall be carbon steel to ASTM A234, ASTM A53, or ASTM A106.

6.2 Standard Flange Types

Welding-neck, slip-on welding collars, loose flange with collar and rotating
flange on flared end of carbon steel pipe shall be forged steel to ASTM A105,
ASTM A395, ASTM A216 or ASTM A181.

Page 7 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

6.3 Backing Gaskets

The use of a backing gasket, as an alternative to a smooth transition at the


junction of the bore of the pipe or fitting and the flange/collar face, is prohibited.

7 Welding Procedure and Welder Approval

Qualification of welding procedures, welders and welding operators shall be in


accordance with ASME SEC IX.

8 Dimensional Requirements

Flanges and fittings dimensions shall comply with the following industry standards,
unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order.

Metal Specification
Steel ANSI B16.50
Ductile iron ANSI B16.42
Cast iron ANSI B16.10

Threaded bolt holes are not permitted except for reducing flanges.

9 Fabrication

9.1 Flanged Pipe Spools

Each flanged pipe spool shall have a welding neck, slip-on welding or socket-
welding type flange at one end and a welding collar with a loose backing flange
at the other end, except for those lengths specified in the Purchase Order to be
field flared. In such cases, threaded flanges may be used when agreed.

A stop shall be provided on all spool lengths greater than 500 mm. The stop is
to prevent the travel of the loose flange and shall be located within 150 mm of
the back of the collar.

9.2 Fabricated Flanged Fittings

Completed fittings shall be one-piece.

Fabricated flanged fittings shall have slip-on welding, socket-welding or


welding neck flanges. Loose flanges without collar are prohibited.

The preparation and assembly of welded branch connections shall, unless


otherwise agreed, comply with the requirements of ASME/ANSI B31.3.

Page 8 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

Note 1: Field flaring should only be used where it is impractical either to specify an
actual flanged pipe length in the enquiry / order or to use a site measured
make-up flanged length.

9.3 Attachment of Slip-on Welding/Socket-Welding Flanges and Collars

The attachment of slip-on welding flanges and collars shall be by both back
fillet and front fillet/groove welds. The attachment of socket-welding flanges
and collars shall be by both back fillet and bore welds.

9.4 Radius at the Bore

The transition from the bore to the flange or collar face at the ends of each pipe or
fitting shall be such as to prevent damage to the lining during manufacture or use.

10 Tolerances for Fabricated Items

Tolerances on flanges and fittings shall be in accordance with the relevant standard.

Unless otherwise agreed, pipework fabricated to this Specification shall comply with
the following tolerances:
(a) Straightness of pipe
Straight sections of pipe shall not deviate from straightness by more than 1/500th
of the length, when measured at the greatest deviation.
(b) Squareness of flanges/collars
The flange/collar face shall be square with the axis of the pipe or fitting to within
0.05 mm per 25 mm measured across the face of the flange/collar.
(c) Flange/collar face
The flange/collar face shall not be uneven or concave. Any convexity from the bore
to the periphery shall not exceed 0.4 mm per 25 mm width of flange/collar face.
(d) Flange drilling tolerances
Where a flange is required to be drilled, the tolerances shall be in accordance with
Table 2 below.

Page 9 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

Table 2 – Flange Drilling Tolerances

Dimension Tolerances (mm)


Bolt circle diameter ±1.5
Center to center of adjacent bolt holes ±0.8
Eccentricity between bolts circle diameter
And machined outside diameter of raised face

NPS 2.5 and smaller ±0.8


NPS 3.0 and larger ±1.5

(e) Bolt holes


Unless otherwise specified in the Purchase Order, the bolt holes in flanges shall be
off center. The bolt holes shall be equally disposed about the center line of the
fitting to an accuracy of 1.5 mm.
Concentricity of the bolt holes with the bore of the pipe/fitting shall be such that
the measurements between the bore of the pipe/fitting and the bolt holes are
consistent within 1.5 mm.
(f) Linear and angular dimensions
The tolerances on linear dimensions shall be ±1.5 mm.
The tolerances on the angle of bends and branches shall be ±0.25°.

11 Weld Quality

All welds shall be visually examined. The limitations on imperfections shall comply
with ASME/ANSI B31.3.

12 Venting

12.1 General

Each pipe and fitting including reducing flanges, instrument tees, lined spacers,
etc., shall be provided with a venting system that will release any gas which,
during service, may permeate through the lining and will also indicate any
leakage due to failure of the lining.

12.2 PTFE and PFA Lined Pipe

Flanged pipe spools up to 500 mm shall have one vent at mid-point. Flanged

Page 10 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

pipe spools above 500 mm and up to 4000 mm shall have two vents; one at each
end within approximately 100 mm of the back of the flange or collar. Flanged
pipe spools above 4000 mm shall additionally have a vent at the mid-point.
The vents shall be on the same longitudinal center line. Unless otherwise
specified in the Purchase Order, each vent shall have a welding boss which shall
be set on and welded using a weld detail per ASME SEC IX.

The welding boss shall be screwed 1/4 BSP parallel. A PTFE and PFA vented
plug screwed 1/4 BSP parallel shall be fitted into the boss. The thread
engagement shall be at least 10 mm. The vent holes in the pipe, boss and plug
shall be 3 mm in diameter. Figure 1 below shows typical details of the vent.

Figure 1 - Typical Details of Vents on Flanged Pipe Lengths

12.3 PTFE Lined Fittings

Each PTFE lined fitting shall have a vent. Unless otherwise specified in the
Purchase Order. The vent shall have a welding boss in accordance with 12.2
except that a tapped hole may be made in the fitting (e.g., reducing flanges, lined
spacers) providing that the metal is thick enough to allow the thread length
required. A PTFE vented plug shall be fitted on each vent to avoid clogging.

12.4 PFA Lined Fittings

Injection bosses on PFA lined fittings shall be provided with a carbon steel vented
plug which shall be screwed with a BSP parallel thread of size appropriate to the
diameter of the hole in the injection boss. The thread engagement shall be at least
10 mm for 1/4 BSP and 12 mm for 3/8 BSP. The vent in the plug shall be 3 mm
diameter. The vented plug shall be screwed into the boss using PTFE thread seal.
Figure 2 below show typical details of PFA vents.

Page 11 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

Figure 2 - Typical Details of PFA Lined Fitting Vents in Injection Bosses

For PFA lined fittings not having injection bosses, each vent shall be provided
with a vent boss fitted with a PTFE vented plug. The boss and vented plug shall
be screwed 1/4 BSP parallel. The thread engagement shall be at least 10 mm.
The vent holes in the fitting and vented plug shall be 3 mm diameter.

12.5 Extended Vented Plugs

Where specified in the Purchase Order extended vented plugs shall be provided.
They shall be of carbon steel, 75 mm overall length and threaded to suit the vent
boss or fitting. The end that screws into the boss or fitting shall have, for at least
a length of 10 mm, a 3 mm diameter vent hole.
Note 2: Extended vented plugs are required for those applications where the pipe and
fittings are to be lagged and the vent is to be extended beyond the lagging.

13 Workmanship

13.1 Pipe (housing)

The interior surfaces of all carbon steel Pipes (housings), prior to lining, shall be
clean and free of sharp corners, burs, rust, scale or other protrusions that may
affect the integrity or performance of the lining.

13.2 Lining

Lining of straight pipe, including site measured make-up pieces, shall be carried
out using a method that ensures an interference fit.

Page 12 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

Pipe and fittings linings shall show no evidence of pinholes, porosity or cracks.
The linings shall fit snugly inside the pipe and fittings. Any pipe spool or fitting
showing bulges or other obvious indication of poor contact between the liner
and the pipe spool or fittings shall be rejected.

The gasket sealing surface of the linings shall be free of surface defects that could
impair sealing effectiveness. Scratches, dents, nicks or tool marks on the sealing
surface shall be not deeper than 0.15 mm. Radial defects shall be rejected.

14 Performance

Lined pipe and fittings shall be capable of meeting the qualification requirements
specified in 15.

15 Qualification Tests

15.1 Heat and Temperature Tests

Lined pipe and fittings, representing production samples, shall be cycled in an


oven from room temperature to 260°C (500°F) to determine the ability of the
lined components to resist heat ageing and temperature cycling. Test at least
two pipe spools, tees and 90° elbows for each size.

15.1.1 Test procedure

Install blind flanges, with a center vent hole, at the recommended torque
value and affix a thermocouple to the housing to measure the temperature.
Pipe spools shall be at least 1 meter long. After at least one hour at
260°C, as indicated by the thermocouple, air cool the lined component to
50°C maximum. Repeat this test for a total of three cycles.

15.1.2 Examination

Lined pipe and fittings shall be visually examined, after each cycle, for
distortion or cracks in the lining. At the completion of the third cycle,
subject tested samples to the hydrostatic pressure test described in 16.2.

The tested pipe and fitting for the heat and temperature tests shall be discarded.

15.2 Vacuum Test

Lined pipe and fittings, representing production samples, shall be tested to


determine the vacuum rating of the lined spools. A minimum of two pipe
spools, equal tees and 90° elbows for each size shall be tested. The tests shall be
conducted at room temperature, at the manufacturer's maximum recommended

Page 13 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

service temperature and at two intermediate temperature levels.

 Test procedure

Pipe spools test piece length shall be at least ten pipe diameters. A flange
incorporating a sight glass shall be installed at one end and a blank (blind)
flange having a connection for drawing a vacuum at the other end.

A thermocouple shall be attached to the assembly. The test piece shall be


uniformly heated externally with the sight glass end visible and, after
reaching the desired housing temperature, the test shall begin. A selected
initial vacuum shall be held for a minimum of 8 hours. If no failure occurs
the vacuum shall be increased by 5 inch Hg (17 kPa) up to NPS 4 size and
by 2 inch Hg (6.8 kPa) increments for size NPS 6 in. and larger. At each
stage the selected vacuum shall be held for a minimum period of 8 hours
until failure or full vacuum is reached. Failure is defined as any buckling or
collapse of the liner.

External pressure shall be used to establish the failure threshold when full
vacuum does not produce failure.

The vacuum rating shall be 80% of the failure threshold value. The failure
threshold vacuum is defined as 1 inch Hg (3.4 kPa) below that at which
failure occurs.

At the test completion and after establishing the vacuum/temperature rating,


heat a duplicate specimen to the test temperature. The rated vacuum shall be
applied to the specimen after the desired skin temperature has been reached.
The rated vacuum shall be achieved within 2 minutes and applied
continuously for 48 hours. If the lining does not buckle or collapse, the rated
vacuum shall be accepted.

15.3 Retest

When a test specimen does not meet the requirements of either the heat and
temperature tests or the vacuum test, seek and correct the cause of failure.
The specified test shall then be repeated, doubling the number of test specimens.

15.4 Qualification test Certificate

Original qualification test records shall be retained by the seller. Copies of


qualification test certificates and test results shall, when required, be provided to
the buyer.

Page 14 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

16 Production Testing

16.1 Physical Testing of Anti-Static PTFE Liner

For each sinter batch, the sinter control record shall be checked against the
specified requirements.

At least one representative sample of each nominal size of tube shall be selected
from each sinter batch and tests carried out to determine the mechanical
properties and the specific gravity.

Where the samples do not comply with the specified requirements given in
5.4.1 and 5.4.2 each tube in the batch shall have samples cut from each end.
The samples shall then be subjected to mechanical testing and sinter check.
Any sample not meeting the specified requirements shall be cause for rejection
of the whole tube.

16.1.2 Dimension Check

The outside diameter and wall thickness of each tube shall be


measured. Those tubes not complying with the specified dimensions
shall be rejected.

16.1.3 Tube Flattening Test

Extruded PTFE tube, after sintering, shall be subjected to a flattening


test. Each length of tube shall be passed through a pre-set gap between
two driven rollers. The gap shall be 50% of the outside diameter of the
tube. The tube shall then be rotated, about the longitudinal axis, through
90° and passed back through the gap. The tube shall be examined for
cracks. Any crack shall be cut at least 50 mm away from its each end.

16.2 Hydrostatic Pressure Test

The hydrostatic pressure test shall be carried out at ambient temperature at a


pressure not less than 400 psi (2758 kPa). The pipe or fitting shall be filled with
clean water and the system bled free of all air prior to the application of pressure.
The test pressure shall be reached within 1 minute and maintained for 3 minutes.
The pressure gauge and the venting system in the pipe or fitting shall be
monitored throughout the test. Any evidence of leakage shall be cause for
rejection.

The test pressure shall then be vented for a period of not less than 30 seconds.
A second pressure test shall then be applied for a further period of not less than
3 minutes. Any evidence of leakage shall be cause for rejection.

Page 15 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

16.3 Electrical Resistance Test

The electrical resistance between any point on the inside surface of the lining
and the outside surface of the pipe spool shall be not greater than 107 ohms
when tested in accordance with BS 2050, A4.5, or any agreed alternative.

16.4 Electrostatic test

The electrostatic test shall be carried out using a non-destructive high-voltage


tester at a minimum output voltage of 20 kV. Any visible or audible spark, or
both, that occurs at the probe when electric contact is made, usually a sign of a
defect in the lining which shall be a cause for rejection.

16.5 Final Examination

Following successful examinations of all the tests carried out, each lined pipe
and fitting shall be visually examined before shipment to verify compliance with
the requirements of this Specification and the Purchase Order.

17 Finish

All lined pipework shall be painted, over a properly prepared surface with a corrosion-
resistant primer. After coating, blocked vents shall be cleared.

18 Marking

18.1 General

Each pipe and fitting shall be legibly marked and remains easily read after
installation. The marking materials shall not have any deleterious effect on the
pipe spool or primer.

18.2 Body Marking

The following information shall be marked on each pipe and fitting:


(a) Manufacturer's name or trademark.
(b) Nominal pipe size.
(c) Lining material identification (PTFE or PFA)
(d) Length (on pipe only).
(e) Purchase Order reference.
(f) Additional marking as specified in the Purchase Order.

Page 16 of 18
Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

18.3 Banding

A band stamped with raised letter of PTFE or PFA shall be used for
identification of liners and be placed near the flange, except where this is
impracticable (e.g., blank flanges, reducing flanges and spacers).

19 Packaging

Plastic or wood covers shall be properly and securely fixed to protect the ends of each
pipe and fitting, the gasket faces, where relevant prevent flare relaxation, and prevent
ingress of dirt.

20 Inspection

20.1 General

Piping and fittings purchased in accordance with this Specification are subject to
the requirements of Saudi Aramco Inspection Requirements Form 175-012200.
This task shall be carried out by Saudi Aramco Inspection Representative,
e.g., Vendor Inspection Division.

In accordance with the Conditions specified in the Contract, the buyer


Inspecting Engineer shall have the right to inspect the manufacture of lining
materials, witness testing and examination and inspect lined carbon steel flanged
piping and fittings at the Sellers works and the works of sub-contractors.
The Inspecting Engineer shall have the right at his sole discretion, to reject
materials that do not comply with this specification.

The Inspecting Engineer shall verify that all examinations required by this
Specification have been carried out by the Seller and shall inspect the pipework
to the extent required by this Specification.

20.2 Inspection Hold Points

The Seller shall inform the Inspecting Engineer at least 48 hours in advance of
the time each hold point will be achieved, so that visits can be planned in order
to carry out the inspection considered appropriate by the Inspection Engineer.
The seller shall not proceed with the next step in the fabrication sequence until
the Inspecting Engineer has completed inspections required at head hold point
and approved the continuation of fabrication.

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Document Responsibility: Non-Metallic Standards Committee 01-SAMSS-025
Issue Date: 30 January 2013 Specification for Heavy Duty Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)
Next Planned Update: 30 January 2018 and Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Lined Carbon Steel Pipe and Fittings

STAGE INSPECTION
1 When pipe spools and fittings are Visual inspection shall be sufficient to ensure
ready for lining. compliance with this Specification, including:
dimensional check; weld attachment of slip-on
welding flanges and collars; bore profile at ends of
pipe spools.

2 When pipe spools and fittings are Check thickness of lining, lining face diameter and
lined gasket seating surface.

3 When the lined pipe and fittings are Witness testing.


pressure tested.

4 When the lined pipe and fittings are Witness testing.


tested for electrical resistance.

5 When the lined pipe and fittings are Check venting system, marking, priming and
completed. protection.

21 Deviation from this Specification

Where a departure from this Specification is proposed it shall be discussed with the
Buyer. Any departure shall be agreed and shall relate only to the specified matter under
discussion as it applies to the Purchase Order.

Revision Summary
8 December 2007 New Saudi Aramco Materials System Specification.
19 February 2011 Editorial revision to renumber the document from 12-SAMSS-025 to 01-SAMSS-025.
30 January 2013 Revised the “Next Planned Update.” Reaffirmed the content of the document, and
reissued with editorial revision for clarification.

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