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Name: ………………………………………………………………………..

Class: ………………………………

AS Level Physics Topic Test


UNIT 6 WORK, ENERGY & POWER
Time Allowed = 50 minutes
Electronic calculators may be used.

Part 1 – Paper 1 questions: 15 multiple-choice – 15 marks


Answer ALL questions. For each question there are four possible answers A, B, C and D.
Choose the one you consider correct and record your choice in soft pencil on the
separate Answer Sheet.

Part 2 – Paper 2 AS Structured questions – 30 marks


Answer ALL questions.
You may lose marks if you do not show your working or if you do not use appropriate
units. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part
question.

SCORE
Part 1 ……………… /15
Part 2 .…………… /30
Total ……………. /45
Percentage ..……………. %

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Part A – Paper 1 questions
1. In the expressions below

a is acceleration,
F is force,
m is mass,
t is time,
v is velocity.

Which expression represents energy?

A Ft B Fvt C 2mv/t D at2/2

2. A car of total mass 1560 kg is travelling with a constant speed of 32 m s–1. The driving force
provided by the car is 680 N. The kinetic energy of the car is 800 kJ and its momentum is
50 000 N s.

Which two items of data could be used to calculate the useful power output of the car?
A driving force and momentum
B kinetic energy and mass
C mass and momentum
D speed and driving force

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3. A man stands in a lift that is accelerating vertically downwards, as shown.

Which statement describes the force exerted by the man on the floor?
A It is equal to the weight of the man.
B It is greater than the force exerted by the floor on the man.
C It is less than the force exerted by the floor on the man.
D It is less than the weight of the man.

4. The diagram shows an arrangement used to find the output power of an electric motor.
The wheel attached to the motor’s axle has a circumference of 0.5 m and the belt which passes over it
is stationary when the weights have the values shown.

When the wheel is making 20 revolutions per second, what is the output power of the motor?
A 300 W B 500 W C 600 W D 700 W

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5. A hydroelectric power station uses the gravitational potential energy of water to generate
electrical energy.
In one particular power station, the mass of water flowing per unit time is 1.5 × 10 5 kg s–1. The
water falls through a height of 120 m.

The electrical power generated is 100 MW.


What is the efficiency of the power station?

A 5.6% B 43% C 57% D 68%

6. A truck of mass 500 kg moves from rest at the top of a section of track 400 m long and 30 m high,
as shown. The frictional force acting on the truck is 250 N throughout its journey.

What is the final speed of the truck?

A 14 m s–1 B 24 m s–1 C 31 m s–1 D 190 m s–1

7. An engine transforms thermal energy into mechanical work. The engine takes in thermal energy
Qin from a heat source and gives out thermal energy Qout to a heat sink, producing useful work W.

What is the efficiency of this engine?

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8. The diagram shows a wheel of circumference 0.30 m. A rope is fastened at one end to a force
meter. The rope passes over the wheel and supports a freely hanging load of 100 N. The wheel is
driven by an electric motor at a constant rate of 50 revolutions per second.

When the wheel is turning at this rate, the force meter reads 20 N.

What is the output power of the motor?

A 0.3 kW B 1.2 kW C 1.8 kW D 3.8 kW

9. A stone of mass m is held at rest in water. The stone is released and falls vertically a distance h.
The stone reaches a speed v.

Some of the original energy of the stone is transferred to the water. As it falls, resistive forces
cause the temperature of the water and stone to increase.

Which expression gives the work done against the resistive forces?

A 1/2 mv2
B mgh – 1/2 mv2
C mgh
D mgh + 1/2 mv2

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10. The diagram shows the energy used by a modern lamp.

Which expression gives the efficiency of the lamp?

11. Three boxes each weigh 100 N. A man lifts all the boxes together from the ground on to a shelf
that is 1.5 m above the ground. The man takes 2.0 s to do this.

How much useful power does the man produce to lift the boxes?
A 75 W B 225 W C 300 W D 900 W

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12. A piston in a gas supply pump has an area of 600 cm2 and it moves a distance of 40 cm during
one stroke. The pump moves the gas against a fixed pressure of 5000 Pa.

How much work is done by the piston during one stroke?

A 1.2 × 102 J B 1.2 × 104 J C 1.2 × 106 J D 1.2 × 108 J

13. What is the approximate kinetic energy of an Olympic athlete when running at maximum speed
during a 100 m race?

A 400 J B 4000 J C 40 000 J D 400 000 J

14. Trains supply coal to a power station. The table below gives quantities describing the operation of
the power station.

Which expression gives the efficiency of the power station?

15. Initially, four identical uniform blocks, each of mass m and thickness h, are spread on a table.

How much work is done on the blocks in stacking them on top of one another?
A 3 mgh B 6 mgh C 8 mgh D 10 mgh

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Part B - Paper 2 AS Structured Questions
16. (a) Explain what is meant by work done.
....................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................... [1]

(b) A boy on a board B slides down a slope, as shown in Fig. 1.1.

Fig. 1.1
The angle of the slope to the horizontal is 30°. The total resistive force F acting on B is constant.
(i) State a word equation that links the work done by the force F on B to the changes in potential and
kinetic energy.
....................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................... [1]
(ii) The boy on the board B moves with velocity v down the slope. The variation with time t of v is
shown in Fig. 1.2.

Fig. 1.2
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The total mass of B is 75 kg. For B, from t = 0 to t = 2.5 s,
1. show that the distance moved down the slope is 9.3 m,

[2]
2. calculate the gain in kinetic energy,

gain in kinetic energy = ................................................ J [3]


3. calculate the loss in potential energy,

loss in potential energy = ............................................. J [3]


4. calculate the resistive force F.

F = .............................................. N [3]
[Total: 13]

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17. (a) Define power.
...................................................................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................................................. [1]
(b) Fig. 2.1 shows a car travelling at a speed of 22 m s–1 on a horizontal road.

Fig. 2.1

The car has a mass of 1500 kg. A resistive force of 1200 N acts on the car.

Calculate:
(i) the force F required from the car to produce an acceleration of 0.82 m s –2,

F = ............................................. N [3]

(ii) the power required to produce this acceleration.

power = ........................................... W [2]

(c) The resistive force on the car is proportional to v2, where v is the speed of the car. Suggest why the
car has a maximum speed.

....................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................... [1]
[Total: 7]
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18. (a) (i) Define potential energy.

....................................................................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................................................... [1]

(ii) Distinguish between gravitational potential energy and elastic potential energy.

gravitational potential energy ...................................................................................................................


....................................................................................................................................................................

elastic potential energy .............................................................................................................................


............................................................................................................................................................... [2]

(b) A small sphere of mass 51 g is suspended by a light inextensible string from a fixed point P.
The centre of the sphere is 61 cm vertically below point P, as shown in Fig. 3.1.

Fig.3.1

The sphere is moved to one side, keeping the string taut, so that the string makes an angle of 18° with
the vertical. Calculate:

(i) the gain in gravitational potential energy of the sphere,

gain = ……………………….. J [2]

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(ii) the moment of the weight of the sphere about point P.

moment = .................................... N m [2]


[Total: 7]

19. (a) A ball of mass 0.45 kg leaves the edge of a table with a horizontal velocity v, as shown in
Fig. 4.1.

Fig. 4.1

The height of the table is 1.25 m. The ball travels a distance of 1.50 m horizontally before hitting the
floor.

Air resistance is negligible.

Calculate the kinetic energy of the ball as it hits the floor.

v = ..............................................m s–1 [3]

End of Examination
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