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POWER FACTOR CORRECTION.

HARMONIC FILTERING.
MEDIUM AND HIGH VOLTAGE SOLUTIONS.
This document may be subject to changes.
Contact ARTECHE to confirm the characteristics and
availability of the products described here.

Moving together
CONTENTS

1. Metal Enclosed Capacitor Banks and Harmonic Filters |4

2. Rack Mount Capacitor Banks and Harmonic Filters | 10

3. Pole Mount Capacitor Banks | 14

4. Studies, Simulations and Technical Support | 18

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
1. METAL ENCLOSED
CAPACITOR BANKS AND
HARMONIC FILTERS

4 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
1. METAL ENCLOSED CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTERS

CUSTOMIZED SOLUTIONS FOR A


WIDE RANGE OF USERS
Custom engineered solutions for both ARTECHE offers in addition, and depending
utility and industrial applications, ARTECHE on the application, units with tuned or detuned
capacitor systems and harmonic filters are reactors to build up different solutions in order
available in both pad mount or switchgear to avoid resonance of the capacitors with the
style enclosures. system inductance, or to absorb one or several
particular harmonics.
Switchgear style units are typically located
at the main service entrance of an industrial Pad mounted systems accommodate
facility and can be supplied as automatic underground distribution installations.
switching units to maintain desired power
factor and harmonics under changing load
conditions.

› Metal Enclosed
Systems.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 5
1. METAL ENCLOSED CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTERS

APPLICABLE STANDARDS
ARTECHE standard designs meet among
others, with the two main international
standards:
› IEC 60871, IEC 60549.
› IEEE STD 18 and CSA ratings.

› Metal Enclosed
Systems.

6 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
1. METAL ENCLOSED CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTERS

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
POWER CAPACITOR: SWITCHING ELEMENTS:
ARTECHE supplies single phase or three Switching elements are specially designed for
phase capacitors with stainless steel cases. handling capacitive loads. ARTECHE offers
Capacitors are free of PCB’s and available in the best technical solution on project basis,
powers from 50 up to 1.000 kVAr (individual and supplies capacitor switches, contactors,
units). These capacitors can be either or circuit breakers depending on the specific
externally fused or internally fused. Each unit application.
has a discharge resistor to reduce the voltage
between the terminals to 50 V in five minutes SURGE ARRESTERS:
or 75 V in ten minutes according to IEEE and
Surge Arresters protect the capacitor banks
IEC standards respectively.
from voltage surges and lightning.
TUNING REACTORS:
ZERO VOLTAGE CONTROL:
Tuning reactors are added in harmonic filters.
Available with capacitor switches, this type of
These reactors are generally iron core type
technology is not a standard design and must
and are an integral part of the capacitor bank.
be requested specifically. Capacitor switching
As an option, ARTECHE is able to supply air
phenomena are minimized.
core reactors which are enclosed separately
upon request.
GROUNDING SWITCH:
INRUSH REACTORS: The grounding switch ensures that capacitors
are fully discharged for maintenance.
Inrush reactors are necessary in the capacitor
banks for the purpose of limiting inrush
CONTROL AND PROTECTION SYSTEM:
currents and back-to-back switching events.
The main protections are neutral unbalance
CURRENT LIMITING FUSES: and overcurrent protection. Other schemes
are available.
These are provided for the protection of short
circuit currents, and internal faults in the
capacitors.

INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS:
Automatic capacitor banks require voltage
and current signals which may be provided
by the customer or obtained from the bus
through instrument transformers already
in place. Current transformers or voltage
transformers can be supplied for neutral
unbalance protection depending on the bank
connection type.

› Power Factor
Correction Capacitors.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 7
1. METAL ENCLOSED CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTERS

TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CONTENTS

Capacity ANY kVAr rating

Voltage Up to 38 kV

Frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz

Fixed

Type Automatic

Automatic Multistep

Service Indoor or Outdoor

Enclosure IP or NEMA

Temperature range -30 to 50°C (Other temperatures available upon request)

Tuned frequency According to harmonic distortion. Any tuned frequency.

› Metal Enclosed
Systems.

8 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
ARTECHE POWER QUALITY
Customized solutions.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 9
2. RACK MOUNT CAPACITOR
BANKS AND HARMONIC
FILTERS

10 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
2. RACK MOUNT CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTERS

SUBSTATION SUITABILITY
Capacitor systems for reactive compensation
and harmonic filter systems are available in
rack mount configurations for use in either
covered or open construction substation
applications. Rack mounts are manufactured
with hot zinc immersion galvanized steel or
aluminium.

Capacitor banks and harmonic filters are


shunt connected to the system to provide
reactive power. In the case of harmonic filters,
the banks are tuned or detuned to reduce or
eliminate harmonics that may be present in
the system.

Banks can be manufactured in various VAr


and Voltage requirements. The banks can
be either fixed or switched with protection
options.

ARTECHE PQ offers over


20 years’’ exp
periience
in the design and
ARTECHE OFFER manuffactture off reacttive
ARTECHE capacitor banks and harmonic power compensation and
filters can be manufactured in a variety of
voltage or reactive power requirements. harmonic filtering systems
ARTECHE can offer different protection
schemes. For example:
for medium and high
› Floating Wye. voltage networks.
› Double Wye.
› Fuseless.
› H configuration.
› Voltage differential.
› Grounded Wye.
› Delta.
› Internally Fused.
› ... or any configuration.

APPLICABLE STANDARDS
ARTECHE standard designs meet among
others, with the two main international
standards:
› IEC 60871, IEC 60549.
› IEEE STD 18 and CSA ratings.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 11
2. RACK MOUNT CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTERS

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
CAPACITORS: ZERO VOLTAGE CONTROL:
ARTECHE supplies single phase or three Available with capacitor switches, this type of
phase capacitors with stainless steel cases. equipment is not a standard design and must
Capacitors are free of PCB’s and available in be requested specifically. Capacitor switching
powers from 50 up to 1.000 kVAr (individual phenomena are minimized.
units). These capacitors can be either
externally fused, internally fused, or fuseless. INSULATORS:
Each unit has a discharge resistor to reduce
Porcelain station post insulators meet IEC or
the voltage between the terminals to 50 V in
ANSI standards.
five minutes or 75 V in ten minutes according
to IEEE and IEC standards respectively.
STRUCTURE:
CAPACITOR FUSING: Galvanized steel or aluminium
In case of externally fused capacitors, fuses
INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS:
used are expulsion type.
Automatic capacitor banks require voltage
TUNING REACTORS: and current signals which may be provided
by the customer or obtained from the bus
For Harmonic filters tuning reactors are
through instrument transformers already
added. ARTECHE supplies reactors with iron
in place. Current transformers or voltage
core or air core as per customer request.
transformers can be supplied for neutral
unbalance protection depending on the bank
INRUSH REACTORS:
connection type.
Are necessary in the capacitor banks for the
purpose of limiting inrush currents and back- GROUNDING SWITCH:
to-back switching events..
The grounding switch ensures that capacitors
are fully discharged for maintenance.
SWITCHING ELEMENTS:
Switching elements are specially designed for CONTROL CABINET:
handling capacitive loads. ARTECHE offers
Used for capacitor banks or harmonic filters
the best technical solution on project basis,
with automatic control. Can be either outdoor
and supplies capacitor switches, contactors,
or indoor assembled. The main protections are
or circuit breakers depending on the specific
neutral unbalance and overcurrent protection.
application.
Other schemes are available.
CONTROL AND PROTECTION RELAYS:
Multifunction relay, overcurrent, voltage,
neutral, and automatic control functions are
available.

SURGE ARRESTERS:
Surge Arresters protect the capacitor banks
from voltage surges and lightning.

CUT OUTS:
Power main fuses can be used as disconnecting
switches with manual operation.

12 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
2. RACK MOUNT CAPACITOR BANKS AND HARMONIC FILTERS

TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CONTENTS

Capacity ANY kVAr rating

Voltage Up to 245 kV

Frequency 50 Hz or 60 Hz

Type Fixed or Automatic

Internally fused

Capacitor type Externally fused

Fuseless

Service Outdoor

Structure Galvanized Iron structure or aluminium

Temperature range -30 to 50°C (Other temperatures available upon request)

Tuned frequency According to harmonic distortion. Any tuned frequency.

› Rack Mount Capacitor


Banks.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 13
3. POLE MOUNT CAPACITOR
BANKS

14 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
3. POLE MOUNT CAPACITOR BANKS

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The most effective way of reactive power Light, compact and easy to install, the
compensation is achieved when the capacitor structure that supports the equipment
banks are distributed over the entire electrical represents an important advantage when few
system, the same way inductive loads are space is available.
distributed. The reactive compensation
reduces the load on the electrical ARTECHE pole mounted capacitor banks
infrastructure installed upstream. Reactive have minimal maintenance requirements.
power compensating as close as possible to
the load leads to a better overall performance.

ARTECHE offers a full range of pole mounted


solutions to improve power factor, reduce
heat, or improve the system voltage profile.

Distribution systems typically carry energy in


high voltage levels in order to avoid system
losses. However, the lower the voltage and
the greater the length, more suitable is the
use of intermediate capacitor banks in the
distribution system to restore or maintain
the voltage level and to compensate reactive
power. ARTECHE pole mounted capacitor
banks meet in a simple, reliable and accessible
way, the reactive power compensation and
voltage level support needs in distribution
lines.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 15
3. POLE MOUNT CAPACITOR BANKS

TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
CONTENTS

Frequency 50/60 Hz

Type Automatic / Fixed

Capacities from 150 kVAr to 1.200 kVAr as standard

Voltage Up to 38 kV

Wye

Connection Floating Wye

Delta

Local
Control
Remote

Communication Radio

› Pole Mount Capacitor


Banks.

16 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
ARTECHE POWER QUALITY
Trust and reliability.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 17
4. STUDIES, SIMULATIONS AND
TECHNICAL SUPPORT

18 Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions
4. STUDIES, SIMULATIONS AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT

GENERAL DESCRIPTION
ARTECHE offers all necessary support to ARTECHE has worldwide experience in
customers to provide the best solution and analysing the integration of renewable
equipment depending on the requirements of energies into electrical networks, particularly
the system. in the wind power sector:
Our engineering team performs electrical
GRID CODE VALIDATION
studies simulating both the steady state and
transient conditions, so that the best solution Simulation of complete wind farm (WTGs,
in terms of reactive power compensation and transformers and electrical lines) to perform:
harmonics cancellation can be designed for
each individual project. › Power flow analyses to determine electrical
losses and voltage variations at the Point
ARTECHE has the most reliable software and
of Common Coupling (PCC) for different
modelling tools, such as PSS/E, DigSilent,
WTG power generation set points and
EMTP-AT, as well as our own developed and
power factors.
validated programs.
› P-Q curve generation.
Among others, the following studies can be › Analysis of external equipment needed
performed: (voltage control ancillary services).
› Protective-device coordination studies.
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION
› Short circuit analysis.
› Reliability studies. › THD calculation of the wind farm at the PCC
(current harmonics and voltage harmonics).
› Switching transient studies.
› Load flow studies.
› Analysis of external equipment needed
(active or passive filters).
› Power quality analysis.
› Harmonic analysis. REACTIVE POWER GENERATION
› Voltage support studies.
› Analysis of equipment needed to accom-
› Dynamic stability studies. plish the power factor and voltage require-
› Voltage stability studies. ments of the installation at the PCC.
› System impact studies.

Power Factor Correction. Harmonic Filtering. | Medium and High Voltage Solutions 19
Moving together

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