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SIMPLEX PREFAB INFRASTRUCTURES (I) PVT LTD

Project Name: Precast boundary wall using Solid Wall slabs at Bhyculla-Piramal Realty
Designed By: Nitesh Singh Checked By : Ashokrai Singhania
Date: 27.08.15

1. WIND ANALYSIS
With reference to IS 875 (Part-3)-1987, Wind Pressure is calculated as follows:
Basic Wind Speed (Vb) for Ratnagiri 44
Risk Coefficient (k1) 0.73
Terrain, Height, Structure Size factor (k2) 0.93
Topography factor (k3) 1.0

Design Wind Speed (Vz) 29.87 m/sec


Design Wind Pressure (Pz) 535.39 N/m2
0.535 KN/m2

The above value of Pz shall be factored by 1.5 to get the wind pressure to be used for design as per the
principles of Limit State Method. The value 1.5 is a partial safety factor for imposed loads as per table 18 of IS
456:2000, page 68.
803.1 N/m2
Design Wind Pressure (Pz)
0.803 KN/m2

2. COLUMN DESIGN
2.1 Analysis:
Bay Span 6 m
Exposed Height 3 m
Depth of Column Below G.L 0.5 m
Total Height 3.5 m
Factored Wind Pressure 0.803 KN/m2
Considering this pressure to act upon the upon 3 m high area.
Considering a drag coefficient 1.2 Table 24 IS 875-Part 3, 1987.
Factored Wind Force per column 17.35 KN
Distributing the above force uniformly over the exposed height of column we have:
Force 5.78 KN/m

Reaction at Fixed end 17.35 KN


Moment at Fixed end 34.69 KN.m

2.2 Design of Column


Cover 40 mm
Stirrup 8 mm
Bar Dia. 12 mm
Width 350 mm
Height 400 mm
Flange,bf 350 mm
Flange, t 135 mm
Web, tb 200 mm
Web, t 130 mm
fck 30 Mpa
Fy 500 N/mm2

Section Properties
Considering the section below
Under wind load the column section shall undergo flexural action similar to a flanged beam.
Depth of flange, Df 135 mm
Width of flange, Bf 350 mm
Effective depth of section,d 346 mm

Moment Calculation

Assuming Xu = Df
Moment of Resistance = (0.36 x fck x Bf x Df) (d-0.42Df)
M.R 147.63 KN.m
Xu<Df
Xu.max 159.16 mm Neutral axis factor for Fe500 TMT rebar.
Xu<Xu max Section is Under Reinforced

Area of Reinforcement

Ast Req. 238.44 mm2


AstProv. 4-T12 Dia Bar
AstProv. 452.16 mm2

Shear Design

Shear Stress induced, tc 0.25 N/mm2


% of Reinforcement 0.653 %
Design Shear Strength,tv 0.55 N/mm2 With reference to Table 19 of IS 456:2000
SHEAR REINFORCEMENT IS NOT REQUIRED
Therefore minimum shear reinforcement required.
Providing 2L-T8 stirrups @ 250 c/c
Max.spacing 259.5 c/c

Deflection Check:

With reference to Reynolds's Reinforced Concrete Designer's Handbook - 11th Edition


Deflection of cantilever beam with partial udl is given by the following formula:
Total Load,F 17346.55 N
Length 3500 mm
∝l 500 mm
∝ 0.14
x = distance of a point considered from LHS of support in terms of l.
x 1
E 27386.13 N/mm2 M-30
MI 1839204166.66 mm4
Def. ∝x -0.62
-0.24
-3.73
3.49 -2.15 mm
Max.Deflection 14 mm
Section is O.K.

Flange Cracking

The flange of the column is subjected to tensile stresses generated by pressure caused due to wind. The likely
crack pattern is as shown above. Therefore the tensile strength of plain concrete shall be higher than the
stresses applied.

Factored Wind Pressure 0.803


The exposed length of wall Panel 5.8
Design wind pressure/m on column flange 2.33
Tensile stress at the junction of flange and web 0.019
Tensile strength of M30 from Table 1 IS 3370: Part 2: 2009 1.5

However we have provided T8 rebar in the flange area based upon crack width calculations.

Crack width calculation:

Modulus of elasticity of steel Es 200000


Permissible stress in bending compression M-30 10
Dist of T12 rebar from central portion of soffit,Acr 63
Modular Ratio 9.33
Let x be the depth of neutral axis.
Therefore, 0.5 x b x X^2 = m x Ast x (d-x) Solving the quadratic equation:
X 78.75 mm
r 267.25 mm
Cracked moment of inertia (Icr):
Icr 358391496.82875 mm4
Cover to bar Cmin 48 mm
Dist. of rebar from central portion of column soffit Acr 63
Working Load on column 23.13 KN.m
Fs 160.97
e1 0.00097
em 0.0005
Maximum Crack Width
Wcr 0.080 mm
< 0.1 mm for Severe condition as per IS 456:2000 Clause no.35.3.2
Hence O.K
TRUCTURES (I) PVT LTD
slabs at Bhyculla-Piramal Realty
Checked By : Ashokrai Singhania
Revision: R0

alculated as follows:
m/sec

(considering Terrain category 2 and class C)

ind pressure to be used for design as per the


safety factor for imposed loads as per table 18 of IS

Table 24 IS 875-Part 3, 1987.

eight of column we have:


l action similar to a flanged beam.

is factor for Fe500 TMT rebar.

With reference to Table 19 of IS 456:2000

er's Handbook - 11th Edition With reference to Reynolds's Reinforced Concrete Designer's H
he following formula: Deflection of cantilever beam with partial udl is given by the fo
enerated by pressure caused due to wind. The likely
ngth of plain concrete shall be higher than the

KN/m2
m
KN
N/mm2
N/mm2

ased upon crack width calculations.

N/mm2
N/mm2
mm

Solving the quadratic equation:

mm
ed Concrete Designer's Handbook - 11th Edition
rtial udl is given by the following formula:
Design of footing:

Column Size: L 0.4 m W 0.35 m H


Slab Size L 5.8 m W 0.1 m H
Footing Size L 1.3 m W 1.2 m H

Weight of Elements
W1 Column 7.05 KN Solid Wall 44.54 KN
W2 Footing 15.60 KN
W3/W4 Soil 5.13 KN
Horizontal force
W5 11.56 KN
due to wind

Stability Analysis: (Considering moments about point X)

Lever Arm Moment @ X


Sr. no. Element Weight (KN) (m) (kN-m)
1 W1 51.6 0.65 33.54
2 W2 15.6 0.65 10.14
3 W3 5.13 0.2 1.03
4 W4 5.13 1.1 5.64
ΣW 77.45 ΣMs 50.35

5 W5 11.56 6.9 79.79

Factor of safety against overturning 0.63 1.5 FAIL


Factor of safety against sliding 3.62 1.4 O.K
Where, μ is coefficient of friction between footing and sub-grade 0.6

Base Pressure calculations:

Base Length 1.3 m


Base Width 1.2 m
Let the resultant of all the forces acting on the wall pass through the base of the
footing at a distance “ x"
Let “e” be the distance of the resultant from the center of the base.
Let ΣM = ΣMs – ΣMo -29.45 KN.m
Therefore we have, x -0.380 m
e 1.030 m > (Base width/6) 0.217 m
Therefore Footing is in Tension

Referring to the formula given by Reynolds's Reinforced Concrete Designer's


Handbook - 11th edition for pressure calculations we have:
Max. comp. stress below footing, f -113.17 KN/m2 SBC 250 KN/m2

Pressure Length 666 mm


216 mm
Pressure diagram for the base of footing

Footing reinforcement design:

The pressure at the face of column is -36.70 Kn/m2

Forces on footing up to column face

width 0.7 m Cover 50 mm


width from face of column 0.45 m Stirrup 8 mm
Depth 0.25 m Bar Dia 8 mm
Density of concrete 25 KN/m3 Fy 500 N/mm2
Density of soil 18 KN/m3 Fck 30 Mpa

Lever Arm
Sr. no. Element Force (Kn) Moment (kN-m)
(m)
1 Self Wt. 1.97 0.225 0.44
2 Soil wt. 1.70 0.225 0.38
Rectamgular
3 Upward -11.56 0.225 -2.60
Pressure

Triangular
4 Upward -12.044 0.3 -3.61 Doubt
Pressure
Net Force -27.28 Net Moment -7.04

Factored shear force on footing -40.91 KN


Factored bending moment on footing -10.56 KN.m
Effective depth 188 mm

Check for effective depth:


(Mu = 0.133 x fck x b x d2) For Fe-500
Required, d Err:502 mm
Provided, d 188 mm
Therefore Err:502

Ast,required -127.15 mm2


Provide 8mm dia bar
Area of 1 bar 50.24 Therefore provide, 5 No.
Ast,provided 251.2 mm2
Min Ast 223.72 mm2 (Clause 26.5.1.1 IS456:2000)

Shear Design:

Shear Stress Induced, tc -0.31 N/mm2


% Reinforcement 0.19 %
With reference to Table 19 of IS 456:2000
Design shear strength, τc 0.322 N/mm2
Therefore SHEAR REINFORCMENT IS NOT REQUIRED

Therefore shear reinforcement required. Choosing vertical stirrups.


Shear force to be resisted by shear reinf, Vus -83.29 KN
Considering 2L-T8 (Asv= 100.48 mm2) stirrups the required spacing Sv as per IS 456:2000 is:
Asvd 100.48 mm2
1. Sv -82 mm c/c
2. Sv 130 mm c/c
3. Sv 141 mm c/c
4. Sv 300 mm c/c
Choosing the lowest value 130 mm. Providing 2L-T8 stirrups @ 130 c/c
Required bottom reinforcement in other direction is minimum distribution steel (0.12%)
< shear stirrups……OK, no separate rebar required

Reinforcement details for footing


3.5 m
3.2 m
0.4 m
K -2.28
7927.5