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LEVEL A1 GRAMMAR GUIDE

by Lic. Rosmery Ribera Ferrier


Semana 1 Present Simple: Verb To be and Pronouns: Occupations

Including questions+negatives

Subject Verb TO BE Occupation


I am a teacher.
You are an actor.
He is a doctor.
She Is an artist.
It is a dog.
We are students.
You are scientists.
They are musicians.
NEGATIVES

SUBJECT VERB TO BE OCCUPATION


I am not a teacher.
You are not an actor.
He is not a doctor.
She is not an artist.
It is not a dog.
We are not students.
You are not scientists.
They are not musicians.
QUESTIONS

VTB SUBJECT OCCUPATION Short Answers


Are you a teacher? Yes, I am. No, I`m not.
Am I a teacher? Yes, you are. No, you`re not.
Am I a teacher? Yes, I am. No, I am not.
Are you an actor? Yes, I am. No, I am not.
Is he a doctor? Yes, he is. No, he isn`t.
Is she an artist? Yes, she is. No, she`s not.
Is it a dog? Yes, it is. No, it is not.
Are you students? Yes we are. No, we aren`t.
Are we students? Yes, you are. No, you’re not.
Are We students? Yes, we are. No, we are not.
Are you scientists? Yes, we are. No, we`re not.
Are they musicians? Yes, they are. No, they aren`t.
PRACTICE: OCCUPATIONS

1.-Accountant (I)

I am a accountant
I’m not an accountant
Are you an accountant?
Yes, I am/No, you aren’t
Am I an accountant?
Yes you are/No you aren’t

2.-Bank teller (You)

You are a bank teller


You are not a bank teller
Are you a bank teller?
Yes, I am/No, I am not

3.-Dentist (He)

He is a dentist
He is not a dentist
Is he a dentist?
Yes, he is/no, he isn’t

4.-Electrician (She)

She is a an electrician
She is not an electrician
Is she an electrician?
She he is/No she isn’t

5.-Florist (It)

It is a florist
It is not a florist
Is it a florist?
Yes it is/No she isn’t

6.-Gardener (We)

We are gardener
We are not gardener
Are we gardener?
Yes were are/We are not
Are you gardener?
Yes we are/We are not

7.-Grocery Clerk (You)


You are a grocery clerk
You are not a grocery clerk
Are you a grocery clerk?
Yes we are/No were not

8.-Hairdresser (They)

They are hairdresser


They are not hairdresser
Are they hairdresser?
Yes they are/No they aren’t

9.-Mechanic (I)

I am an mechanic
I’m not an mechanic
Are you an mechanic?
Yes I am/No I’m not
Am I can mechanic?
Yes, you are/No, you aren’t

10.-Pharmacist (You)

You are a pharmacist


You are not a pharmacist
Are you a pharmacist?
Yes I am/No I’m not

11.-Professor (he)

He is a professor
He is not a professor
Is he a professor?
Yes, he is/no, he isn’t

12.-Reporter (She)

She is a reporter
She is not a reporter
Is she a reporter?
She he is/No she isn’t

13.-Salespeson (It)

It is a salesperson
It is not a salesperson
Is it a salesperson?
Yes it is/No she isn’t

14.- Travel agent (We)

We are travel agent


We are not travel agent
Are we travel agent?
Yes were are/We are not
Are you travel agent?
Yes we are/We are not

15.-Secretary (You)

You are a secretary


You are not a secretary
Are you a secretary?
Yes we are/No were not

16.-Waiter (They)

They are waiter


They are not waiter
Are they waiter?
Yes they are/No they aren’t

17.-Student (I)

I am an student
I’m not an student
Are you an student?
Yes I am/No I’m not
Am I can student?
Yes, you are/No, you aren’t

18.-Teacher (You)

You are a teacher


You are not a teacher
Are you a teacher?
Yes I am/No I’m not

19.-Athlete (He)

He is an athlete
He is not an athlete
Is he an athlete?
Yes, he is/no, he isn’t

20.-Writer (She)

She is a writer
She is not a writer
Is she a writer?
She he is/No she isn’t

21.-Actor (It)

It is a salespeople
It is not a salespeople
Is it a salespeople?
Yes it is/No she isn’t

22.-Pilot (We)

We are pilot
We are not pilot
Are we pilot?
Yes were are/We are not
Are you pilot?
Yes we are/We are not

23.-Doctor (They)

They are doctor


They are not doctor
Are they doctor?
Yes they are/No they aren’t

24.-Engineer (I)

I am an engineer
I’m not an engineer
Are you an engineer?
Yes I am/No I’m not
Am I can engineer?
Yes, you are/No, you aren’t

25.-Architect (You)

You are an architect


You are not an architect
Are you an architect?
Yes I am/No I’m not

26.-Nurse (He)

He is a nurse
He is not a nurse
Is he a nurse?
Yes, he is/no, he isn’t

27.-Flight attendant (She)

She is a flight attendant


She is not a flight attendant
Is she a flight attendant?
She he is/No she isn’t

28.-Singer (It)

It is a singer
It is not a singer
Is it a singer?
Yes it is/No she isn’t
29.-Chef (We)

We are chef
We are not chef
Are we chef?
Yes were are/We are not
Are you chef?
Yes we are/We are not

30.-Manager (They)

They are manager


They are not manager
Are they manager?
Yes they are/No they aren’t

31.-Banker (I)

I am a banker
I’m not a banker
Are you a banker?
Yes I am/No I’m not
Am I can banker?
Yes, you are/No, you aren’t

32.-Artist (You)

You are an artist


You are not an artist
Are you an artist?
Yes I am/No I’m not

33.-Musician (He)

He is a musician
He is not a musician
Is he a musician?
Yes, he is/no, he isn’t

34.-Scientist (She)

She is a Scientist
She is not a Scientist
Is she a Scientist?
She he is/No she isn’t

35.-Lawyer (It)

It is a lawyer
It is not a lawyer
Is it a lawyer?
Yes it is/No she isn’t

36.-Photographers (We)
We are photographers
We are not photographers
Are we photographers?
Yes were are/We are not
Are you photographers
Yes we are/We are not

Español VERB TO BE
SUBJECT OCCUPATION
(+) (-)
I Yo Am Am not A Teacher
YOU Usted Are Are not An Actor
SINGULAR HE El Is Is not A Doctor
SHE Ella Is Is not An Artist
IT Eso Is Is not A Dog
WE Nosotros Are Are not Studens
YOU Ustedes Are Are not
PLURAL Scientists
THEY Ellos. Are Are not Musicians

QUESTIONS??

RESUESTAS
VTB SUBJETS OCUPATION
(+) (-)
Are You A teacher? Yes, I am No, I’m not
Am I A teacher? Yes, you are No, you’re not
Are You A doctor? Yes, I am No, I am not.
Is He A doctor? Yes, he is No, he isn’t
Is She An artist? Yes, She is No, she’s not
Is It A dog? Yes, it is No, it is not
Are You Students? Yes we are No, we aren’t
Are We Students? Yes, We are No, we are not
Are You Scientist? Yes, we are No, we’re not
Are They Musicians? Yes, they are No, they aren’t
NUNCA se contrae una respuesta AFIRMATIVA

INFORMATION QUESTIONS
WHAT+BE

What’s your first name?


What’s your last name?
What’s your address?
What’s your e-mail address?
What’s your phone number?
What’s your cell phone number?

WRITING
Introduce Yourself
Good morning, my first name is………………… and my last name
is…………………My address is ………. ……………… ……My e-mail address
is………………………………@..........................com. My phone number
is……………………My cell phone number is…………………………

Seman Present Simple: Other verbs/Daily activities and Clothes


a2 Including questions+negatives

Imperatives (+/-) and Adverbs of frequency


PRESENT SIMPLE
WITH VERB NO VERB TO
TO BE BE

HE DOES/
I DO/ DON`T
I AM DOESN´T
WE ARE YOU DO/ DON`T
HE IS SHE DOES/
YOU ARE WE DO / DON`T
SHE IS DOESN´T
THEY ARE THEY DO /
IT IS
DON`T IT DOES/
DOESN´T

SHE IS A TEACHER. SHE TEACHES ENGLISH.


S V O S V O

SHE ISN`T A TEACHER. SHE DOESN`T TEACH ENGLISH.


S V O S V O

IS SHE A TECHER? DOES SHE TEACH ENGLISH?


YES ,SHE IS. YES, SHE DOES.
NO, SHE ISN`T. NO, SHE DOESN`T.

PRESENT SIMPLE
Information questions

SHE IS A TEACHER AT THE CBA SHE TEACHES ENGLISH AT THE


EVERY DAY. CBA EVERY DAY.

WHERE DOES SHE TEACH ENGLISH


WHERE IS SHE A TEACHER EVERYDAY?
EVERYDAY?
AT THE CBA.
AT THE CBA.

WHEN DOES SHE TEACH ENGLISH AT THE


WHEN IS SHE A TEACHER AT THE CBA ?
CBA ?
EVERYDAY.
EVERYDAY.

WHAT DOES SHE TEACH AT THE CBA


EVERYDAY?
ENGLISH .

WHO IS A TEACHER AT THE CBA WHO TEACHES ENGLISH AT THE CBA


EVERYDAY? EVERYDAY?
SHE IS. SHE DOES.
S V O P T

I Need Near sing At a park On Sunday


You VLike Near pl. In my office In March
B
He FWant Far sing At the In Summer
She Have Far pl. airport At 10 pm
It Near sing In my house In 2017
We Needs Near pl. At home On May 27th
V
You 3Likes Far sing At a party On Cristmans
They Wants
P Far pl. On sucre On my
Has street birthday
At 2012
street

I He
You Does She Doesn’t
Do? Don’t
We It
They

PRESENT SIMPLE SENTENCE STRUCTURE PRACTICE


S VBF O P T
1) I need this clean new bathrope in my house on Sunday
Aux S VBF PLACE T
What do you need in your house on Sunday ?
O
Answer: This clean new bathrope
Aux S VBF O T
Where do you need this clean new bathrope on Sunday ?
P
Answer: In my house
Aux S VBF O P
When do you need this clean new bathrope in your house ?
T
Answer: On Sunday

Who need this clean new bathrope in tour house on Sunday ?


Answer: I do
S VBF O P T
1) I need this handsome old boyfriend at home at 10 pm

FORMULAS PRESENT SIMPLE


+ S VBF/V3P O P T

- S -AUX VBF O P T

YNQ AUX S VBF O P T ?

YES, S AUX NO, S -AUX

WHAT AUX S VBF P T ? O


WHERE AUX S VBF O T ? P
WHEN AUX S VBF O P ? T
WHO V3P O P T ? S AUX
WHICH O AUX S VBF P T THE ADJ. ONE(S)

+ Affirmative sentences

- Negative sentences

YNQ YES- NO Questions


A answer

I Q Information Questions

V T B Verb to be VTB PT Verb to be Past Tense

V B F Verb base form

V 3 P Verb third person

Ving Verb ing

O Object

P Place

T Time

S Subject

AUX Auxiliary

-AUX Negative Auxiliary

WH…. Information Question word: what,when,how,where,who,which,why


Prep. of time
Days Date
IN

* In my house
ON

Prep. Of place X Alemana Av. adress


2060
Alemana Av.
# Name
St/Av