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DEPARTMENT OF INTERIOR & FURNITURE DESIGN

LSAD

LECTURE- 5
JOINERY AND FITTING
(WOODEN DOORS DETAIL- FLUSH)

IFD265 PRESENTED BY:

BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION STUDIO-I MANPREET KAUR


LECTURER-20594
WHAT IS DOOR......?
Doors may be defined as an open able barrier secured in a wall opening. It is provided to give an
access to inside of a room.

For different situation and requirement, it is


made of different materials and methods
such as wooden door, metal door, S.S door,
Glass door ,etc.
IT CONSISTS OF TWO PARTS:-

1. Door frame
2. Door shutter

FRAME:- It is an assembly of

horizontal and vertical members,


forming an enclosure, to which the

shutters are fixed


IT CONSISTS OF TWO PARTS:-

1. Door frame

2. Door shutter

SHUTERS:-These are the open able


parts of a dooror window.
SOME TECHNICAL TERMS

HEAD:-This is the top or uppermost

horizontal part of frame

REBATE :- It is the depression or recess made

inside the door frame to receive the door shutter.


LOCATION OF DOORS & WINDOWS

The location of door & window should meet functional requirements of


the room.

The door should not be kept in the centre of the wall. The window
should be located in opposite wall, facing a door or another window, to
achieve cross ventilation.

From the point of view of fresh air, a window should be located on the
northern side of of a room.

The sill should be located about 1-6” – 2’-6” about f loor level of
the room or as per Design Details.
DOORS MAILY CLASSIFIED ON THE BASIS OF:-

 Arrangement of components
 Method construction
 Working operations
ON THE BASIS OF ARRANGMENT OF COMPONENTS

This includes different types of doors are:-


1. Battened & ledged doors
2. Battened, ledged and braced doors
3. Battened, ledged and framed doors
4. Battened, ledged,braced and framed doors

5. Panel doors
6. Flush doors
BATTENED & LEDGED DOORS
These doors consist of
vertical boards called
battens which are nailed
or screwed to the
horizontal members,
called ledges.

Often the battens are about


4.5” to 6”wide and ½” to ¾” thick.

Doors made with narrow battens like


these have a better appearance.
BATTENED, LEDGED AND BRACED DOORS

This is a ledged and battened


door to which braces have
been added to provide
support.

These braces must slope


upwards from the hinge edge
of the door, and they are
housed with a screw notch
into the ledges.
BATTENED, LEDGED AND BRACED DOORS

DETAIL DRAWINGS
Battened, Ledged & Framed Doors
TOP LEDGED
It is improved version of battened
and ledged doors with provision
of frame.
BATTENS
Two vertical members known as
styles are provided
STYLE/FRAME

BOTTOM
LEDGED
Battened, Ledged , Braced & framed doors
TOP LEDGED

BATTENS
Same as previous with extra
braces. BRACED

LOCK/MID
LEDGED

STYLE/FRAME

BOTTOM
LEDGED
Framed & Panelled Door

These doors consist of a frame made up of


stiles
(a) Top rail
(b) Bottom rail
c) And sometimes an intermediate rail
(d) into this framework a plywood panel
(e) is fitted. This panel may fit into a
groove or a rebate.
Flush Doors
The flush door with the large scale production
of plywood and face of veneers.

Use of flush door have pleasing


appearance, simple construction high
strength and durability and cost less as
compared with paneled door.

These doors are commonly used in


residential as well as public buildings
It is covered on each side by a sheet of plywood or
veneer
Flush door shutters are manufactured in
standard thickness of 25,30,35 and
40mm
TYPES OF FLUSH DOORS

 SOLID CORE TYPE FLUSH DOORS.

 CELLULAR CORE TYPE FLUSH DOORS

 HOLLOW CORE TYPE FLUSH DOORS


Studio work: Sheet no. - 5

Sheet name: WOODEN DOORS DETAIL- FLUSH

P5: Draw the detail drawings of wooden flush door (Sectional Plan, elevation,
vertical section and sectional elevation.

Next Class : Joinery and fitting (wooden window details (casement)