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TECHNOFLY SOLUTIONS

MAN LESS RAILWAY GATE IMPLEMENTATION USING


MAGNETIC SENSOR

ABSTRACT:

Aim of this project is control the unmanned rail gate automatically using embedded
platform. Today often we see news papers very often about the railway accidents happening
at un-attended railway gates. Present project is designed to avoid such accidents if
implemented in spirit. This project utilizes by powerful magnetic sensor, it is fixed at the side of
the train and direction sensor activation time is so adjusted by calculating the time takenat a
certain speed to cross at least one compartment of standard minimum size of
theIndian railway, normally 5 seconds.

The sensors are fixed at 1000 meters on both sides of the gate, When train cross the
magnetic sensor it gives signal to the gatereceiver to close the gate. The buzzer is
activated to clear the gate area for drivers about 5seconds. Gate motor is turned on in one
direction and gate is closed, and stay closed tilltrain crosses the gate for time delay after
that get activatedmotor turns in opposite direction and gate opens and motor stops .If there is
any problem in the gate means it will operate red signal on both side from the driver
indication.Train arrival and departure sensing can be achieved by means of Relaytechniques.
When the wheels of the train moves over, both tracks are shorted to groundand this
acts as a signal to microcontroller indicating train arrival. RED signalappears for
the road user, once the train cuts the relay sensor placed before the 5Kms before the
gate .A buzzer is made on as a pre cautionary measure for the road users

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Magnetic
Magnetic sensor
Sensor

MICRO

CONTRO
Red led
LLER
RESET
AT89C52

Green led

CRYSTAL
OSCILLAT
Motor Motor
OR
driver

STEP

DOWN BRIDGE FILTER VOLTAGE


REGULATOR
TRANFORMER

Power supply to all sections

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SOFTWARE TOOLS:

1. KEIL
2. ORCAD
3. AVR STUDIO
4. RIDE
5. WILPRO

HARDWARE TOOLS:

1. Micro controller
2. Magnetic sensor
3. Led
4. Power supply
5. Motor driver
6. Motor

ADVANTAGES :

1. avoid man power


2. reducing train accident
3. more economic

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APPLICATIONS:

1. control stations
2. industries

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