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The stages of mine design

The stages of mine design is outlined in a variety of ways throughout the literature. The table below has been
created to encompass the primary and necessary aspects of mine design as it relates to the project and mine
life as a while.

Summary Outline of Stages of Mine Design

PROJECT PROGRESS

IMPLEMENTATI PRODUCTIO
PLANNING PHASE CLOSURE
ON PHASE N PHASE

Operation and Mine Site


TASK Scoping/Conceptua Pre- Design and
Feasibility Ongoing Reclamatio
IDENTIFICATION l Study Feasibility Construction
Maintenance n

Administrative

Draft mine
design Mine design
Based on regional
package Mine design Mine design package package kept as
information check
Project Justification including package made into reality and benchmark and
for any major
realistic approved revised as needed updated as
geotechnical flaws
design needed
parameters Specific
steps for
mine closure
are country-,
Regular and
location, and
as-needed
On-site policy-
visits to
Initial site visit by assessments specifc and
collect
mining company to as needed the main
Meetings and Site additional Permanent on-site Permanent on-
assess site and (may include goal is to
Visits relevant presence site presence
receive existing geotechnical address
information
information investigations, environment
(geological,
etc.) al concerns
geotechnica
l, etc)

Geotechnic Data Further data


Find and study collections by Databasing and
al analysis collection and
Documents and mine documents mining company ongoing data
conducted compilations
Documentation from a similar- staff; Revisions and collection by
by mining by on-site
operating mine further detail added mining staff;
company geological
to documents Ongoing
and/or team and
revisions to
outside external
engineering company pertinent
firm; (geologic documents
Analogues maps,
identified sections, level
between plans, etc.)
similar
mining
operations

Property lease
Review of
and rights
property Property lease,
secured and
list; Claims Property lease, claims list, map
controlled;
Review of property list claims list, map and and mineral
Property Ownership Claims list
lease provided; mineral rights kept rights kept on
and map
Mineral on file and controlled file and
provided;
rights controlled
Mineral rights
known
secured

Detailed map
Preliminary of site
map topographic
Topographic map Topographic
modificatio features;
Basic map of site kept up-to-date with map kept on
Topographic Map n showing Aerial surveys
topography any construction- file for future
more site verified with
induced changes reference
topographic ground
features controls/surve
ys

Maintain up-to-
Preliminary Maintain up-to-date date detailed
Detailed map
map detailed map with all map with all
Basic map of with all claims
Site Map presenting claims, boundaries claims,
property in question and
claims and and site boundaries and
boundaries
boundaries infrastructure site
infrastructure

Exploration and
Geological Model
Development

GEOLOGY

Preliminary review Review of Review of any


of existing existing Review of any regional
Detailed site-
Review of Regional exploration exploration, specific regional changes or changes or new
Data mapping, geological analysis new exploration exploration
geological maps maps and mapping, geological mapping,
and core logs core logs by maps or core logs geological
on-site maps or core
geologists; that may become logs that may
Preliminary available become
site-specific available
analysis

Major
structures Ongoing
Library review, and
defined; geophysical Ongoing
review of
Geophysica sampling; Refine geological updates to
Data Collection geophysical data if
l sampling Enhancement database geological
available (surface
conducted; of geological database
or downhole)
Develop database
database(s)

Geological
teams (mining
and external
Detailed company) Review and
geological review and revise
Preliminary review mapping further geological
Review and revise
of existing maps and enhance maps, sections
Geological Mapping geological maps,
and preliminary associated geological and level plans
& Model sections and level
geologic mapping; cross mapping and as needed;
Development plans; Refine 3D
Initial country rock sections associated Further and
model
model produced; cross sections; ongoing
Initial 3D Enhance 3D refinement of
model model and 3D model
develop long
sections and
level plans

Detailed
geological
Preliminary
assessment of Geological
geological
Basic structures/roc assessment
assessment, Geological
geological k contacts, kept up-to-date
including assessment revisions
Geologic Assessment assessment alteration and
arrangements made made as needed (as
and review mineralization modified/detail
for collecting information changes)
conducted and deposit ed where
geotechnical data
trends and needed
for analysis
review
conducted

Preliminary
Detailed
mineralogic Location-specific
mineralogical Mineralogical
al sampling mineralogical
Mineralogical Limited sampling; sampling and sampling,
and sampling and
Sampling and Preliminary mapping; mapping and
analysis; mapping; Revisions
Analyses assessment Detailed revisions to
Preliminary of mineralogical
mineralogical study as needed
mineralogic study as needed
study
al study
DRILLING,
SAMPLING AND
ASSAYING

Initial infill
drilling of Infill (closely-
wide- spaced)
spaced drilling on a
drilling; detailed grid
Targeted drilling (as
Developme pattern as
Wide spaced needed) to clarify
nt of estimated by
drilling as any uncertainties; Isolated
preliminary calculated
Drill Hole Spacing estimated from Infill drilling (as drilling as
grid patters; reserve
exploration/geologi needed) for sampling needed
Targeted categories;
cal maps and testing for intact
oriented Infill oriented
rock strength
drilling for drilling for
developmen refinement of
t of structural
structural model
model

Detailed Detailed and/or


Review of existing Drilling if Drilling as
Underground Drilling drilling if targeted underground
data accessible needed
accessible drilling

All feasibility
Location-
sampling
Location-specific specific
programs
Preliminary samples taken where samples taken
Geotechnic complete;
sampling; Obtain needed for further where needed
Sampling al sampling; Detailed
outcrop samples refinement of for refining
Test pits sampling from
where available design/construction mine design as
targeted
parameters sequencing
and/or infill
progresses
drilling

Check of
Check of drill As-needed
drill holes
holes check of drill
(coordinates
(coordinates, Ongoing check of holes
, elevations,
elevations, drill holes (coordinates,
angles,
angles, etc.); (coordinates, elevations,
etc.); Check
Check assays, elevations, angles, angles, etc.);
assays,
angled hole etc.); Check assays, Check assays,
Preliminary check angled hole
vs. vertical angled hole vs. angled hole vs.
Drilling/Assay Data of existing drill vs. vertical
hole vertical hole vertical hole
hole data hole
comparison; comparison; Twin comparison;
comparison;
Twin hole hole drilling; Assay Twin hole
Assay flow
drilling; flow diagram and drilling; Assay
diagram
Assay flow refinement of flow diagram
and
diagram and database and
developmen
validation of enhancement
t of
database of database
database
If any
Areas under additional
proposed stuctures
Condemnation location of planned, areas
N/A N/A N/A
Drilling waste dumps, under the
tailings and proposed
plants drilled locations
drilled

Geotechnical

CHARACTERIZATI
ON

Incorporate
Review
regional
analogical
geotechnica
mine design Keep regional
Review of regional l parameters
parameters Keep regional geotechnical
geotechnical data; in pre-
and regional geotechnical data data and
Analogical mine feasibility
Pertinent Regional geotechnical and analogical mine analogical
design cases plans &
Information data to design cases on file mine design
identified for designs;
compare to for comparison and cases on file
comparison and Identify any
updated reference for comparison
benchmarking differences
design for any to actual results
between
differences or
analogical
similarities
cases

Ongoing
Assessment
assessment
and
and
compilation
compilation of
of initial
Geotechnical all new mine- Ongoing
mine-scale Refinement of
Assessment and assessment of scale maintenance of
geotechnica geotechnical
Database Maintenance advanced geotechnical geotechnical
l data; database
exploration data data; database
Establish a
Enhancement
preliminary
to the
geotechnica
geotechnical
l database
database

Index and Laboratory


Use literature laboratory testing on
testing on detailed Sampling and
values Sampling on
sample samples; laboratory
Intact Rock Strength supplemented by infill/targeted
selected Detailed testing
Determination index tests on core drilling and
from assessment completed as
from geological laboratory testing
targeted and required
drilling
mine-scale establishment
drilling; of parameters
Initial for 3D
assessment geotechnical
of model
lithological
domains

Take in-situ
measurements
if significant
No additional data
Supplement load-bearing
collection;
Regional by research structures are
No additional Sensitivity study
Stress Measurement compilations; data from present (pillars,
data collection may be conducted if
World Stress Map nearby etc), or if mine
numerical modelling
mines is deep and
used
stress related
failure is
important

Consider validity of
regional Ongoing
Prepare a Enhancement
3D Geotechnical geotechnical data as Refinement of 3D maintenance
draft of the of the 3D
Model a source for model and updates to
3D model model
parameters in 3D model
model

STRUCTURAL

Collect and review


Structural
aerial photos from Mine-scale Trench Detailed mapping, if
mapping on all
Mapping historical times to outcrop mapping (if needed, in specific
pit benches or
present; Regional mapping applicable) areas of uncertainty
tunnels/adits
outcrop mapping

Database
established
for
Enhancement
structural
of database;
information
Advanced Further
Initial stereographic ; Initial Refined
stereographic refinement of
Stereographic and drafts from outcrop stereographi interpretation of
assessment of fabric data and
Structural Domains mapping c fabric data and
fabric data; structural
parameters assessment structural domains
Confirmation domains
of data;
of structural
Initial
domains
structural
domains
established
Further
Initial 3D Refinement of Refined refinement and
Initial ground
3D Structrual Model structural 3D structural interpretation of 3D ongoing
proofing
model model structural model maintenance to
3D model

MINE DESIGN -
Open Pit,
Underground or
Combination

Preliminary
update of
pit slopes
design Pit slopes
based on defined by
rock type geotechnical
and basic data from
geotechnica structural Pit slope and overall Pit slope and
l data and mapping and design overall design
Pit slopes assumed;
index tests; oriented core altered/updated if altered/updated
Pit Design Draft of final pit
Revisions holes; significant if significant
design
made of Detailed pit construction construction
draft of designs with problems arise problmes arise
final pit phases and
design; access for
Preliminary equipment
haul-road operation
incorporate
Open Pit d into
design

Dump sites
identified
from
Preliminary geotechnical Ensure that
design for data; Final Dump sites waste dumps
total waste waste established and/or stay within
Simple outline of
Waste tonnage; tonnages relocated depending allotted
final dumps and monitoring
Dumps Incremental determined on results of boundaries and
location
and final with condemnation that safety
outline of incremental drilling measrues are
dumps phases; met
Yearly and
final dump
outlined

Preliminary Specific Mining system and


Assumed mining Ensure that
mining mining system detailed outline
Underground Mine system; General detailed design
system identified embodied in detailed
Design outline of mine plan and all aspects
identified from geologic design and
and development of the design
from and construction
optimize mine
geologic geotechnical
and data; Detailed safety and
geotechnica outline of production
l data; mine plan and
Preliminary development
outline of including
mine plan mine access
and
developmen
t including
mine access