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The possible deductions on the employee¶s gross salary after exemptions are taken into account come under Section 16 of the I T Act. These include dues paid as professional tax,
deductions for investing in various tax saving investments like PPF, life insurance premium, pension schemes by life insurers, Mediclaim premium, interest on loans for education, house
rent paid and deductions under Section 80U.

The tax season is here. And if you are an employee you can¶t blame your employer for deducting large chunks of money from your salary towards TDS or tax deducted at source, which
he is legally obliged to do. Also, your bank will deduct some percentage from your FD interest of Rs. 10,000 or more towards TDS! So what is this TDS all about? How is it computed?
Are there any changes this year? Read on.



TDS is one of the many ways to collect tax from tax payers across the country. Actually TDS reduces one¶s taxable income and could even provide tax relief! The TDS collections
account for 40 percent of the total taxes collected in the country. As the name suggests TDS is the amount of tax that is deducted at source in certain types of income. The TDS thus
collected is deposited in the Government treasury within a specified time.

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Some of the types of income where TDS is applicable include salary, interest, rental fee, interest on securities, insurance commission, dividends from shares and UTI/Mutual Funds,
commission and brokerage, prize money won from lotteries, horse races, etc, payments to non-resident sportsmen or sports associations, commission on sale of lottery tickets, fees for
professional and technical services and the like, compensation for compulsory acquisition, income from units of an offshore fund and income from foreign currency bonds or shares of
Indian Companies (unless specified as tax -free) and others.

The process of calculating the TDS involves these steps:

1. Estimate the gross salary paid to the employee for the whole year;

2. Find out and estimate the exemptions if any from the total salary income;

3. Add other income of the employee as disclosed by him like rental income, capital gains etc.

4. Consult employee to calculate deductions, if any, from the salary income;

5. Arrive at the employee¶s net income and calculating the tax on the same;

6. Deduct the tax equally over 12 months of the year;

7. Pay the TDS every month and file e-TDS return every quarter; and finally

8. Ensure the employee is issued with Form 16 (TDS certificate).

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Basically the TDS process saves the employee the time and the hassles of going through the cumbersome procedures involved in filing separate tax papers. On the salary part which is
made up of many components, some monthly and some yearly there is income tax applicability in each component.

              


Basic Many deductions are based on this component including your PF and your employer¶s Taxable
PF contributions. Core part of monthly salary.
Dearness Allowance Paid out monthly to offset the increase in cost of living due to inflation. Taxable
Incentive/Bonus Monthly or yearly depending on the company. Usually paid out to encourage the Taxable
employees.
Conveyance allowance Paid every month to meet expenses related to commuting to office. Up to Rs.800 per month or Rs.9,600 in a year is exempt from tax.
HRA House rent allowance is a percentage of your basic and paid monthly. Tax free subject to certain conditions.
Medical allowance Monthly or yearly pay out to meet medical expenses Fully taxable; however reimbursement upon submission of bills up
to Rs. 15,000 per year is tax free.
LTA/LTC Leave travel allowance/concession is paid once a year to meet traveling expenses for Tax free subject to certain conditions.
you and your family.
Vehicle/telephone/special Paid out monthly to maintain your vehicle/telephone/and any other expenses not Taxable
allowance covered under the above heads.

        

The possible deductions on the employee¶s gross salary after exemptions are taken into account come under Section 16 of the I T Act. These include dues paid as professional tax,
deductions for investing in various tax saving investments like PPF, life insurance premium, pension schemes by life insurers, Mediclaim premium, interest on loans for education, house
rent paid and deductions under Section 80U.

     


In the last budget in 2009, the Government had abolished levying the employer for the fringe benefit tax or simply FBT and instead put it on the hands of the employees. There are some
changes regarding FBTs for instance on housing and Esop or employee stoc k option perquisites. With this change the companies would now have to take into consideration the value of
perquisites in calculating the taxable income of their employees.

This year the Income Tax Department in the country will take a special interest on tax deducted at source or simply TDS. Well, the intention is to turn in maximum collections from this
segment this fiscal year! From the taxpayer¶s perspective starting next fiscal you might shell out more tax if you do not quote the Permanent Account Number (PAN) in transactions
subject to TDS.