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1.

Perhitungan Densitas
M picno = 20,97
M picno + air = 51,
Vol picno = 25 ml
�= (( 𝑀 𝑝𝑖𝑐𝑛𝑜+𝑎𝑖𝑟)+(𝑀 𝑝𝑖𝑐𝑛𝑜))/(𝑉𝑜𝑙 𝑃𝑖𝑐𝑛𝑜)= (51,65 −20,97)/25=1,22 𝑔𝑟/𝑚𝑙

Flowrate (ml/s) Densitas (gr/ml)


2
1,8 1,22
1,6 1,14
1,3 1,20

2. Perhitungan Flowrate dan Waktu tinggal


Vol Kristaliser = 5500 ml
Flowwrate = 1,8 ml/s
𝑊𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑢 𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑔𝑔𝑎𝑙= (𝑉𝑜𝑙 𝐾𝑟𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙𝑖𝑠𝑒𝑟)/𝐹𝑙𝑜𝑤𝑟𝑎𝑡𝑒= (5500 𝑚𝑙)/(1,8 𝑚𝑙 /𝑠)=3055,5 𝑠

Waktu tinggal (×3)


30055,5 s × 3 = 9116,55 s -> 2 jam 32 menit

Flowrate (ml/s) Vol Kristaliser (ml) Waktu Tinggal


2 5,500
1,8 5,500 2 jam 32 menit
1,6 5,500 2 jam 50 menit
1,3 5,500 3 jam 52 menit

3. Perhitungan ∆c (supersaturasi)
T saturator = 55°C Nilai c saat 55°C = 20,875
T Kristaliser = 40°C Nilai c saat 40°C = 11,70

Flowrate (ml/s) T saturator tank (°C) T kristaliser tank (°C) C saturator tank (gr/100 gr air)
2 55°C
1,8 55°C 40°C 20,875
1,6 55°C 30°C 20,876
1,3 55°C 39°C 20,877

4. Perhitungan produk teoritis


∆c = 9,175 gr/ 100 gr air ρ = 1,22 gr/ml
Flowrate = 1,8 ml/s Waktu pengambilan = 1200 s

W teoritis = ∆c × flowtrate × waktu pengambilan × ρ --> 9,175 gr/100 gr air × 1,8 ml/s × 1200 × 1,22 gr/ml
W teoritis = 241,779 gr

Flowrate (ml/s) ∆c (gr/100 gr air) Waktu pengambilan (s) Densitas (gr/ml)


2 1200
1,8 9,175 1200 1,220
1,6 12,485 1200 1,14
1,3 9,506 1200 1,202

5. Perhitungan % eror
W praktis = 344,40 gr
W teoritis = 241,779 gr

% 𝐸𝑟𝑟𝑜𝑟= |(𝑊 𝑡𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑠 −𝑊𝑝𝑟𝑎𝑘𝑡𝑖𝑠)/(𝑊 𝑡𝑒𝑜𝑟𝑖𝑡𝑖𝑠)| ×100 %= |(241,779 −344,40)/241,779| ×100 %

% Error = 42 %

Flowrate (ml/s) W teoritis (gr) W praktis (gr) % Error


2 1200
1,8 241,779 1200 42
1,6 274,532 1200 17,64
1,3 178,348 1200 111,876

Berat crystal tiap tray

W crystalizer (gr)
Tray Screen (mm) D rata - rata (mm)
2,0 ml/s 1,8 ml/s
1 >0,6 0,8485 117,5 85,36
2 0,6-0,425 0,5125 125,6 79,88
3 0,425-0,25 0,3375 75,7 120,30
4 0,25-0,15 0,200 34,6 50,32
5 <0,15 0,015 11,3 8,54

Perhitungan jumlah crystal (N)


ρ = 1,22 (gr/ml)

�= (𝑊 𝑐𝑟𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙 (𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑦))/(4/3×𝜋×𝑟^3×�)

Tray 1
W cyrstal = 85,36 gr
r = 0,424 mm -> 0,0424 cm
= (𝑊 𝑐𝑟𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙 (𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑦))/(4/3×𝜋×𝑟^3×�)= 85,36/(4/3×3,14× 〖 0,0424 〗 ^3×1,22)=219.793
ln N = 12, 3

Tray 2
W cyrstal = 79,88 gr
r = 0,256 mm -> 0,0256 cm
(𝑊 𝑐𝑟𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙 (𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑦))/(4/3×𝜋×𝑟^3×�)= 79,88/(4/3×3,14× 〖 0,0256 〗 ^3×1,22)=935,362
ln N = 13,74

Tray 3
W cyrstal = 120,30 gr
r = 0,168 mm -> 0,0168 cm
(𝑊 𝑐𝑟𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙 (𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑦))/(4/3×𝜋×𝑟^3×�)= 120,30/(4/3×3,14× 〖 0,0168 〗 ^3×1,22)=4.980.453,14
(𝑊 𝑐𝑟𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙 (𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑦))/(4/3×𝜋×𝑟^3×�)= 120,30/(4/3×3,14× 〖 0,0168 〗 ^3×1,22)=4.980.453,14
ln N = 15,42

Tray 4
W cyrstal = 50,32 gr
r = 0,1 mm -> 0,01 cm
(𝑊 𝑐𝑟𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙 (𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑦))/(4/3×𝜋×𝑟^3×�)= 50,32/(4/3×3,14× 〖 0,01 〗 ^3×1,22)=9.876.419,14
ln N = 16,10

Tray 5
W cyrstal = 8,54 gr
r = 0,0325 mm -> 0,00325 cm
= (𝑊 𝑐𝑟𝑦𝑠𝑡𝑎𝑙 (𝑡𝑟𝑎𝑦))/(4/3×𝜋×𝑟^3×�)= 8,54/(4/3×3,14× 〖 0,00325 〗 ^3×1,22)=48.827.745,02
ln N = 17,7

Jumlah kristal (N)


Jari - jari
2,0 ml/s 1,8 ml/s 1,6 ml/s 1,3 ml/s
1 219.793 227,37 271,447
2 935.362 343,537 865,541
3 4.980.453,1 5,334,419 3654,23
4 9.876.419,14 178,110,361 1,867,309
5 48.827.745,02 166,106 4,718,156

Jumlah kristal (ln N)


Jari - jari
2,0 ml/s 1,8 ml/s 1,6 ml/s 1,3 ml/s
1 12,3 5,42 5,603
2 13,74 5,83 6,763
3 15,42 5,58 8,203
4 16,10 9,78 7,532
5 17,7 2,81 10,761
C saturator tank (gr/100 gr air) ∆c (gr/100 gr air)

11,70 9.175
8,39 13,485
3 jam 52 menit 9,506

W teoritis (gr)

241,779
274,532
178,348

W crystalizer (gr)
W teoritis (gr)
1,6 ml/s 1,3 ml/s
110,31 110,131
73,07 73,07 241,779
87,97 87,97
93,96 93,96 178,348
12,52 12,51