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LAPORAN

PRAKTIK KERJA LAPANGAN (PKL)

SISTEM PENYUPLAI BATU BARA MENUJU BOILER


UNIT 7 & 8 PT. POMI PAITON UNIT 7 & 8

Laporan Praktik Kerja Lapangan Ini Disusun untuk Memenuhi Ketentuan Untuk Memenuhi
Kurikulum Jurusan Teknik Mesin Politeknik Negeri Malang

Oleh :
Salman Al Farizi
NIM. 1631210222

JURUSAN TEKNIK MESIN


POLITEKNIK NEGERI MALANG
2019
LEMBAR PENGESAHAN
LAPORAN PRAKTIK KERJA LAPANGAN
DI PT. POMI PAITON

Disusun oleh :
Nama : Salman Al Farizi
Nim : 1631210222
Jurusan : D-III Teknik Mesin
Judul : Sistem Penyuplaian batu bara dari tongkang menuju
Boiler di PT. POMI Paiton unit 7 & 8.
Konsentrasi : Maintenance

Probolinggo, 28 Februari 2018


Mengesahkan, Menyetujui,
CHR Manager, Pembimbing Prakerin,

Bambang Jiwantoro Agung Suartika

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LEMBAR PENGESAHAN
LAPORAN PRAKTIK KERJA LAPANGAN
DI PT. POMI PAITON

Disusun oleh :
Nama : Salman Al Farizi
Nim : 1631210222
Jurusan : D-III Teknik Mesin
Judul : Sistem Penyuplaian batu bara dari tongkang menuju
Boiler di PT. POMI Paiton unit 7 & 8.
Konsentrasi : Maintenance

Menyetujui, Malang, 08 Maret 2018


Dosen Pembimbing, Mahasiswa

Muhammad Akhlis Rizza, ST., MT Salman Al Farizi


NIP.19761103 200501 1 001 NIM. 1631210222

Mengesahkan,
Ketua Jurusan, Ketua Program Studi,

Ir. Kasijanto, MT Ir. Subagio, MMT.,M.T.


NIP. 19580815 199003 1 001 NIP. 19601125 98903 1 001

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KATA PENGHANTAR
Dengan mengucap puji syukur kehadirat Allah SWT. karena atas limpahan rahmat,
karunia dan hidayah-Nya penulis dapat menyelesaikan penulisan laporan kerja praktek di PT.
Paiton Operation & Maintenance Indonesia (POMI).
Kerja praktek ini merupakan salah satu bentuk aplikasi dari teori yang telah didapatkan
di bangku kuliah yang selanjutnya diharapkan dapat menjadi bekal ilmu yang bermanfaat di
dunia kerja. Laporan kerja praktek ini disusun sebagai salah satu syarat mata kuliah Kerja
Praktek pada jurusan Teknik Mesin POLITEKNIK NEGERI MALANG.
Penulisan laporan kerja praktek ini tidak lepas dari bantuan, bimbingan, dan motivasi
yang kuat dari berbagai pihak. Oleh karena itu penulis mengucapkan terima kasih yang
sebesar-besarnya kepada :
1. Kedua orang tua kami yang senantiasa tiada henti memberikan dukungan baik moril
maupun finansial selama mengikuti kegiatan Praktik Kerja Lapangan ini.
2. Bapak Drs. Awan Setiawan, M.MT, MM selaku direktur Politeknik Negeri Malang
3. Bapak Ir. Kasijanto, M.T. selaku ketua Jurusan Teknik Mesin Politeknik Negeri
Malang
4. Bapak Ir. Subagio, MMT., M.T. selaku Ketua Program Studi Jurusan Teknik Politeknik
Negeri Malang
5. Ibu Lisa Agustriyana, ST., MT selaku Koordinator Praktik Kerja Lapangan
6. Muhammad Akhlis Rizza, ST., MT, selaku dosen Pembimbing Praktik Kerja
Lapangan
7. Bapak Bambang Jiwantoro, selaku CHR Manager PT POMI Paiton
8. Bapak Agung Suartika, selaku pemimbing lapangan.
9. Noer Cholifah yang menjadi rekan saya selama Praktik Kerja Lapangan.
10. Seluruh karyawan PT POMI Paiton atas dukungannya

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Akhir kata, semoga dengan adanya laporan praktik kerja lapangan ini bisa memberikan
manfaat kepada pembaca khususnya penulis. Penulis menyadari dalam laporan ini masih
banyak kekurangan, penulis mengharapkan kritik yang membangun demi kesempurnaan
penulis laporan berikutnya.

Malang, 08 Maret 2019

Penulis

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DAFTAR ISI

HALAMAN JUDUL ............................................................................................................i


PENGESAHAN PERUSAHAAN .......................................................................................ii
PENGESAHAN POLITEKNIK .........................................................................................iii
KATA PENGHANTAR .................................................................................................... iv
DAFTAR ISI........................................................................................................................ x
DAFTAR GAMBAR ........................................................................................................... xi
BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang ......................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah .................................................................................................... 2
1.3 Batasan Masalah ....................................................................................................... 2
1.4 Tujuan ...................................................................................................................... 2
1.4.1 Tujuan Umum .................................................................................................. 3
1.4.2 Tujuan Khusus ................................................................................................ 4
1.5 Tempat dan Waktu Pelaksanaan ................................................................................ 4
BAB II GAMBARAN UMUM PERUSAHAAN
2.1 Sejarah PT. POMI ...................................................................................................... 6
2.2 Pemegang Saham PT. Paiton Energi ......................................................................... 9
2.3 Struktur Organisasi PT. POMI .................................................................................. 10
2.3.1 Struktur General Umum PT. POMI ................................................................. 10
2.4 Personalia Perusahaan .............................................................................................. 11
2.5 Uraian Tugas ............................................................................................................ 11
2.6 Lokasi dan Tata Letak PLTU Paiton Unit 7 & 8 ..................................................... 15
2.7 Fire Health and Safety Section ................................................................................ 16
2.7.1 Health and Safety Program ............................................................................. 16
2.7.2 Health and Safety Performance ...................................................................... 17
2.7.3 Fire Program .................................................................................................. 17
2.8 Kesejahteraan Karyawan .......................................................................................... 17
2.8.1 Kesejahteraan Sosial dan Fasilitas Karyawan ................................................. 17
2.8.2 JAMSOSTEK (Jaminan Sosial Tenaga Kerja) ............................................... 18
2.8.3 Asuransi Pengobatan & Kesehatan ................................................................. 18
2.8.4 Personal Accident and Terms Life Insurance ................................................. 19
2.8.5 Perumahasan Perusahaan .............................................................................. 19

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2.9 Visi dan Misi PT. POMI ......................................................................................... 19
2.9.1 Mission (Misi) ............................................................................................... 19
2.9.2 Vision (Visi) .................................................................................................. 20
BAB III PROSES KERJA PEMBANGKIT PLTU
3.1 Deskripsi Umum .................................................................................................... 21
3.2 Bahan Bakar ........................................................................................................... 22
3.3 Water System .......................................................................................................... 22
3.4 Peralatan PLTU ....................................................................................................... 25
3.4.1 Condenser, Make Up Water, dan Vacum Pump ........................................... 25
3.4.2 Polisher .......................................................................................................... 26
3.4.3 Circulating Water Pump (CWP) ................................................................... 28
3.4.4 Feed Water Heater ......................................................................................... 28
3.4.5 Dearator ........................................................................................................ 29
3.4.6 Boiler ............................................................................................................. 30
3.4.7 High Pressure Turbine .................................................................................. 35
3.4.8 Reheater ........................................................................................................ 36
3.4.9 Intermediate Pressure Turbin and Pressure Turbine ................................... 37
3.4.10 Generator ..................................................................................................... 38
BAB IV PEMBAHASAN
4.1 Proses Penyupalain Batubara (Coal) ........................................................................... 40
4.1.1 Proses Coal Handling ................................................................................... 40
4.1.1.1 Stacking ............................................................................................ 41
4.1.1.2 Reclaming ......................................................................................... 41
4.1.1.3 Jetty ................................................................................................... 41
4.1.1.4 Belt Conveyor ................................................................................... 42
4.1.1.5 Stacker/Reclamer .............................................................................. 43
4.1.1.6 Coal Silo ........................................................................................... 44
4.1.1.7 Crusher ............................................................................................. 45
4.1.1.8 Tripper Conveyor ............................................................................. 46
4.1.1.9 Silo .................................................................................................... 46
4.1.2 Proses Coal burning ...................................................................................... 47
4.1.2.1 Coal Feeder ...................................................................................... 47
4.1.2.2 Pulverizer .......................................................................................... 50
4.1.2.3 Burner ............................................................................................... 51

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4.1.2.4 Boiler ................................................................................................ 52
BAB V PENUTUP
5.1 Saran ....................................................................................................................... 56
5.2 Penutup ................................................................................................................... 57
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Project Structure ........................................................................................... 9


Gambar 2.2 Pemegang Saham PT. Paiton Energy ............................................................ 9
Gambar 2.3 Struktur general umum PT. POMI ................................................................ 10
Gambar 3.1 Proses alir PLTU Paiton unit 7 dan 8 ........................................................... 21
Gambar 3.2 Tangki Pre Treated ........................................................................................ 24
Gambar 3.3 Sea Water Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) ........................................................... 24
Gambar 3.4 Demineral Water Reverse Osmosis (DWRO) ................................................ 25
Gambar 3.5 Polisher ......................................................................................................... 27
Gambar 3.6 Circulating Water Pump ............................................................................... 28
Gambar 3.7 Feed Water Heater ......................................................................................... 29
Gambar 3.8 Dearator ........................................................................................................ 30
Gambar 3.9 Boiler ............................................................................................................ 31
Gambar 3.10 Boiler Feed Pump ........................................................................................ 32
Gambar 3.11 Boiler Steam Drum ..................................................................................... 23
Gambar 3.12 High Pressure Turbine ............................................................................... 36
Gambar 3.13 Reheat Pressure Turbin .............................................................................. 38
Gambar 3.14 Low Pressure Turbin .................................................................................. 38
Gambar 3.15 Generator ................................................................................................... 39
Gambar 4.1 Proses Coal System ...................................................................................... 39
Gambar 4.2 Proses Coal Handling .................................................................................. 40
Gambar 4.3 Stacking ........................................................................................................ 41
Gambar 4.4 Jetty ............................................................................................................... 42
Gambar 4.5 Conveyor ....................................................................................................... 43
Gambar 4.6 Transfer House ............................................................................................. 43
Gambar 4.7 Stacker/Reclamer .......................................................................................... 44
Gambar 4.8 Coal Pile ....................................................................................................... 45
Gambar 4.9 Tripper Conveyor ......................................................................................... 46
Gambar 4.10 Silo .............................................................................................................. 46
Gambar 4.11 Proses Coal Burning ................................................................................... 47
Gambar 4.12 Belt Scale .................................................................................................... 48
Gambar 4.13 Kalibrasi Coal Feeder ................................................................................ 49
Gambar 4.14 Speed Sensor ............................................................................................... 49

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Gambar 4.15 Integrator .................................................................................................... 49
Gambar 4.16 Coal Feeder ................................................................................................ 50
Gambar 4.17 Pulverizer ................................................................................................... 51
Gambar 4.12 Proses Pembakaran ...................................................................................... 52

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DAFTAR TABEL
Tabel 2.1 Besar iuran bulanan untuk jamsostek ..................................................................... 18

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