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# DESIGN OF BEAM 1

Grade of Steel (For Main bar) 415

L B D d

## Diameter of Bar (mm) 6 8 10 12

Area of Bar ( mm2 ) 28.27 50.26 78.53 113.097

Unit
Factored BM KNm 986.5034974
Nmm 986503497

## Limiting Moment of Resistance (Mu, lim)

Fe 415 Fe 500
M20 2.76 bd2 2.66 bd2
M25 3.45 bd2 3.33 bd2

## Formula Unit Value

Mu,lim 2.76 bd2 Nmm 165111480 165.11148

If
Singly
Mu < Mu,lim 0
Reinforced Beam

## factoredBM Dobly Reinforced

Mu > Mu,lim 1
At  Beam
0.87 y ( d  0.42 xm )
Singly Reinforced Beam

## Formulae BM Unit Value Remark

At 
288  d
mm2 6710.278968
or

mm2 6716.390913
0.36   ck  b  xm
At1 
0.87   y

## Formulae  sc Unit Value

Tension Steel = At1

## Asc mm2 1122.805152

M  M lim  ( sc Asc   cc Asc )(d  d )

CompressionSteel
338.88

 sc Asc
At 2 
0.87 y
5132.718476
At  At1  At 2

## Corresponding Tension steel = At2

4817.547811

5940.352963
Vu ,max
 c ,max v 
100bd At
 compare τ c and τ v
bd
Shear Reinforcement
c

 c
Formula v  unit Value Remark
Shear Force at l / f2yAsvX
l / 2 0.87
 v  (Vu)
support c Vsvus  Vu  Vuc 101.32
b  0.4 101320

 
Nominal Shear 0.87. f y . Asv d
v
Stress c sv  0.863768116
Vus
2.8
Percentage of
5.725823456
Change
tension steel Ast
Shear strength of
0.85
concrete (from table)
l/2 3.115

X distance 0.049651846

change only
Minimum Reinf. 221.8887717 Asvif four leg
used

Vus 1615

## For 6mm dia For 8mm Dia

change only
Design for
3883.405263158 11460.86716 Asvif four leg
Shear Reinf.
used
Change Value

d' d' / d
calculations

## 25 0.04902 load from slab ρD FFL LL

43.33 1 3
16 20 25 32 self weight ρBwD = 2.01
201.06 314.15 490.87 804.24 Ly/Lx 1.15

## factored bending moment

factored shear force

Min - 2-12HT

y

## Maximum Depth of neutral axis

Xm
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
 sc

Steel 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
415 355 353 342 329
500 424 412 395 370

Asv f y
 c  use Sv 
v b  0.4

l
compare τ c and τ v 2

x
Table 19 (IS 456)

## 100 Ast / Concrete Grade

bd
M40 and
M15 M20 M25 M30 M35
above
<0.15 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.3
0.25 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38
0.5 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.5 0.5 0.51
0.75 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.6
1 0.6 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.67 0.68
1.25 0.64 0.67 0.7 0.71 0.73 0.74
1.5 0.68 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.79
1.75 0.71 0.75 0.78 0.8 0.82 0.84
2 0.71 0.79 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88
2.25 0.71 0.81 0.85 0.88 0.9 0.92
2.5 0.71 0.82 0.88 0.91 0.93 0.95
2.75 0.71 0.82 0.9 0.94 0.96 0.98
3 and
0.71 0.82 0.92 0.96 0.99 1.01
above
tranferred tranferred
from slab from slab
1 2
w short span 9.014
47.33 long span 110.2728

## bending moment 986.5035

633.3891

`
A.K. Jain = Pg. No. 123, 141

DESIGN OF BEAM

Grade of Concrete 20 25 30 35

L B D d
Dimension Of Beam 6.23 230 550 510

## Diameter of Bar (mm) 6 8 10 12

Area of Bar ( mm2 ) 28.27 50.26 78.53 113.097

Unit Value
Factored BM Nmm 167000000

## Limiting Moment of Resistance (Mu, lim)

Fe 415 Fe 500
M20 2.76 bd2 2.66 bd2
M25 3.45 bd2 3.33 bd2

## Formula Unit Value

Mu,lim 2.76 bd2 Nmm 165111480 165.11148

If
Singly
Mu < Mu,lim 0
Reinforced Beam

Dobly Reinforced
Mu > Mu,lim 1
Beam

Assume d /b =2

## Formulae Unit Value Remark

factoredBM
At  mm2 1135.947912
0.87 y ( d  0.42 xm )
or

mm2 1136.982571
BM
At 
288  d

Area of top
Reinf
Bottom Reinforcement 1206
Top Continuous Bar = 50% of Bottom steel 603
50% Bottom Reinforcement 603

## Formulae Unit Value

Tension Steel = At1

0.36   ck  b  xm
At1  mm2 1122.805152
0.87   y

CompressionSteel
354
 sc

Asc
M  M lim  ( sc Asc   cc Asc )(d  d ) 11.64404677

## Corresponding Tension steel = At2

 sc Asc 11.41668067
At 2 
0.87 y

At  At1  At 2 1134.221832

Area
Bottom Reinforcement 1206
Top Reinforcement 418
Top Continuous Bar = 50% of Bottom steel 603
50% Bottom Reinforcement 603
Check ( A.K.Goel = pg. 450)

Value
Maximum Tension
0.04bD
Steel
Maximum tension steel >At ok

Shear Reinforcement

## Value( For Value( For

Formula unit Remark
singly) Doubly)
Shear Force at
399000 399000
support (Vu)

## Nominal Shear Vu ,max

Stress v  3.401534527 3.401534527
bd
 c ,max 2.8 2.8

Percentage of 100 At
0.514066496 0.514066496
tension steel
bd
Shear strength of
concrete (from table) c 0.43 0.54

## l/2 3.115 3.115

v c
X distance  -2.721221842 -2.620487895
l /2 l /2 X
Asv f y change only
v  c sv  Asv
b  0.4
Vus Vus  Vu   c bd 348561 335658

## v  c 0.87. f y . Asv d change only

sv  82.97061814
Asv
124.0856625
Vus
No of bar at Face of
Support

## Provide No spacing Dia

At face of support -32.7974155558 6
At middle part 200 6
Change Value

40

d' d' / d
40 0.078431

16 20 25 32
201.06 314.15 490.87 804.24

## Maximum Depth of neutral axis

y Xm
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
 sc

Steel 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
415 355 353 342 329
500 424 412 395 370
Asv f y
 c  use S v 
b  0.4

v

l
2

## Table 19 Design shear strength of concrete

100 Ast /
bd M40 and
M15 M20 M25 M30 M35
above
<0.15 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.3
0.25 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38
0.5 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.5 0.5 0.51
0.75 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.6
1 0.6 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.67 0.68
1.25 0.64 0.67 0.7 0.71 0.73 0.74
1.5 0.68 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.79
1.75 0.71 0.75 0.78 0.8 0.82 0.84
2 0.71 0.79 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88
2.25 0.71 0.81 0.85 0.88 0.9 0.92
2.5 0.71 0.82 0.88 0.91 0.93 0.95
2.75 0.71 0.82 0.9 0.94 0.96 0.98
3 and
0.71 0.82 0.92 0.96 0.99 1.01
above
Tie Beam Criteria

## Upto 10' (3.048m) 230 X 380 2-12HT 2-10HT 6HT@200C/C 2-12HT

10' TO 15' (3.048m TO 4.57m) 230 X 450 2-12HT 2-10HT 6HT@200C/C 2-12HT

15' TO 20' (4.57m TO 6.09m) 230 X 450 2-12HT+1-10 2-10HT 6HT@200C/C 2-12HT
end

1-12HT T1

1-12HT T2

1-12HT T3