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DESIGN OF BEAM 1

Selected Grade

Grade of Concrete 20
Grade of Steel (For Main bar) 415

L B D d

Dimension Of Beam 6.23 230 550 510

Diameter of Bar (mm) 6 8 10 12


Area of Bar ( mm2 ) 28.27 50.26 78.53 113.097

Unit
Factored BM KNm 986.5034974
Nmm 986503497

Limiting Moment of Resistance (Mu, lim)

Fe 415 Fe 500
M20 2.76 bd2 2.66 bd2
M25 3.45 bd2 3.33 bd2

Formula Unit Value


Mu,lim 2.76 bd2 Nmm 165111480 165.11148

If
Singly
Mu < Mu,lim 0
Reinforced Beam

factoredBM Dobly Reinforced


Mu > Mu,lim 1
At  Beam
0.87 y ( d  0.42 xm )
Singly Reinforced Beam

Formulae BM Unit Value Remark


At 
288  d
mm2 6710.278968
or

mm2 6716.390913
0.36   ck  b  xm
At1 
0.87   y

Doubly Reinforced Beam

Formulae  sc Unit Value


Tension Steel = At1

Asc mm2 1122.805152


M  M lim  ( sc Asc   cc Asc )(d  d )

CompressionSteel
338.88

 sc Asc
At 2 
0.87 y
5132.718476
At  At1  At 2

Corresponding Tension steel = At2

4817.547811

5940.352963
Vu ,max
 c ,max v 
100bd At
 compare τ c and τ v
bd
Shear Reinforcement
c

 c
Formula v  unit Value Remark
Shear Force at l / f2yAsvX
l / 2 0.87
 v  (Vu)
support c Vsvus  Vu  Vuc 101.32
b  0.4 101320

 
Nominal Shear 0.87. f y . Asv d
v
Stress c sv  0.863768116
Vus
2.8
Percentage of
5.725823456
Change
tension steel Ast
Shear strength of
0.85
concrete (from table)
l/2 3.115

X distance 0.049651846

change only
Minimum Reinf. 221.8887717 Asvif four leg
used

Vus 1615

For 6mm dia For 8mm Dia

change only
Design for
3883.405263158 11460.86716 Asvif four leg
Shear Reinf.
used
Change Value
Answer

loading
d' d' / d
calculations

25 0.04902 load from slab ρD FFL LL


43.33 1 3
wall load ρBwh = 14.26
16 20 25 32 self weight ρBwD = 2.01
201.06 314.15 490.87 804.24 Ly/Lx 1.15

factored bending moment


factored shear force

Min - 2-12HT

y

Maximum Depth of neutral axis

Xm
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
 sc

Grade of d' / d
Steel 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
415 355 353 342 329
500 424 412 395 370

Asv f y
 c  use Sv 
v b  0.4

l
compare τ c and τ v 2

x
Table 19 (IS 456)

Table 19 Design shear strength of concrete

100 Ast / Concrete Grade


bd
M40 and
M15 M20 M25 M30 M35
above
<0.15 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.3
0.25 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38
0.5 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.5 0.5 0.51
0.75 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.6
1 0.6 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.67 0.68
1.25 0.64 0.67 0.7 0.71 0.73 0.74
1.5 0.68 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.79
1.75 0.71 0.75 0.78 0.8 0.82 0.84
2 0.71 0.79 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88
2.25 0.71 0.81 0.85 0.88 0.9 0.92
2.5 0.71 0.82 0.88 0.91 0.93 0.95
2.75 0.71 0.82 0.9 0.94 0.96 0.98
3 and
0.71 0.82 0.92 0.96 0.99 1.01
above
load load
tranferred tranferred
from slab from slab
1 2
w short span 9.014
47.33 long span 110.2728

total load on beam 135.5568

bending moment 986.5035


633.3891

`
A.K. Jain = Pg. No. 123, 141

DESIGN OF BEAM

Grade of Concrete 20 25 30 35
Grade of Steel 415 500

L B D d
Dimension Of Beam 6.23 230 550 510

Diameter of Bar (mm) 6 8 10 12


Area of Bar ( mm2 ) 28.27 50.26 78.53 113.097

Unit Value
Total Load
Factored Load
Factored BM Nmm 167000000

Limiting Moment of Resistance (Mu, lim)

Fe 415 Fe 500
M20 2.76 bd2 2.66 bd2
M25 3.45 bd2 3.33 bd2

Formula Unit Value


Mu,lim 2.76 bd2 Nmm 165111480 165.11148

If
Singly
Mu < Mu,lim 0
Reinforced Beam

Dobly Reinforced
Mu > Mu,lim 1
Beam

From Mu,lim Formula, Find Required Depth


Assume d /b =2

Singly Reinforced Beam

Formulae Unit Value Remark

factoredBM
At  mm2 1135.947912
0.87 y ( d  0.42 xm )
or

mm2 1136.982571
BM
At 
288  d

Area of top
Reinf
Bottom Reinforcement 1206
Top Continuous Bar = 50% of Bottom steel 603
50% Bottom Reinforcement 603

Doubly Reinforced Beam

Formulae Unit Value


Tension Steel = At1

0.36   ck  b  xm
At1  mm2 1122.805152
0.87   y

CompressionSteel
354
 sc

Asc
M  M lim  ( sc Asc   cc Asc )(d  d ) 11.64404677

Corresponding Tension steel = At2

 sc Asc 11.41668067
At 2 
0.87 y

At  At1  At 2 1134.221832

Area
Bottom Reinforcement 1206
Top Reinforcement 418
Top Continuous Bar = 50% of Bottom steel 603
50% Bottom Reinforcement 603
Check ( A.K.Goel = pg. 450)

Value
Maximum Tension
0.04bD
Steel
Maximum tension steel >At ok

Shear Reinforcement

Value( For Value( For


Formula unit Remark
singly) Doubly)
Shear Force at
399000 399000
support (Vu)

Nominal Shear Vu ,max


Stress v  3.401534527 3.401534527
bd
 c ,max 2.8 2.8

Percentage of 100 At
0.514066496 0.514066496
tension steel
bd
Shear strength of
concrete (from table) c 0.43 0.54

l/2 3.115 3.115


v c
X distance  -2.721221842 -2.620487895
l /2 l /2 X
Asv f y change only
v  c sv  Asv
b  0.4
Vus Vus  Vu   c bd 348561 335658

v  c 0.87. f y . Asv d change only


sv  82.97061814
Asv
124.0856625
Vus
No of bar at Face of
Support

For Cantilever Beam maximum spacing = 150 c/c

Provide No spacing Dia


At face of support -32.7974155558 6
At middle part 200 6
Change Value

40

d' d' / d
40 0.078431

16 20 25 32
201.06 314.15 490.87 804.24

Maximum Depth of neutral axis

y Xm
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
 sc

Grade of d' / d
Steel 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
415 355 353 342 329
500 424 412 395 370
Asv f y
 c  use S v 
b  0.4

v

l
2

Table 19 (IS 456)

Table 19 Design shear strength of concrete

Concrete Grade
100 Ast /
bd M40 and
M15 M20 M25 M30 M35
above
<0.15 0.28 0.28 0.29 0.29 0.29 0.3
0.25 0.35 0.36 0.36 0.37 0.37 0.38
0.5 0.46 0.48 0.49 0.5 0.5 0.51
0.75 0.54 0.56 0.57 0.59 0.59 0.6
1 0.6 0.62 0.64 0.66 0.67 0.68
1.25 0.64 0.67 0.7 0.71 0.73 0.74
1.5 0.68 0.72 0.74 0.76 0.78 0.79
1.75 0.71 0.75 0.78 0.8 0.82 0.84
2 0.71 0.79 0.82 0.84 0.86 0.88
2.25 0.71 0.81 0.85 0.88 0.9 0.92
2.5 0.71 0.82 0.88 0.91 0.93 0.95
2.75 0.71 0.82 0.9 0.94 0.96 0.98
3 and
0.71 0.82 0.92 0.96 0.99 1.01
above
Tie Beam Criteria

Length Dimensions Bottom steel Top Steel Stirrups continuous

Upto 10' (3.048m) 230 X 380 2-12HT 2-10HT 6HT@200C/C 2-12HT

10' TO 15' (3.048m TO 4.57m) 230 X 450 2-12HT 2-10HT 6HT@200C/C 2-12HT

15' TO 20' (4.57m TO 6.09m) 230 X 450 2-12HT+1-10 2-10HT 6HT@200C/C 2-12HT
end

1-12HT T1

1-12HT T2

1-12HT T3