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Module
49

MATH
COMPUTING COMMON PERCENTAGE
PROBLEMS MENTALLY

A DepEd-BEAM Distance Learning Program supported by the Australian Agency for International Development
To the Learner

Good day to you! How are you today? I’m glad that you are better
than yesterday. Today, let’s try to solve common percentage problems
without using your pens and papers. In other words, we will solve them
mentally.

Let’s Learn This

In the previous module, you learned how to solve or find the


percentage when the rate and base are given. This module focuses on
how to compute common percentage problems mentally.

Let’s Try This

Find the percentage.

1. 20% of 80 =
2. 10% of 50 =
3. 60% of 40 =
4. 80% of 60 =
5. 30% of 80 =

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Let’s Study This

Observe properly how to compute percentage mentally.

Examples:

1. Joselito got 80% of 60 items correct in a mathematics test. How


many correct items did he get?

Study this carefully.

80% = .80
.80 x 60 = 48.00

N = 48

Use the formula, P = B x R. Convert percent to decimal. Proceed to


multiplication. Use cancellation if needed.

2. What is 90% of 80?

90% = .90
.90 x80 = 72.00

N = 72

Note: You can simply multiply the non-zero digits in the factor. In
example number 2, the non-zero digits are 9 and 8. So if we will get
the product of 9 and 8, the answer is 72.

Can you now solve some exercises on your own? Try the next items.

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Let’s Do This

Compute mentally.

1. 10% of 80 =

2. 90% of 40 =

3. 20% of 10 =

4. 50% of 90 =

5. 30% of 70 =

Let’s Do More

Compute mentally.

1. 15% of 100 =

2. 20% of 30 =

3. 10% of 70 =

4. 30% of 90 =

5. 40% of 80 =

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Let’s Remember This

 When computing percentage problems mentally, use the


formula P = B x R. Convert the percent to decimal. Proceed to
multiplication. Use cancellation if needed.

Let’s Test Ourselves

Compute mentally.

1. 20% of 100 =
2. 40% of 90 =
3. 25% of 200 =
4. 60% of 500 =
5. 80% of 300 =
6. 60% of 300 =
7. 30% of 90 =
8. 70% of 70 =
9. 40% of 400 =
10. 50% of 20 =

Were you able to solve mentally? What is your


score? Check your answer from the answer key given.

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Let’s Consider This

What’s your score?

 If your score is 8-10, Perfect! You can now proceed to


the next module.
 If your score is 5-7, answer the “Let’s Enrich Ourselves.”
 If your score is below 5, review and study again the
whole module.

Let’s Enrich
Ourselves

Compute mentally the given exercises.

1. 10% of 60 =

2. 30% of 10 =

3. 75% of 100 =

4. 60% of 30 =

5. 25% of 300 =

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Answer Key

Let’s Try This

1. 16 4. 48

2. 5 5. 24

3. 24

Let’s Do This

1.) 8

2.) 36

3.) 2

4.) 45

5.) 21

Let’s Do More

1. 15

2. 6

3. 7

4. 27

5. 32

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Let’s Test Ourselves

1. 20

2. 36

3. 50

4. 300

5. 240

6. 180

7. 27

8. 49

9. 160

10. 10

Let’s Enrich Ourselves

1. 6

2. 3

3. 75

4. 18

5. 75

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