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P number in Welding Follow Us

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This article provides information about P number in welding
More than 300
procedure specification, welding performance qualification or any
other ASME Code section that this number is used.

The P number in welding assigned to the material by ASME Code

Section IX to reduces the number of welding procedure
qualification. Why we do want to reduce the numbers of PQR’?
because this part is expensive part, for each PQR you need to
produce a test sample and sent to metallurgical lab for mechanical
testing (two tension tests, two root bend tests and two face bend

P number assigned by ASME Code Section IX to the materials

based their similarity and characteristic such as chemical
compositions, weldability and mechanical property. That why you
do not see any material identification in the Welding Procedure
Specification. What you see is the assigned P number. So your WPS
can be used for group of material and not a single material.

This P number assignment reduces the number of PQR remarkably.

You need one PQR for a single P number which this P number
might include more than 20 or more specific materials (when
impact testing is not required by construction code such as ASME
Code Section VIII).

P number in Welding Application 

The assigned P Numbers to the materials addressed in the table
QW-422. In addition, you can find minimum specified tensile
strength, group number, UNS number, ISO 15608 Group number,
nominal composition and product form.

P number is essential variable for most welding process. Similarly

it is an essential variable for welding performance qualification.

The welding is not the only application of this P number

assignment. This number also is used in construction code for
determining Post Weld Heat Treatment degree and duration (UCS-
56) also it is used to determine radiographic testing extent. The ‫ﺍﻫﻢ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺭﻛﺲ‬
ASME Code Section VIII provided a table which obtained from ً ‫ﻞ ﺍﻻﻥ ﻭﺍﺣﺼﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﺎﺕ‬
combination of P number and material thickness which identifies ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻤﺎﺭﻙ ﻧﺎﺟﺢ ﻭﻣﺘﻔﻮﻕ‬
full radiography requirements. (UCS -57)

The simple categorization of P number is:

Alloy Steel Casting
1              Carbon Steel Professinal sand casting
foundry Top quality,global
3              Up to 1/2% Cr and up to 1/2% Mo prompt delivery
4              1 to 2% Cr and up to 1/2% Mo

5A           2 to 3% Cr, 1% Mo Alloy Steel

Yieh - efficient
5B           5 to 10% Cr, 1% Mo Alloy Steel manufacture - of hig
5C           All 5A and 5B Materials heat treated to 85ksi+ quality aluminum
35 years of diversified
6              Martensitic Stainless Steel production of aluminum for o
global cleints
7              Ferritic Stainless Steel

8              Austenitic Stainless Steel

Welded Steel
9              2 to 5% Ni Alloy Steel
Pipes 4 Sale
10           Mn-V, Cr-V, 9%Ni, High Cr Alloy Steels Anson-professional
Tech/business Supporter On
11           Low Alloy Steel, Quenched and Tempered to 95ksi+ Field Pipes.ask Us
21           1.2% Mg or Mn alloy Aluminum

22           1.2% Mn, 2,5% Mg, 0.25% Cu Aluminium

Photos and
23           1.3% Mg, 0.7% Si, 0.25% Cr Aluminium Videos
23           1.3% Mg, 0.7% Si, 0.25% Cr Aluminium I will be updating
and growing this
25           1.5% Mg, 0.8% Mn, 0.15% Cr Aluminium site with more
and more of
31           Copper
32           Admiralty, Naval, Aluminium Brass, Muntz Metal inspection
related articles.
33           Cu-Si Alloys
Please subscribe
34           Cu-Ni Alloys to my monthly
newsletter so
41           Nickel you don't miss a
51           Titanium

61           Zirconium Email

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