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KUNCI JAWABAN

Setelah mempelajari chapter ini peserta didik:


1. mampu memahami:
cara memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya; cara menggunakan
subjunctive dan modals.
2. terampil:
memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya; menggunakan
subjunctive dan modals.
Berdasarkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang dikuasai, peserta didik:
1. mensyukuri kesempatan dapat mempelajari bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa pengantar komunikasi internasional;
2. mengembangkan perilaku percaya diri dan sopan dalam berkomunikasi dengan guru, teman, dan orang lain terutama saat
memberi saran dan tawaran.

Offers & Suggestions



▲ ▲

• Tindak tutur memberi dan • Subjunctives


meminta informasi terkait saran • Modals
dan tawaran, sesuai dengan
konteks.

▲ ▲ ▲

• Pemahaman percakapan yang • Pemahaman berbagai teks terkait • Berbagai percakapan dan teks
melibatkan tindakan memberi dan saran dan tawaran, serta poster terkait saran yang menggunakan
meminta informasi terkait saran yang memuat saran. ’subjunctives’ dan tawaran yang
dan tawaran. • Praktik menulis teks yang melibat- menggunakan ’modals’.
• Penyusunan percakapan yang kan tindakan memberi dan meminta • Penjelasan penggunaan
memuat ungkapan memberi dan informasi terkait saran dan tawaran. ’subjunctives’ dan ’modals’.
meminta informasi terkait saran • Praktik melengkapi kalimat
dan tawaran. menggunakan ’subjuntives’ dan
• Praktik bercakap-cakap yang ’modals’.
melibatkan tindakan memberi dan
meminta informasi terkait saran
dan tawaran, sesuai dengan
konteks.
▲ ▲

• Memahami berbagai ungkapan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya
dengan memerhatikan unsur kebahasaan ’subjunctives’ dan ’modals’.
• Mengungkapkan gambaran umum dan informasi tertentu terkait memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran dalam
teks lisan (percakapan) maupun tulis (teks), termasuk saran yang terdapat dalam poster.
• Bercakap-cakap menggunakan ungkapan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran.
• Menyampaikan teks yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran.
• Menulis teks yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran.
• Bersikap jujur, disiplin, bertanggung jawab, percaya diri, dan santun dalam berkomunikasi dengan orang lain.

2 Offers & Suggestions


Bayu is collecting cement paper bags to sell to a junk dealer. Anneke offers to help him collect the cement paper bags.
She also suggests that Bayu make useful items from those paper bags rather than sell them. What will you do when your
friends need help or are in difficulty?
In this chapter you will learn how to suggest and offer. Please understand the expressions, practice the dialogs and speak
English frequently to improve your speaking skills.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati gambar apersepsi dan menjelaskan situasi dalam gambar tersebut.
(Contoh jawaban: Bayu is collecting cement paper bags, while Anneke offers help and suggests he make useful items
from those paper bags.)
2. Selanjutnya, peserta didik diminta membaca penjelasan di bawah gambar dan menjawab pertanyaan yang tersedia.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru bertanya kepada peserta didik pernahkah mereka memberi saran atau menawarkan sesuatu.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menjelaskan kepada peserta didik bahwa dalam chapter ini mereka akan mempelajari ungkapan
memberi dan meminta informasi terkait saran dan tawaran, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya serta penggunaan
subjunctive dan modal.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik agar selalu berpartisipasi aktif dalam setiap kegiatan pembelajaran.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 3


Dialog 2
1. At school.
2. She is sick.
3. Because Mr. Danang can call Tyas’ mother to fetch her.
Let’s discuss the following questions. 4. She accepts Tigor’s suggestion.
5. It is ‘pasty’.
Dialog 3
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja secara 1. He is the gardener in Farah and Dodit’s neighborhood.
berkelompok. Tiap kelompok terdiri atas tiga atau empat 2. His mother told him about that.
peserta didik. 3. They will meet Mr. Handoko to discuss their plan to hold
2. Tiap kelompok memahami pertanyaan-pertanyaan community service to clean the park, then they will visit
berikut dan mendiskusikannya. Mereka menulis hasil Mr. Herman.
diskusi di selembar kertas. 4. Because she thinks that Mr. Herman should have a rest to
3. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta kelompok recover, whereas the park is dirty.
berlomba-lomba tunjuk jari menyebutkan hasil diskusi 5. Yes, I do. Because Farah’s idea is good in order to maintain
mereka. the park’s cleanliness and the health of the environment.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memuji kelompok yang berani menjawab Besides, the cleanliness of the park will make people feel
dan memberi balikan positif. comfortable.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat memberi penjelasan seperlunya
tentang hal-hal yang didiskusikan peserta didik.

Contoh jawaban:
1. I suggested that my brother attend an English conversation
course to improve his English speaking skill when applying
for a scholarship abroad. I asked, “Why don’t you attend an TASK 1
English conversation course to improve your speaking skill?” Practice the following dialogs with a friend.
He accepted my suggestion by saying, “That’s what I’m Dialog 1
going to do.” Yudi : Ouch...my back....
2. Yes, I have. I offered help to my mother when she was Mrs. Artika : What happened, dear?
preparing dinner. I asked, “What can I do for you, Mom?” Yudi : It’s very painful.
She accepted my offer by saying, “Please serve the fried Mrs. Artika : You must have a backache. Don’t worry. I’ll
chicken on the plate. Thanks, dear.” smear balm on your back.
Yudi : Thank you, Mom.
Mrs. Artika : You look very tired. I suggest you stop
cleaning the backyard and have a rest.
Yudi : But, Mom, I haven’t finished yet.
Mrs. Artika : I know, but you should have a rest. Amelia
Read the following dialogs. has arrived and she can help me.
Then, practice the dialogs with a friend. Yudi : O.K., Mom. Thank you.
Dialog 2
Amelia : Mom, our wall paint has faded. Why don’t you
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca dan ask father to repaint the wall?
memahami percakapan-percakapan berikut. Mrs. Artika : You know, father is busy at work nowadays
2. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik and hardly has any free time during holidays.
memeragakan percakapan-percakapan tersebut secara Amelia : What about asking a person to do it? Perhaps
berpasangan. we can ask Mr. Cahyo. Our neighbors often
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengoreksi pelafalan dan intonasi use his services.
peserta didik yang kurang tepat. Mrs. Artika : Good idea, but I’m not sure he has free time.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas kosakata He is very busy. He has several other jobs,
baru. building houses and offices.
5. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik Amelia : We can ask him to paint on Sunday.
memahami penjelasan dalam Supporting Feature. Mrs. Artika : You’re right. I’ll call him later.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi penjelasan tentang hal-hal Amelia : Anyway, will our house be painted orange? It’s
yang belum dipahami peserta didik. the old color of our wall.
Mrs. Artika : I think so. We should not change the color,
just repaint the wall.
Amelia : O.K., Mom.

TASK 2
Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in TASK 1.
Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in TASK 2. Dialog 1
Jawaban: 1. What happened to Yudi?
Dialog 1 2. What will Mrs. Artika do knowing of Yudi’s condition?
1. Planning to go to movies. 3. Why does Mrs. Artika suggest Yudi have a rest?
2. In the morning. 4. Mrs. Artika says, “I know, but you should have a rest.”
3. Because he doesn’t like horror movies. What does she express?
4. He says, “How about ‘Peanuts’?” 5. Mrs. Artika says, “I suggest you stop working....”
5. They are going to watch “Peanuts”. What is the antonym of the underlined word?

4 Offers & Suggestions


4. Mrs. Artika is holding vegetables on her hands. I suggest
Dialog 2 she buy the vegetables on her right hand because they look
1. Why does Amelia suggest to repaint the house wall? fresher.
2. What does Mr. Cahyo do? 5. Tigor receives a bad score for math. I suggest he attend
3. When is Mr. Cahyo expected to repaint Mrs. Artika’s house? a private math course.
4. What is the color of the house wall?
5. Amelia says, “We can ask him to paint on Sunday.”
Who does the underlined word refer to?
Jawaban:
TASK 2
Dialog 1 Dengan perintah kegiatan yang sama, Bapak/Ibu Guru
1. He has a backache. memberi latihan berikut.
2. She will smear balm on Yudi’s back.
3. Because he looks very tired.
4. She suggests Yudi have a rest.
1 2
5. It is ‘continue’.
Dialog 2
1. Because the wall paint has faded.
2. He is a bricklayer.
3. On Sunday.
4. Orange.
5. It refers to Mr. Cahyo.

3 4

Complete the following sentences with suitable suggestions


based on the situations.
Use subjunctives.
Contoh jawaban:
1. the children not go far out to sea
2. he arrive at school on time, forthwith 5
3. she be careful during the trip
4. he speak with native speakers or watch English movies
5. she search for references from the Internet or books

Write sentences using “I suggest/recommend....” based on the


following pictures. Contoh jawaban:
1. Rico has got a toothache. I suggest he see a dentist this
afternoon.
2. Amelia is going to make a cup of coffee. I recommend
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati she not add too much sugar into the coffee.
gambar-gambar berikut dan memahami situasi dalam 3. The mango tree is tall enough. I suggest Yudi be careful
gambar-gambar tersebut. when climbing it.
2. Peserta didik menulis kalimat menggunakan kata 4. The cat likes eating fried fish. I suggest mother not put
”I suggest/recommend....” yang diikuti subjunctive the fried fish on the table uncovered.
berdasarkan situasi dalam gambar. 5. Riska studies with low light. I recommend she study with
3. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peser ta didik bright light.
membahas jawaban bersama-sama. Peserta didik
diminta tunjuk jari dan menyebutkan jawabannya.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik yang belum
aktif untuk berpartisipasi aktif.

Contoh jawaban:
1. One of Amelia’s spectacles lenses is detached from the Answer the following questions based on the dialog in TASK 6.
frame. I suggest she take the spectacles to an optician for Jawaban:
repair. 1. Helping a friend.
2. Yudi’s uniform is dirty after repairing his bicycle. I recommend 2. She needs to video-call her brother in Japan, but there is no
he smear the dirty parts of his uniform with kerosene and Internet connection on her smartphone.
wash it immediately. 3. She checked the credit and Internet setting. No, she didn’t.
3. Anneke finds a wallet in a library. I recommend she hand the 4. He tries to reconnect the Internet network by turning Niken’s
wallet to the librarian. smartphone off, replacing the battery, then turning it on.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 5


5. There is a problem with the Internet connection on Niken’s
provider network due to network upgrading in the area.
6. He offers help.
7. Yes, she does. She says, “Sure.”
8. Because she can use her own headset. Make expressions of offering based on the following situations.
9. She feels relieved. Use suitable modals when necessary.
10. It is ‘improving’.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami


kembali modals yang dapat digunakan untuk
menawarkan sesuatu.
2. Selanjutnya, peserta didik memahami situasi yang
TASK 1 tersedia dan menulis kalimat yang berisi ungkapan
Practice the following dialogs with a friend. penawaran menggunakan modals yang sesuai.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban
Dialog 1
bersama-sama.
Winda drops in at Reihan’s house after school.
Reihan : Would you like a drink, Winda?
Contoh jawaban:
Winda : Yes, thank you. I’m thirsty.
1. Let me answer the phone, Mom.
Reihan : What would you like?
2. Would you jump in? We’ll give you a lift. The bus seems to
Winda : Fresh water would be fine, thank you.
be late.
Reihan : Anyway, I am going to make juice. Would you like
3. Would you like to use my raincoat? We have a few.
orange or tomato juice?
4. May I accompany you to see a dentist?
Winda : Well, orange juice, please.
5. You may use my laptop computer.
Reihan : Please wait a minute. I’ll be right back.
Winda : Sure. Thanks.
Dialog 2
Yessi offers a sheet of paper to Darra before they have a test.
Yessi : Do you need a sheet of paper, Darra?
Darra : Yes, please. Listen and complete the following dialogs based on what you
Yessi : Here you are. have heard.
Darra : Thank you, Yessi. Percakapan-percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/
Yessi : You’re welcome. If you need more, please let me Ibu Guru dan jawaban:
know. Dialog 1
Darra : Yes, I will. Thanks. Irma is looking for an interesting article in a newspaper when her
brother arrives home.
TASK 2 Deny : What news are you reading?
Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in TASK 1. Irma : I am not reading news. I’m looking for an interesting
Dialog 1 article for my assignment.
1. Where does the dialog take place? Deny : What topic are you going to write?
2. When does the dialog take place? Irma : I’d like to write about an (1) adventure trip. Weekend
3. What does Winda feel? newspapers usually have articles about traveling, but
4. What does Reihan offer? I don’t have an appropriate reference.
5. What does Winda like to drink? Deny : Why don’t you read travel magazines?
Irma : That’s (2) a good idea, but I don’t have any.
Dialog 2 Deny : There are several travel magazines in the school library.
1. Where does the dialog take place? You (3) can check it out next Monday.
2. When does the dialog take place? Irma : I know, but I have to submit the assignment that day.
3. What does Yessi offer? Deny : You (4) should browse the Internet then.
4. How does Darra respond to Yessi’s offer? Irma : You’re right. I’ll do that.
5. Yessi says, “If you need more, please let me know.” Deny : Do you (5) need help to choose an article?
What does she express? Irma : Yes, please. Thank you.
Jawaban: Dialog 2
Dialog 1 Yudi is placing several books in a box.
1. It takes place at Reihan’s house. Amelia : I see you placing several books in a box. What are
2. It takes place in the afternoon/after school. you going to do with the books?
3. She feels thirsty. Yudi : I am going to donate them to a library near Anita’s
4. He offers a drink. house. I think these books will be more useful in the
5. She would like a glass of orange juice. library so that more and more people will read them
Dialog 2 and (1) broaden their knowledge.
1. It takes place in a classroom. Amelia : That’s a good deed. (2) May I help you?
2. It takes place before a test. Yudi : Thanks, but I can handle it myself.
3. She offers a sheet of paper. Amelia : Anyway, I have several old storybooks. Can I donate
4. She accepts the offer by saying, “Yes, please.” them too?
5. She offers more paper. Yudi : Sure. You can collect them now and I will help you
pack them in a box. We (3) can deliver them this
afternoon.

6 Offers & Suggestions


Amelia : O.K. Well, why don’t you invite mom and dad to
participate? I guess they (4) will be interested. Mrs. Detti : Please come to my house.
Yudi : That’s a good idea. I will tell them now. Mrs. Artika : Sure, thanks. So, I can give you
Amelia : I think we should deliver the books tomorrow so we (5) ________________________.
(5) can collect more books. Mrs. Detti : You don’t need to, thanks. I’m not going to
Yudi : Alright. have lunch at home today. My sister has
invited me for lunch at a new restaurant near
her house.
Mrs. Artika : I see.

TASK 2
Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in TASK 9. Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in TASK 1.
Jawaban: Dialog 1
Dialog 1 1. What did Yudi win?
1. At a weekend. 2. What will Yudi do with the money prize he has received?
2. She is looking for an interesting article for her assignment. 3. Why does Arya suggest Yudi donate his money to the
3. She is going to write about an adventure trip. victims of volcano eruptions?
4. He suggests Irma read travel magazines. 4. What is Arya’s suggestion about the way to help the
5. He says, “Do you need help to choose an article?” victims of volcano eruptions?
5. Who has the ‘Satu untuk Sesama’ account?
Dialog 2
1. At the speakers’ house. Dialog 2
2. A plan to donate their books. 1. Where does the dialog take place?
3. Because his books will be more useful in the library so that 2. What does Mrs. Artika need?
more and more people will read them and broaden their 3. How does Mrs. Detti offer what Mrs. Artika needs?
knowledge. 4. How does Mrs. Artika respond to the offer?
4. Amelia suggests Yudi invite their parents to participate in the 5. How does Mrs. Detti decline Mrs. Artika’s offer?
donation. Jawaban:
5. He declines Amelia’s offer. TASK 1

Percakapan-percakapan yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/


Ibu Guru:
Dialog 1
Arya : Congratulations! You won (1) the speech contest.
TASK 1 Yudi : Thank you. I’ve received cash as the prize and
Listen and complete the following dialogs based on what you I’d like to (2) treat you.
have heard. Arya : Thanks. Anyway, what will you use the money for?
Yudi : I would like to deposit part of the money and
Arya : Congratulations! You won
donate the rest to people in need.
(1) ________________________.
Arya : (3) Why don’t you donate it to the victims of
Yudi : Thank you. I’ve received cash as the prize and I’d
volcano eruptions? They have to live in
like to (2) ________________________.
evacuation places and definitely need help.
Arya : Thanks. Anyway, what will you use the money for?
Yudi : That’s a good idea, but (4) how do I donate?
Yudi : I would like to deposit part of the money and donate
The victims live far from us.
the rest to people in need.
Arya : You may transfer your money to ‘Satu untuk
Arya : (3) ________________________ donate it to the
Sesama’ account. You know, ‘Satu untuk
victims of volcano eruptions? They have to live in
Sesama’ is a trustable program in helping
evacuation places and definitely need help.
victims of natural disasters.
Yudi : That’s a good idea, but
Yudi : (5) Do you know its account number?
(4) ________________________? The victims live
Arya : Here it is. My father just transferred money to
far from us.
the account.
Arya : You may transfer your money to ‘Satu untuk
Sesama’ account. You know, ‘Satu untuk Sesama’ is Dialog 2
a trustable program in helping victims of natural Grocer : Excuse me, Ma’am. Can I (1) help you?
disasters. Mrs. Artika : Sure. I need salt and fried rice flavoring.
Yudi : (5) ________________________ its account number? Grocer : I’m sorry, Ma’am. I (2) have run out of
Arya : Here it is. My father just transferred money to the salt, but I still have fried rice flavoring.
account. Mrs. Artika : What a pity!
Mrs. Detti : Mrs. Artika, do you need salt? I have salt
Dialog 2
at home. You (3) can have it.
Grocer : Excuse me, Ma’am. Can I
Mrs. Artika : (4) That would be nice, thank you.
(1) ________________________?
Mrs. Detti : Please come to my house.
Mrs. Artika : Sure. I need salt and fried rice flavoring.
Mrs. Artika : Sure, thanks. So, I can give you (5) fried
Grocer : I’m sorry, Ma’am.
rice in return.
I (2) ________________________ of salt, but
Mrs. Detti : You don’t need to, thanks. I’m not going to
I still have fried rice flavoring.
have lunch at home today. My sister has
Mrs. Artika : What a pity!
invited me for lunch at a new restaurant
Mrs. Detti : Mrs. Artika, do you need salt? I have salt at
near her house.
home. You (3) ________________________ it.
Mrs. Artika : I see.
Mrs. Artika : (4) ________________________, thank you.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 7


TASK 2
Dialog 1
1. A speech contest.
2. He would like to deposit part of the money and donate Identify the grammatical errors in the sentences below.
the rest to people in need. Then, write the correct ones.
3. Because the victims have to live in evacuation places
Jawaban:
and definitely need help.
1. May I help you water the flowers?
4. He suggests Yudi transfer his donation to ‘Satu untuk
2. Can I help you make the dough?
Sesama’ account.
3. I have baked the cake. Would you like to taste it?
5. Arya’s father.
4. Let’s decorate the room for Chintya’s birthday party.
Dialog 2 5. We’ve found a lost child. Shall we call the police?
1. It takes place at a grocery store. 6. Mrs. Artika advised that Yudi arrive home before 5 in the
2. She needs salt and fried rice flavoring. afternoon.
3. She offers salt by saying, “Mrs. Artika, do you need salt? 7. Yudi suggested that Amelia not bring too much money on
I have salt at home. You can have it.” her vacation.
4. She accepts it by saying, “That would be nice, thank you.” 8. We have no sugar left. Why don’t you buy it from a nearby
5. She says, “You don’t need to, thanks.” grocer’s?
9. Dewi suggests that Carla ask for her mother’s permission
before attending the activity.
10. We still have thirty minutes before the bus arrives. Let’s
have lunch or we will be starving during the trip.

Put a tick in the correct words to complete each short dialog below.
Soal yang dikerjakan oleh peserta didik dan jawaban:
1. Angga : What will we do next Sunday morning?
Arya : ________ jog around the town square. Complete the following short dialogs using your own words.
I used to Use expressions of suggesting or offering.
Contoh jawaban:
✔ Let’s
1. Let’s have a rest.
I think 2. Would you like a cup of coffee?
3. Why don’t you take it to a repairman?
2. Vina : ________ porridge for breakfast, Mom? 4. What about visiting a museum?
Mother: Yes, dear. Thanks. 5. Do you need any help?
✔ Would you like
Will you cook
Can you buy

3. Winda : Where will you continue your studies after Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 14.
graduation?
Donny : ________ I continue my studies in Bandung. Jawaban:
1. A suggestion to make useful items, such as handicrafts,
✔ My mother recommended from cement paper bags.
You may think 2. They are friends.
3. Because a junk dealer will offer Bayu low prices for the bags.
I suggest
4. They are planning to make bags from cement paper bags.
4. Sarah : We haven’t done our work. ________ doing our 5. Cement paper bags and varnish.
work this afternoon after school? 6. He can sell them.
Derby : That’s a good idea. 7. She is helpful and creative.
8. It is ‘use’.
What do you think
Are you
✔ What about

5. Ronny : You look very busy, Dad. ________?


Mr. Harry : Yeah. Please help me clean the car windows. TASK 1
Will you help me Read the following text.

✔ What can I do for you It’s a holiday. Yudi and his mother intend to clean their
house. Yudi is going to clean carpets with a vacuum cleaner.
Could you do me a favor “Yudi, let’s start working. I will sweep and mop the floor,”
says Mrs. Artika.
“O.K., Mom. What can I do?” asks Yudi.
“You can clean the carpets with the vacuum cleaner which
I bought three days ago,” replies Mrs. Artika.
“Um...I don’t know how to operate it, Mom,” says Yudi.
“It’s very easy, you know. I’ll teach you how to use it,”
Mrs. Artika answers.

8 Offers & Suggestions


“Thank you, Mom,” replies Yudi. kan jawabannya, peserta didik yang lain menyimak.
“First, check the dust container of the vacuum cleaner. Peserta didik lain yang memiliki jawaban yang berbeda
If the container is full, empty and clean it. Look at this dapat tunjuk jari dan menyebutkan jawabannya.
indicator! It shows whether it is full or empty,” explains 4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan positif dan memuji
Mrs. Artika. peserta didik yang berani menjawab.
“I know, Mom. The indicator shows that there is no dust
in the vacuum cleaner, so I don’t need to empty it, right?” Jawaban:
asks Yudi.
“You’re right,” replies Mrs. Artika. Suggestion Offer
“What should I do then?” asks Yudi.
• Why don’t you make • May I help you collect
“As the container is ready to use, check the height of
useful items out of them, the cement paper bags?
the vacuum cleaner and set it to the proper grid for your
so that you can sell them • If you intend on knowing
carpet,” explains Mrs. Artika.
at high prices? how to make bags, I will
“I see. I have set the vacuum cleaner. May I use it now?”
• You can make bags, teach you.
asks Yudi.
purses or other
“Um...wait. Before cleaning the carpets, you should
handicrafts.
move small items such as toys, shoes, etc. out of the way,”
• You should prepare
says Mrs. Artika. “Then, switch on the vacuum cleaner and
varnish, as I still have
move it backwards and forwards.”
other materials.
“Alright, Mom. I should move it like this, right?” asks
Yudi.
“Yes, but don’t move it too fast. You should move it
slowly. Remember! You will not achieve a good result, as
there will still be dust and dirt on the carpet, if you move the
vacuum cleaner too fast,” says Mrs. Artika.
“I know, Mom,” Yudi answers. Complete the following dialogs with the correct words from the
“Also, if you intend to clean crevices, utilize the vacuum boxes.
cleaner attachments,” adds Mrs. Artika. Then, practice the dialogs with a friend.
“O.K., Mom. I’ll start working,” says Yudi enthusiastically.
“That’s good. If you have difficulty in using the vacuum Jawaban:
cleaner, you can read the manual. It will help you use the Dialog 1
vacuum cleaner,” explains Mrs. Artika. 1. d 2. f 3. a 4. e 5. b
“You’re right, Mom. Thank you,” replies Yudi. Dialog 2
1. b 2. e 3. d 4. c 5. a
TASK 2
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 1.
1. Where does the conversation take place?
2. What is Yudi going to do?
3. What does Mrs. Artika teach Yudi?
4. Why should Yudi move the vacuum cleaner slowly? Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in TASK 17.
5. Mrs. Artika says, “Before cleaning the carpets, you should Dialog 1
move small items such as toys, shoes, etc. out of the way.” 1. Where does the dialog take place?
What does she express? 2. When does the dialog take place?
Jawaban: 3. What is Donny doing?
TASK 2 4. What happened to Donny’s house last night?
1. At Yudi’s house. 5. What is Sheila’s suggestion?
2. He is going to clean carpets with a vacuum cleaner.
3. She teaches him how to operate a vacuum cleaner. Dialog 2
4. To achieve a good result, meaning that no dust and dirt 1. Where does the dialog take place?
are left on the carpet. 2. Who do you think Selly is?
5. She suggests that Yudi move small items out of the way 3. What does she offer?
before cleaning the carpet. 4. Does Mrs. Cecep accept the offer? What does she say?
5. Mrs. Cecep says, “I don’t think he likes it.”
What does ‘it’ refer to?
Jawaban:
Dialog 1
1. In a classroom.
2. In the morning.
Identify the suggestions and offers in the text in TASK 15.
3. He is doing his homework.
4. There was a blackout.
5. She suggests Donny do his homework in the afternoon
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami or after school.
kembali teks di TASK 15. Dialog 2
2. Peserta didik mengidentifikasi kalimat-kalimat yang 1. In a supermarket.
menunjukkan saran atau tawaran dan menulis kalimat- 2. She’s a sales promotion girl.
kalimat tersebut dalam tabel berikut. 3. She offers a new milk product for kids.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik membahas jawaban
bersama-sama. Ketika seorang peserta didik menyebut-

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 9


4. No, she doesn’t. She declines the offer by saying, “I see, drink, (3) ___________________ you wish
but sorry, my kid already has his favorite milk.”, “No, to buy.
thanks. I don’t think he likes it.” and “No, thanks.” Dona : I see. What should we do next?
5. It refers to the milk Selly offers. Prima : You should (4) ___________________ of the soft
drink. Then, (5) ___________________ to the
money slot to see whether it accepts coins or
banknotes. If it is a banknote slot, you have to
(6) ___________________ into the slot.
Dona : Yes, I know. What is the next step?
Prima : Finally, (7) ___________________ into the slot
Listen and write. and wait for the machine to serve the soft drink
Complete the following dialog with the words you have written. you want.
Dona : Yes, I understand. (8) ___________________.
Prima : You’re welcome.
Jawaban:
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan kata-kata berikut.
1. use a vending machine
2. Peserta didik diminta mendengarkan dengan saksama
2. look at the variety of soft drinks
dan menulis kata-kata tersebut di buku tugas mereka.
3. choose the soft drink
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan kata-kata tersebut
4. check the price
sekali lagi dan peserta didik diminta memeriksa jawaban
5. pay attention
mereka.
6. insert a smooth one
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik menyampaikan
7. insert your coin or banknote
kata-kata yang mereka tulis.
8. Thanks for the information
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik melengkapi
percakapan berikut dengan kata-kata yang sudah
mereka tulis.
6. Peserta didik secara aktif menyampaikan jawaban
mereka. Peserta didik yang lain dapat menyampaikan
jawaban mereka jika berbeda.
7. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta beberapa peserta didik
membaca percakapan tersebut dengan lafal dan intonasi Arrange the following sentences to form a sequential dialog.
yang benar. Then, practice the dialog with a friend.
Jawaban:
Kata-kata yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: The correct arrangement of the sentences is 3–10–1–8–6–11–5–
1. pay attention 2. push yourself 9–2–7–4.
3. save electricity 4. have enough rest
5. keep an appointment 6. do tasks
7. do your best 8. get a person’s attention
9. manage your time 10. maintain your health
Jawaban:
1. save electricity 2. maintain your health TASK 1
3. manage your time 4. push yourself Arrange the sentences to form a sequential dialog.
5. pay attention 6. do tasks Then, practice the dialog with a friend.
7. do your best 8. have enough rest 1. Viona : You could go to Jasmine Skin and Beauty
Clinic. It’s next to Bagaz Pharmacy.
2. Viona : O, come on. It’s not a very big problem.
Almost all teenagers suffer from acne on their
faces.
3. Viona : You should consult a skin and beauty
Dengan perintah kegiatan yang sama, Bapak/Ibu Guru specialist.
memberi soal berikut. 4. Viona : Why do you keep staring in the mirror?
5. Viona : Why don’t you find a cure for it?
Kata-kata yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: 6. Tasya : Maybe you’re right. Anyway, do you know
1. check the price a good skin and beauty clinic?
2. insert your coin or banknote 7. Tasya : The acne on my face. Ugh...terrible!
3. insert a smooth one 8. Tasya : I’ve used many kinds of cream, but they’re all
4. look at the variety of soft drinks useless.
5. Prepare your money 9. Tasya : O.K. Thanks for your information.
6. choose the soft drink 10. Tasya : I know, but mine is horrible. My face is almost
7. Thanks for the information full of acne.
8. pay attention TASK 2
9. use a vending machine Complete the following statements based on the dialog in
10. keep the change TASK 1.
1. Tasya keeps looking in
Dona : Do you know how to (1) ___________________?
________________________________.
Prima : Sure. It’s very easy. First,
2. Tasya has a problem with
(2) ___________________ inside the vending
________________________________.
machine. If there are more than one kind of soft

10 Offers & Suggestions


studying if you stay here. You should choose
3. Tasya has used ________________________________ a quieter place.
on her face. Your cousin : I think that’s reasonable. Thanks. Let’s find
4. Viona suggests that another boarding house.
________________________________.
5. The clinic recommended by Viona is located 5. You : Hi, Helmi. I heard you don’t have a science
________________________________. textbook. You can use mine.
Your friend : Hi, Ganis. Thanks for your offer, but I’m
Jawaban: going to borrow one from the library.
TASK 1 You : You don’t need to. Here, I don’t need it
The correct arrangement of the sentences is 4–7–2–10–5–8– anymore.
3–6–1–9. Your friend : O.K., if you don’t mind. I really appreciate it
TASK 2 and I’ll use it very carefully. Thanks.
1. the mirror You : You’re welcome. I hope it helps you.
2. acne on her face Your friend : Yes, you bet!
3. many kinds of treatment cream
4. Tasya go to a skin and beauty specialist
5. next to Bagaz Pharmacy

Work in groups.
Think of a problem which students may have and give sugges-
tions to the problem.

Create and perform dialogs based on the following situations.


Contoh jawaban: 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja secara
1. You : Excuse me, Sir. I’d like to say that I’m not berkelompok. Tiap kelompok terdiri atas empat atau lima
happy with your goats. peserta didik.
Your neighbor : What do you mean? 2. Tiap kelompok memikirkan masalah yang dihadapi
You : It’s not the first time your goats have remaja saat ini dan berdiskusi untuk mencari
destructed my plants. penyelesaian/saran atas masalah tersebut.
Your neighbor : Oh, I’m deeply sorry for not tending to my 3. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta tiap kelompok menyampaikan
goats. hasil diskusi mereka.
You : You should not let your goats run hither 4. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat merangkum dan memberi
and tither. Moreover, you should erect simpulan atas hasil diskusi peserta didik. Bila perlu,
a high fence around their pen. Bapak/Ibu Guru menambahkan saran yang bermanfaat
Your neighbor : Yes, you’re right. Thanks for the suggestion. untuk mengatasi masalah-masalah tersebut.
You : You’re welcome.
Contoh jawaban:
2. You : Hi, Itok. Why don’t you go to the canteen? Problem: Many teenagers are involved in fighting.
It’s good to have lunch there. Suggestions:
Your friend : I’m broke. I only have Rp2,000.00 left and • Government should campaign and promote the importance
it’s for my bus fare. of maintaining peace.
You : I’m sorry to hear that. Well then, let me treat • Teachers and principals should control students’ activities,
you this time. What do you think? especially during school hours and break time.
Your friend : Please don’t bother yourself. I’m O.K. • Teachers and parents give advice to students about bad
You : Come on. It’s no trouble at all. Let’s go! effects of fighting and good effects of peace.
Your friend : Thank you, Farel. You’re really kind. • Parents create peace among family members to show the
You : Don’t mention it. importance of peace.
3. You : You look busy preparing many items. Where • Parents support their children to learn more about good
are you going? moral and religious values.
Your sister : To the beach.
You : Have you prepared sunblock cream?
Your sister : Sunblock cream?
You : Yes. You should smear it on your skin in
order to protect your skin from sunlight.
Your sister : I don’t have such a cream. Write a text containing a suggestion or an offer.
You : Don’t worry. You may use mine. Share your work with the class.
Your sister : Thank you. Contoh jawaban:
4. Your cousin : What do you think of this boarding house? Denias is my pen pal from Biak. He likes writing stories
It is large and beautiful, isn’t it? and often sends me short stories. I am always amazed by his
You : Yes, but...do you really intend on staying writings. Last year, I suggested he send his writings to
here? publishers. He sent a few of them to publishers and magazines,
Your cousin : Yes. It’s very accessible since it’s beside the but they were never published. He gave up and didn’t send
main road. anymore. I suggested he continue writing. I said that writing was
You : That’s the point! I don’t think this boarding his passion and happiness. I suggested he create a blog and
house is suitable. write on his blog. He had the spirit to write.
Your cousin : Why do you say so? One day, a director of a publishing company read his blog
You : It’s near an intersection and it will be very and was amazed by his writings. Finally, the publisher published
noisy. I’m not sure you can focus on his writings, which became a best seller. Now, Denias is

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 11


a famous author. He will be visiting Jakarta next week for
a business. I offer him a place to stay at my home. It will be Questions:
memorable because it will be our first meeting. 1. Where do you probably see the poster?
2. What is the poster’s purpose?
3. What should we do when reading a text message?
4. “SAVE YOUR LIFE!”
Who does ‘your’ refer to?
5. What suggestion is delivered through the poster?
Read the following poster. Jawaban:
Identify the sentence(s) containing suggestion(s). 1. On the street.
2. To remind people to save their lives by stopping and
sitting when reading and sending text messages via
1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati poster cellphones.
berikut dan memahami kalimat-kalimat dalam poster 3. We should stop and sit.
tersebut. 4. It refers to readers’.
2. Peserta didik diminta menentukan kalimat yang memuat 5. It suggests people, especially teenagers who
saran yang disampaikan melalui poster tersebut. occasionally ignore their safety by reading or sending
3. Dengan bimbingan dan arahan Bapak/Ibu Guru, peserta text messages while walking, stop and sit when reading
didik menyampaikan saran mereka berkaitan dengan and sending messages via cellphones.
tema dalam poster tersebut.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk aktif
menyampaikan saran mereka.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi nilai dan balikan kepada semua
peserta didik dalam kegiatan ini.

Jawaban: Look at the poster.


Suggestion: Plant a tree and keep it for our future. Write a suitable message for it.
Contoh jawaban:

Read the poster and answer the questions.


Jawaban:
1. On the street/road.
2. It recommends motorcyclists to obey traffic regulations and
wear helmets for safety reasons.
3. Motorcyclists.
4. It means that we should not put ourselves at risk when we
ride motorcycles, so we should obey traffic rules.
5. Contoh jawaban: Yes, I do because it suggests
motorcyclists obey traffic regulations and wear helmets for
their own safety on the road.

Dengan perintah kegiatan yang sama, Bapak/Ibu Guru


dapat memberi latihan soal berikut.

12 Offers & Suggestions


• Why don’t you meet Sandra, to clarify the
news?
• Would you like iced tea? That’s what I’m going to do. Thanks.
Yes, please. • I suggest you discuss the problem with your
• Can I get you a glass of tea? Offering Items or parents.



Suggesting
Sure. Thank you. Services/Help Yeah. I’ll do that.
• Let me give you a lift. Let’s go! ▲ ▲ • What about watching a movie to make you
I don’t need a lift, but thank you for the offer. relax?
Sorry. I don’t like watching movies. I prefer
listening to music.

Offers & Suggestions

• can : Can I help you?


▲ • Mr. Indra suggests that Gea see the doctor
• may : May I help you plant the flowering tree?
▲ soon.
• The principal recommends that


• will : Will you drop me by my house? Modals Subjunctives
• would : Would you like a piece of watermelon for dessert? Yudi attend the National Science Olympiad.
• shall : Shall we take all the cakes for you? • Mr. Tantowi advised that his children not break
school rules.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1


13
Tape Script for Assessment

Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following dialog.


Girl : Hi, Dodit. What would you like to buy?
Boy : I’d like to buy cough lozenges for my mom, but I left my I. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
wallet at home. Now, I’m going to fetch it. What about Jawaban:
you? 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. D 5. D
Girl : I’m going to buy medicine for my grandfather. Anyway, 6. E 7. B 8. C 9. C 10. D
I bring extra money and you can use it. 11. A 12. B 13. D 14. C 15. A
Boy : That’s very kind of you. Thank you. I will return it as soon 16. D 17. B 18. D 19. C 20. A
as possible.
Girl : No problem. II. Write a dialog using expressions oF suggesting or offering.
Questions: Contoh jawaban:
1. Where does the dialog probably take place? Silvia : Dad, why don’t you have a rest for a while?
2. What does the girl offer? Mr. Taufik : No, dear. I have to finish planting the paddy before
noon.
Questions 3 to 5 refer to the following dialog. Silvia : You can stop for a while to drink tea, Dad. Here,
Girl : You just bought a bird, didn’t you? I have made you tea.
Boy : No, I didn’t. The fact is I found an injured bird in front of Mr. Taufik : Thank you, dear. Please put it there. I’ll drink it
our house and treated it. when I have finished.
Girl : I think it has almost recovered. Will you keep it? Silvia : You should drink it when it is warm. I’ll bring it to
Boy : Um...I’m not sure. you then.
Girl : You should set it free. Poor bird! It must be longing for its Mr. Taufik : O.K., I’ll go for it. Please stay there.
natural habitat.
Boy : You’re right. I’ll free the bird after it totally recovers from
its injury.
Questions:
3. What happened to the bird?
4. How did the boy get the bird?
5. What should the boy do after the bird recovers?

14 Offers & Suggestions


Create dialogs based on the pictures and situations.
Then, practice the dialogs with your friend.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik bekerja secara berpasangan, sebaiknya bukan dengan teman sebangku.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati gambar-gambar berikut dan memahami kalimat-kalimat di bawah
gambar. Kemudian, setiap pasangan memilih satu gambar.
3. Setiap pasangan membuat percakapan berdasarkan gambar dan situasi tersebut.
4. Setelah selesai, tiap pasangan berlatih mempraktikkan percakapan tersebut dengan lafal, intonasi, dan mimik yang benar.
5. Kemudian, tiap pasangan berlomba-lomba mempraktikkan percakapan tersebut di kelas.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik yang lain memerhatikan dan memberi masukan atas penampilan peserta didik.
7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai.

1 2

The wind is blowing very hard. Mrs. Tantowi suggests her Amelia is sick. Mrs. Artika offers to fetch medicine for her.
husband cut a tall coconut tree in front of their house after the
wind stops.
Contoh jawaban:
1. Mrs. Tantowi : Ugh...the wind is blowing very hard.
Mr. Tantowi : Yes. I hope there will not be a typhoon.
Mrs. Tantowi : Look at the tall coconut tree. I’m afraid it will fall on our house. Why don’t you cut the tree?
Mr. Tantowi : Yes, you’re right. I’ll ask a person to cut the tree after the wind stops.
Mrs. Tantowi : If you ask a person to cut the tree, make sure that he is skillful in cutting a coconut tree.
Mr. Tantowi : Sure.
2. Mrs. Artika : You’re very pale, dear.
Amelia : Yes, Mom. I think I have a fever. I’m very dizzy.
Mrs. Artika : Let me fetch medicine for you.
Amelia : Thank you, Mom.
Mrs. Artika : You look seriously ill. You should stay at home.
Amelia : But Mom...I have to submit my work today.
Mrs. Artika : Don’t worry. Nindy, your classmate, always passes our house on her way to school. I’ll ask her to submit your
work.
Amelia : O.K. Thank you, Mom.
Mrs. Artika : Don’t mention it.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 15


Setelah mempelajari chapter, ini peserta didik:
1. dapat memahami:
cara memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran; cara menggunakan collocations dan mental verbs.
2. terampil:
memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran; cara menggunakan collocations dan mental verbs.
Berdasarkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang dikuasai, peserta didik:
1. menghargai kesempatan dapat mempelajari bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa pengantar komunikasi internasional;
2. mengembangkan perilaku santun, menghargai, kerja sama, dan jujur dalam berkomunikasi dengan guru, teman, dan orang
lain.

Opinions & Thoughts



▲ ▲

• Tindak tutur memberi dan • Collocations


meminta informasi terkait • Mental verbs
pendapat dan pikiran, sesuai
dengan konteks.

▲ ▲ ▲

• Pemahaman percakapan yang • Pemahaman berbagai teks terkait • Pemahaman penggunaan


melibatkan tindakan memberi dan pendapat dan pikiran. ’collocations’ dan ’mental verbs’
meminta informasi terkait pendapat • Praktik menulis teks yang melibat- dalam berbagai teks lisan dan tulis
dan pikiran. kan tindakan memberi dan meminta terkait memberi dan meminta
• Penyusunan percakapan yang informasi terkait pendapat dan pendapat dan pikiran.
memuat ungkapan memberi dan pikiran. • Praktik menggunakan ’collocations’
meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan ’mental verbs’ dalam bentuk
dan pikiran. teks lisan maupun tulis terkait
• Praktik bercakap-cakap yang memberi dan meminta pendapat
melibatkan tindakan memberi dan dan pikiran.
meminta informasi terkait pendapat
dan pikiran, sesuai dengan
konteks.
▲ ▲

• Memahami berbagai ungkapan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya
dengan memerhatikan unsur kebahasaan ’collocations’ dan ’modals’.
• Mengungkapkan gambaran umum dan informasi tertentu dalam teks lisan dan tulis tentang memberi dan meminta informasi
terkait pendapat dan pikiran.
• Bercakap-cakap menggunakan ungkapan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran.
• Menyampaikan teks yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran.
• Menulis teks yang melibatkan tindakan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran.
• Bersikap santun, menghargai, kerja sama, dan jujur dalam berkomunikasi dengan guru, teman, dan orang lain.

16 Opinions & Thoughts


Yudi and Bayu are on their way to school. The traffic is heavy every morning, but few motorcyclists remain undisciplined;
they don’t wear safety helmets to protect themselves and ride a motorcycle on three. Yudi states his opinion about this bad
attitude and Bayu agrees with it. How would Yudi state his opinion? How would Bayu respond? Please study this chapter and
do the exercises so that you know how to provide and ask for information dealing with one’s opinion or view.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati gambar apersepsi dan menjelaskan situasi dalam gambar tersebut.
Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta pendapat peserta didik tentang gambar tersebut. (Contoh jawaban: I think several
people are undisciplined; they don’t wear safety helmets.)
2. Selanjutnya, peserta didik diminta membaca penjelasan di bawah gambar dan menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang
tersedia.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru bertanya kepada peserta didik apakah mereka pernah memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat
dan pikiran.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menjelaskan kepada peserta didik bahwa dalam chapter ini mereka akan mempelajari tindak tutur
memberi dan meminta informasi terkait pendapat dan pikiran dengan memerhatikan unsur kebahasaan ’collocations’
dan ’mental verbs’.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik agar selalu berpartisipasi aktif dalam setiap kegiatan pembelajaran.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 17


Yudi : That’s just what (2) I was thinking. I want to make this
year’s celebration more interesting and merrier.
Farah : I agree with you, but we don’t have enough funds for
a (3) big celebration.
Answer the following questions based on the dialog in TASK 1. Yudi : You know, an interesting and merry celebration doesn’t
Jawaban: mean a big one. We only need to make the celebration
Dialog 1 unique and different from the (4) previous one.
1. Bullying. Farah : You are right. (5) So, what’s your idea?
2. She thinks bullying is no big deal. Little bit teasing is Yudi : At the previous celebration, the participants were kids.
acceptable. This year, I intend to invite all residents from
3. No, she doesn’t. She thinks that no one has any right to (6) our neighborhood to participate in the events.
harass or make people feel inferior. Farah : That’s a good idea. Will they play games?
4. Contoh jawaban: I agree with Jane. I think bullying is social Yudi : Yeah, but I want to have more than just games. Please
evil which gives bad effects to the victims of bullying. They listen, my idea is I intend to hold a carnival. All
perhaps will be a person who are not sociable and not self- residents should take part in the carnival. They are free
confident so we should stop bullying. to (7) choose their themes. The carnival will start from
5. Contoh jawaban: No, it doesn’t. The schoolmates, the intersection in front of my house, walk around our
principal, teachers and school staff respect each others. neighborhood and finish at the field.
The teachers always remind us not bully others. Farah : Great idea! We have never had a carnival before. It will
be interesting.
Dialog 2
Yudi : Yeah! The participants can (8) perform dramas,
1. They are schoolmates.
dances, etc. and we will choose the best performance
2. On the road.
as the winner.
3. It is crowded and many people ignore safety ride.
Farah : If there will be performances, we should erect a stage.
4. Because many students ignore safety ride and they want
Yudi : I don’t think so. The participants may stand or sit
their schoolmates obey the riding rules.
around the field and they will (9) display
5. I think it is crowded and many people ignore safety riding
performances and play games in the middle.
and traffic rules.
Farah : I agree with you, so we can economize the funds.
However, I think we should discuss your idea in
a youth organization meeting.
Yudi : Yeah, I plan to hold a meeting (10) the day after
tomorrow. Please write the meeting invitations.
Listen to and answer the questions based on the dialog in TASK 3. Farah : Alright. I will do it.
Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
Guru:
1. What is Aditya doing?
2. What is Aditya going to do?
3. What are Aditya and Mela talking about?
Answer the following questions based on the dialog in TASK 5.
4. What does Mela think about the issue?
5. Does Aditya agree with Mela’s opinion? Jawaban:
6. What is Aditya’s view about his intention? 1. A plan to celebrate Independence Day.
7. According to Aditya, what should young people do? 2. They are members of a village youth organization.
8. What does Mela suggest? 3. All residents at Yudi and Farah’s neighborhood.
4. He proposes to hold a carnival and the participants display
Jawaban:
kinds of performances and play games.
1. He is browsing on the Internet.
5. She agrees with Yudi’s idea.
2. He is going to make a blog.
6. To economize the funds.
3. Pros and cons of making a blog.
7. She will write the meeting invitations for the youth
4. She thinks that blogging is a time suck and can put a blogger
organization members.
in trouble.
8. They might discuss kinds of events to celebrate Independence
5. No, he doesn’t.
Day and form a committee for the celebration.
6. He thinks blogging helps him improve his writing skills which
9. Contoh jawaban: Yes, I will because Yudi’s idea is very
support his studies and he can earn money by blogging.
good, in order to make the celebration of Independence Day
7. They have to be creative.
more interesting and merrier.
8. Mela suggests Aditya have to be careful in writing articles
10. It is ‘expenses’.
for his blog and manage his time well.

Listen and complete the following dialog based on what you have TASK 1
heard. Listen and complete the following dialog on what you have
Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru dan heard.
jawaban: Reno : Sister, are you ready to leave for car free day?
Farah : We will celebrate (1) Independence Day next two Niken : Yes, I am, but (1) ___________________. I’m going
months. We should organize events and meet the to fetch plastic bags first.
committee immediately, so we will have plenty time to Reno : Plastic bags? What for?
prepare for the celebration.

18 Opinions & Thoughts


Niken : I’m going to use them to (2) ___________________ Niken : That’s (7) a good deed. Here are the plastic bags.
and dispose of them into the appropriate trash can. I really hope that this action will make people aware to
The red bags are for wet rubbish and black ones are maintain the cleanliness the surroundings so that the
for dry rubbish such as mineral bottles. You know, car free day area is free from rubbish after the events.
many (3) ___________________ litter car free day Reno : Let’s start from ourselves. (8) I believe that once
areas, so I think I should act. it will become a habit, our environment will be
Reno : You are absolutely right. Littering definitely a more convenient and cleaner place for many
(4) ___________________ such as floods and kinds of public activities.
causing (5) ___________________. Many Niken : Correct! So, what do you think if we invite our
people think that public cleanliness is (9) schoolmates and playmates to join?
(6) ___________________. In fact, it is actually our Reno : That’s a good idea. We can (10) start doing it next
responsibility to maintain the cleanliness. O.K., I will week.
join you to collect the rubbish. Niken : O.K. Let’s go now.
Niken : That’s (7) ___________________. Here are the Reno : Let’s.
plastic bags. I really hope that this action will make TASK 2
people aware to maintain the cleanliness the 1. On Sunday morning.
surroundings so that the car free day area is free 2. They are going to a car free day spot.
from rubbish after the events. 3. They will bring plastic bags.
Reno : Let’s start from ourselves. 4. To collect rubbish in car free day areas and dispose of
(8) ___________________ that once it will become the rubbish into the appropriate trash can.
a habit, our environment will be a more convenient 5. It causes floods and several diseases.
and cleaner place for many kinds of public activities. 6. Maintaining cleanliness is all people’s responsibility.
Niken : Correct! So, what do you think if we invite our 7. Because they think that public cleanliness is janitors’
(9) ___________________ to join? responsiblity.
Reno : That’s a good idea. We can 8. The speakers hope that as many people collecting
(10) ___________________ it next week. rubbish in the car free day areas will make the visitors in
Niken : O.K. Let’s go now. car free day realize to maintain cleanliness.
Reno : Let’s. 9. Next Sunday/next week.
10. It is ‘routine’ or ‘customs’.
TASK 2
Answer the following questions based on the dialog in TASK 1.
1. When does the dialog probably take place?
2. Where are the speakers going to?
3. What will the speakers bring?
4. Why do they bring the items?
5. What are the effects of littering? Complete the following statements with the suitable words from
6. What is Reno’s view about maintaining cleanliness? the box.
7. Why do many people litter at car free day areas? Read the statements, in turns.
8. Why do the speakers intend to invite their friends to Jawaban:
collect rubbish in car free day areas? 1. From my point of view, you should meet Anneke and
9. When will their friends join them to collect rubbish? apologize to her, as you have hurt her feelings.
10. Reno says, “…once it will become a habit....” 2. We believe that this is the correct answer. We will know
What is the synonym of ‘habit’? soon after Mr. Surya has checked it.
Jawaban: 3. We totally agree that smoking is banned in public places.
TASK 1 Or, the management of each public place should build or
Percakapan yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru dan provide.
jawaban: 4. I would like to point out that underaged children must
Reno : Sister, are you ready to leave for car free day? not ride motorcycles, for their own safety.
Niken : Yes, I am, but (1) wait a moment. I’m going to fetch 5. Father doesn’t agree if we watch a movie in the evening.
plastic bags first. He thinks that it’s not safe for us.
Reno : Plastic bags? What for? 6. I strongly disagree when we hang out and then we are
Niken : I’m going to use them to (2) collect rubbish and busy with our cellphones. We should chat about everything.
dispose of them into the appropriate trash can. 7. I think you have misjudged Galih. In fact, he’s a really
The red bags are for wet rubbish and black ones good and kind boy. Maybe you need to know him better.
are for dry rubbish such as mineral bottles. You 8. We doubt that the principal will allow us to hold a music
know, many (3) people tend to litter car free day concert at school. In many cases, few spectators got out of
areas, so I think I should act. control.
Reno : You are absolutely right. Littering definitely 9. It is occasionally argued that turning on head lamps for
(4) brings bad impacts such as floods and motorists would not be effective. On the contrary, it has
causing (5) several diseases. Many people been proved that it reduces accidents.
think that public cleanliness is (6) janitors’ 10. Personally I think the sign ‘Turn left, please go ahead’ is
responsibility. In fact, it is actually our not effective, as many motorists often stop on the left side
responsibility to maintain the cleanliness. which blocks those who are going to turn left.
O.K., I will join you to collect the rubbish.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 19


Work in pairs.
Read the opinions and figure out what they are about.
Soal yang dikerjakan oleh peserta didik dan jawaban:

No. Opinion Topic

1. No wonder you love staying home. It’s very comfortable here. You can view the beautiful flowers in House
the garden from your room.
2. This is the most delicious food I have ever eaten. The flavor is so strong and I love that. Food
3. I agree if the government rebuild this place, so we will have a place to spend our Sunday mornings A park
again. People need this place to jog and exercise conveniently, while children can play on the slide,
swing and merry-go-round.
4. In my opinion, the story is marvelous. The plot is unpredictable. This is what I call as a real A storybook
detective story.
5. I strongly believe that people should visit this place. Through these dioramas, we learn a lot of things. A museum
We would know how our heroes struggled against colonialists and defended our independence from
them.

Write five opinions based on your ideas. Listen to the statements in TASK 9 again.
Read your opinions, in turns. In pairs, develop them into longer conversations.
Contoh jawaban:
1. I think we should use our smartphones wisely.
2. Frankly speaking, I don’t agree that parents allow their 1. Peserta didik bekerja secara berpasangan, sebaiknya
underaged children ride motorcycles. tidak dengan teman sebangku.
3. In my view, we should choose our majors at university 2. Bapak/Ibu Guru membaca kembali pernyataan-
based on our talents and interests. pernyataan pada TASK 9 dan peserta didik mencatatnya.
4. In my opinion, we should attend several extracurricular 3. Peser ta didik dan pasangannya bercakap-cakap
activities to improve our skills and relationships. berdasarkan tiap pernyataan tersebut. Lakukan secara
5. I absolutely agree that vocational students attend bergantian.
internships to obtain knowledge about real work. 4. Selama kegiatan berlangsung, Bapak/Ibu Guru
mengamati keaktifan peserta didik dan membantu
apabila mereka menemui kesulitan.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi beberapa pasangan peserta
didik untuk memeragakan percakapan seperti yang telah
mereka lakukan.
Listen carefully and respond to each statement properly.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai.
Pernyataan-pernyataan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
Guru: Contoh jawaban:
1. I believe that as long as you study hard, you will do the final 1. You : The final test will be coming soon. Have you
test very well. prepared yourself for it?
2. In my opinion, illegal logging is the cause of big destructions Your friend : Well, as usual, I study all the materials.
to Earth and ecosystems. I believe that as long as we study hard, we
3. Have you watched the movie Headshot? Personally, it is one will do the final test very well.
of the world’s great action movies. Don’t you think so? You : I agree. Hmm...I have an idea. What if we do
4. What do you think about bullying at school? a question and answer test to check our
5. What’s your opinion about corruption? understandings of certain materials?
Contoh jawaban: Your friend : I’d love that.
1. I agree with you. It will not be a problem if we prepare 2. Your friend : What do you think of illegal logging?
ourselves well for the test. You : I must say that it’s a big crime. The people
2. That’s absolutely right. Bare lands will be prone to landslides, involved don’t realize that what they have
floods and global warming. done has been destructing Earth and the
3. I have watched the movie and I must admit that it is really ecosystems.
good, the actors, music, sound effects, etc. Your friend : That’s absolutely right. Bare lands will be prone
4. It is totally wrong. There is no junior or senior at school and to landslides, floods and even global warming.
we must not harm others. On the contrary, we should You : Therefore, we must stop illegal logging.
respect and love each other.
5. In my opinion, corruption is a crime and those involved are
criminals. They have misused people’s trust and money for
their own benefits.

20 Opinions & Thoughts


3. You : Have you watched the movie Headshot? Dialog 2
Your friend : I have. 1. analyzing poems
You : In my opinion, it is one of the world’s best 2. really difficult
action movies. What do you think? 3. Me too
Your friend : Well, I must admit that it is really good, the 4. analyzing it word by word
actors and actresses, music, sound effects, 5. they don’t think that the results are the true messages of the
etc. I have even watched it twice! poems
You : Really? Do you have the DVD? 6. cousin
Your friend : No, I don’t, but Yudi has. 7. asking for Amanda’s help
4. Your friend : Recently, we heard or read news about many 8. Indonesian literature
cases of bullying at school. 9. they only have three days left
You : Yeah, it is pitiful. 10. call Amanda
Your friend : What’s your opinion about bullying at school?
You : I really hate bullying. It is totally wrong. There
is no junior or senior at school and we must
not harm others. On the contrary, we should
respect and love each other.
Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
5. You : Dion, do you notice the hottest topic in the
recent TV news programs or newspapers? Jawaban:
Your friend : Traffic accidents? 1. B 2. C 3. A 4. E
You : No, I think it is corruption. Don’t you think 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. E
so?
Your friend : You’re right.
You : Anyway, what do you think of corruption?
Your friend : In my opinion, corruption is a crime and
those involved are criminals. They have
misused people’s trust and money for their Arrange the following sentences to form a sequential dialog.
own benefits. Then, practice the dialog with a friend.
You : I absolutely agree. They should receive Jawaban:
severe punishment. The correct arrangement of the sentences is 4–8–1–10–6–11–2–
7–5–9–3.

Complete the following dialogs with the suitable words in the boxes.
Jawaban: Answer the following questions based on the dialog in TASK 14.
Dialog 1:
1. k 2. h 3. a 4. d 5. l
6. e 7. f 8. g 9. j 10. c 1. Peserta didik membaca dan memahami kembali
Dialog 2: percakapan pada TASK 14.
1. b 2. k 3. e 4. h 5. a 2. Bapak/Ibu Guru membacakan pertanyaan-pertanyaan
6. l 7. d 8. g 9. f 10. j berikut satu per satu dan memotivasi peserta didik untuk
tunjuk jari, serta menjawab pertanyaan tersebut.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi kesempatan kepada dua atau
tiga peserta didik untuk menjawab pertanyaan yang
sama, lalu bersama-sama membahas jawabannya.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi nilai dan balikan kepada
Complete the following statements based on the dialogs in TASK 11. peserta didik.
Jawaban:
Dialog 1 Jawaban:
1. an OSIS meeting 1. A robotics competition.
2. to discuss a poster-making contest to celebrate Youth Pledge 2. They are friends.
Day 3. Farah’s schoolmates.
3. third 4. From a local newspaper.
4. similar to the previous ones, despite using different themes 5. She failed in the selection test.
5. students from their school 6. They performed best in the competition.
6. inviting students from other schools and even public 7. He thinks that the competition is good to improve students’
participants to join skills and knowledge of robotics.
7. more competitive 8. He attends a robotics extracurricular club at his school.
8. it will cost much to advertise the contest and provide prizes 9. Farah’s brother.
for the winners 10. They are planning to enter a robotics competition held by
9. look for sponsorships Farah’s brother’s campus.
10. interesting and up to date

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 21


6. They perform a fashion show, but all models should
wear costumes made from environmentally friendly
or recycled materials.
7. To contribute in the campaign to save Earth.
TASK 1
8. They should concept the costumes and materials they
Arrange the sentences to form a sequential dialog.
are going to use.
Then, practice the dialog with your friends.
9. Tigor’s sister because she studies fashion designing.
1. Yudi : Tyas is right. So, do you have an idea, Tyas? 10. They are going to meet Tigor.
2. Yudi : Listen, guys. Have you heard that our school
will participate again in the city carnival?
3. Yudi : Personally, I love your idea. By doing this, we
can educate ourselves and others in saving
Earth, by making use of recycling items around
us into creative and useful items.
4. Yudi : Let’s go. Talk the following topics with your friend, by stating your opinions
5. Yudi : But first, we have to concept the costumes and and suitable responses.
materials we are going to use. Do you know At the end, share your opinions with the class.
a person who can help us?
6. Yudi : Well, the carnival will be held to welcome the
new year. It means we have around two months 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peser ta didik mencari
to prepare. Do you have an idea for our pasangan untuk bercakap-cakap, sebaiknya bukan
participation this year? teman sebangku.
7. Tyas : Sorry, I disagree. We have performed dances 2. Setiap pasangan bercakap-cakap tentang topik yang
three times during our participations. Let’s tersedia. Mereka diminta untuk menyampaikan pendapat
make a unique, but creative one. masing-masing terkait topik tersebut, serta responsnya
8. Tyas : Yeah, I’ve heard it. (setuju atau tidak setuju).
9. Tyas : That’s perfect! Let’s meet Tigor now. 3. Selama kegiatan berlangsung, Bapak/Ibu Guru
10. Tyas : Well, in recent years the government, mengamati keaktifan peserta didik dan sekaligus
individuals and institutions have campaigned memberi nilai. Bapak/Ibu Guru juga dapat memotivasi
for saving Earth. So, I have an idea that we peserta didik yang kurang aktif.
perform a fashion show, but all models should 4. Setelah selesai bercakap-cakap, setiap pasangan
wear costums made from environmentally mencatat pendapat masing-masing dan responsnya,
friendly or recycled materials. What do you setuju atau tidak setuju, mengenai topik tersebut di buku
think? tugas.
11. Catur: I know. Why don’t we ask for Tigor’s sister’s 5. Pada akhir kegiatan, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta
help? She studies fashion designing. didik untuk menyampaikan hasil percakapan tersebut di
12. Catur: What about performing traditional dances? kelas.
13. Catur: Me too. 6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi nilai dan balikan kepada semua
14. Catur: Well, I admit that your idea is very good, Tyas. peserta didik dalam kegiatan ini.
O.K., let’s do it.
Contoh jawaban:
TASK 2
1. You : Fifi, what’s your opinion about the statement
Answer the following questions based on the dialog in TASK 1.
that girls should not receive higher education?
1. What is the topic of the conversation? Your friend : I absolutely disagree. All people are equal,
2. When do you think the carnival will be held? boys and girls. Girls deserve to receive
3. How long do they have time for the carnival preparation? higher education too because we have brains
4. What does Catur propose? and passion to achieve our goals. As a boy,
5. Does Tyas agree with Catur’s idea? Why? what’s your opinion?
6. What is Tyas’ idea? You : Well, I have a similar opinion. I know that girls
7. What is the aim of her idea? also want to be useful for others, have dreams
8. According to Yudi, what should they do first to conduct to achieve and do meaningful deeds in their
the show? lives.
9. Who can help them? Why? Your friend : You’re right.
10. What are the speakers going to do after the conversation?
2. You : Recently, we often hear or read news about
Jawaban: traffic accidents which incur many casualties.
TASK 1 I wonder how the accidents happen.
The correct arrangement of the sentences is 2–8–13–6–12– Your friend : In my opinion, the major cause of accidents
7–1–10–3–14–5–11–9–4. is road users’ carelessness. Many drivers
continue driving even though they are sleepy
TASK 2 or drive their cars at high speed.
1. The performance for the upcoming city carnival. You : Well, I partly disagree with your opinion.
2. At the end of the recent year or at the beginning of the I think the government is also responsible
new year. for it. If only the government provides
3. Around two months. comfortable means of transportation, roads
4. They perform traditional dances. without holes and sufficient traffic signs,
5. No, she disagrees because they have performed dances I believe, it could reduce the number of traffic
three times during their participations. accidents.
Your friend : That makes sense.

22 Opinions & Thoughts


Group 1 : Printed textbooks also effect our health. A print
textbook can be heavier than a tablet. If a student
put several printed textbooks in his backpack, he will
have a heavy bag to carry which will effect his
Work in groups of five. growth.
Debate with your classmates on the following issues. Group 2 : I don’t agree with you. We can decide which books
we should carry to school and choose a tough bag
designed not to impede our growth.
1. Peserta didik membentuk kelompok yang terdiri atas lima Group 1 : We think that digital textbooks are still better than
peserta didik. printed ones. They are simpler and easier to use.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru menulis topik debat di kertas kecil dan Using digital textbooks also helps us prepare for
menggulungnya. Satu topik ditulis pada dua kertas yang a world immersed in technology. Technology always
berbeda, beserta pernyataan setuju dan tidak setuju. develops and we should cope with it and improve
3. Kemudian, perwakilan kelompok mengambil satu ourselves for better future.
gulungan kertas. Kelompok yang mendapat topik sama Group 2 : Technology grows fast, but for books, we prefer
akan menjadi lawan debat. using printed textbooks. It is old ways, but they are
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi waktu tiap-tiap kelompok untuk valuable. We can lend or give the books to others
mempersiapkan argumen-argumen mereka. Mereka who need them. We can also share digital textbooks
dapat membuat daftar argumen-argumen mereka terlebih to others, but they should have proper devices.
dahulu. Jika peserta didik mengalami kesulitan, mereka As we know that not all people have those devices.
dapat bertanya kepada Bapak/Ibu Guru.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi tiap-tiap kelompok untuk
tampil berdebat di kelas.
6. Dengan bimbingan dan arahan Bapak/Ibu Guru, tiap
kelompok yang memiliki topik yang sama tampil bersama
untuk berdebat. Listen to and answer the questions based the text in TASK 18.
7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi nilai dan balikan atas Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
penampilan peserta didik. Guru:
1. Why did Kiki stop schooling?
Contoh jawaban: 2. Why did her friends bully her?
Group 1 : We agree that digital textbooks should replace 3. What happened to Dinda?
printed textbooks because a laptop computer or 4. How are the forms of bullying?
tablet can hold hundreds of textbooks. We only need 5. Why do victims of bullying not report the cases?
to save the books in our laptop computers and 6. What are the writer’s opinions about children’s school life?
tablets so that we can bring them and study the 7. What are the effects of bullying on the victims?
books everywhere. This technology also makes us 8. What should people do to stop bullying?
easier to find the book we need. We just search for 9. Who are responsible to stop bullying?
or type the title of the book and we will get it soon. 10. How do students participate to stop bullying at their
Group 2 : That’s true, but people who read printed textbooks schools?
will comprehend the materials of the books more
Jawaban:
easily. Besides, we can write additional notes or
1. Because her classmates used to make fun of her relentlessly.
highlight the important materials.
2. Because her father is a street vendor.
Group 1 : You know, several digital textbooks provide tools to
3. She was depressed, left school and stayed home.
highlight important materials and also provide space
4. Bullying exists in every form, from teasing to extreme abuse.
to write additional notes. The textbooks contain
5. Because bullying is considered normal in several parts of
many technology features that cannot be found in
the society, they feel it will “make a big deal”, and they are
printed ones.
so scared that they don’t trust anyone and do not want to
Group 2 : As far as I know, people will comprehend the
share their plight with anyone.
materials much more easily if they are written in the
6. Children should not be living in constant fear. They shouldn’t
form of books. The nerves of the hands and brain
be afraid. On the contrary, they should look forward to every
work better and keep the memory. Besides, laptop
day school life.
computers and tablets, as the devices of digital
7. They miss school every day due to the fear of mistreated by
textbooks, are easily affected by viruses and easy
other students and, in several extreme cases, they choose
to break. To repair the devices, we need to call
to home school, or in severe circumstances, they stop
a technician which can be costly and time
studying altogether.
consuming.
8. They should be made aware of this social evil and be
Group 1 : I don’t think so. We can protect the devices with anti
working together, against it, to stop it.
virus. We connect the devices to the Internet, to
9. Everyone.
update the anti virus. Nowadays, we can get
10. They should protect their classmates and try to stop
Internet connection easily, so it is not a big problem.
bullying. If it doesn’t work, then they should inform their
Group 2 : I absolutely disagree with you. Internet connection
teachers or parents.
also put the devices in the risk of virus. Besides, we
also have time limit to read printed textbooks. When
the battery is empty, we should search electric
connection to recharge it. If we cannot find it, we
cannot continue reading the books. To much reading
on the screen is also effect our health, especially
our eyes such as blurred vision and dry eyes.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 23


Write a text containing your opinions or views of a certain issue.
Share your work with the class.
Contoh jawaban:
Nowadays, online transportation is common and popular
among people who live in big cities. It provides ride services
(motorcycles and cars), courier, food delivery and even shopping.
We only need to install
an application in our smartphone and we can get all the facilities.
Personally, I think that online transportation benefits many
of us because it facilitates us in our daily lives. We only run the
application, choose the services we’re going to order and wait for
driver to fetch us at homes or wait for the food/packages/
shopping items to deliver to our homes. Moreover, fares for the
services are affordable and more economical than conventional
ones. At last, it saves us a bundle of time during rush hours.

24 Opinions & Thoughts


• I am of the opinion that no one has any right to
harass or make people feel inferior.
• Bullying is prevalent in our society. It is
important that everyone should be made aware Providing information concerning • Of course./Exactly.
▲ one’s opinion or view • You’re absolutely right.
of this social evil.
Agreeing • Yes, I agree.
• I’d say that the police officers should have more ▲
• I think so.
campaigns about safety ride, especially for


• That’s a good point.
students because I see many students break • I don’t think so either.
riding rules.

• That’s different.
• What do you think of the new rule? Asking for information • I don’t agree with you.
• What’s your opinion about our country? ▲ concerning one’s opinion or ▲ Opinions & ▲ Disagreeing ▲ • However,....
• What do you mean? view Thoughts • That’s not entirely true.
• What would you say about that? • On the contrary,....
• I’m sorry to disagree with you, but....

• believe : I believe our country will become


a great nation.
• think : I think we have responsibilities to prevent
bullying in our society. • extremely sad


• doubt : I doubt the road construction in our • big deal
Mental verbs Collocations

village will finish this week.
▲ • social evil
• assume : I assume tourism in our country will • absolutely right
increase next year. • safe ride
• feel : I feel rice prices will remain stable during
this year.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1


25
Tape Script for Assessment

Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following dialog.


Boy : This academic year will end soon. I don’t think it will be
memorable if we don’t hold an event. I. Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
Girl : You’re right. Do you have any idea? Jawaban:
Boy : Yes. I’m thinking about having a short movie contest and 1. B 2. D 3. D 4. E 5. D
the themes will be about our daily school lives. All 6. A 7. B 8. B 9. A 10. E
participants can join the contest as individuals or groups. 11. B 12. B 13. C 14. C 15. D
Then, we will play the movies on the final day of school. 16. E 17. C 18. C 19. E 20. A
What do you think?
Boy : I think it is such a great idea. Let’s share your idea in the II. Make a simple dialog about providing and asking for
next OSIS meeting. information concerning one’s opinion or view.
Narrator: You are free to choose the topic.
1. What does the boy propose? Contoh jawaban:
2. When will the movies be played? Dea : Many young people spend their most time to play online
games. I think it wastes their time. They should spend
Questions 3 to 5 refer to the following dialog.
their time to study or to make innovation.
Man : Nowadays, most teenagers are addicted to social
Tio : I agree with what you are saying, but there are several
media. They express their ideas or feelings, share
young people who success with online games. They can
their photos or videos and communicate with other
gain money from the games.
people through social media.
Dea : Yeah, but they ignore their studies. Besides, they spend
Woman : You’re absolutely right. Personally, I think teenagers
much money for the online games. They have to pay the
should be wise when using social media. They
Internet cafe or buy an expensive computer with high
should share positive sides of their lives and obtain
specification. They may gain money, but they will spend it
positive information from social media.
again. I guess online gaming should be banned.
Man : Yeah! I think they should have more time for face-to-
Tio : I don’t think so. Young people can relax their minds
face interaction with their families or friends, instead
through online gaming. They perhaps have burden, so
of keeping engaged with their social media.
I think they have to get entertainment. To my mind,
Woman : You know, I am extremely sad when I see them sit
online gaming should not be banned, but the young
together, but they keep looking at their smartphones,
people should manage their time well. They may play
reading or writing on their social media. I’d say that
online gaming, but they may not ignore their studies.
social media will be of benefit to teenagers when
they use it wisely.
Man : I agree with you.
Narrator:
3. What is the dialog about?
4. What should teenagers not do with social media?
5. What does the speakers think about social media among
teenagers?

26 Opinions & Thoughts


Write your opinions about the following pictures, based on the cue words.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati gambar-gambar dan kata-kata kunci yang tersedia.
2. Dengan bimbingan dan arahan Bapak/Ibu Guru, peserta didik menulis pendapat mereka tentang gambar-gambar tersebut.
3. Peserta didik menyampaikan pendapat mereka tentang gambar-gambar tersebut secara lisan. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi
peserta didik yang lain untuk menyampaikan pendapat mereka jika memiliki pendapat yang berbeda.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberikan balikan dan nilai kepada peserta didik.

1 2 3

a new hair style to live alone

4 5

chatting
vocational school students undisciplined
Contoh jawaban:
1. Picture 1 : I think the boy look fresh with his new hair style.
2. Picture 2 : I don’t think we should allow the old man to live alone.
3. Picture 3 : In my opinion teenagers should use cellphones to improve their knowledge, not only for chatting.
4. Picture 4 : I strongly believe that vocational school students have excellent skills and they will secure good jobs easily.
5. Picture 5 : The man remains undisciplined and ignores his safety on the road. I’m quite convinced that a police officer will
stop and penalize him.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 27


LISTENING SECTION Part II

Part I 5. Write your answer on your answer sheet.

1. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
Guru: diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Girl : What do you think if we discuss our group Woman : I heard you just watched The Deadpool at
assignment tomorrow? the movie theater.
Boy : Sorry, I disagree. Tomorrow is Sunday, Man : Yes, I did.
so I’m sure everyone has their own Woman : What do you think of the movie?
businesses. Man : ________
Narrator : What is the boy’s opinion about the girl’s Narrator : How would the man reply?
idea? A. I liked it. It was entertaining.
B. I disagree with your opinion.
Jawaban: C C. I didn’t know the movie casts.
D. I think you can book a ticket.
2. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
Guru: Jawaban: A
Girl : Oh, no! What’s wrong with my motorcycle? 6. Write your answer on your answer sheet.
Boy : What’s happened to your motorcycle,
Aline? Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
Girl : I don’t know. It won’t start. diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Boy : Let me check it. Man : Do you have a plan for this Saturday evening?
Narrator : What is the boy going to do? Woman : No. Why?
Man : I have two tickets for a jazz festival. Would
Jawaban: B you like to go with me?
Woman : ________
3. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Narrator : What is the best response?
Guru: A. Jason Mraz is my favorite jazz singer.
Boy : Oh, how can I study with noise like this? B. I have heard this jazz song before.
Girl : Our next-door neighbor doesn’t know you C. There will be a jazz festival.
will be having an exam tomorrow. Why don’t D. I’d love to, thanks.
you study at the public library? It’s open
until 9 p.m. Jawaban: D
Boy : Good idea! Thank you.
Narrator : Where will the boy go? 7. Write your answer on your answer sheet.

Jawaban: E Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang


diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
4. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Girl : There will be a speech contest next week.
Guru: What should I talk about?
Girl : Oh, my cellphone is broken. Boy : ________
Boy : My neighbor can repair cellphones. I could Narrator : What is the appropriate response for the
take you to him if you wish. boy to give?
Girl : Thank you. A. You should participate in the contest.
Narrator : What does the boy offer? B. I think the environment will be a good topic for you.
C. In my opinion, you should include several
Jawaban: C arguments in the speech.
D. Please don’t worry. I believe you will win in the
contest.

Jawaban: B

28 Mid-Term Test
Part III PART IV

8. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Boy : Mom, you look pale and sweaty. Are you sick? Questions 12 and 13 refer to the following monolog.
Woman : Yes, I have a headache. “Good evening, everyone. Thank you for attending our
Boy : Let’s go to see a doctor, Mom. regular meeting. Today, we are going to discuss the security of
Woman : I don’t think it’s necessary. our neighborhood, especially at night. Recently, I have
Boy : If that’s so, you should have rest. Let me received reports regarding vandalism activities in our village.
buy you medicine. Several houses located by the main street have become the
Woman : Thank you, dear. victims of these irresponsible actions. Therefore, I think
Narrator : Where will the boy go after the conversation? a regular night-watch activity is needed to improve our
village’s security. I’d like to know everyone’s idea upon this
Jawaban: B matter. Thank you.”
Narrator:
9. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: 12. What is the purpose of the meeting?
Boy : Vina, I saw you from a distance walking 13. What can we conclude from the monolog?
hurriedly. Where is your bicycle?
Girl : That’s the problem. My bicycle has a flat 12. Jawaban: D
tire, so I’m going to take a bus. 13. Jawaban: B
Boy : I see. If that’s so, I’ll give you a ride.
Coincidentally, I bring two helmets. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Girl : I’d love to. Thank you very much. Questions 14 and 15 refer to the following monolog.
Boy : You’re welcome. Children should not be living in constant fear. They
Narrator : How will the girl go to school? shouldn’t be afraid. On the contrary, they should look forward
to school and school lives, every day. According to
Jawaban: E a research, bullying has always existed in Indonesian
society, but it has only surfaced due to the recent
10. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: proliferation of media technologies (Craig, 2009). Since
Restu is accompanying Donita who is going to bullying is prevalent in our society, it is important that
open a savings account. Donita looks upset because everyone should be made aware of this social evil. There
she’s been waiting for almost an hour. Donita complains, should be campaigns to increase awareness. Everyone
“Waiting is boring. Can’t the customer service staff serve should be working together, to stop it.
the man quicker?” Adopted from: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Bahasa Inggris SMA/
Restu says, “Please be patient. There may be MA/SMK/MAK Kelas XI, Jakarta, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan,
2014.
a problem. Besides, she has already served many
customers and may need a little time to relax.” Narrator:
“If that’s so, why don’t we go out to buy food and 14. What is the speaker’s opinion about the children’s lives
drinks?” asks Donita. at school?
“I don’t think it’s a good idea. It’s your turn after the 15. What does the speaker suggest concerning bullying?
man, isn’t it? He may finish his business soon,” Restu
advises. 14. Jawaban: D
“O.K.” 15. Jawaban: E
Narrator : What are the speakers doing?
This is the end of the listening section.
Jawaban: A
READING SECTION
11. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Mr. Restu lives with his wife in poverty, but he
16. C 31. D 46. B
never complains. They work very hard every day, to
17. D 32. C 47. E
support their lives. They search for firewood in a nearby
18. E 33. D 48. A
forest and then sell it to their neighbors or in a market.
19. B 34. B 49. C
Last Sunday, Mr. Restu helped a rich businessman,
20. B 35. C 50. A
who was nearly robbed, on his way home from the
21. A 36. D
forest. The businessman then said that Mr. Restu could
22. C 37. B
ask him anything he needed. However, Mr. Restu said
23. A 38. D
that he didn’t know what to ask.
24. C 39. C
On his arrival at home, Mr. Restu told everything to
25. A 40. B
his wife. She was mad at him for not asking anything.
26. D 41. B
She said, “I am surprised that you don’t realize what you
27. E 42. E
should have asked for. We live very wretchedly here, in
28. E 43. A
this nasty dirty hut. We are poor and I am so miserable.
29. D 44. E
You should have asked for a sum of money so that we
30. B 45. D
could renovate our house. Now go to the businessman’s
house and ask for the money.”
Mr. Restu replied, “Unfortunately, I didn’t ask his
address.”
Narrator : What is the couple’s house like?

Jawaban: C

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 29


Setelah mempelajari chapter ini, peserta didik:
1. dapat memahami:
cara mengundang secara resmi untuk meminta dan memberi informasi terkait kegiatan di sekolah atau tempat kerja secara
lisan dan tulis.
2. terampil:
mengundang secara resmi untuk meminta dan memberi informasi terkait kegiatan di sekolah atau tempat kerja secara lisan
dan tulisan.
Berdasarkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang dikuasai, peserta didik:
1. mensyukuri kesempatan dapat mempelajari bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa internasional;
2. menghargai perilaku jujur, bekerja sama, santun, dan percaya diri dalam berkomunikasi dengan Bapak/Ibu Guru, teman, dan
orang lain.

Party Time

• Tindak tutur yang melibatkan tindakan mengundang secara resmi beserta responsnya,
sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Kartu undangan resmi, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.

• Pemahaman kartu undangan resmi sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.


• Penyusunan kartu undangan resmi sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Pemahaman percakapan yang melibatkan tindakan mengundang secara resmi beserta
responsnya, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Praktik bercakap-cakap yang melibatkan tindakan mengundang secara resmi beserta
responsnya, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.

• Memahami tindak tutur yang melibatkan tindakan mengundang secara resmi beserta responsnya dalam bentuk lisan dan tulis.
• Mengungkapkan gambaran umum dan maksud undangan resmi beserta responsnya secara lisan dan tulis.
• Menyusun kartu undangan resmi dengan memperhatikan struktur teksnya.
• Bercakap-cakap menggunakan ungkapan mengundang secara resmi beserta responsnya.
• Bersikap jujur, bekerja sama, santun, dan percaya diri dalam berkomunikasi dengan guru, teman, dan orang lain.

30 Party Time
Look at the people in the picture. They are in the middle of a meeting, to discuss a certain topic. Suppose you are the
meeting chairperson and have to invite your friends to the meeting formally, how would you say or write?
In this chapter you will learn about invitations, in spoken and written forms.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati gambar apersepsi dan menjelaskan situasi dalam gambar tersebut.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru kemudian bertanya kepada peserta didik apakah mereka pernah diundang untuk menghadiri acara
seperti dalam gambar tersebut.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru menjelaskan kepada peserta didik bahwa dalam chapter ini mereka akan mempelajari undangan
dalam bentuk lisan dan tulis.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik agar selalu berpartisipasi aktif dalam setiap kegiatan pembelajaran.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 31


Contoh jawaban:
1. A birthday invitation.
2. It was a written invitation.
3. I accepted the invitation, because it was my close friend’s
Read the following texts. birthday.
Answer the questions that follow.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami teks-


teks berikut dan mencari makna kata-kata baru. Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 3.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru kemudian meminta peserta didik Jawaban:
menjawab pertanyaan di bawah teks-teks tersebut. 1. At school.
3. Peserta didik diminta tunjuk jari dan menyebutkan 2. At break time.
jawabannya. Bila peserta didik lain memiliki jawaban 3. He is an OSIS committee member.
yang berbeda, mereka dapat tunjuk jari dan 4. He received an invitation for an OSIS meeting.
menyebutkan jawabannya. 5. The OSIS chairperson (Ray Herlambang).
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi penilaian kepada peserta didik 6. Preparation for the interschool futsal competition.
yang aktif menjawab. 7. The meeting is urgent.
8. Share their ideas freely.
Jawaban: 9. He accepted the invitation. Based on his statement, “Sure,
1. To invite other people to attend specific events. I will. Thank you.”
2. Text 1 is an invitation to a charity dinner, while text 2 is 10. Futsal teams from the writer’s school and other schools.
an invitation to an end-year meeting of a company cooperation.
3. At workplaces.
4. They are the relevant chairpersons.
5. The simple present tense.

Match each invitation with its correct picture.


Jawaban:
1. d 2. a 3. c 4. b
Answer the following questions based on the texts in TASK 1.
1. For Text 1, who wrote the invitation?
2. Why is the event called a charity dinner?
3. What should Mr. and Mrs. Riyadi do after receiving the
invitation? TASK 1
4. For Text 2, how often is the meeting conducted? Complete the following statements based on the texts in
5. What will be received by lucky participants? TASK 6.
Jawaban: Text 1
1. The board of directors of the Indonesian Educational 1. We can read the invitation at ________________.
Foundation. 2. The invitation is about ________________.
2. Because the proceeds benefit the educational fund. 3. The participants will grow plants at ________________
3. They should confirm their presence. (place).
4. Once a year. 4. Each student should bring ________________.
5. Door prizes. 5. The principal suggests the students ________________.
Text 2
1. The invitation is written by ________________.
2. Cindy Permata is nominated to participate in
________________.
Answer the following questions. 3. The event will be held ________________ (time).
4. Before the event, Cindy Permata is invited to attend
________________.
1. Sebagai apersepsi untuk memulai kegiatan, Bapak/Ibu 5. According to the principal, ________________ is
Guru dapat menunjukkan sebuah kartu undangan yang required to gain a victory.
pernah diterima dan peserta didik diminta mengamati Text 3
kartu undangan tersebut. 1. The invitation is addressed to ________________.
2. Peserta didik diminta menyebutkan hal-hal yang terdapat 2. The invitation is about ________________.
dalam kartu undangan. 3. After receiving the invitation, the invitee should
3. Kemudian, Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik ________________.
memahami pertanyaan-pertanyaan berikut dan mencari 4. If the invitee cannot be present, he should contact
jawaban atas pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut. ________________.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik tunjuk jari dan 5. Anggara Ditya is a ________________.
menyebutkan jawaban mereka. Ketika seorang peserta
didik menyebutkan jawaban, peserta didik yang lain Text 4
memperhatikan. 1. The invitation is about ________________.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memuji dan memberi balikan positif 2. The invitation is addressed to ________________.
kepada peser ta didik yang berani menyebutkan
jawabannya.

32 Party Time
3. They are hoped to be skillful at ________________. Jawaban:
4. The simulation will be conducted by ________________. TASK 1
5. By attending the simulation, Vita suggests that the Text 1
participants ________________. 1. school
2. students’ participation in the school reforestation program
TASK 2 3. school and its surroundings
Read the texts and complete the statements that follow. 4. a plant and equipment
Text 1 5. save Earth and make their school and surroundings green

SMA Pusaka Text 2


Jl. Karimun No. 3 1. the principal, Alvian Pratama
Palu 2. a robotic competition
3. next week
To: Ms. Sandra, music teacher 4. a briefing for the robotic competition
5. a good preparation
You’re cordially invited to a teachers’ meeting:
day/date : Saturday, November 4, 2017 Text 3
time : 1:30 p.m. 1. Mr. Ivan Sanjaya
place : the teacher’s office 2. attending the grand opening of a new company
agenda : the students’ art performance 3. confirm his presence
4. Donna Savina
Due to the importance of the agenda, please attend. 5. manager of PT Berdikari

Heny Sulistyawati Text 4


Principal 1. the simulation of first aids to victims of accidents
2. all members of Youth Red Cross
Statements: 3. covering many areas dealing with safety, especially
1. The invitation is written by ________________. after accidents have occured
2. Ms. Sandra teaches ________________. 4. the Search and Rescue team
3. People invited to the meeting are ________________. 5. can give first aids to victims of accidents
4. They will discuss ________________. TASK 2
5. Ms. Sandra is expected to attend the meeting because Text 1
________________. 1. the principal, Mrs. Heny Sulistyawati
2. music
Text 2
3. teachers
The Committee of the Farewell Party 4. the students’ art performance
SMK Harapan Palembang 5. the agenda of the meeting is very important
Text 2
To: All teachers 1. All teachers
You’re invited to the principal’s farewell party: 2. school hall; morning
on Sunday, June 18, 2017 3. The principal
at 9 a.m. 4. chairperson
at the school hall 5. the farewell party

Please be there.
Contact person: Diana (081115673344)

Riana
Chairperson Read the following words in proper pronunciation.

Statements:
1. ________________ are invited to attend the farewell 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati kata-
party. kata dan phonetic transcription yang tersedia.
2. The party will be held at the ________________ in the 2. Peserta didik membaca nyaring kata-kata tersebut
________________ (time). dengan pelafalan yang tepat.
3. ________________ will leave the school. 3. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengoreksi pelafalan peserta didik yang
4. Riana is the ________________ of the committee. kurang tepat.
5. “Please be there.” The underlined word refers to 4. Untuk memperdalam pengetahuan peserta didik tentang
________________. penggunaan kata tersebut, Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat
meminta peserta didik mengartikan dan membuat kalimat
menggunakan kata-kata tersebut.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 33


TASK 2
Complete the following sentences with the suitable words
from TASK 1.
TASK 1 1. Will your sister ________ her wedding in Jatayu
Match the words in column A with their correct meanings in Convention Hall?
column B. 2. Mr. Ferry works as a sales manager in an ________
A B
company.
3. Father bought me a ________ as a birthday present.
1. employee a. devotion to a purpose or task 4. All teachers and students ________ welcomed the
2. golden anniversary b. something granted, as for merit governor who visited their school.
c. a paid worker
3. to establish
d. an honor for victory or winning a contest 5. Ms. Rika is very happy receiving the ________ of
4. dedication e. the commemoration of a special event/occurrence a bank’s draw.
5. gratitude f. to set up 6. To celebrate our school ________, we will hold many
6. celebration g. not less than
h. the first anniversary competitions.
7. entertainment i. a fun activity to enjoy 7. Mr. Farhan ________ all his neighbors to attend his
8. award j. the 50th anniversary housewarming party.
9. at least k. a person who pays workers
l. thankfulness/appreciation of kindness 8. Let’s shop at the mall. I have a Rp500,000 shopping
10. prize
________.
9. Many people are gathering at the ________ to watch
a music concert.
10. May I borrow your bicycle? I’d like to join a ________
next Sunday.
TASK 3
Complete the following text with the correct words from the box. Complete the following text with the correct words from the
Jawaban: box.
1. d 2. f 3. b 4. e 5. a
a. door prizes b. finish
c. call d. invites
e. including f. celebrate

Write a response card based on the invitation in TASK 8. PT Sentosa Abadi


Contoh jawaban:
Cordially (1) ________ Mr. Hendra
to attend a 30Km Fun Bike
Reply is requested by first of October
To (2) ________ its golden anniversary, PT Sentosa
Mr. Danan Ardiansyah
Abadi will hold a 30Km Fun Bike.
Date : Sunday, September
24, 2017
________________ attend
Time : 6 a.m.
_________ unable to attend
Start and (3) ________ : The city square
Fee : Rp30,000
((4) ________
snacks, T-shirt and
insurance)
There are many (5) ________ available: 50 shopping
TASK 1 vouchers, 15 televisions, 10 mountain bikes, three
Match the words in column A with their correct meanings in motorcycles and the grand prize, a city car.
column B. Don’t miss it.
A B RSVP: Rembulan (08234567898765) and Bayu
1. cordially a. a bicycle which is designed for riding over rough
(08789876543210)
2. to invite terrains
3. fun bike b. a fun activity on a bicycle TASK 4
4. to celebrate c. the main award of a competition
5. anniversary d. a date to mark the exact number of years
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 3.
6. city square e. warmly 1. What is the text about?
7. insurance f. a token in exchange for particular goods in
8. grand prize a particular store 2. How long has PT Sentosa Abadi been established?
9. voucher g. to commemorate 3. Where and when will the event be held?
10. mountain bike h. a protection plan against a mishap 4. How far will the participants ride their bicycles?
i. to request the presence of
j. an open four-sided area in a city, surrounded by 5. What will each par ticipant receive by spending
buildings Rp30,000?
k. to perform 6. Why are people probably interested in joining the event?
7. Why should the participants not worry about their
safety during the event?

34 Party Time
8. “Don’t miss it.”
What does ‘it’ refer to?
9. Who are Rembulan and Bayu?
10. “There are many...available:….”
Dengan perintah kegiatan yang sama Bapak/Ibu Guru
What is the synonym of ‘available’?
memberi latihan berikut.
Jawaban:
TASK 1 FAREWELL
1. e 2. i 3. b 4. g 5. d SMAN 17 Jalan Kalimantan No. 17
6. j 7. h 8. c 9. f 10. a
To: Nurul Azizah, Class XI Science1
TASK 2
1. celebrate 2. insurance our meeting that will be held:
3. mountain bike 4. cordially day/date : Saturday, October 28, 2017
5. grand prize 6. anniversary time : 2 p.m.
7. invites 8. voucher place : OSIS
9. city square 10. fun bike agenda : preparation for

TASK 3 We look forward.


1. d 2. f 3. b 4. e 5. a
Uranus
TASK 4 Secretary
1. It is about an invitation to participate in a 30Km Fun
Bike. Contoh jawaban:
2. For fifty years.
3. It will be held at the city square on Sunday, FAREWELL COMMITTEE
September 24, 2017, at 6 a.m. SMAN 17 Jalan Kalimantan No. 17
4. 30km.
To: Nurul Azizah, Class XI Science1
5. He/She will receive snacks, a T-shirt and insurance.
6. There are may door prizes available. We invite you to attend our meeting that will be held:
7. There is insurance for each participant. day/date : Saturday, October 28, 2017
8. It refers to the event, a 30Km Fun Bike. time : 2 p.m.
9. They are the people who should be contacted for place : OSIS meeting room
a response or confirmation. agenda : preparation for the principal’s farewell
10. It is ‘obtainable’. party
We look forward to your participation.
Uranus
OSIS Chairperson

Find out what are missing in the following card.


Then, rewrite it into a proper invitation card.
Contoh jawaban:

The Human Resource Department Read the following texts.


PT Anugerah Abadi What is the difference between them?
Jl. Senopati No. 78
Jawaban:
The difference between the two texts is: Text 1 is a spoken
To: All employees
invitation (in the form of a conversation), while Text 2 is a written
To improve the quality of our company’s human resources, invitation (in the form of an invitation card).
you are expected to attend a computer course:
• on Saturdays
• at 1 p.m.–2:30 p.m.
• in Flamboyan Room
If you’re interested, please contact the committee in the HRD Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in TASK 12.
room for registration, during working hours. Jawaban:
It is free of charge, so don’t miss it. Dialog 1
1. At school.
Sandra Lolita 2. A drum band practice.
HRD Manager 3. They are members of the school’s drum band team.
4. A drum band festival.
5. It is “Lina, would you like to attend adrum band practice?”
Dialog 2
1. He is a baker.
2. He is going to open a new bakery on Jalan Kartika.
3. On Wednesday at seven p.m.
4. Yes, I do. I know it from the fact that Mr. Bonar invites
Mr. Aditya to the opening of his bakery.
5. It refers to the opening of Mr. Bonar’s new bakery.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 35


TASK 2
Match each dialog in TASK 15 with each of the following
invitation cards.
Complete the following short dialogs with suitable expressions of 1
inviting or responding to an invitation. SMA Bakti Pemuda
Contoh jawaban: Jl. Kepodang No. 22
1. Actually I’d like to join, but it’s too late.
2. Sure, I’d love to. To: OSIS Chairperson of SMAN 3
3. Would you like to attend a seminar about online businesses? To improve the relationships among students of different
4. Would you like to come? schools, we will be holding an interschool soccer
5. Please come to the city square tonight. competition:
day/date : Wednesday, November 1–Saturday,
November 4, 2017
time : 3:30 p.m.
venue : SMAN 1 and SMA Bakti Pemuda soccer fields
fee : Rp100,000
Complete the following dialogs with the correct words from the
boxes. For further information, please contact Angga Dewanto
Then, practice the dialogs with a friend. on 08123456789010. Please reply as soon as possible.
Jawaban:
Dialog 1 Angga Dewanto
1. b 2. d 3. e 4. c 5. a OSIS Chairperson of SMA Bakti Pemuda

Dialog 2
1. f 2. b 3. a 4. e 5. c 2
Students’ Organization (OSIS)
Dialog 3 SMK Patriot
1. e 2. b 3. d 4. a 5. c
To: Arkan, Captain of Class XI Social Science2

Motivation for achievement should be possessed by all


students. Due to its importance, we’d like to invite you
to the achievement and motivation training which will be
held:
TASK 1 day/date : Sunday, October 15, 2017
Answer the following questions based on the dialogs in time : 9 a.m.–3 p.m.
TASK 15. place : school hall
Dialog 1
1. Where does the dialog take place? It’s free of charge, so you shouldn’t miss it.
2. Who looked for Arkan?
3. What invitation did Devon give to Arkan? Devon Prasetya
4. Why does Arkan receive the invitation? OSIS Chairperson
5. How do you know?
Dialog 2 3
PT Bahama Sejahtera
1. When does the dialog take place?
Jl. Anggrek No. 95
2. What competition will the company be holding?
3. What does Mr. Rendra ask Surya to do?
To: All employees
4. Why will the competition take place after working hours?
5. Surya says, “Thanks. I will join.” In celebrating our company anniversary, we will be
What does he express? holding a badminton championship.
Dialog 3 You’re invited to participate in the competition which will
1. What is Yudi’s school going to hold? be held:
2. What is the main purpose of the event? day/date : Thursday, October 26–Sunday, October 29,
3. Where can Damar read the details of the event? 2017
4. Who will Damar discuss the invitation with? time : 4 p.m.
5. When will Damar confirm the result of the discussion to place : Sasana Badminton Arena
Yudi?
For information and enrollment, please contact Erlinda
(ext. 784) before October 20, 2017 during working
hours. Free of charge!

Rendra Abimanyu
Committee Chairperson

36 Party Time
Contoh jawaban:
Jawaban:
TASK 1 Human Resource Department
Dialog 1 PT Kurnia
1. At school. Jl. Diponegoro No. 58 Makassar
2. Devon.
3. An invitation to attend the achievement and motivation To: Satria Pambudi
training. We’d like to invite you for a job interview which will be held:
4. Because he is a class captain. day/date : Tuesday, September 26, 2017
5. Because only class captains are invited to the training time : 8 a.m.
and Arkan receives the invitation. place : PT Kurnia, Jl. Diponegoro no. 58 Makassar
Dialog 2
1. In the afternoon. Rosita Anggraini
2. A badminton competition. HRD Manager
3. To participate in the badminton competition.
4. It will not interfere with their work.
5. He accepts the invitation.
Dialog 3
1. An interschool soccer competition.
2. To improve the relationships among students of Create dialogs based on the following situations.
different schools. Practice the dialogs with a friend.
3. On the invitation which Yudi gives him. Contoh jawaban:
4. The other OSIS committee members. 1. You : We will have an English club at school.
5. In a few days. Would you like to attend it?
Your friend : Um…I can’t speak English fluently.
TASK 2
You : That’s not a problem. We also have a similar
1. Dialog 3
problem. That’s why, we have the club.
2. Dialog 1
We hope our English will improve after
3. Dialog 2
attending the club.
Your friend : You’re right. Practice makes perfect. Anyway,
who will be the guide?
You : Mr. Tony, our English teacher.
Your friend : That’s good. When will the club be?
You : On Thursdays after school. So, will you join us?
Arrange the following sentences to form a sequential dialog. Your friend : Actually I’d love to, but I attend a course on
Jawaban: Thursdays.
The correct arrangement of the sentences is: 3–8–1–7–5–9–4– 2. You : Hesty, have you finished your job?
6–2. Your staff : Yes, Sir. Is there anything I can do for you?
You : Yes. An insurance company is going to hold
a seminar about health and we have to send
a representative. I’d like you to attend it.
Your staff : All right, Sir. Anyway, where and when will
the seminar be?
Complete the following statements based on the dialog in
You : In the company hall, tomorrow at two o’clock.
TASK 16.
Please pay attention to the information and
Jawaban: share it with us.
1. phone 2. job applicant Your staff : Yes, Sir.
3. a job interview 4. Five people You : Thank you, Hesty.
5. come on time

Create an invitation card based on the dialog in TASK 16.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami


kembali isi percakapan yang berisi undangan di TASK
16.
2. Peserta didik membuat kartu undangan berdasarkan
percakapan tersebut.
3. Peserta didik menunjukkan kartu undangan yang mereka
buat dan dibahas bersama-sama.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 37


38
• We would like to invite you to our house

Party Time
warming party.
Inviting
• Would you like to join the school art


performance?
• I’ll be happy if you come to my store next
Saturday.

• Beginning: to open the invitation,


including the invitor/host (name of the
organization/logo), the invitee.
Inviting and
• Contents: to tell about the invitation in Invitation and


Party Time accepting/declining


detail, including the time and date,
response cards an invitation
place, occasion, etc.
• Closing: to close the invitation,
including the request for reply (RSVP),
special instructions, etc. Accepting
• That would be very nice. Thanks.
• Sure. I’ve been waiting for the moment to
join it.

Responding Declining
• Sorry, I’m not free this afternoon.
• Actually I’d like to come, but I have another
business that day.
Tape Script for Assessment

Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following dialog.


Woman : Irfan, you and the other class captains are invited to attend a leadership seminar.
Boy : Thank you, Ma’am. Where and when will it be held?
Woman : It will be held at the school hall on Saturday from 1 p.m. until 4 p.m.
Boy : Who will be the speaker, Ma’am?
Woman : Mr. Wijaya, a famous organization chairperson. He will give you tips on how to achieve a good personality, control your
emotions and manage an organization and people. So, don’t miss this opportunity.
Boy : I won’t, Ma’am. Thank you.
Questions:
1. What kind of seminar is the boy going to attend?
2. Which of the following tips will not the boy get during the seminar?

Questions 3 to 5 refer to the following dialog.


Man : Our company provides us equipment for fitness and we are free to use it. Would you practice with me?
Woman : Today?
Man : Yes, this afternoon after working hours.
Woman : I’m sorry I can’t. I am a bit dizzy today.
Man : I see.
Questions:
3. Where does the dialog take place?
4. What is the invitation for?
5. Why does the woman decline the invitation?

I. Choose A, B, C , D or E for the correct answer.


Jawaban:
1. A 2. E 3. B 4. A 5. B
6. E 7. C 8. E 9. C 10. D
11. B 12. E 13. E 14. B 15. D
16. E 17. E 18. A 19. C 20. E

II. Create an invitation you may receive at school.


Contoh jawaban:

To: Aldo

Our school is going to hold a farewell party and many


students will perform on stage. Your school band are invited
to perform in the party which will be held:
day/date : Saturday, November 4, 2017
time : 7 p.m.
place : the school hall
Your school band performance will be the main attraction
during the party.
Please contact Rendra Suryawan for more information and
schedule of the event.

Rendra Suryawan
Chairperson of Farewell Party Committee

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 39


Write invitation cards based on the following situations.
Use the following templates.
1. Suppose you are a class captain. Your class plans to have a trip and you invite your class teacher to attend a meeting which
will discuss the trip.
2. Suppose you are a chairperson of a bazaar committee in your company. You invite your director to attend and open the
bazaar.
Contoh jawaban:
1. 2.
To : ...................................... ..........................................
..........................................
..................................: ..........................................
day/date : ...........................................................
time : ........................................................... ..................................:
place : ........................................................... day/date : ...........................................................
agenda : ........................................................... time : ...........................................................
........................................................... place : ...........................................................
..............................................................................
........................................ ........................................
........................................ ........................................

1.
To: Mr. Barata

We’d like to invite you to attend a meeting which will be held:


day/date : Saturday, November 4, 2017
time : 1 p.m.
place : our classroom
agenda : our coming trip

We do hope for your presence at the meeting. Thank you.

Bobby Anggara
Class Captain

2.
Bazaar Committee
PT Danasuka
Jl. Nusa Indah No. 11

We cordially invite Mr. Hendrawan, the director, to attend and open the bazaar which
will be held:
day/date : Saturday, November 25, 2017
time : 10 a.m.
place : the company front yard

Nugraha Jatmika
Chairperson of the Bazaar Committee

40 Party Time
Setelah mempelajari chapter ini peserta didik:
1. mampu memahami:
cara memberi dan meminta informasi terkait teks analytical exposition tentang isu aktual; cara menyusun teks analytical
exposition tentang isu aktual, lisan dan tulis, sesuai dengan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaannya.
2. terampil:
memberi dan meminta informasi terkait teks analytical exposition tentang isu aktual; menyusun teks analytical exposition
tentang isu aktual, lisan dan tulis, sesuai dengan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaannya.
Berdasarkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan yang dikuasai, peserta didik:
1. mensyukuri kesempatan dapat mempelajari bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa pengantar komunikasi internasional;
2. berperilaku disiplin, santun, dan percaya diri dalam berkomunikasi dengan guru, teman, dan orang lain.

Natural Disasters-An Exposition

• Teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis dengan memberi dan meminta informasi terkait isu
aktual, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.

• Pemahaman teks-teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis dengan memberi dan meminta informasi
terkait isu aktual, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Berbagai kegiatan dan latihan untuk menangkap makna teks-teks analitis lisan dan tulis terkait
isu aktual, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Praktik bermonolog teks eksposisi analitis terkait isu aktual, dengan memerhatikan fungsi
sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, serta sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Praktik menyusun teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis terkait isu aktual, dengan memerhatikan
fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan, serta sesuai dengan konteks
penggunaannya.

• Memahami berbagai teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis terkait isu aktual, dengan memerhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks,
dan unsur kebahasaan, serta sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Mengungkapkan gambaran umum dan informasi tersirat maupun tersurat dari berbagai teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis
terkait isu aktual, sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Bermonolog teks eksposisi analitis terkait isu aktual, dengan memerhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur kebahasaan,
serta sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Menyusun teks eksposisi analitis lisan dan tulis terkait isu aktual, dengan memerhatikan fungsi sosial, struktur teks, dan unsur
kebahasaan, serta sesuai dengan konteks penggunaannya.
• Bersikap disiplin, bertanggung jawab, sopan, dan percaya diri ketika berkomunikasi dengan orang lain.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 41


Gb kolase bencana alam:
- banjir
- tanah longsor
- kebakaran hutan
- tanah kekeringan

Source: http://www.merdeka.com., downloaded March 17, 2017; http://www.patrolinews.com., downloaded March 17, 2017; http://www.tamanbahasaindonesia.blogspot.com., downloaded March 17, 2017;
http://www.semboyanrakyat.com., downloaded March 17, 2017

Look at the above pictures carefully! What do they show? Natural disasters, right? For your information, natural disasters
may be triggered by irresponsible human activities, such as mining and deforestation. This issue has been worldwide.
There are many actual issues that we notice in our daily lives. Occasionally, we express our arguments towards certain
issues. We can agree or disagree about these issues. When we express our arguments, whether we agree or disagree, we
produce exposition texts.
In this chapter, you will learn how to study analytical exposition texts. Study the materials and do the available exercises
attentively.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengamati gambar dan menjelaskan gambar apersepsi.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik membaca dan memahami teks yang ada di bawah gambar.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru membacakan pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang ada di paragraf satu dan memotivasi peserta didik untuk
tunjuk jari menjawab pertanyaan-pertanyaan tersebut, sesuai dengan pengetahuan peserta didik. Bapak/Ibu Guru
membantu peserta didik jika ada kesulitan. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat memberi pertanyaan yang sama kepada beberapa
peserta didik lain.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyampaikan tujuan pembelajaran chapter ini dan membantu peserta didik menyiapkan diri dalam
kegiatan belajar mengajar.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk aktif dalam setiap kegiatan yang ada di chapter ini.

42 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


Read the text carefully. Listen and complete the following text based on what you have
Answer the questions that follow. heard.
Jawaban:
1. Global warming is not a new problem.
2. Human activities in industrialization, extensive deforestation 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan teks berikut dan
and the shifting weather patterns. peserta didik menyimak dengan saksama.
3. The more factories are built, the more waste pollute water 2. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan teks tersebut sekali
and air, and the more greenhouse gases are released to the lagi dan peserta didik melengkapi teks rumpang yang
atmosphere. ada di buku PR sesuai dengan teks yang diperdengar-
4. To state arguments that support the topic/thesis mentioned kan.
in the first paragraph. 3. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan teks
5. The conclusion/summary of all the statements being stated kembali dan peserta didik mendengarkan sambil
before. memeriksa hasil pekerjaan mereka. Mereka
6. To persuade readers to look at a certain issue, i.e. global membetulkan jawaban yang masih salah.
warming, from his/her perspective. 4. Selanjutnya, beberapa peserta didik diminta membaca
7. It uses present tenses. teks yang lengkap dengan nyaring, secara bergiliran.
8. To connect or link one statement to another, so they sound 5. Peserta didik yang lain diminta mendengarkan dengan
logical and fluent. saksama, kemudian membetulkan jawaban temannya
yang kurang tepat.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru mencermati pelafalan peserta didik dan
memberikan contoh pelafalan yang benar jika ada
pelafalan peserta didik yang kurang tepat. Bapak/Ibu
Guru meminta seluruh peserta didik mengucapkan kata-
TASK 1 kata tersebut beberapa kali sampai benar.
Find the meanings of the following words. 7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan penilaian pada
1. gradual = ___________________ akhir pembelajaran.
2. acknowledging = ___________________
3. apparent = ___________________ Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru dan
4. deforestation = ___________________ jawaban:
5. irrefutable = ___________________ Do you agree that music is important in our lives? Yes, I do.
6. noticeable = ___________________ In my opinion, music has a (1) certain role, completing our daily
7. shifting = ___________________ activities. Here are reasons why music is heard (2) anywhere
8. solely = ___________________ and anytime.
9. overcome = ___________________ Music is a way to express feelings. When we fall in love, the
10. extensive = ___________________ kind of music we’d listen to would be (3) all about love. When
we’re sad, we would go for music that is melancholic in nature
TASK 2 and immerse ourselves in sadness. When we’re happy, we’d
What are the synonyms of the following underlined words? choose songs with (4) happy tunes too.
1. …to describe the gradual increase in the temperature Songs can help memorize our last experiences. A favorite
of…. song is a (5) powerful documentary. People with Alzheimer
2. …but lately people are acknowledging that…. which are impaired the brain would remember (6) details about
3. Climate change is apparent everywhere. songs they were familiar with. For example, an elderly woman
4. …the several impacts of global warming. who couldn’t even remember her husband’s name would
5. …there is evidence of extensive deforestation…. (7) remember the details of her favorite song when it was
6. The impact of climate change is noticeable…. played; how it made her feel and think about the song that made
7. This has started affecting the economy as well. it especially memorable for her.
8. …there have been lots of failed crops…. Further, music can (8) unite people and change the world.
9. …are we solely responsible for it. A song with good lyrics and striking (9) deep chord can
10. …possible action to help overcome this issue. stimulate the universal feeling of all people. We can see it in the
Jawaban: case of the famous and legendary Michael Jackson’s (10) Heal
TASK 1 the World. It could arouse humanism of a lot of people in the
1. lambat laun 2. mengakui world.
3. jelas 4. penggundulan hutan So, what would the world be like without music? It would be
5. tak terbantahkan 6. terlihat, tampak, jelas definitely lonely!
Adopted from: http://freeenglishcourse.info/the-power-of-music-in-our-life/ (March 4,
7. perubahan 8. sepenuhnya 2017)
9. mengatasi 10. luas
TASK 2
1. slow 2. recently
3. obvious, noticeable 4. effects
5. vast, wide 6. apparent, obvious
7. influencing 8. unsuccessful
9. completely 10. solve

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 43


TASK 2
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 1.
1. What is the text about?
Listen to and answer the questions based on the text in TASK 2.
2. What is a fatal disease related to obesity?
Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu 3. How do heart attacks occur?
Guru: 4. What bad impressions arise from being too fat?
1. What is main topic of the monolog? 5. What can you learn from the text?
2. When and where do people listen to music?
Jawaban:
3. What do you think a person who listens to or sings a sad
TASK 1
song feels?
Teks yang dibacakan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru dan jawaban:
4. Why does a favorite song can remind you on your experiences?
Being too fat causes many problems since it leads to
5. What is wrong with Alzheimer’s patients?
serious diseases, such as heart attacks and (1) high blood
6. What happens to an Alzheimer’s patient when he/she is
pressure. Besides, fat people are not flexible and appear
listening to his/her favorite song?
(2) slow and lazy.
7. What can stimulate the universal feeling of all people?
People become obese for several reasons, including
8. What is Michael Jackson’s Heal the World about?
consuming too many calories, but few activities. This leads
9. What is the main idea of paragraph two?
to (3) rapid weight gain due to the excess of carbohydrates
10. What will people who never listen to music feel?
that are not used up in activities. These carbohydrates are
Jawaban: (4) converted into fat by the body and stored in fat cells.
1. The importance of music in our lives. Eventually, the fat may (5) block blood circulation which
2. At anywhere and anytime. causes heart attacks and high blood pressure. In addition to
3. He/She is sad. these two diseases, obesity also causes infertility because
4. Because a favorite song is a powerful documentary. (6) excessive fat can accumulate around the genital area.
5. Their brains are impaired. Surely, this causes infertility, especially for men.
6. He/She will remember details of his/her favorite song; how it Being too fat gives (7) bad impressions as well. People
makes him/her feel and think about the song that makes it think that fat people are not agile, or flexible. They are often
especially memorable for him/her. seen struggling or need more effort when doing their jobs
7. A song with good lyrics and striking deep chord. and need more (8) time to ensure that they can do their
8. It is about humanism. jobs, compared to (9) normal-sized people. They look slow.
9. That music is a way to express feelings. As a result, it is not easy for them to (10) find a job.
10. They will feel lonely. It is true that being too much fat may cause many
problems. Fat people are susceptible to heart attacks and
high blood pressure. In addition, the condition of obesity
gives the impression of slow, not being agile or flexible.
TASK 2
TASK 1 1. It is about the problems that arise from being too fat.
Listen and complete the following text based on what you 2. Heart attacks.
have heard. 3. Heart attacks occur when excessive carbohydrates are
converted into fat by the body and stored in fat cells.
Being too fat causes many problems since it leads to Eventually, the fat blocks the blood circulation which
serious diseases, such as heart attacks and causes heart attacks.
(1) ____________________. Besides, fat people are not 4. People who are too fat are not agile or flexible. They
flexible and appear (2) ____________________. also look slow.
People become obese for several reasons, including 5. We should not be too fat in order to be active and
consuming too many calories, but few activities. This leads to healthy.
(3) ____________________ due to the excess of
carbohydrates that are not used up in activities. These
carbohydrates are (4) ____________________ fat by the
body and stored in fat cells. Eventually, the fat may
(5) ____________________ which causes heart attacks and
high blood pressure. In addition to these two diseases, obesity
also causes infertility because (6) ____________________ Read the following text.
can accumulate around the genital area. Surely, this causes What is the text about?
infertility, especially for men. Jawaban:
Being too fat gives (7) ____________________ as well. The text is about the importance of planting street trees.
People think that fat people are not agile, or flexible. They are
often seen struggling or need more effort when doing their
jobs and need more (8) ____________________ that they
can do their jobs, compared to (9) ____________________.
They look slow. As a result, it is not easy for them to
(10) ____________________.
It is true that being too much fat may cause many
problems. Fat people are susceptible to heart attacks and
high blood pressure. In addition, the condition of obesity
gives the impression of slow, not being agile or flexible.

44 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


8. Street trees can _________________________________
from 5 to 20 percent.
9. Paragraph six talks about
TASK 1 _________________________________.
Find the meanings of the following words. 10. In conclusion, there are three main aspects related to
the benefits of planting street trees, i.e.
1. equation = ________________ _________________________________.
2. municipality = ________________
3. multiple = ________________ Jawaban:
4. barrier = ________________ TASK 1
5. pedestrian = ________________ 1. persamaan
6. surveillance = ________________ 2. kotamadya
7. sidewalk = ________________ 3. banyak
8. accountability = ________________ 4. penghalang
9. energy bill = ________________ 5. pejalan kaki
10. buffer = ________________ 6. pengawasan, penjagaan
7. trotoar
TASK 2 8. keadaan untuk dipertanggungjawabkan
Complete the following statements based on the text in 9. tagihan listrik
TASK 4. 10. peredam
1. The purpose of the text is to
_________________________________. TASK 2
2. A vertical wall of trees is beneficial for motor riders 1. convince readers that planting street trees is important
because ________________________________. 2. it guides them movement and forces speed assessment
3. When passing streets with trees on sidewalks, drivers 3. slow down their cars
tend to _______________________________. 4. street trees create more pleasant and secure
4. The main idea of paragraph three is environments for a neighborhood
_________________________________. 5. a sense of ownership and care
5. Because there are street trees, people will have 6. asphalt and concrete streets and parking lots
_________________________________ for their 7. last without needing repairs
neighborhood. 8. increase property value
6. The temperature in cities increases because of 9. the benefit of street trees to reduce noise pollution,
_________________________________. besides air pollution
7. Since trees protect our houses from the extreme 10. safety, economy and health
weather, our houses will _______________________.

Identify the structure of the text in TASK 4.


Mention the main topic of each argument.

1. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik memahami kembali teks di TASK 4.


2. Bapak/Ibu Guru meminta peserta didik mengidentifikasi struktur teks tersebut.
3. Peserta didik diminta menuliskan topik utama teks (thesis), gagasan utama setiap argumen/pendapat, dan gagasan utama
simpulan (reiteration/conclusion).
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru menulis bagan di bawah ini dan peserta didik menyalinnya di buku pekerjaan masing-masing untuk mengerjakan
tugas ini.

Thesis

1st Argument

2nd Argument
A Series of
Arguments
3rd Argument

4th Argument

Reiteration/
Conclusion

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 45


5. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi peserta didik untuk menyampaikan jawabannya. Peserta didik yang lain
menyampaikan jawabannya apabila berbeda dengan jawaban temannya.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru dan peserta didik menyimpulkan jawaban yang benar.
7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan atas hasil kerja peserta didik.

Jawaban:

Thesis Is a beautiful street the reason of planting street trees?

Planting street trees is for safety reason. 1st Argument

Street trees lead to lower energy and repair costs. 2nd Argument
A Series of
Arguments

Street trees increase property value. 3rd Argument

Properly planted urban street trees can reduce noise pollution, 4th Argument
besides air pollution.

Reiteration/
Conclusion It is clear that street trees are more than to beautify the surroundings.

Fill in the blanks with the suitable words from the box.
Jawaban:
1. h 2. e 3. j 4. g 5. l 6. b 7. i 8. k 9. f 10. c

State whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) based on the text in TASK 6.
Correct the false ones.
Jawaban:
No. Statement T/F Correction

1. We can rent cars via Internet. T

2. We can make online reservations at everywhere and every F We can’t make online reservations everywhere because certain places or areas
time. have no Internet access.

3. Making reservations online is longer than that of via travel F Making reservations online is quicker, only within minutes, than calling or visiting
agents. travel agents.

4. It’s very complex to cancel our flight bookings via online. F It’s very simple to cancel our flight bookings via online, compared to call the airline
and waiting for a customer service representative to help us through the
cancellation process.

5. The online ticket prices are the exact prices. T

6. We can get more expensive tickets if we buy them online than F The ticket prices are cheaper if we buy them online than if we buy them from travel
we buy them via travel agents. agents.

7. Reading customer reviews is useful to choose T


accommodation.

8. Online reservations make travelers feel relaxed during their T


trips.

46 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


Choose A, B, C, D or E for the correct answer.
TASK 1
Jawaban:
Fill in the blanks with the suitable words from the box.
1. D 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. B
a. fit b. bored c. appreciate
d. ignore e. beneficial f. identity
g. leave h. smarter i. pride
j. teaches k. identified l. livelier
Complete the following text with the correct verb forms in
Students wear batik as school uniform. It is good for brackets.
them to wear batik uniform because it (1) ________ them to Read the text aloud, in turns.
love and (2) ________ their own culture. It is important
because nowadays, many youngsters (3) ________ their own
cultures and love foreign cultures that do not
1. Peserta didik mengerjakan latihan berikut secara
(4) ________ their personalities. Furthermore, batik uniform
individu.
shows their identities which can develop their (5) ________.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengamati keseriusan peserta didik.
Wearing batik uniform also adds variety and reduces
3. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru mengajak peserta didik
monotony. Students may become (6) ________ if they have to
memeriksa hasil pekerjaan mereka bersama-sama.
wear white and grey uniforms for six days. Wearing batik can
Beberapa peser ta didik diminta tunjuk jari dan
add variety to their typical uniform. By wearing a different kind
membacakan hasil pekerjaan mereka.
of uniform, their classes will look (7) ________.
4. Bapak/Ibu Guru perlu menanyakan alasan peserta didik
Finally, batik uniform helps maintain (8) ________.
ketika mengubah kata kerja tersebut. Dengan demikian,
A criminal who enters a school will be easily (9) ________
Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat mengetahui dan mengukur
because they don’t wear batik or they wear batik with different
kemampuan peserta didik. Hal seperti ini penting agar
motifs.
peserta didik tidak asal mengerjakan, tetapi benar-benar
Considering the above reasons, wearing batik uniform is
mengetahui ilmunya.
(10) ________. It increases love of the cultures and country,
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan dan nilai kepada
shows the students’ identities and reduces monotony.
peserta didik yang aktif menjawab.
TASK 2
Complete the following statements based on the text in Jawaban:
TASK 1. 1. offers 2. have 3. interacting 4. learn
5. teaches 6. adapt 7. experience 8. are
1. The text is about ________________________.
9. gain 10. is
2. Wearing batik as school uniform teaches students about
________________________.
3. Wearing batik uniform is important because
________________________ and love foreign cultures.
4. Foreign cultures are not suitable with
________________________.
Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 9.
5. Batik uniform shows ________________________
which can develop their pride.
6. Batik uniform can also ______________________
because it can add variety to students’ typical uniform. 1. Bapak/Ibu Guru menyampaikan pertanyaan-
7. If students should wear white and grey uniforms for six pertanyaan berikut secara lisan.
days, they ________________________. 2. Peserta didik berani tunjuk jari dan menjawab
8. Batik uniform can make classes ___________________. pertanyaan-pertanyaan Bapak/Ibu Guru secara
9. A criminal can be easily caught when entering schools lisan.
because ________________________. 3. Peser ta didik yang lain menyimak sambil
10. Schools’ identities ________________________ if menyampaikan jawaban jika mereka memiliki
students wear batik uniform. jawaban yang berbeda dengan jawaban temannya
Jawaban: tersebut.
TASK 1 4. Setelah selesai, Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi balikan
1. j 2. c 3. g 4. a 5. i dan penilaian. Bapak/Ibu Guru juga perlu
6. b 7. l 8. f 9. k 10. e memotivasi peserta didik agar berani tunjuk jari dan
menyampaikan gagasan mereka.
TASK 2
1. wearing batik as school uniform 1. What is the purpose of the text?
2. their own culture 2. What is the most important part of education,
3. nowadays many youngsters leave their own culture according to the writer?
4. their personalities 3. How do students learn to be flexible when studying
5. students’ identities abroad?
6. reduce monotony 4. How does the writer compare between having
7. may become bored a vacation abroad and studying abroad?
8. livelier 5. What is the positive effect of being far from home?
9. they don’t wear batik or they wear batik with different motifs
10. can be maintained

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 47


Jawaban: 4. Studying abroad gives students experience of another
1. To convince the readers that studying abroad is culture in a much more significant way, than that of
beneficial. having a vacation abroad.
2. Students learn other ways of looking at the world. 5. Students learn to be responsible and self-reliant.
3. By adapting to different ways of living.

Read the following text.


Identify the thesis, arguments and elaborations of each argument using the table provided.
Jawaban:
Thesis Motorbikes should be banned in housing areas.

Main Point Elaboration/Supporting Details

• Research has shown that motorbikes emit deadly gases that are dangerous
for environment.
Argument 1 Motorbikes are a major contributor to the pollution in the world. • Consequently, long-term emission of gases from motorbikes is a major
contributor of global warming (Science Daily).

• According to a report from BBC News Channel, motorbikes cause diseases


such as bronchitis, cancer and a major trigger of asthma and high blood
Argument 2 Motorbikes are also responsible for causing diseases. pressure.
• Few of the diseases are so ghastly that they can kill people (BBC News,
2009).

• There is “vroom vroom” noise everywhere. It is extremely difficult to sleep.


• Parents with infants find it extremely challenging.
The moment their babies fall asleep, one or another motorbike passes by,
making the babies wake up.
Argument 3 Motorbikes create so much noise.
• It is also arduous for children to concentrate on their homework.
• Experts are of opinions that if there is extreme noise,
it can lead to deafness and lack of concentration in children and adults
(Fields, 1993).

• Motorbike riders ride so fast that they are unable to stop on time thus they
end up hitting other people or animals.
Argument 4 Motorbikes are responsible for horrible accidents, even deaths.
• Many times a lot of animals are trampled and found death on road.
• Motorbikes are known to be the biggest killers on the road (Fields, 1993).

Reiteration/ The writer believes that motorbikes should be banned from


Conclusition housing estates.

TASK 1
What are the meanings of the following words?
You will read them in the next task.
1. dehydration = __________________ 2. to preserve = __________________
3. to maintain = __________________ 4. availability = __________________
5. swing = __________________ 6. seesaws = __________________
7. youngster = __________________ 8. footpath = __________________
9. sociable = __________________ 10. to inhale = __________________
TASK 2
Read the following text.
Complete the statements that follow.
We feel the weather becoming hotter recently. Many people have to be hospitalized for dehydration. This situation will not
happen if we stop cutting trees. One thing to preserve our environment as a nice place to live in is to build parks.
City parks improve the quality of our living places. They make our cities green, cool and maintain the availability of water.
Besides, city parks can reduce air pollution from vehicle and factory smoke.
Furthermore, city parks provide places for games, exercise and gathering. If game facilities are available at the city parks,
such as slides, swings and seesaws, children will spend more time on outdoor activities. Of course, they prefer playing games
there to playing video games at home. Youngsters run and jog along the footpaths, while elder people use the green open spaces
to chat and enjoy the fresh air. Later, city parks could become sociable places.
Last but not least, city parks are city landmarks. They beautify cities and become cities’ identities. So, city parks have many
benefits for us. We will not lack water, the atmosphere will be cool, we will inhale cleaner and fresher air and people will have
spaces to spend their leisure time outdoors. Cities will also become nice places to live in.

48 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


Statements:
1. The text is mainly about _________________________________.
2. Very hot weather may cause many people to _________________________________.
3. City parks make the weather _________________________________.
4. We will breathe fresher air because _________________________________.
5. The main idea of paragraph three is that _________________________________.
6. Elder people may spend their time in city parks to _________________________________.
7. It can be said that city parks are suitable for _________________________________ to come and play.
8. “Of course, they prefer playing games there to playing video games at home.” (Paragraph 3)
The word ‘there’ refers to __________________________.
TASK 3
Identify the structure of the text in TASK 2.

Thesis

Main Point Elaboration/Supporting Details


Argument 1

Argument 2

Argument 3

Argument 4

Reiteration/
Conclusion

Jawaban:
TASK 1
1. kekurangan cairan tubuh (dehidrasi) 2. melestarikan 3. menjaga, memerhatikan
4. ketersediaan 5. ayunan 6. jungkat-jungkit
7. anak muda 8. jalan setapak 9. suka bergaul
10. menghirup
TASK 2
1. the importances of building city parks
2. be hospitalized for dehydration
3. cool
4. city parks can reduce pollution from vehicle and factory smoke
5. city parks provide places for games, exercise and gathering
6. to chat and enjoy fresh air
7. all ages, from children, young people to the old ones
8. city parks
TASK 3
Thesis One thing to preserve our environment as a nice place to live in is to create parks.

Main Point Elaboration/Supporting Details

• City parks make our cities green, cool and maintain the availability of
Argument 1 City parks improve the quality of our living places.
water.
• The city parks can reduce air pollution from vehicle and factory smoke.

• If game facilities are available at the city parks, such as slides, swings
and seesaws, children will spend more time on outdoor activities.
Argument 2 City parks provide places for games, exercise and gathering. • Children prefer playing games there to playing video games at home.
• Youngsters run and jog along the footpaths, while elder people use the
green open spaces to chat and enjoy the fresh air.
• City parks could become sociable places.

Argument 3 City parks are city landmarks. City parks beautify cities and become cities’ identities.

Reiteration/ City parks have many benefits for us.


Conclusion

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 49


Discuss in pairs. TASK 1
Write a suitable main idea of each paragraph. Read the text and decide the main idea of each paragraph of
Contoh jawaban: the text.
1. Posing for a selfie can be quite appealing for many, but most Share your work with the class.
people are unaware of the possible dangers a selfie may Who does not know fast food? Fast and instant cooking
lead to. makes this food popular, especially by urban people who are
2. Basically, people take selfies to show off the activities they quite busy every day. They need food which can be eaten
do and the places they normally tend to visit. anywhere and anytime. Besides, they love the flavor and
3. A selfie is often taken outside, so it may send a message texture that make the food taste delicious and crispy.
that “you are not home”. However, did you know that eating fast foods regularly can
4. A selfie will also reveal your friends or co-workers’ identities cause a variety of fatal diseases? Let’s see the reasons.
since you have taken a picture with them. Fast foods include hamburgers, sandwiches, pizzas,
5. Taking a selfie can become addictive. spaghetti and French fries. They contain high calories, fat
6. Taking a selfie can turn deadly. salt and low fiber. Worse still, since people who eat fast
7. taking a selfie can be more dangerous than fun. foods usually drink soft drinks which contain soda, these
habits are harmful to our health.
Fast foods are addictive because they contain
substances that stimulate people to eat them continuously.
This is why people who eat fast foods every day are more
susceptible to the risk of various types of diseases, such as
Decide the main idea of each paragraph of the following text.
heart attacks and obesity.
Share your work with your friends.
Eating fast foods very often also reduces memory and
Jawaban: the ability to think. A study revealed that eating fast foods
from an early age declines the IQ and eventually leads to
Paragraph Main Idea
Parkinson or Alzheimer’s disease.
1 Cellphones separate people from their social lives. Eating fast food habits will increase weight and bear the
2 People prefer to communicate with their friend by the phone rather risk of heart attacks. High calories contained in fast foods will
than talk with them face to face.
3 People prefer playing games using their cellphones to chatting with
be converted to fat if they are not used as a source of energy or
their friends, to kill spare time. blood sugar. As a result, this increases weight due to the
4 People who are always on cellphones tend to be insensitive to their accumulation of fat stored in the body. Moreover, when
surroundings.
5 People who are always on cellphones are easily depressed.
ingesting a lot of calories, the body is forced to produce extra
6 As conclusion, using cellphones too often can harm people. amounts of insulin to convert carbohydrates into blood sugar.
Too much insulin will merge with fat that can damage blood
vessels. Of course, this condition can cause fatal heart attacks.
To sum up, fast foods are not good for our health. So,
we have to change our habit of eating fast foods in order to
avoid a variety of fatal diseases, such as heart attacks,
obesity, Parkinson and Alzheimer’s diseases.
In pairs, ask and answer questions based on the text in TASK 13. Translated from: http://ciricara.com/2014/04/11/7-bahaya-fast-food-bagi-
Do it in turns. kesehatan/ (March 4, 2017)

Contoh jawaban: Paragraph Main Idea


Your friend : Do cellphones give us advantages?
1
You : No, they don’t. 2
You friend : Why do you say that? 3
You : Because we may be separated from our social 4
5
lives if we always use cellphones. 6
Your friend : Could you give me an example of the
disadvantages of constantly being connected to TASK 2
cellphones? Answer the following questions based on the text in TASK 1.
You : Well, our friends will leave us if we always play
1. What is the purpose of the text?
with our cellphones. It is because we tend to
2. What is the text about?
ignore them.
3. What are the examples of fast foods?
Your friend : That’s right. Your turn, please.
4. Why is eating fast foods regularly bad for our health?
You : Thanks. By the way, how many arguments are
5. “High calories contained in fast foods will be converted
there in the text?
to fat if they are not used as a source of energy or
Your friend : There are four arguments.
blood sugar.” (Paragraph 5)
You : Could you show me which paragraph shows which
What does ‘they’ refer to?
argument?
Your friend : Sure. Paragraph two shows the first argument,
paragraph three shows the second argument,
paragraph four shows the third argument and
paragraph five shows the fourth argument.
You : Excellent! Now, what is the purpose of the text?
Your friend : It is to tell us a factual issue which is supported by
many arguments.
You : Perfect!

50 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


Jawaban: Jawaban:
TASK 1 1. terjangkau
2. ramah lingkungan
Paragraph Main Idea
3. secara penting
1 Eating fast foods regularly can cause a variety of fatal diseases. 4. perawatan
2 Fast foods contain high calories, fat salt and low fiber, which 5. mengurangi, meredakan
are harmful to our health.
3 Fast foods are addictive.
6. menambah, meningkatkan
4 Eating fast foods very often also reduces memory and the 7. tidak bisa tidur
ability to think. 8. kecemasan
5 Eating fast food habits will increase weight and bear the risk
of heart attacks.
9. menyombongkan
6 To sum up, fast foods are not good for our health. 10. mengurangi
11. nyaman
12. menjengkelkan
13. karyawan, pegawai
14. bermanfaat
15. terjebak

Complete the following conversation with the correct sentences


from the box.
Jawaban:
1. Because they’re going to work. They attend a program
called bike to work. Listen to and answer the questions based on the conversation in
2. One of them ever told me that cycling to work is not only TASK 15.
fun, easy and affordable, but has greater benefits than we
Pertanyaan-pertanyaan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
realize.
Guru:
3. First, cycling to work is fun, plain and simple. It may remind
1. What is the text about?
you of your childhood memories when cycling around your
2. What can cyclists do while riding their bicycles to work?
neighborhood.
3. Why is cycling eco-friendly?
4. If many people prefer riding bicycles to driving their cars, the
4. What will happen to your blood pressure if you cycle
level of air pollution will significantly decrease.
regularly?
5. Besides, this activity improves cardio-vascular and aerobic
5. If you have a car, what will the expenses be?
fitness, lowers blood pressure, boosts energy, builds muscle
6. What money will you probably spend on your bicycle?
and improves coordination.
7. Why is it simple to park a bicycle?
6. Because there’s no need to pay for fuel, vehicle maintenance,
8. What does the writer suggest to us?
parking costs, vehicle taxes, etc., do we?
7. Numerous studies have shown that daily exercises can Jawaban:
reduce stress, alleviate symptoms of depression, improve 1. It’s about the benefits of cycling to work.
sleep patterns for individuals with insomnia and reduce 2. They can observe the surroundings, listen to the birds’
anxiety. chirping, which make them feel relaxed, and wave at
8. Cycling to work is convenient because it is easy to find passing cyclists.
a parking space for your bicycle. 3. It is fuel free, so it doesn’t pollute the air.
9. Furthermore, you won’t be trapped in annoying traffic jams 4. It will keep my blood pressure normal.
as you drive your car or travel by public transport. 5. Fuel, car maintenance, occasional repair and parking cost.
10. So, it can be concluded that cycling to work is very beneficial 6. The odd puncture and affordable tires.
not only for ourselves but also for our environment. 7. Because we only need to find the nearest pole, lock the
bicycles to the pole and walk away.
8. To start going to school or work by bicycle.

What are the meanings of the following words?


1. affordable = _________________
2. eco-friendly = _________________
3. significantly = _________________
4. maintenance = _________________
5. alleviate = _________________
6. boost = _________________
7. insomnia = _________________
8. anxiety = _________________
9. boost = _________________
10. reduce = _________________
11. convenient = _________________
12. annoying = _________________
13. employee = _________________
14. beneficial = _________________
15. trapped = _________________

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 51


Complete the following table based on the conversation in TASK 15.
Jawaban:

Element Main Point Supporting Details

• Recently, the number of people going to work on bicycle is increasing,


Thesis Cycling to work has greater benefits than you realize. especially in big cities.
• It is argued that cycling to work is fun, easy and affordable.

• It reminds you on your childhood memories of riding your bicycle around your
neighborhood.
1st Argument Cycling to work is fun, plain and simple. • You can also observe the surroundings, listen to birds’ chirping and wave at
passing cyclists as you ride.

• Cycling is fuel free, so it definitely doesn’t pollute the air.


• If many people prefer riding bicycles to driving their cars, the level of air pollution
2nd Argument Cycling is eco-friendly.
will significantly reduce.
• We will breathe fresher air.

• Cycling burns as many calories as jogging.


3rd Argument Cycling to work is good for your health. • Cycling improves cardio-vascular and aerobic fitness, lowers blood pressure,
boosts energy, builds muscle and improves coordination.

• You do not need to pay for fuel, vehicle maintenance, parking costs, vehicle
4th Argument Cycling to work saves money. taxes, etc.
• Compared to the money you need to spend for your car or motorcycle’s
maintenance or repair, cycling is definitely cheaper.

• Numerous studies have shown that daily exercises can reduce stress, alleviate
symptoms of depression, improve sleep patterns for individuals with insomnia
5th Argument Cycling to work keeps you happy. and reduce anxiety.
• Exercising outdoors, including cycling, has proven to boost self-confidence and
maintain calmness.

• It’s easy to find a parking space for your bicycle.


• You only need to find the nearest pole, lock your bicycle and walk away.
• It’s certainly more convenient than spending 10 minutes looking for a parking
space for your car every morning.
6th Argument Cycling to work is convenient.
• Moreover, you won’t be trapped in annoying traffic jams as you drive your car or
travel by public transport.
• Workplaces provide secure bike parking, showers and other facilities for
employees who cycle to work.

Why don’t we start going to school or work by bicycles?


Based on the above explanation, cycling to work is very
Conclusion beneficial, not only for ourselves but also for our
environment.

It also saves money. Do you know why? Well, you do not


need to pay for fuel, vehicle maintenance, parking costs, vehicle
taxes, etc. Compared to the money you need to spend for your
car or motorcycle’s maintenance or repair, cycling is definitely
Write an exposition text based on the outline you have written in cheaper.
TASK 17. Furthermore, cycling to work keeps you happy. Numerous
Present the text in class, orally. studies have shown that daily exercises can reduce stress,
Contoh jawaban: alleviate symptoms of depression, improve sleep patterns for
Have you ever noticed people with neat shirts and ties riding individuals with insomnia and reduce anxiety. Furthermore,
bicycles every morning? Well, those people are going to work. exercising outdoors, including cycling, has proven to boost
It is argued that cycling to work is fun, easy and affordable. In self-confidence and maintain calmness.
fact, that’s not all! Cycling to work has greater benefits than you Additionally, cycling to work is convenient because it is easy
realize, as follows. to find a parking space for your bicycle. You only need to find the
Cycling to work is fun, plain and simple. It may remind you nearest pole, lock your bicycle and walk away. It’s certainly more
of your childhood memories when cycling around your neighbor- convenient than spending 10 minutes looking for a parking space
hood. You can also observe the surroundings, listen to birds’ for your car every morning. Moreover, you won’t be trapped in
chirping, which makes you feel relaxed, and wave at passing annoying traffic jams as you drive your car or travel by public
cyclists as you ride. transport. Workplaces provide secure bike parking, showers and
Cycling is eco-friendly. It is fuel free, so it definitely doesn’t other facilities for employees who cycle to work.
pollute the air. If many people prefer riding bicycles to driving Based on the above explanation, cycling to work is very
their cars, the level of air pollution will significantly decrease. In beneficial, not only for ourselves but also for our environment.
other words, we will breathe fresher air, won’t we? So, why don’t we start going to school or work by bicycle?
Cycling to work is good for your health, because it burns as
many calories as jogging! Besides, this activity improves
cardio-vascular and aerobic fitness, lowers blood pressure,
boosts energy, builds muscle and improves coordination.

52 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


Listen to the monolog carefully.
In pairs, try to complete the following table based on the text you have just heard.

1. Peserta didik diminta bekerja secara berpasangan, sebaiknya dengan teman yang belum pernah berpasangan. Setiap pasangan
membaca dan memahami perintah kegiatan.
2. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan monolog tentang jogging sekali dan peserta didik menyimak. Bapak/Ibu Guru dapat meminta
peserta didik menjelaskan secara singkat isi monolog tersebut.
3. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan kembali monolog tersebut sebanyak dua atau tiga kali. Sambil menyimak, peserta didik
melengkapi tabel soal.
4. Setelah itu, Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi kesempatan kepada setiap pasangan untuk berdiskusi tentang isi tabel yang telah mereka
isi.
5. Bapak/Ibu Guru memperdengarkan monolog tersebut sekali lagi dan setiap pasangan mencocokkan pekerjaan mereka (hasil
diskusi) dan membetulkan apabila masih ada yang kurang tepat.
6. Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi semua pasangan untuk menyampaikan hasil pekerjaan mereka. Pasangan yang lain menyimak
dan menyampaikan jawabannya apabila berbeda.
7. Bapak/Ibu Guru memberi nilai kepada semua peserta didik yang aktif dan bertanya tentang kesulitan mereka saat mengerjakan
soal semacam itu.

Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:


Recently, jogging has become a popular form of physical activity. Many people like spending their weekend mornings by jogging in
city parks or at car free days. Why do they jog? It is because they want to stay healthy. Well, it is pretty much agreed that jogging is
good for our health. Its benefits include our mind, bodies and spirit. Here are reasons why we should jog.
First, jogging can strengthen muscles. You know, calories burned from jogging are higher than other activities. As you start
jogging, you will probably see an initial quick weight loss depending on how much you do. Your muscles become stronger.
Second, jogging can reduce the risk of osteoporosis. How come? For your information, muscles attach to tendons and tendons
attach to bones. As you move your muscles, they provide a pull against the tendon, which then move the bones. Along with the benefit
of overall health, jogging provides gentle stress necessary to reduce the bones tendency to surrender calcium. This action is reducing
your risk of osteoporosis.
Next, jogging can also improve heart and lung functions. When you jog, you breathe deeper. Oxygen goes deep into the lungs and
the heart pumps a little harder. The lungs provide the oxygen that is delivered by the heart and vessels deep into your working muscles.
This makes jogging a near perfect anti-aging exercise.
Furthermore, jogging can improve our social relationship and emotions in better ways. Well, social and mood improvements build one
upon the other from the improved health and fitness you are experiencing. With all the changes that you experience, you start to see
people change around you. Then, you become a magnet for positive changes. You are happier and people are happier when they are
around you. Therefore, it becomes easier to get work done and you seem to draw out the cooperation and good will of others.
Last but not least, by jogging, you are physically and emotionally healthy. Because of that, life expectancy of people who jog will
increase. Dr. Peter Schnohr, chief cardiologist of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, after completing his research says, “The results of
our research allow us to definitively answer the question of whether jogging is good for your health. We can say with certainty that
regular jogging increases longevity. The good news is that you don’t actually need to do that much to reap the benefits.”
In conclusion, jogging is a simple, cheap physical activity, but very beneficial for our mind, bodies and spirit health, due to the
reasons mentioned above. So, why don’t you start jogging?
Adopted from: http://www.joggingrevival.com/benefits-of-jogging.html (March 4, 2017)

Jawaban:
Element Main Topic Supporting Details

• Recently, jogging has become a popular form of physical activity.


• Many people like spending their weekend mornings by jogging in city parks or at
car free days.
Thesis Jogging is good for our health. • Why do they jog? It is because they want to stay healthy.
• Well, it is pretty much agreed that jogging is good for our health.
• Its benefits include our mind, bodies and spirit.

• Calories burned from jogging are higher than other activities.


• As you start jogging, you will probably see an initial quick weight loss depending
1st Argument Jogging can strengthen muscles. on how much you do.
• Your muscles will become stronger.

• Muscles attach to tendons and tendons attach to bones.


• As you move your muscles, they provide a pull against
2nd Argument Jogging can reduce the risk of osteoporosis. the tendon, which then move the bones.
• Along with the benefit of overall health, jogging provides gentle stress
necessary to reduce the bones tendency to surrender calcium.
• This action is reducing your risk of osteoporosis.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 53


• When you jog, you breathe deeper.
• Oxygen goes deep into the lungs and the heart pumps
a little harder.
3rd Argument Jogging can also improve heart and lung functions. • The lungs provide the oxygen that is delivered by the heart and vessels deep
into your working muscles.
• This makes jogging a near perfect anti-aging exercise.

• Social and mood improvements build one upon the other from the improved
health and fitness you are experiencing.
• With all the changes that you experience, you start to see people change around
you.
4th Argument Jogging can improve our social relationship and emotions in • You become a magnet for positive changes.
better ways. • You are happier and people are happier when they are around you.
• Therefore, it becomes easier to get work done and you seem to draw out the
cooperation and good will of others.

• By jogging, you are physically and emotionally healthy.


• Dr. Peter Schnohr, chief cardiologist of the Copenhagen City Heart Study, after
5th Argument Jogging increases life expectancy of a person who jogs. completing his research says, “The results of our research allow us to definitively
answer the question of whether jogging is good for your health. We can say with
certainty that regular jogging increases longevity. The good news is that you
don’t actually need to do that much to reap the benefits.”

Reiteration/ Jogging is a simple, cheap physical activity, but very Jogging is very beneficial for our mind, bodies and spirit health, due to the reasons
Conclusion beneficial. mentioned above.

First, jogging is beneficial to strengthen our muscles. For


your information, jogging burns more calories than other
activities. Because of that, we will lose our excessive weight, but
Retell the benefits of jogging based on your work in TASK 19, in
strengthen our muscles.
turns.
Next, jogging can reduce the risk of osteoporosis. You know,
You may add your arguments.
muscles attach to tendons and tendons attach to bones. Every
time we move our muscles, they will pull against the tendon and
then move the bones. Besides, jogging provides the gentle
Kegiatan ini bertujuan meningkatkan speaking skill dan stress necessary to reduce the bones tendency to surrender
keberanian peserta didik berbicara di depan umum. calcium. This action is reducing our risk of osteoporosis.
1. Pasangan peserta didik membaca dan memahami Additionally, jogging can also improve heart and lung
kembali hasil pekerjaan mereka di TASK 19. functions. When we jog, we breathe deeper so that oxygen goes
2. Setiap pasangan membuat draft teks berdasarkan deep into the lungs and the heart pumps a little harder. The
jawaban di TASK 19. Mereka dapat meminta masukan oxygen in the lungs is then delivered by the heart and vessels
Bapak/Ibu Guru. deep into our working muscles. This makes jogging a near
3. Peserta didik memperbaiki tulisan mereka sesuai dengan perfect antiaging exercise.
masukan Bapak/Ibu Guru. Jogging can improve our social relationship and better
4. Setiap pasangan belajar bermonolog berdasarkan draft emotion. Well, social and mood improvements build upon one
yang telah mereka tulis secara bergantian hingga mereka another from the improved health and fitness we are
mampu melakukannya tanpa melihat teks. experiencing. Because of that, we begin to see people change
5. Selanjutnya, Bapak/Ibu Guru memotivasi semua around us and we become a magnet for positive changes. That
pasangan untuk bermonolog di depan kelas. Setiap makes us and people around us happier so that we can build
pasangan melakukan monolog secara bergiliran. a good social relationship and control our emotion.
7. Peserta didik yang lain menyimak sambil memerhatikan Finally, we feel physically and emotionally healthy by jogging
pelafalan, tekanan, dan intonasi temannya. Jika ada yang so that we will have longer life expectancy. It is proven by
kurang tepat, mereka diberi kesempatan untuk a statement from Dr. Peter Schnohr, chief cardiologist of the
membetulkannya. Copenhagen City Heart Study, which state that based on the
8. Bapak/Ibu Guru mengamati dan memberi nilai kepada result of his research, regular jogging certainly increases
peserta didik yang bermonolog. longevity.
9. Pada akhir kegiatan, Bapak/Ibu Guru memberikan Based on the previous explanation, it is clear that jogging is
balikan, misalnya menyampaikan kelebihan dan very beneficial for our mind, bodies and spirit health. I hope you
kekurangan peserta didik terkait dengan kejelasan start jogging soon.
pengucapan, keras-lembutnya suara, mimik wajah, dan
gerak tubuh.

Contoh jawaban:
Every Sunday morning, we often see many people jog in
city parks or around jogging tracks. They choose to jog to
maintain their health, because this physical exercise is simple,
cheap and healthy. Is it jogging beneficial for our health? The
answer is definitely yes. Do you know why? Here are the
reasons.

54 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


Read the following structure.
Complete it with supporting details for each main topic.
Why Should You Have Breakfast?
Contoh jawaban:

Element Main Topic Supporting Details

Thesis Having breakfast in the morning is a must. Breakfast has many benefits.

• It makes the blood flow to the brain more smoothly.


1st Argument Breakfast functions as the fuel for your brain. • This helps you stay focus, improve your concentration at work and the
ability to solve problems.

• You will be more active and energetic.


2nd Argument Breakfast provides your body strength to do daily chores and • Breakfast increases your body’s immunity and prevents heart disease,
provides energy. stroke and other metabolic diseases.

• Regular breakfast actually increases the body’s metabolism to burn fat.


3rd Argument Breakfast helps with your diet programs. • On the other hand, skipping breakfast will make you feel starved and
you tend to ‘binge’ by overeating at lunch.

• Snacks contain fat, sugar and calories.


4th Argument Breakfast tends to prevent you from eating snacks. • Avoiding eating snacks helps you keep slim, fit and healthy.

• It provides you energy and makes the blood flow to the brain more
smoothly.
• It increases your body’s immunity and prevents heart disease, stroke
Conclusion It is clear that breakfast is very beneficial. and other metabolic diseases.
• It helps with your diet programs.
• It prevents you from eating snacks.

Develop the structure you have written in TASK 21 into a good


analytical text. Homework
Share your work with the class. Write an analytical text based on your own topic.
Contoh jawaban: Share your work with the class.
Why Should You Have Breakfast? Contoh jawaban:
Recently, the government issued a policy to increase the
Do you always have breakfast in the morning? What do you
amount of down payments for car credit applications. We should
feel after having breakfast? You know, having breakfast in the
support this policy. This is because of the following reasons.
morning is a must because it has many benefits.
First, people will think twice to apply for car credits. Due to
First, breakfast functions as the fuel for your brain. It makes
high down payments, there will be only a few people buying cars
the blood flow to the brain more smoothly. As a result, this helps
on credit. This condition will reduce the number of cars on the
you stay focus, improve your concentration at work and the
road. In other words, it may stop traffic jams.
ability to solve problems.
Second, too many cars on the road will lead to pollution.
Second, breakfast provides your body strength to do daily
If the down payment is increased and there are only a few cars
chores and energy. So, you will be more active and energetic.
on the road, the air pollution will be reduced. As a result, we will
Besides, breakfast increases your body’s immunity and prevents
be healthier.
heart disease, stroke and other metabolic diseases.
Third, if there are only a few cars on the road, the number of
Good news for those who are on a diet. Breakfast helps with
car accidents may diminish. Roads will be safer for people.
your diet programs. Regular breakfast actually increases the
Finally, high down payments may lead to more economical
body’s metabolism to burn fat. It means breakfast won’t make
lifestyles. It may be the best way to limit people from consuming
you fat. On the other hand, skipping breakfast will make you feel
unnecessary goods. Many people will purchase cars because
starved and you tend to ‘binge’ by overeating at lunch. This
they really need them, not just because they wish to have them.
makes you fat!
In view of the above reasons, we should support the
Last, anyone who has breakfast regularly tends to avoid
government’s policy to increase the down payment for car credits.
eating snacks which contain fat, sugar and calories. This helps
them keep slim, fit and healthy.
For the reasons I’ve mentioned, it is clear that breakfast is
very beneficial. It provides energy and makes the blood flow to
the brain more smoothly. Breakfast increases your body’s
immunity and prevents heart disease, stroke and other metabolic
diseases. Furthermore, breakfast helps with your diet programs
because you tend to avoid eating snacks which contain fat, sugar
and calories.
Translated from: http://www.pesona.co.id/sehat/diet.nutrisi/enam.alasan.anda.harus.
sarapan/002/001/96 (March 3, 2017)

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 55


56
Purpose:
To persuade audience/readers to look at an actual issue with the speaker’s/writer’s


perspective.

Parts of the text:

Natural Disasters-An Exposition


• Title (optional), about the topic of the text.
• Introduction, or called Thesis, the starting point of an exposition essay.
Natural Disasters- • Body, or a series of Arguments to support the thesis. Each argument,



An Exposition Analytical Expositions stated in one paragraph, has a main point and its elaboration (a reason for
the main point and evidence to support the main point).
• Reiteration or Conclusion which reiterates/restates the topic or thesis, or
summarize/conclude what has been stated.

Language features:
– Use present tenses, such as Global warming is a phenomenon….; A recent
study has shown….
– Use mental verbs, such as I believe…., I doubt…., I am worried about….
– Use verbal/saying verbs to support the arguments, such as People say
▲ that…., It is said….
– Use connecting words to link arguments so that the flow of arguments is
logical and fluent, such as additionally, furthermore, moreover.
– Use causal conjunctions to indicate the cause or reason what is being stated,
such as because, consequently, due to.
– Use modality, such as might, may, can, will, and modulation, such as should.
Tape Script for Assessment

Questions 1 and 2 refer to the following monolog.


Reading a newspaper every day is important for us. Let me tell you why. First, it broadens our knowledge of what has happened in
other places, towns, even countries. Second, by reading, we practice our reading skills every day, so that we can read faster and better.
Third, good reading may lead to good writing. By reading the news every day, we will have topics for our compositions. Fourth, it will
help us make decisions. For example, we wish for a new dictionary or an electronic device. There are many advertisements in the
newspaper about the item we need to buy, so we can compare prices.
Based on the reasons mentioned, it is clear that reading newspapers every day is beneficial for us.
Questions:
1. What is the monolog about?
2. What happens if we practice reading frequently?

Questions 3 to 5 refer to the following monolog.


In Western countries, students tend to have part time jobs, especially during summer. If students can manage their time effectively,
having a part time job is beneficial. This is so for a number of reasons.
First, having part time jobs can make students more independent. They can earn money, so they can buy their daily needs. They
don’t have to be fully dependent on their parents.
Part time jobs can also help students gain valuable experience, which will be useful for them when they graduate. For example,
when a student has a part time job as a shopkeeper, he or she can learn how to deal with customers. This will give them valuable
experience as people have different characteristics.
Finally, part time jobs can teach students to value money. If they have part time jobs, they will see how difficult it is to earn money,
so they have to be more careful when spending it.
Based on the reasons mentioned above, we can conclude that having a part time job is beneficial for students, as long as it is
managed carefully.
Questions:
3. What is the purpose of the text?
4. Which is the benefit of taking part time jobs for students?
5. What can we conclude from the text?

I. Choose A, B, C , D or E for the correct answer.


Jawaban:
1. C 2. B 3. D 4. B 5. E
6. E 7. B 8. D 9. D 10. D
11. E 12. A 13. E 14. D 15. A
16. B 17. A 18. B 19. A 20. D

II. Write an analytical exposition text based on your own topic.


Contoh jawaban:
Students should never cheat. Cheating is definitely a bad
habit. In fact, all it does is introduce negative effects to students.
Of course, students can benefit from cheating because they
score very well, without any effort. After having experienced the
advantages of cheating once, cheaters will do it permanently.
What happens then? Well, they will always lack confidence in
their own ability to study and will continue and feel comfortable at
getting good results by the easy way: cheating.
Moreover, since they do not have to study for tests, their
knowledge is limited. They just get good scores without
understanding any materials of the test. By doing this, students
become self-inflicted liars.
If teachers find out that their students have cheated, they
will not trust them anymore. Therefore, the next time they get
good scores, teachers will assume it was because they cheated.
Well, from all the above facts, we can conclude that
cheating has really negative effects on students.

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 57


Present a monolog about a certain topic below.
You may use the following clues.
You may add facts based on your own experience.
Topic:

The importance of making a shopping list.


Reasons:
1. Without a shopping list, you may buy unnecessary items and therefore, spend more money.
2. A shopping list will save your time, space and money when shopping.
3. A shopping list will help you organize your weekly or monthly expenses.
Contoh jawaban:
Do you make a shopping list before going shopping? If you do, is it useful? What happens if you don’t have a shopping list
with you while shopping? Let me tell you. A shopping list is an essential part of shopping. Why is it so?
Well, without a shopping list, you are only guessing what you need. You may get distracted by colorful, interesting or
cheaper items. Therefore, you are likely to buy a lot of items that you don’t need and spend a lot more money. It may seem like
too much work to find paper, create a menu plan, and go through your pantry/refrigerator to see what you do/don’t have.
However, in the long term, the savings in time, space and money will more than pay off your small investment in a grocery list.
Besides, by making a shopping list, you can organize your weekly or monthly expenses, because you know what items you
should buy, so you can estimate how much money you need to spend. Therefore, you will find out whether you have money for
your own pleasure, such as enjoying lunch or dinner in a restaurant or buy new clothes.
So, what can we conclude from the explanation? Making a shopping list is very important before you go shopping.

58 Natural Disasters-An Exposition


LISTENING SECTION Part II

Part I 5. Write your answer on your answer sheet.

1. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
Guru: diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Boy : It is predicted that there will be a total solar Man : I’d like you to visit our booth at the computer
eclipse next month. Let’s see it. fair. We offer special discounts.
Girl : Oh, no. It’s dangerous for our eyesight. Woman : ________
Boy : Do you mean we are not allowed out during Narrator : What will the woman most likely reply?
the eclipse? A. Sure. I would gladly come.
Girl : No, we may go outside. However, we should B. You should offer discounts.
wear special lenses when we are looking at C. If you are interested, please do come.
it. D. I am sure it will be the biggest fair this year.
Narrator : What is the girl’s suggestion?
Jawaban: A
Jawaban: D 6. Write your answer on your answer sheet.
2. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
Guru: diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Woman : There will be an auction for our products Boy : Our father can’t drive us to school today.
day after tomorrow. Would you like to The car is broken. How do you think we
come? should travel to school?
Man : How many people will be attending? Girl : ________
Woman : We still have one day left for enrollment Narrator : What will the girl most likely reply?
and so far, seven people have enrolled. A. I am sure we will arrive there on time.
Man : O.K. I’ll come. B. The car is being repaired now.
Narrator : Where is the man going to? C. I’d like to come, but I have no time.
D. I think we should go by bicycle.
Jawaban: C
Jawaban: D
3. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu
Guru: 7. Write your answer on your answer sheet.
Man : You look upset. Anything wrong?
Woman : Yeah. I just fried chicken for dinner, but it Percakapan dan pilihan jawaban yang
was eaten by a cat. diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Man : Don’t worry, dear. We will dine out. Girl : I am very hungry, but I lost my money on
Narrator : Why is the woman upset? the way to school.
Boy : ________
Jawaban: A Narrator : What will the boy most likely reply?
A. I am happy to hear that.
4. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu B. I hope you return my money.
Guru: C. Let’s go to the canteen. I’ll treat you
Girl : There is a photo contest for students held by D. You had better look for your money.
Suara Indonesia newspaper. I strongly
believe that you will win if you enter. You are Jawaban: C
very talented at photography.
Boy : Thanks for your support.
Narrator : What is the girl’s opinion about the boy?

Jawaban: E

Kunci Jawaban PR Bahasa Inggris Kelas XI Semester 1 59


Part III
Narrator:
8. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu 12. Why is a thunderstorm considered dangerous?
Guru: 13. According to the speaker, what should we do
Boy : I just fed the chickens, but why are they still during a thunderstorm?
cackling?
Girl : You should check to see whether they are 12. Jawaban: C
in danger. 13. Jawaban: A
Narrator : Which picture of animals best describes
the dialog? Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Questions 14 and 15 refer to the following monolog.
Jawaban: A A total solar eclipse is awe-inspiring and the temptation
to look at the source of the spectacle can be overwhelming.
9. Percakapan yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu However, looking at the sun during an eclipse without special
Guru: lenses is more dangerous than looking at full sun. The
Girl : Do you know where the dirty dishes on this darkness that accompanies an eclipse can override the
table are? I am going to wash them. natural tendency to squint and avert the eyes, increasing the
Boy : You don’t need to do that. The dishes are amount of ultraviolet radiation landing on the retina and
being washed. making it more likely that you’ll sustain eye damage. Your
Narrator : Which picture best describes the dialog? eyes can sustain damage even if only a small sliver of the
sun is visible. The cornea focuses sunlight on the retina and
Jawaban: C scorches it. The retina has no pain receptors, so you don’t
know the damage has been done until it’s too late.
Adopted from: http://sciencing.com/cant-look-sun-during-solar-eclipse-3251.html
10. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru: (February 10, 2017)
Dear Mr. Richy. Due to heavy rain all day yesterday,
our school was flooded, which left garbage and Narrator:
destruction around the building. That’s why, I’m inviting 14. What is the text about?
you to join our mutual work group today, starting at 7 15. Why aren’t we aware of the damage on our eyes?
a.m. Please bring equipment needed, such as a sickle
14. Jawaban: E
or spade. I appreciate your participation. Thank you.
15. Jawaban: B
Narrator : Which picture shows the equipment
Mr. Richy will carry? This is the end of the listening section.
Jawaban: A
READING SECTION
11. Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:
Cycling is a good habit. Do you know why? First, it 16. A 31. D 46. E
is simple and doesn’t need special skills so that almost 17. A 32. A 47. C
all people are able to ride bicycles. Second, cycling 18. D 33. D 48. E
helps us lose weight. While cycling, we move parts of 19. B 34. A 49. B
our bodies, especially the feet, which help our bodies 20. A 35. C 50. D
burn calories. Third, cycling helps us relax. By cycling 21. B 36. B
early in the morning, we can enjoy fresh water and the 22. C 37. B
beautiful scenery which is good for relaxation. Finally, 23. A 38. E
cycling is good for the environment since it doesn’t 24. B 39. C
cause pollution, not requiring any fuel that pollutes air. 25. E 40. D
In conclusion, cycling is beneficial for our bodies and 26. A 41. D
environment. 27. C 42. B
Narrator : Which picture matches the monolog? 28. A 43. A
29. E 44. D
Jawaban: B 30. E 45. D

Part IV

Teks yang diperdengarkan oleh Bapak/Ibu Guru:


Questions 12 and 13 refer to the following monolog.
All thunderstorms are dangerous. They bring heavy
rain, which can cause flash floods, strong winds, hail,
lightning and tornadoes. The question is what should we do
when we experience a thunderstom? Should we run away?
Should we find a big tree to shelter? Should we stay
indoors? I personally think that we should stay indoors to
avoid debris. Based on my opinion, it is much safer than
taking shelter under a big tree. On the contrary, the tree
could fall on us.
Adapted from: http://whathappensnow.com/articles_show.cfm?id=91&cat=
4&sub=5 (February 10, 2017)

60 Final Test

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