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Grade 8 Physics Booklet

ID: A

Answer Key
Unit 3 Lesson 2 (Interaction of light waves)
Answer Section

TRUE/FALSE
Unit 3 Lesson 4 (light waves & sight)
1. T
Answer Section
2. T

MULTIPLE CHOICE Unit 3 Lesson 5 (Light Technology)


MULTIPLE CHOICE
Answer Section
1. C
1. A
2. B
2. A TRUE/FALSE
3. D
3. B
4. D 1. T
4. C
5. D
5. D
6. C
6. C MULTIPLE CHOICE
7. A
7. A
8. C
8. C 1. D
9. C
9. C 2. A
10. C
10. D 3. A
11. C 4. D
12. D 5. C
13. C 6. C
7. C
8. A
Unit 3 Lesson 2 (Interaction of light waves) 9. D
Answer Section
10. C
ESSAY

1. • a description of how the backpack would appear through blue glass and an explanation of why (e.g., The
backpack would appear blue through blue glass because the glass transmits only blue light; etc.)
• a description of how the backpack would appear through red glass and an explanation of why (e.g., The
backpack would appear black through the red glass because the glass transmits only red light; etc.)
2. • a description of how the backpack would appear through red glass and an explanation of why (e.g., The
backpack would appear red through red glass because the glass transmits only red light; etc.)
• a description of how the backpack would appear through blue glass and an explanation of why (e.g., The
backpack would appear black through the blue glass because the glass transmits only blue light; etc.)

1
Unit 3 Lesson 4 (light waves & sight) ID: A
Answer Section

ESSAY

1. • diverging lenses fix nearsighted eyes


• converging lenses fix farsighted eyes
• explanation of how each lens corrects each vision problem (e.g., Diverging lenses cause light to spread out,
allow eyes to see a larger area, including distance; Converging lenses cause light to be focused, helping eyes
see things at close range; etc.)
• explanation of how each lenses changes how light strikes the retina (e.g., Diverging lenses help move light
from in front of the retina to the retina; Converging lenses help move light from behind the retina to the
retina; etc.)
2. • Light comes from the sun, from fire, from light bulbs, and from all objects hot enough to glow.
• Visible light is a form of electromagnetic radiation and all electromagnetic radiation travels as waves along
electric and magnetic fields. Energy from the sun reaches • Earth because light waves do not need to move in
a medium and can travel across the near vacuum of space.
burning candles, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, LEDs, and lasers.
• Fire from burning materials, such as candlewicks, give off heat and light. Incandescent light comes from
material that is hot enough to glow, or produce radiation that is visible. Fluorescent lights contain gases that
give off light when an electric current passes through the gases. LEDs, or light-emitting diodes, contain solid
materials that give off light when an electric current passes through the solids.

Unit 3 Lesson 5 (Light Technology)


Answer Section
SHORT ANSWER

1. • control light to see and appropriate example (e.g., An example of humans using light to see is controlling
light with tools like microscopes; etc.)
• control light to store and transfer information and appropriate example (e.g., An example of humans using
light to store information is bar code scanners; etc.)
• control light to interact with matter and appropriate example (e.g., An example of humans using light to
interact with matter is using a laser to cut through metal; etc.)
• appropriate prediction of light technology benefiting humans in the future (e.g., In the future, humans might
use light to transmit hologram images of themselves, making it unnecessary to commute to work; etc.)
ESSAY

1. • Light comes from the sun, from fire, from light bulbs, and from all objects hot enough to glow.
• Visible light is a form of electromagnetic radiation and all electromagnetic radiation travels as waves along
electric and magnetic fields. Energy from the sun reaches • Earth because light waves do not need to move in
a medium and can travel across the near vacuum of space.
burning candles, incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, LEDs, and lasers.
• Fire from burning materials, such as candlewicks, give off heat and light. Incandescent light comes from
material that is hot enough to glow, or produce radiation that is visible. Fluorescent lights contain gases that
give off light when an electric current passes through the gases. LEDs, or light-emitting diodes, contain solid
materials that give off light when an electric current passes through the solids.