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SNT-TC CP 189

SCOPE : This Recommended Practice has been SCOPE : This standard establishes the minimum
prepared to establish guidelines for the requirement for the qualification and certification of
qualification and certification of NDT personnel NDT, It details the minimum training, education, and
whose specific jobs require appropriate knowledge experience requirement for NDT personal & provide
of the technical principles underlying the criteria for the documenting qualification &
nondestructive tests they perform, witness, Certification.
monitor, or evaluate. It requires the employer to establish a procedure for
This document provides guidelines for the certification of NDT personal.
establishment of a qualification and certification
program. CP 189 is for 11 Methods
SNT-TC is for 13 Methods minimum requirement for the qualification and
Not Intended to be used as a strict specification certification shall be met.
Certification: Written testimony of qualification. Certification: Written Testimony that an individual
Certifying Authority: The person or persons has met the applicable requirements of this standard.
properly designated in the written practice to sign Certifying Authority: The person or person properly
Certifications on behalf of the employer. designated in the certification procedure to sign
Certifying Agency: The employer of the certifications on behalf of the employer.
personnel being certified. Document: The condition of being in written form.
Employer: The corporate, private, or public Education: An institutionalized program prescribed by
entity, which employs personnel for wages, salary, appropriate authorities that is offered by schools,
fees, or other considerations. organizations, colleges or universities established for
Experience: Work activities accomplished in a sole purpose of providing instructions in an orderly,
specific NDT method under the direction of planned and systematic fashion.
qualified supervision including the performance of Employer: The corporate, private or public entity that
the NDT method and related activities but not employs personnel for wages or salary.
Including time spent in organized training Examination: A formal, controlled, documented test
programs. of knowledge or skills conducted in accordance with
Outside Agency: A company or individual who the procedure.
provides NDT Level III services and whose Experience: Actual performance of an NDT method
qualifications to provide these services have been conduced in work environment resulting in the
reviewed by the employer engaging the company acquisition of knowledge and skill. This does not
or individual. include formal classroom training but may include lab
Qualification: Demonstrated skill, demonstrated and on-job training as defined in employer certification
knowledge, documented training, and documented procedure.
experience required for personnel to properly Formal training: An organized documented program
perform the duties of a specific job. to impart the knowledge and skill required for
Training: An organized program developed to qualification to the standard. Mix of classroom and
impart the knowledge and skills necessary for practical and approved by NDT Level III.
qualification. Procedure: A detailed written instruction for
Written Practice: A written procedure developed conducting a NDT test or certifying personnel. Method
by the employer that details the requirements for procedure shall be approved by NDT Level III certified
qualification and certification of their employees. in applicable method.
Qualification: The education, skills, training,
knowledge and experience required for personnel to
properly perform to a specified NDT Level.

Levels of Qualification: Three basic level of Level of Qualifications: Six levels of Qualification in
qualification term of skills and Knowledge.
Level–I: Perform Specific calibration, Specific NDT 1.0 Level III: shall have skill and Knowledge to
and specific evaluations for acceptance and establish techniques, to interpret code, specifications,
rejection determinations according to written particular technique to be used & verify adequacy of
instructions and to record results. Should receive procedure. Should have general familiarity with other
necessary instruction and supervision from Level II NDT methods. Capable of conducting training & exam
& III. of NDT personnel in method of Level III qualified.
Level-II: Qualified to setup and calibrate 2.0 Level II & 3.0 Level II Limited: Shall have skill
equipment and to interpret and evaluate results w and knowledge to setup & calibrate equipment and
r t codes, std, and specifications. Should conduct tests and to interpret, evaluate and document
thoroughly familiar with the scope and limitations result in accordance with the approved procedure.
of the mtds for which qualified and should exercise Thoroughly familiar with the scope and limitation of
assigned responsibility for on-the-job training and the method to which certified and capable of directing
guidance of trainees and NDT Level I personnel. the work to trainee & NDT level I. Able to organize and
should be able to organize and report the results report NDT result.
of NDT tests. 4.0 Level I: Shall have skill and knowledge to
NDT Level III: An NDT Level III individual should properly perform specific calibration, specific tests
be capable of developing, qualifying, and with written approval of Level III. Perform specific
approving procedures, establishing and approving interpretation and evaluation for acceptance or
techniques, interpreting codes, standards, rejection and document the result in accordance with
specifications, and procedures; and designating the approved procedure.
the particular NDT methods, techniques, and 5.0 Trainee: Not yet certified and shall work with
procedures to be used. The NDT Level III should certified personnel, Level II and Level III. Shall not
be responsible for the NDT operations for which conduct any test or write a report of test result.
qualified and assigned and should be capable of 6.0 NDT Instructor: Shall have skill and knowledge
interpreting and evaluating results in terms of to plan, organize and present classroom, lab, and
existing codes, standards, and specifications. Have demonstration and on the job NDT instruction, training
sufficient practical background in applicable or education program in accordance with course
materials, fabrication, and product technology to outline approved by Level III.
establish techniques and to assist in establishing
acceptance criteria when none are otherwise NDT Instructor: Any one of the following.
available. should have general familiarity with a) ASNT NDT Level –III in method to be taught.
other appropriate NDT methods, as demonstrated b) Equivalent to BS in Engg., Physical Science or
by an ASNT Level III Basic examination or other Technology and possess adequate knowledge in
means. The NDT Level III, in the methods in which NDT method to be taught.
certified, should be capable of training and c) Graduate of 2yr of school of science, Engg or NDT
examining NDT Level I and II personnel for and have 5yrs exp as NDT Level-II or equivalent.
certification in those methods.
Written Practice d) Ten years or more experience as NDT Level-II or
1) The employer shall establish a written practice equivalent.
for the control and administration of NDT
personnel training, examination, and certification.
2) The employer’s written practice should describe
the responsibility of each level of certification.
3) The employer’s written practice shall describe
the training, experience, and examination
requirements for each level of certification.
4) The employer’s written practice shall be
reviewed and approved by the employers NDT
Level III. Written practice shall be maintained on
file.

Education, Training, and Experience


Requirements for Initial Qualification
Candidates for certification in NDT should have
sufficient education, training, and experience to
ensure qualification in those NDT methods
Documentation of prior certification may be used
by an employer as evidence of qualification
NDT Level III
1. Have graduated from a minimum four-year
college or university curriculum with a degree in
engineering or science, plus one additional year of
experience beyond the level II requirements in
NDT in an assignment comparable to that of an
NDT Level II.
2. Have completed with passing grades at least
two years of engineering or science study at a
university, college, or technical school, plus two
additional years of experience beyond the level II
requirements in NDT.
3. Have four years experience beyond the level II
requirements in NDT in an assignment at least
comparable to that of an NDT Level II in the
applicable NDT method(s).

AN ASNT LEVEL-III AN NDT LEVEL III


Responsible for the administration and grading of Responsible for the administration and grading of
exam of level-I, II and Level III personnel. But exam of level-I, II and Level III personnel in methods
employer is responsible to ensure that the exam is he has valid ASNT Level-III certificate (including
in accordance with employer written practice. practical exam) Also employer is responsible for
Employer may delegate exam and grading to a having an ASNT NDT Level-III develop and administer
qualified representative of NDT Level III and and grade Level-III specific and practical exams.
record it. Employer is responsible to ensure that above is as per
procedure.

Examinations: For Level I & II Examinations:


Passing composite grade of at least 80 percent, Vision: Personnel shall have natural or corrected near
with no individual examination having a passing distance from at least one eye. Individual is capable to
grade less than 70 percent in specific, general & read Jaeger Number 1 not less than 12 inches (30.5
Practical. cm) on a standard Jaeger test chart. Equvelent eye
examination result are Snellen 20/22; Times Roman
3.5, Ortho-Rater 9 or Titmus No. 10.
Vision Examinations: Vision Examination shall be done in every year. Color
Applicant is capable of reading a minimum of differentiates in initial certification and at each
Jaeger Number 2 but not less than 12 inches (30.5 recertification.
cm) on a standard Jaeger test chart. The ability to
perceive an Ortho-Rater minimum of 8. Should
demonstrate the capability of distinguishing and
differentiating contrast among colors or shades of
gray used in the method. This should be conducted
upon initial certification and at five-year intervals
thereafter.
General (Written - for NDT Levels I and II) Level III: Specific Examination: The employer shall
The general examinations should address the basic administer the written exam consist of at least 30
principles of the applicable method. questions of NDT requirement of specifications or
codes or standard used by the employer.
Specific (Written - for NDT Levels I and II) Practical Examination: The candidate shall prepare
The specific examination should address the the NDT procedure appropriate to the employers need.
equipment, operating procedures, and NDT If documented experience demonstrate that candidate
techniques. Also cover the specifications or codes has previously prepared acceptable NDT procedure in
and acceptance criteria used in the employer’s the method using code, specification or standards that
NDT procedures. are applicable to the employer, a written practical
Practical (for NDT Level I and II) exam is not required. Practical experience of Level III
The candidate should demonstrate familiarity with is substituted for the written practical examination.
and ability to operate the necessary NDT Level I and Level II Examination:
equipment, record, and analyze the resultant General: General exam shall be approved by an NDT
information to the degree required. level III. Level III shall determine the procedure,
At least one flawed specimen or component should specification, std, or code shall be provided. The exam
be tested and the results of the NDT analyzed shall address equipments, procedure, and test
by the candidate. techniques that the candidate may use in the
At least ten (10) different checkpoints requiring an performance in the assigned duties.
understanding of test variables Practical: Practical exam shall be approved by an
NDT Level II Practical Examination. Proficiency NDT level III.
should be demonstrated in selecting and Level I: The candidate shall demonstrate at least one
performing the applicable NDT technique within sample for each technique used in the candidate job
the method and interpreting and evaluating the and document the results of the test. The test sample
results on one or more specimens or machine shall be the product of the candidate job functions.
problems approved by the NDT Level III. At least Level II: The candidate shall demonstrate at least
ten (10) different checkpoints requiring an one sample per technique and a minimum of two
understanding of NDT variables. samples per method and interpret, evaluate and
NDT/PdM Level III Examinations document the result of the examination. The test
The minimum number of questions that should be sample shall be the product of the candidate job
given is as follows: functions.
• Fifteen (15) questions relating to understanding Administration and Grading:
the SNT-TC-1A document. Level I and Level II Examination: Level III shall be
• Twenty (20) questions relating to applicable responsible for the administration and grading of the
materials, fabrication, and product technology. Level I and II for those methods in which the Level III
• Twenty (20) questions that are similar to has a valid ASNT NDT Level III certificate. In practical
published Level II questions for other exam Level III have valid certificate in respective test
appropriate NDT methods. method.
Method Examination (for each method). Level III Examination: The employer shall be
• Thirty (30) questions relating to fundamentals responsible for having an individual possessing a
and principles that are similar to published ASNT current ASNT NDT level III certificate develop,
Level III questions for each method, and administer and grade NDT Level III specific and
• Fifteen (15) questions relating to application and practical examination.
establishment of techniques and procedures that Employer Examination:
are similar to the published ASNT Level III For each employer administered certification
questions for each method, and examination, each candidate shall achieve a grade of
• Twenty (20) questions relating to capability for at least 70% and an average grade of 80% to be
eligible for certification.
interpreting codes, standards, and specifications
relating to the method.
Practical Examination: All practical examination, all
Specific Examination (for each method).
applicable discontinuities and conditions which are
• Twenty (20) questions relating to specifications,
expected to finds and evaluate must be specified and
equipment, techniques, and procedures
documents by NDT Level III prior to administration
applicable to the employer’s product(s) and
and examination.
methods employed and to the administration of
Practical Examination Checklist for Level I:
the employer’s written practice.
Proficiency in use of equipment and technique, proper
• The employer may delete the specific
adherent to procedure, test sequence, calibration,
examination if the candidate has a valid ASNT material, documentation and extent of examination. If
NDT Level III. NDT Level I will interpret and evaluate result, the
checklist shall include these list.
Practical Examination Checklist for Level II:
Proficiency in use of equipment and technique, proper
adherent to procedure, test sequence, calibration,
material, satisfactory detection and location of
discontinuity, proper extent of examination and
accuracy in completeness in interpretation, evaluation
and documentation of activities and test results.
NDT Level III Practical Exam: the checklist shall
address items relating to the technical and practical
adequacy of the NDT procedure prepared by the
candidate. When applicable to the candidates job
responsibilities, the checklist shall also address the
items listed in Level II.

Re-examination Re-examination
Those failing to attain the required grades should Those failing to attain the required grades should wait
wait at least thirty (30) days or receive suitable at least thirty (30) days or receive suitable additional
additional training as determined by the NDT Level training for reexamination. This training should
III before reexamination. address the deficiencies which causes the failure.
NDT personnel may be reexamined any time at the Candidate shall not reexamine the same specimen
discretion of the employer and have their previously failed.
certificates extended or revoked. Administration of Level III in practical and specific id
done by employer representative shall possess a
current ASNT Level III certificate in the method for
which exam is administered.
Interrupted Service Expiration: Certificate expire when employment is
The employer’s written practice should include terminated, at the end of five years for Level I and
rules covering the types and duration of Level II, for Level III when the ASNT level III
interrupted service certificate expire.
that requires reexamination and recertification. Suspension: the employer shall suspend an
• The written practice should specify the individual certification if, 1) Vision certificate exceed
requirements for reexamination and/or 1yr. certification is reinstated concurrently when
recertification for the interrupted service. passing the vision exam.
2) Shall not perform duties in the method for which
certified during any consecutive 12months.
3) The individual performance is deficient in the
required method for specific documented reason.
4) For NDT Level III personal, when the ASNT level III
certificate has not been renewed.
Recertification Revocation: The employer shall revoke certificate
All levels of NDT personnel shall be recertified when,
periodically in accordance with one of the following 1) The individual has not perform the duties in the
criteria: method for which certified during any
• Evidence of continuing satisfactory technical consecutive 24months period.
performance. 2) NDT Level III personnel when the ASNT level
• Reexamination in those portions of the III certificate has been revoked.
examinations in Section 8 deemed necessary by 3) Individual conduct is deemed by the employer
the employer’s NDT Level III. to be or have been unethical or incompetent.
• Recommended maximum recertification
intervals are 5 years for all certification levels.
Termination Reinstatement:
• The employer’s certification shall be Suspended Certificates: Reinstatement of
deemed revoked when employment is suspended certificates for NDT Level I & II is done by
terminated. Level III and for Level III certification shall be
A Level I, Level II, or Level III whose certification determined by the employer.
has been terminated may be certified to the Expired or revoked Certificates: These certificates
former NDT level by a new employer based on may only reinstated by complying with Examination.
examination, as described in Section 8, provided Expired for termination of employment: For Level I, II
all of the following conditions are met to the new & III reinstate to former NDT Level without
employer’s satisfaction: examination by,
• The employee has proof of prior certification. 1) Employer has maintained the personal
• The employee was working in the capacity to certification record.
which certified within six (6) months of 2) The employee certification did not expire during
termination. termination.
• The employee is being recertified within six (6) 3) The employee is reinstated within 12 month
months of termination. period.
• Prior to being examined for certification, Employer recertification: Level I & Level II shall be
employees not meeting the above requirements recertified by reexamination. Every five (5) years the
should receive additional training as deemed individual has at least two month (350hrs) of
appropriate by the NDT Level III. documented experience using the applicable method
over the five year certification interval and has
successfully passed the specific examination.
At least in every 10 year the individual must repeat
the examination

Reinstatement Level III certification personnel shall be recertified by


A Level I, Level II, or Level III whose certification the employer in every five year by verifying that the
has been terminated may be reinstated to the individual ASNT certificate is current in each method
former NDT level, without a new examination, for each recertification is sought.
provided all of the following conditions are met: Record : Responsibility of the employer to document
• The employer has maintained the personnel certification
certification records required in section 9.4. Content of documentation:
• The employee’s certification did not expire
during termination.
• The employee is being reinstated within six (6)
months of termination.

Recommended Initial Training and Initial Training and Experience for Level I & II
Experience Levels
1.0 For Level II certification, the experience shall 1 Experience shall be based on total hour worked in
consist of time at Level I or equivalent. If a person the specific method.
is being qualified directly to Level II with no time 2 Person may be qualified directly to Level II
at Level I, the required experience shall consist of providing that the required training and exp.
the sum of the times required for Level I and Level Consist of the sum of hour required in level I & II.
II and the required training shall consist of the 3 Minimum exp. Is documented by method and by
sum of the hours required for Level I and Level II. hour with the supervision of NDT Level III.
2.0 For Level III certification, the required 4 Total NDT exp. Requirement, exp may be gained
experience shall consist of the sum of the time in more than one method, however minimum
required for Level I and Level II, plus the hours must be met for each method.
additional time required in 6.3.2 as applicable. The 5 Total hour column must be satisfied for
required formal training shall consist of the Level I qualification in single method.
and Level II training, plus any additional formal 6 If the candidate is qualified in one ET technique,
training as defined in the employer’s written the minimum exp required to qualifying another
practice. ET technique is reduced by 50% in same level.
3.0 Listed training hours may be adjusted as
described in the employer's written practice
depending on the candidate's actual education
level, e.g. grammar school, college graduate in
engineering, etc.
4.0 Training shall be outlined in the employer's
written practice. Magnetic Particle training hours
may be counted towards Magnetic Flux Leakage
training hours as defined in employer’s written
practice.
5.0 If an individual is currently certified in an ET
technique and a full course format was used to
meet the initial qualifications in that technique, the
minimum training hours to qualify in another ET
technique at the same level may be reduced up to
40 percent if so defined in the employer’s written
practice. If an individual is certified in an ET
technique, the minimum experience to qualify for
another ET technique at the same level or to the
next level may be reduced by up to 50 percent if
so defined in the employer’s written practice.
Alternate Initial Training and Experience
Levels
1.0 For Level II certification, the experience shall
consist of time at Level I or equivalent. If a person
is being qualified directly to Level II with no time
at Level I, the required experience shall consist of
the sum of the times required for Level I and Level
II and the required training shall consist of the
sum of the hours required for Level I and Level II.
2.0 For Level III certification, the required
experience shall consist of the sum of the time
required for Level I and Level II, plus an additional
12 months. The required formal training shall
consist of the Level I and Level II training, plus
any additional formal training as defined in the
employer’s written practice.
3.0 Listed training hours may be adjusted as
described in the employer's written practice
depending on the candidate's actual education
level, e.g. grammar school, college graduate in
engineering, etc.
4.0 Initial experience may be gained
simultaneously in two or more methods if the:
4.1 candidate spends a minimum of 25% of work
time on each method for which certification is
sought, and
4.2 remainder of the work time claimed as
experience is spent in NDT-related activities
defined in the employer's written practice.
5.0 Training shall be outlined in the employer's
written practice.
6.0 If an individual is currently certified in an ET
technique and a full course format was used to
meet the initial qualifications in that technique, the
minimum training hours to qualify in another ET
technique at the same level may be reduced up to
40 percent if so defined in the employer’s written
practice. If an individual is certified in one ET
technique, the minimum experience to qualify for
another ET technique at the same level or to the
next level may be reduced by up to 50 percent if
so defined in the employer’s written practice.

CODE OF ETHICS

1) Preamble: Code of Ethics is binding upon all individuals who are certified as ASNT Level
III.
2) Integrity: Shall be honest and impartial & serve the public, clients and employer with
devotion.
3) Responsibility to public: If health, safety & walfare of public are not protected then,
a) Apprise to proper authority b) Refuse to accept responsibility c) sever
relationship with the employer or client d) perform responsibility only when
qualified by training & exp in the specific technical field e) Be completely objective
in any professional report, statement or testimony which would leads to fallacious
inference, finding, or misrepresentation f) Express as Technical witness in any
court, commission, tribunal only when such opinion is founded upon adequate
knowledge of the fact of issue.
4) Public Statements: Level III issue no statement, cricticms or argument on NDT
matters connected with public policy which are paid for by the interested party.
Publically express no opinion on NDT matters unless it is founded upon adequate
knowledge of the facts in issue, upon a background of technical competence in the
subject matter.
5) Conflict of interest: a) Level III shall conscientiously avoid conflict of interest with the
employer but when avoidable shall disclose the circumstances to the employer b)
Promptly inform the employer for circumstances which could influence his
judgment or the quality of the service to the employer c) shall not accept financial
compensation from more than one party d) shall not accept financial or other
valuable consideration from material or equipment supplier for specifying their pdts
e) shall not accept or solicit directly or indirectly from contractor, their agent or
other party dealing with client or employer in connection with work f) shall not
approve work that was performed by himself or under his direction on behalf of
another employer or client.
6) Solicitation of employment: a) shall not pay, solicit, nor offer , directly or indirectly
any bribe or commission for professional employment with the exception of
secured salaried position through licensed employment agencies b) shall seek
professional employment on the basis of qualification and competence for proper
accomplishment of work c) shall not falsify or permit misrepresentation of his
associate, academic or professional qualification d) brochures or other presentation
incident to the solicitation of employment shall not misrepresent pertinent facts
concerning employer, employee, associate, joint ventures or past accomplishments
with the intent and purpose of enhancing qualification and work.
7) Improper Conduct: a) shall not sign any document for work for which he does not
have any professional knowledge and direct technical supervisory control and
responsibility b) shall not permit his name or knowingly associated with engaging
in business or professional practice of a fraudulent or dishonest nature.
8) Unauthorised practice : Any violation of this code of ethics shall be deemed as
unautherised practice
9) Ruling of other jurisdictions: conviction of felony while ASNT certification is valid or
revocation or suspension of a professional engineer license by another jurisdiction
or similar ruling by other professional association may be ground for a charge of
violation of this code