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THERMAL NEXT

(The Thermos of the Future)


By

CHIEMEZUO EMMANUEL UMEAKA- 40083038


REMI COIRIER - 40118182
MASOOD KHALID - 27795262
LEROY COELHO - 40012971

To

DR. ASHOK KAUSHAL


Design Project of MECH 6941 (Concurrent Engineering in Aerospace)

Department of Mechanical, Industrial and Aerospace Engineering

Concordia University

7th April, 2019.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. INTRODUCTION: PROJECT PROPOSAL............................................................. 3

1.1. PRODUCT DESCRIPTION ..................................................................................... 3

1.2. TEAM COMPOSITION ............................................................................................ 4

2. Preliminary market analysis .......................................................................................... 4

 Survey ............................................................................................................................ 5

 Survey Results ............................................................................................................. 6

 Need statements ........................................................................................................... 6

3. Competitor analysis ........................................................................................................ 8

4. Price analysis .................................................................................................................... 9

5. Definition of specifications ......................................................................................... 10

5.1. Customer Needs Statement with Weightage ................................................... 10

5.3. Creating a matrix and assigning Units .............................................................. 12

5.4. Link between created Matrix and QFD ............................................................ 13

5.5. Competitive Benchmark Data ............................................................................ 14

5.6. Ideal and Marginally Acceptable Specification Values ................................ 14

5.7. Reflection on Result ............................................................................................. 14

6.1. Functional Analysis .................................................................................................. 15

PAGE 1
6.2. Concept Definition / Preliminary Sketches ......................................................... 16

6.3. Materials Selection.................................................................................................... 17

6.4. Alternative Design Selection .................................................................................. 18

7.1. DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURING: .................................................................. 19

8. Analysis of Make vs. Buy Strategies......................................................................... 20

10. Supply Chain .............................................................................................................. 31

11. Final cost estimates ................................................................................................... 31

12. Return On Investment (ROI) .................................................................................. 33

14. Testing definition ...................................................................................................... 34

14.1. SIZING SPECIFICATIONS TESTING ...................................................... 34

14.2. Mechanical specifications testing .................................................................. 35

14.3. Thermic specifications testing........................................................................ 35

14.4. Other specifications .......................................................................................... 35

15. Quality control ........................................................................................................... 35

15.1. Visual control..................................................................................................... 36

15.2. Random sample control ................................................................................... 36

16. Deployment plan ....................................................................................................... 36

17. Review and future market opportunities .................................................................. 37

PAGE 2
1. INTRODUCTION: PROJECT PROPOSAL

1.1.PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

This product is a thermal flask. It is container that provide a thermal insulation of the

inside liquid in comparison with the outside environment. You can easily carry it and

it keeps the original flavours of your drink, enabling you to enjoy your drink anytime,

anywhere. To make the product more durable and portable, it is made of high-intensity

and light-weight materials. The double walls form a sealed vacuum section, which

effectively reduce the energy loss to the environment.

PAGE 3
1.2.TEAM COMPOSITION

Gantt chart

Figure 1 - Gantt chart

2. PRELIMINARY MARKET ANALYSIS

This product is designed to make life easier and more comfortable, especially for those

people who lead a busy life or work in some particular environments. For commuters,

having a cup of hot coffee in the morning at home could be hard. For people working

outdoors, enjoying ice water in hot summer days is not possible. Students, lorry drivers

and outdoor workers represent a huge market. There is a real need for a more

ergonomic, reliable and sustainable thermal flask. Our product will answer this need,

at a price students can afford and with a sustainable manufacturing process.

PAGE 4
Therefore, the great portability and warm-keeping function could meet all those

demands. In addition, due to the concise design and simplified manufacturing process,

the price can be affordable and competitive.

2.1.ANALYSIS AND GENERAL ENVIRONMENT

2.1.1. Analysis of customer needs and behaviour

 Survey

In order to understand the needs of our future customer, we decided to conduct a survey.

The main objective was to collect as many information as possible with short and

simple questions. The presented product was a classic thermal flask, with a thermo

chromic indicator, the look and price were really standard. As we wanted to learn a lot

about the behaviour and the habits of our customer, the questions were written to be

very open, and long answers were encouraged. These long answers were really useful

to spot latent needs.

 Survey Questions

 Q.1) Do you/family member use a Thermo Flask?


(If yes proceed to Q.2 / If no proceed to Q.1A)
 Q.1A) Would you consider buying a Thermo Flask in the future if your situation
changes?
 Q.2) What are the features that you would want on your current flask/or are you
satisfied with the current features?
 Q.3) Do you think our product could help you for your everyday life?
 Q.4) Would you buy it?

PAGE 5
 Survey Results
Can our product
Do you use a help you ? Would you buy
thermal flask ? it ?
20%
28%
40%
60% 80%
72%

1 2
1 2 1 2
Figure 2.1.1b - 80% people
Figure 3.1.1a - 60% do not use think our product can be Figure 4.1.1c - 72% people
a thermal flask helpful would buy our product

The survey results were very encouraging. In a sample of 27 people asked, mainly

student 80% felt confident about the fact that our product can help them in their lives,

and 72% would buy it. It seemed that there was a keen interest for our product even

though 60% of the people asked did not use a Thermal flask.

 Need statements

Then it was necessary to express the customer statements in terms of characteristic for

the product. The next figure show how we translated the customer needs and wishes to

conceive the right product.

Customer Statement Need Statement


"I want my beverage hot for maximum The Thermal flask provides a good thermal
hours" insulation in cold environment
"I need something to maintain the freshness The Thermal flask provides a good thermal
of my beverage for hours" insulation in hot environment
"I don't want to split drink in my bag" The Thermal flask is watertight

"I want that my coffee taste good" The Thermal flask keeps the taste of the
beverage

PAGE 6
"I don't want to burn my tongue with a too The thermal flask provides an information
hot beverage" about the temperature inside

"I want my thermal flask to have a better The Thermal flask is ergonomic
grip"
"I need to carry it wherever I go, class, The Thermal flask fits in most of the
library, subway" backpack and handbag
"I don't want my thermal flask to be a The thermal flask is light
burden"

"I need something to easily transfer my The Thermal flask is convenient


beverage from the flask to a cup"
"I consider the difficulty of cleaning" The Thermal flask in easy to clean
"The perfect thermal flask for me is as The Thermal flask is easy to use
simple as possible"
"I need to confirm that the thermo chromic The Thermal flask is safe
coating is safe"
"I am very interested in the carbon The Thermal flask has a low carbon
footprints" footprint
"I need something stylish" The Thermal flask is aesthetic
"I am student, I need something low cost" The Thermal flask is affordable
"I would like my flask to be more durable" The Thermal flask has a good lifespan

Figure X – Need
statements
 Hierarchy

Organize the needs into a hierarchy was helpful to keep in mind what matters for the

customers. We grouped the need statements according to their similarity and indicated

the important ones with a mark from “ * ” to “ *** ”.

The thermal flask is highly insulated from is environment


*** The Thermal flask provides a good thermal insulation in cold environment
*** The Thermal flask provides a good thermal insulation in hot environment

PAGE 7
** The Thermal flask is watertight

The Thermal flask helps the user enjoying his beverage


* The Thermal flask keeps the taste of the beverage
The Thermal flask provides an information about the temperature inside

The Thermal flask is easy to care


The Thermal flask is ergonomic
The Thermal flask fits in most of the backpack and handbag
* The thermal flask is light

The Thermal flask is simple


The Thermal flask is convenient
* The Thermal flask in easy to clean
* The Thermal flask is easy to use

The Thermal flask is aesthetic

*** The Thermal flask is affordable

The Thermal flask has not a great impact on the environment


The Thermal flask has a low carbon footprint
The Thermal flask has a good lifespan

* The Thermal Flask is safe

Figure X – Need statements hierarchy

3. COMPETITOR ANALYSIS

The thermal flask market is a very competitive and very difficult market. Some brands

are on this market for a century and their distribution network is well implanted, with

level expertise in thermal insulation.

PAGE 8
Stanley : 100+ year history in vacuum insulation, invented the vacuum bottle. Their

catalogue is huge, and the thermic performance of their product seems to be very good.

Strength : experience

Hydroflask : founded in 2009, focus on water bottle for 2 years and hit 1 million in

sales in 2011. Then they turned on coffee, beer and food. Today Hydroflask catalogue

is huge in all this category, with high customizable product. Strength : customizability

Yeti : founded in 2006, mainly for outdoor uses. There are proud of the hardness and

the simplicity of their product. They focus on the outdoor users rather than the mass

discount retailers. Strength : Hardness

Thermos : 100+ year experience in beverage containing. Highly regarded and well

known brand, strong position in the market for the family uses. Strength : Market

positioning

Klean Kanteen : introduced the first stainless steel, BPA free (bisphénolA), reusable

water bottle in 2004. Highly focus on the sustainability of their process and the

reusability of their products. Strength : A strong environmental-friendly positioning

For the customer, the main comparison criteria are the efficiency, reliability, volume

contained, sustainability, and the price.

4. PRICE ANALYSIS

We initially positioned our company as a manufacturing company. Regarding the

competition and the market, we aimed a selling price of 25$ with a two-staged

distribution process (a distributor and a retailer).

PAGE 9
If we consider a gross margin of 10% for the distributor, a gross margin of 20% for the

retailor, and a gross margin of 40% for our company. We can compute the target cost :

25$ * ( 1 - 0.10 ) * ( 1 – 0.20) * (1 – 0.40) = 10.8 $

The manufacturing target cost was at this point about 10.8$.

5. DEFINITION OF SPECIFICATIONS

Using the 4 Step Process

Using the customer needs Statement provided and assigning Weightage (importance)

5.1.Customer Needs Statement with Weightage

Number Needs Importance


The Thermal flask provides a good thermal insulation in cold
1 environment 1
The Thermal flask provides a good thermal insulation in hot
2 environment 1
3 The Thermal flask is watertight 2
4 The Thermal flask keeps the taste of the beverage 3
The thermal flask provides an information about the temperature
5 inside 2
6 The Thermal flask is ergonomic 3
7 The Thermal flask fits in most of the backpack and handbag 3
8 The thermal flask is light 2
9 The Thermal flask is convenient 5
10 The Thermal flask in easy to clean 3
11 The Thermal flask is easy to use 4
12 The Thermal flask is safe 2
13 The Thermal flask has a low carbon footprint 5
14 The Thermal flask is aesthetic 5

PAGE 10
15 The Thermal flas is affordable 5
16 The Thermal flask has a good lifespan 2
17 The Thermal Flask Is strong 2

5.2. QFD Matrix

From all the data generated on customer needs and based on what our project objective,

we created a QFD Matrix to visualize the potential parameters of our project.

Provide temperature instruction

Provide removable structure


Provide container for drink

Provide stylish appearance


Provide thermal insulation

Provide watertight cover

Provide handheld area


Protect body health
Importance rating

Provide portability

Provide durability
Remain temperature 9 9 9 6
Keep original flavor 6 8 7 5
Easy to carry 7 9 9 6
Easy to clean 7 9 8 6
Healthy to use 7 7 9
Stylish appearance 5 5 3 7 9 6
Durable to use 5 9
Harmless to environment 6 4 3
Target information
Absolute importance 81 129 96 78 84 63 45 173 93 147
Relative importance 4 7 5 4 4 3 2 9 5 8

PAGE 11
5.3.Creating a matrix and assigning Units

To guide the conception of our product, we created metrics, and assigned them

importance and units. The chart in appendices X show the metrics and their respective

units.

Metric Needs
Number Number(s) Metrics Importance Units
Cooling Time from 100C to room Temp
1 1 25C 1 Hr
Heating time form -4C to room temp
2 2 25C 1 Hr
3 1,2 Overall Thermal Resistance 1 K/W
4 8,9 Total Weight 3 Kg
5 7,9 Overall Length 3 M
6 7,9 Overall Diameter 3 M
7 7,9 Volume Capacity 3 M^3
8 7,9 Overall Volume 3 M^3
9 5 Color-Temp Indicator Range 2 Range (C)
10 5 Color-Temp Indicator Type 2 Name
11 17 Material Tensile Strength 2 N/M^2
12 17 Material Compressive Strength 2 N/M^2
13 1 Max hot Operating Temprature 1 C
14 2 Max cold Operating Temprature 1 C
15 6,7,8,9,10,11 Ergonomic 4 Subj
16 15 Unit Manufacturing Cost 4 US$
17 16 Overall Life Span 2 Yrs
18 14 aesthetically Beautiful 5 Subj
19 3 Leak Proof 2 Y/N
20 4,12,16 Corrosion Rate 2 mmpy

PAGE 12
5.4.Link between created Matrix and QFD

The need vs. matrix chart in appendices shows the correlation between these

parameters.

PAGE 13
5.5.Competitive Benchmark Data

5.6.Ideal and Marginally Acceptable Specification Values

5.7.Reflection on Result

Values and Parameters set successfully

PAGE 14
6. PRELIMINARY DESIGN

6.1.FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS

Viola,Corpino, Fioriti and Stesina define Functional Analysis as a “fundamental tool

of the design process to explore new concepts and define their architectures” and for

such reason, it is evident that it must be properly applied in the development of new

products. The study of a product’s functions and components, the exploration of

different options and combinations, and the inclusion of every relevant idea, before a

definitive shape or final characteristics are defined, is what will guarantee that the

design will satisfy the purpose of its creation. In this particular case, the team,

identifying the desired output and the inputs that had to be handled by the design, as

well as the main function, carried out the functional analysis; then several sub-functions

were established in order to add up to the final result of holding a cellphone while it is

plug on the wall, charging.

Input Output

Transport Fluid (Hot)

Transport Fluid ThermoNext


Transport Fluid (Cold)

Visual Temperature
Indicator

PAGE 15
6.2.CONCEPT DEFINITION / PRELIMINARY SKETCHES

The main concepts/ ideas behind the ThermalNext project are:-

 Flask is used to maintain liquid beverage temperature for a long period

 The materials used are recyclable

 Thermal insulation is achieved through partial vacuum

 Thermochromics Coats on the cover is used to tell temperature change in liquid

in the flask.

Keeping the above concepts in mind, a preliminary sketch is made to satisfy the above

concepts. That preliminary Sketch is given below:-

PAGE 16
Figure 1: Preliminary Sketch

6.3.MATERIALS SELECTION

 Stainless Steel: This material is used to manufacture the liquid container and

used to create walls that support the vacuum. Stainless steel is used primarily

because it can withstand the vacuum negative pressure and because it’s

recyclable.

 Very High Density Polyethylene Plastic (HDPE): This is used to

manufacture both the inner and the external caps/ covers. This material is

chosen because it’s most common recycled plastic and it’s actually cheaper

to use recycled HDPE than to make new one, thus reducing our production

cost [1].

 Thermo-chromic Crystal Material: This is used to coat the centre core of the

internal cap which is in direct contact with the liquid beverage and changes

PAGE 17
colour with change in temperature. This material is selected because it’s safe

to the human health [2].

 Vacuum: Vacuum is used as insulation material because it’s weightless and

most effective form of insulation because thermal conductivity of vacuum

is very close to zero [3].

 Wood Insulation Support. This is used to support the inner casing to avoid
it deforming when heavy beverage is added (the support helps in

transferring load to the ground efficiently). This is made of which Oak

wood treated with chemicals to improve strength as well as reduce thermal

conductivity.

6.4. ALTERNATIVE DESIGN SELECTION

 We considered alternative insulation designs like the use of K-Wool

(Mineral Wool) but decided against it because it will lead to additional

manufacturing cost.

 We considered the use of Leuco-dye over liquid crystals because it’s

cheaper but decided against it due the food safety reasons (dye might seep

into the beverage) [4].

 We consider the flask having only one Cover but decided against it

because two covers (inner and outer) provides better seal and guard

against leakage. Also, two covers provides a failsafe against damage.

PAGE 18
7. FINAL DESIGN

7.1.DESIGN FOR MANUFACTURING:

7.1.1. Bill of Material (BOM):

 Stainless Steel Roll

 High Density Polyethylene Plastic

7.1.2. Manufacturing Process

 Drawing: Three blanks are taken out of the Stainless Steel Sheet for each bottle

and three of them are formed in the shape of a cylindrical using drawing

manufacturing process. One will be the outer wall, one will be the inner wall

and the last one will be the bottom cover.

 Punching: The outer wall cylinder is punched with a small hole for the copper

tube to be brazed in.

 Necking and Seam Welding: The out and inner wall cylinder first placed one

into the other for the necking process to form the bottle-neck and then assembled

together by seam welding. The rest of the portion is cut to a specified length,

chamfered and polished to be free from any sharpness. The top part of the bottle

is embossed to make the threads for the cap.

 Brazing: The bottom hole is brazed with the copper tube.

 Vacuuming: It is done through the tube and the tube is pinched off to be cold

welded or brazed.

 Embossing: The lower part of the bottle and bottom cover are embossed in such

a way that the two can give a one-time fit.

 Painting: The bottle then be painted to give a good aesthetic look.

PAGE 19
 Injection Moulding: The cap is manufactured by injection moulding under high

pressure.

7.2.DESIGN FOR ASSEMBLY

 The flask is designed to have overall four parts.

 The parts are main flask, inner cap, outer cap and thermos-chromic film

tablet.

 This makes the flask easily assembled without much stress.

8. ANALYSIS OF MAKE VS. BUY STRATEGIES

8.1.Make vs buy decision

In order to make the bottle ourselves, we need to make estimates of Fixed and Variable

Costs for making it. The following costs are evaluated to best of our understanding.

 Estimated Cost Of Making Bottles:

The Cost of Machinery and Equipment etc. combined are estimated.

Total Fixed Cost = 11250 CAD

Labour Cost per Bottle = 0.162 CAD

Overhead Cost per Bottle = 0.162 CAD

Transportation Cost = 0.065 CAD

Total Variable Cost per Bottle = 0.389 CAD

Total Variable Cost for 1500 Bottles = 0.389 * 1500

Total Variable Cost = 583.5 CAD

 Estimated Cost Of Buying Bottles:

PAGE 20
We searched for companies that supply such vacuum bottles. We are taking the one in

our analysis that is giving us the minimum price.

Total Variable Cost = 5435 CAD

 Analysis:

The following Graph is based on the above estimates.

 Result:

As can be seen by the above Graph, if 1500 bottles are forecasted to be sold, it's better

to Buy them as it will give us less cost. This can be further extracted from the analysis

that even if the demand goes beyond our expectation till quantity of 3478 bottles, the

decision will still be viable.

9. PRODUCT ANALYSIS

9.1.THERMAL ANALYSIS

ANSYS Transient Thermal software package is used to analysis the thermal properties

of the flask over a period of time in iterations to determine the following.

PAGE 21
 Effectiveness of insulation and insulation design

 Determine how long a beverage will remain hot before reaching room

temperature and heat flux with time.

 Where improvements are needed.

9.1.1. Thermal Analysis of Hot Thermal Flask Design

Thermal analysis was conducted to determine the above parameters to see how good

our product was compared to competitors.

Figure 1.1: Cross Section of Initial Design

Note 1: Cross section is used in analysis to properly visualise temperature change

and temperature variation over time. Result will be same as using whole flask.

9.1.1a. Analysis Assumptions

 Room temperature is assumed as 25C

 Beverage properties is taken as water and Temp is take as 100C and

0C for Hot and Cold analysis respectively.

 Sea level density and pressure is used 1.225Kg/m3 and 101325Kpa

 Partial Vacuum insulation is taken as 0.1ATM

PAGE 22
9.1.1b. Material Thermal Property Data

Material
Insulation
Partial Wood HDPE Beverage
Stainless Vacuum Support Plastic (water)
Properties Steel [1] [2] (OAK) [2] [2] [2]
Density (Kg/m^3) 7750 0.1225 644 930 1000
Specific Heat (J/Kg*C) 480 1005 1250 2300 4181
Isotropic Thermal
Conductivity (w/m*C) 15.1 0.008 0.096 0.46 0.604

9.1.1c. ANSYS Hot Transient Thermal Analysis Result

 Graphic and image representation of result

Fig 1.1.4a: @ 80 seconds (96C) Fig 1.1.4b: @ 400 seconds (84C)

PAGE 23
Fig 1.1.4e: @ 6600 seconds (61.5C) Fig 1.1.4g: @ 12000 seconds (52.4C)

Fig 1.1.4i: @ 30000 seconds (35.3C) Fig 1.1.4k: @ 43200 seconds (30C)

Graph Showing Avg. Temp Change With


Time
150
Avg. Hot Beverage Temp

100

50

0
(C)

0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000


Time (Sec)

Graph Showing Avg. Heat Flux Change


With Time
25000
Avg. Total Heat Flux

20000
15000
(W/m2)

10000
5000
0
0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000
Time (Sec)

PAGE 24
9.1.1d. Result Interpretation/Observation

 It takes about 43200 seconds (12hrs) for the hot beverage to get to 30C.

 This means the thermal flask has operating time 12hrs.

 This also shows that out product with hot beverage has 26% more operating

time than the current best competitor product.

9.1.2. ANSYS Cold Transient Thermal Analysis Result

 Graphic and image representation of result

Note 2: ANSYS use of colour in image result representation is relative with max

possible time (25C in this case) being dark red and other follow suite.

Fig 1.1.6a: @ 80 seconds (-2.6C) Fig 1.1.6b: @ 310 seconds (1.2C)

Fig 1.1.6e: @ 5000 seconds (9.9C) Fig 1.1.6f: @ 8500 seconds (12.3C)

PAGE 25
Fig 1.1.6i: @ 30100 seconds (21C) Fig 1.1.6j: @ 44200 seconds (23.2C)

Graph of Change in Temp With Time


30
Avg. Cold Beverage Temp

25
20
15
10
(C)

5
0
-5 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000
-10
Time (Sec)

Graph of Change in Total Heat Flux with


Time
0
Avg. Total Heat Flux (W/m2)

0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 70000


-2000

-4000

-6000

-8000

-10000
Time (Sec)

9.1.2b. Result Interpretation/Observation

 It takes about 35000 seconds (9.72hrs) for the cold beverage to get to 22C.

 This means the thermal flask has operating time of about 9.72hrs.

PAGE 26
 This also shows that out product with cold beverage has 33% more operating

time than the current best competitor product.

9.2.Structural Analysis of Thermal Flask

Cross section showing pressure distributions acting on different surfaces

Figure 1.2: Cross Section of Flask Structure for Analysis

9.2.1. Material Mechanical Property Data

Material

Stainless Steel Insulation Wood


Properties [1] Support (OAK) [3]
Density (Kg/m^3) 7750 644
Young’s Modulus 0.31 0.35
Tensile Yield Strength (pa) 2.07*10^8 5.5*10^6
Compressive Yield Strength (pa) 2.07*10^8 4.7*10^8
Tensile ultimate Strength (pa) 5.86*10^8 9*10^8

PAGE 27
Compressive ultimate Strength (pa) 0 0

9.2.2. ANSYS Static Structural Analysis Result

Note 2 Again: ANSYS use of colour in image result representation is relative with max

possible value being dark red and other follow suite.

 Structural Total Deformation Animation Image Result with Actual Result

Fig 1.2.1a : Deformation Progression

Fig 1.2.1b : Deformation Result Fig 1.2.1c : Equivalent Elastic Strain Result

PAGE 28
Fig 1.2.1d : Equivalent Stress Result

9.2.3. Structural Analysis Result Interpretation/Observation

 Max total deformation is 0.00000211m or 0.00211mm with is very small

therefore proving that our design is structurally sound.

 Maximum stress experienced by the flask is 5.7Mpa and it is felt at the vacuum

walls.

 Maximum elastic strain experienced by the flask 7.4 * 10^-8 which tends to

zero.

9.3. Analysis Conclusion

From the thermal and structural analysis results our product has more than met set target

specification and by a margin good will out performed our competitors’ products.

9.4.DETAILED CAD DRAFTINGS AND RENDERINGS

CATIA V5 is used to make the detailed computer aided design of the product

parts and the assembled product as well. The draft parts are shown below:

PAGE 29
FFig 2: CAD Drafting of Main Flask

FFig 2: CAD Drafting of Internal Cap

FFig 2: CAD Drafting of External Cap

PAGE 30
9.5.Rendered Images Of Final Design

FFig 2.5: Rendered Images of Final CAD of Product

9.6.Design Conclusion

Design was carried out successfully and completely up to specification

10. SUPPLY CHAIN

RAW MATERIAL COMPANY PLACE DELIVERY

Stainless Steel Roll Diversified Ulbrich Pointe Claire,


Weekly
Quebec

Copper Tubes Thyssenkrupp St. Laurent,


Monthly
Materials Quebec

Caps Johnston Plastics Lachine, QC H8T Weekly


3J7

11. FINAL COST ESTIMATES

𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙 𝐹𝑖𝑥𝑒𝑑𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑠
𝑇𝑜𝑡𝑎𝑙𝑈𝑛𝑖𝑡𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡 = + 𝑉𝑎𝑟𝑖𝑎𝑏𝑙𝑒𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡𝑠
𝑉𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑚𝑒

PAGE 31
Manufacturer Total Fixed Cost (1 units) 7.5

Supplier Estimate TLCF/unit 0.25


labor /unit 0.15
Overhead/unit 0.15
Transport/unit 0.075
Total Variable Cost /unit 0.625

Volume 1

Total Unit Cost 8.125

The final selling

price of the product, the profit margin for our company (MC) and the retail store (MR)

are 50 and 25, respectively. Consequently the final cost estimated as follow

𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡
𝑃𝑟𝑖𝑐𝑒 =
(1 − 𝑀𝐶 )(1 − 𝑀𝑅 )

Profit Margin
0.5 0.25
(Mc) Retail Store(Mr)

Price 21.66666667

Tax 15

Total Selling Price 24.91666667

PAGE 32
12. RETURN ON INVESTMENT (ROI)

Return on investment (ROI) is a performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency

of an investment or to compare the efficiency of a number of different investments.

According to formula for calculating ROI:

𝐺𝑎𝑖𝑛 − 𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡
𝑅𝑂𝐼 =
𝐶𝑜𝑠𝑡

Type Of Cost Price Associated


Labor 3000
Administration 5000
Advert 20000
Amortization 6000
Ware House Rent 24000
Sub-Total 58000
Associated Gain Price Associated
Unit Price 25
Adjusted Price 1
Estimated Sale 5000
Sale Before Tax 125000
Sale After Tax
106250
(15%)
ROI($) 48250
ROI(%) 83.10%

13. IN SERVICE SUPPORT ANALYSIS

The In-service support of an everyday product such as Thermal Next should not include

any offers like diagnostic or fixing. Consumers want something cheap and fast, a

replacement.

PAGE 33
Our service offer include spare parts, which can be freely provided to the customer for

the two next events:

 Malfunction of the thermic indicator

 Leak

Obviously, before providing any replacement part, the support service should prove

that the malfunctions appears in a normal operating mode. If any shock or degradation

can be seen on the product, the consumer is considered responsible for the malfunction

and cannot be helped.

14. TESTING DEFINITION

The purpose of the testing phase is to determine if the product met the technical

requirements. Here is a recap of the target specifications that led to the actual design.

Many of this specifications have to be tested after the manufacturing of the first

specimens.

14.1. SIZING SPECIFICATIONS TESTING

5 parameters can be tested with simple tools and a weighting machine:

 Total weight

 Overall Length

 Overall Diameter

 Volume Capacity

 Overall Volume

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14.2. Mechanical specifications testing

Testing the mechanical properties of the thermal flask requires a couple of complex test

machine. It may be worthwhile to buy a test campaign from a specialized company.

Two parameters have to be tested:

 Materials tensile strength

 Material compressive strength

14.3. Thermic specifications testing

The thermic behaviour of the thermal flask have to be tested. It can be done with

thermometers and a clock. The overall thermic resistance can also be computed with a

simple thermodynamic model.

 Cooling time

 Heating time

 Overall Thermic resistance

 Color temp. indicator range

14.4. Other specifications

The tightness of the design can be easily test with a flask specimen and water.

 Leaf proof

15. QUALITY CONTROL

The quality control is essential to provide high quality goods. All along the

manufacturing process, quality technicians are supposed to validate the specifications

of the product. They have to ensure that every operations is done in the right way and

that the products comply with the design.

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15.1. Visual control

At the end of the manufacturing process, a visual control can be achieved on every

flasks. It is a essential part of the quality that can spot default or shock.

If a default is spotted on a flask, a quality manager has to study the default, understand

its origin and implement corrective actions to improve the production process.

15.2. Random sample control

Since we are going to manufacture a high quantity of goods, it is hard to deeply control

every flask. Quality control methods in this context are based on analysis and tests on

a little sample of the production, which is supposed to be representative.

Extensive conformity tests can be conducted on the sample. Sizing, mechanical

properties and thermic properties will be tested on the sample, in order to manage the

quality of the whole production.

16. DEPLOYMENT PLAN

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17. Review and future market opportunities

IV.a Market feedback analysis

IV.b. Lessons learnt

IV.c. Future growth Opportunity

18. REFERENCES

1. ANSYS Engineering Date Sources

2. https://www.engineeringtoolbox.com/thermal-conductivity-d_429.html

3. Kretschmann, David E. 2010. Mechanical properties of wood. Wood handbook:

wood as an engineering material: chapter 5. Centennial ed. General technical

report FPL ; GTR-190. Madison, WI : U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service,

Forest Products Laboratory, 2010: p. 5.1-5.46.

4. https://learn.eartheasy.com/articles/plastics-by-the-numbers/

5. F. Fu, L. Hu, in Advanced High Strength Natural Fibre Composites in Construction,

2017

6. Vėjelis, Sigitas & Gailius, Albinas & Vėjelienė, Jolanta & Vaitkus, Saulius.

(2010). Research on thermal conductivity of vacuum insulating materials. 10th

International Conference Modern Building Materials, Structures and

Techniques.

7. https://www.slideshare.net/moongoko/chemistry-and-application-of-leuco-

dyes

8. https://www.stanley-pmi.com/

9. https://www.hydroflask.com/

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10. https://stories.yeti.com/

11. https://www.thermos.com/our-brand

12. https://www.kleankanteen.com/pages/our-family

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