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REPORT

ISLAMIYAT
TOPIC : SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM

SUBMITTED TO : SIR MUHAMMAD IRFAN

SUBMITTED BY :

Shoaib Sohrab 16-CE-10

M.Junaid 16-CE-06

Zohaib Akhtar 16-CE-58

Munawar Sarwar 16-CE-106

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY TAXILA


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Contents
1.1 Introduction to Society ................................................................................................................... 3
1.2 THE SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM....................................................................................................... 3
1.3 RESPONSIBILITIES ............................................................................................................................. 3
1.3.1 Responsibilities To Society ........................................................................................................... 3
1.3.2 Responsibility To Oneself .............................................................................................................. 3
1.3.3 Responsibility To Family ................................................................................................................ 4
1.3.4 Responsibility To Family ................................................................................................................ 4
1.3.5 Responsibility of State .................................................................................................................. 4
1.3.6 The rights of the guest and the stranger ...................................................................................... 5
1.3.7 Responsibilities To Islamic Society ............................................................................................... 6
1.3.8 Rights Of The Elderly: .................................................................................................................... 6
1.3.9 Rights Of Children and Orphans .................................................................................................... 7
1.3.10 Recognizing the rights of neighbors ........................................................................................... 7
1.3.11 Rights Of Poor and the Destitute ................................................................................................. 7
1.4 Endowments ................................................................................................................................... 8
1.5 Bequests ........................................................................................................................................... 8
1.6 The Rights of Parents ........................................................................................................................ 9
1.7 What are the Best deeds ................................................................................................................. 9
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The social system of Islam

1.1 Introduction to Society


A society is a group of people involved in persistent social interaction, or a large social
group sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same
political authority and dominant cultural expectations.

A society can also consist of like-minded people governed by their own norms and values
within a dominant, larger society. This is sometimes referred to as a subculture, a term used
extensively within criminology.

1.2 THE SOCIAL SYSTEM OF ISLAM


An Islamic society is the society whose members have “Iman” (faith) in Islam, apply
its laws in their life and performing religious duties and abstaining from doing what
is unlawful.”

1.3 RESPONSIBILITIES

1.3.1 Responsibilities To Society


Social responsibility in Islam is understood to mean that the individual members of
society work together to fulfill the general needs of society as well as the individual
needs of its members and that they work together to protect society from harm. Each
member of society is aware not only that he has rights, but also that that he has
responsibilities towards others, especially those who are incapable of fulfilling their
own needs.

1.3.2 Responsibility To Oneself


Every person is responsible for himself. He is responsible to keep himself pure,
cultivate good manners, reform his faults, do good, and refrain from evil.
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Allah says:

“By the soul and Him who perfected its proportions; then He showed him
what is wrong for him and what is right. Indeed, he who purifies himself succeeds.
And indeed, he who corrupts himself fails.”

1.3.3 Responsibility To Family


Islam stresses mutual responsibility between family members, making it the
solid foundation that protects the family from collapsing or splitting apart.

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“A man is a guardian over his household and he is responsible for those in his
care. A woman is a guardian over her husband’s household and she is
responsible for those in her care.”

Household responsibilities are divided between the man and the woman in a
way that guarantees the material and spiritual foundations of the family.

1.3.4 Responsibility To Family


Islam stresses mutual responsibility between family members, making it the
solid foundation that protects the family from collapsing or splitting apart.

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

“A man is a guardian over his household and he is responsible for those in his
care. A woman is a guardian over her husband’s household and she is
responsible for those in her care.”

Household responsibilities are divided between the man and the woman in a
way that guarantees the material and spiritual foundations of the family.

1.3.5 Responsibility of State


• 1. Safeguarding natural resources

• 2. Creating opportunities for employment:

• 3. Organizing individual efforts:

Responsibility of State
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Though Islam pays close attention to social responsibility on the individual


level, it does not stop there. Alongside the individual measures, it establishes
general measures that the state is responsible to carry out.

1. Safeguarding natural resources :

This entails assuring the proper utilization of the country’s natural


environment, including the mineral resources of the land and sea as well as all
other forms of wealth that Allah has placed in the Earth

2. Creating opportunities for employment :

This entails seeking out the best solutions for confronting unemployment and
establishing constructive programs to contribute to general development.

Such programs can provide work for idle hands in a completely just manner
that takes into consideration the general needs of society and gives preference
to the poorer and more deprived sectors of society.

3. Organizing individual efforts:

. The state has the responsibility of organizing and regulating the efforts of
individuals in fulfilling their social responsibilities in the ways that we have
previously discussed. This is especially true for the Zakâh tax and
endowments.

1.3.6 The rights of the guest and the stranger

Islam encourages honoring guests and giving good hospitality. Honoring one’s guest is
considered a noble character trait that attests to the sincerity and strength of one’s faith.
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him): “Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should
honor his guest.”

The Holy Prophet ‫ ﷺ‬said:

Ibn 'Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

I heard Messenger of Allah ( )‫ﷺ‬saying, "All of you are guardians and are
responsible for your wards. The ruler is a guardian and responsible for his
subjects; the man is a guardian and responsible for his family; the woman is a
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guardian and is responsible for her husbands house and his offspring; and so
all of you are guardians and are responsible for your wards."

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

1.3.7 Responsibilities To Islamic Society


Islam makes the individual and society responsible for each other. It requires
each to fulfill its duties to the other. It brings public and private interests
together in such a way that fulfilling individual interests becomes a means of
realizing the general good and likewise, realizing the general good entails
realizing the good of the individual.

The individual in Muslim society is responsible to help in preserving the


general order and to refrain from any behavior that could harm society or work
against its interests.

Allah says:

The believers, men and women, are protectors of one another; they enjoin
what is right, forbid what is wrong, perform prayer, keep the fasts, and obey
Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have mercy on them. Surely Allah is
Almighty, All Wise.

The individual, moreover, is commanded to play an active and effective part in


society.

Allah says:

Help one another in righteousness and piety, but do not help one another in sin
and transgression

1.3.8 Rights Of The Elderly:


Islam pays special attention to the elderly. It considers them to have a right to
be cared for in repayment for the sacrifices that they have made to ensure the
prosperity of the generation that they raised and nurtured.

Allah says:
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And we have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his parents.

- And be dutiful and good to parents…

1.3.9 Rights Of Children and Orphans


We have already mentioned in our discussion about responsibility towards the
family that Islam stresses caring for small children and requires parents to care
for and raise their children until they reach the age of discretion and are able to
lead independent lives.

When children lose their parents, the responsibility to care for them is
transferred to other close relatives who are able to do so. There is a legally
prescribed order of succession for guardianship.

In the absence of relatives, the responsibility falls on society and the state.

1.3.10 Recognizing the rights of neighbors


Islam places great stress on being kind to neighbors and maintaining good relations
with them. It also emphasizes that one should try to help one’s neighbors and be
careful not to abuse them in any way.

Allah says:

…and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, the poor, the neighbor who is
near of kin, the neighbor who is a stranger…

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

"Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should honor his neighbor.”

1.3.11 Rights Of Poor and the Destitute


The Islamic texts repeatedly encourage taking care of the poor and the destitute,
commiserating with them, alleviating their difficulties, and giving them assistance,
both material and otherwise

Allah says:

- The charity tax is only for the poor, the destitute, those employed to collect
it, to encourage those whose hearts are inclined towards Islam, to free
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captives, for those in debt, for the cause of Allah, and for the wayfarer; a duty
imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise

Assisting the needy:

If a person knows that his neighbor is hungry or has no food to eat, and he is
able to assist him, then it is obligatory upon him to do so. Allah’s Messenger
(peace be upon him) said: “Whosoever goes to sleep satisfied while being
aware that his neighbor is hungry does not believe in me.”
He also said: “Allah has no obligation towards a household where they let
someone go to sleep hungry.”

1.4 Endowments
Islamic Law provides for endowments and considers them to be among the
most excellent of good deeds. Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:
“When a person dies, his good deeds come to end, except for three things:
charity that continues to benefit others, knowledge that continues to be of
benefit, and a pious child who prays for him.”

Endowments have been an active partner to Muslim society up to this day in


addressing issues of general welfare and security and in assisting society in
taking care of the needy.

1.5 Bequests
A person gives a bequest before his death to another party from his estate.
This party could be an individual or an organization. A bequest can even be
generally worded so that the recipients are those who meet certain criteria.
Islam encourages bequests.

Allah says:

It is prescribed for you, if one of you approaches death and leaves behind
wealth, to make a bequest to parents and relatives in a reasonable manner.

Fundamental Human Rights In Islam

Fundamental human rights in Islam are well defined . The Holy Qur’an and
sayings of Holy Prophet (Peace be upon him) provide exhaustive details about
social responsibility of the state with respect to fundamental human rights.
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1.6 The Rights of Parents


"And We have enjoined upon man to be dutiful and kind to his parents"

Allah, the Most High, says,

" And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him,and that you be
dutiful to your parents.

Worship Allah and associate nothing with Him, and toparents do good.

"And We have enjoined upon man, to his parents good treatments

Right to be respected and be kind to them

Gratitude and gentleness

Allah, the Most High, says,

{your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him, and that you be kind
to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to
them a word of contempt (disrespect), nor repel them but address them in
terms of honor. And, out of kindness, lower to them the wing of humility, and
say: "My Lord! Bestow on them Mercy even as they cherished me in .

1.7 What are the Best deeds


Narrated Abdullah Bin Masud may Allah be pleased with him: I asked the
prophet (PBUH) "Which deed is the dearest to Allah?" He replied, "To offer
the prayers at their early stated fixed times." I asked, "What is the next (in
goodness)?" He replied, "To be good and dutiful to your parents" I again
asked, "What is the next (in goodness)?" He replied, T o participate in Jihad
(religious fighting) in Allah’s cause." Abdullah added, "I asked only that much
and if I had asked more, the prophet (pbh) would have told me more."

As Allah says:

“And they (women) have rights (over their husbands) similar (to those of their
husbands) over them to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of
responsibility) over them” [Al-Baqarah 2:228]
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Hadith

Narrated Abu Huraira (may Allah be pleased with him): A man came to
Allah’s Apostle and said, ”0 Allah’s Apostle! Who is more entitled to be
treated with the best companionship (Service) by me?” The prophet said,
"Your mother." The man said. "Who is next?" The Prophet said, "Your
mother." The man further said, "Who is next?" The Prophet said, "Your
mother." The man asked for the fourth

Right to be Obedient to parents –

It is the right of parents that their children should treat them with kindness,
obedience, and honor. Devotion to parents is a natural instinct (feeling) which
must be strengthened by deliberate actions. Quran presents an excellent

example of obedience of Prophet Ismail.

Allah says:

"And when he reached with him [the age of] exertion, (the ability

to work and be of assistance) he said, "O my son, indeed I have

seen in a dream that I [must] sacrifice you, so see what you think.”

Rights Of Children

Chiderns are the fruits of martial relationship and a pleasure in this life. In fact
, Parents must train their childerns so that they become solace of their eyes in
this life and hereafter. The responsibility of children lies on parents that they
would be accountable on the day of judgement for their children’s upbringing
religious education .

“Your wealth and your children are but a trail. And Allah has with Him a great
reward”.(
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Let us promise to try our best to make our society an islamic society

[ AND NOTHING DEVOLVES ON US


BUT A CLEAR DELIVERANCE (OF THE
MESSAGE) ]