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# ? ? ? The Dash ? ? ?

of paper before leaving your seat. Naturally, you may not work on questions while waiting to show your answer to the
judges. Therefore you should bring only the solution slip with you when you dash to the front. You may bring only one
solution slip at a time to the judges, and each team may submit only one answer per question. Good luck, and have fun!

1. Between √
which two
√ consecutive in- 10. Find the maximum value that the 17. Suzy drives around the equator
tegers does 23 + 39 lie? expression (a − b)/c can attain if a, of a small planet. If her car’s tires
b, and c are distinct integers strictly have a diameter of 100 cm and the
2. Find four positive integers a, b, c, between 100 and 200. planet is spherical with radius 1000
and d which make the following sen- km, then how many rotations do her
tence true: “This sentence contains 11. Determine the smallest number n wheels make during the trip?
the digit 1 a times, the digit 2 b times, such that a single square can be tiled
the digit 3 c times, and the digit 4 d with n smaller squares which aren’t all 18. Find the sum of the digits of the
times.” the same size. number 20034 − 19974 .

3. Consider all pairs of numbers 12. Triangle ABC has sides of length 19. The numbers 1, 2, . . . , 999 are “al-
(m, n) with 1 ≤ m < n ≤ 21. What AB = 9, AC = 10, and BC = 11. phabetized” by comparing them digit
is the sum of the products of all such Points D and E are situated on sides by digit from left to right. Determine
pairs of numbers? AB and AC so that AD = 6 and the 200th number in this ordering. (It
AE = 9. Find the area of 4ADE. begins 1, 10, 100, 101, 102, . . . .)
4. Find the radius of the sphere which
passes through points A, B, C, and D 13. A circle with radius 29 is centered 20. Abbott taps on the table at a
in space if 6 BAC, 6 CAD, and 6 BAD at the origin. Through the interior of steady rate of 40 taps per minute,
are right angles and AB = AC = how many lattice squares does it pass? while Costello taps at a rate of only 32
AD = 6. A lattice square is a square of area 1 times per minute. If I hear their taps
whose vertices all have integer coordi- coincide, then how many seconds must
5. Find the smallest positive integer nates, and its interior does not include I wait to hear them coincide again?
that can be written as the sum of two the sides or vertices.
positive squares in two different ways. 21. In how many ways may the letters
14. A frog can jump forward (but from A to H be arranged in a row so
6. Points A and B lie on a circle with never backward) any number of lily that A precedes B, C precedes D, E
center O such that the measure of mi- pads. Starting on the first of a row precedes F , and G precedes H?
nor arc AB is 80◦ . A second circle is of twelve lily pads, in how many ways
drawn passing through points A, B, can the frog jump to the last? (For 22. What is the largest number of
and O. Determine the measure of arc example, one possibility is to jump to separate regions into which five planes
AOB on the second circle, in degrees. the third, then to the seventh, then to may divide space?
the twelfth.)
7. If the parabola y = ax2 + 6 is tan- 23. Define a function f (x) = 2x + 1.
gent to the line y = x, then calculate 15. If c and d are distinct
√ one-digit
√ If f (f (f (a))) = a, then find f (a).
the value of the constant a. positive integers with c d = d/ c,
then find the sum c + d. 24. Let E be the sum of the first 100
8. Sally is really bored, so she writes positive even numbers, and let O be
down all the positive integers from 1 16. Triangle ABC has a right angle the sum of the first 100 positive odd
to 1000. How many times does she at C, m6 B = 30◦ , and AB = 12. Let numbers. Calculate (E + O)/(E − O).
write the digit 1? P be chosen at random inside 4ABC
and draw cevian AD through P , with 25. A real number b is chosen at ran-
9. Calculate

the greatest integer less D on side BC. What
√ is the probabil- dom from the interval −3 ≤ b ≤ 3.
than 3 .3 ity that AD ≤ 6 2? Find the probability that x2 + bx + 1
has two distinct real roots.
? ? ? The Dash ? ? ?
of paper before leaving your seat. Naturally, you may not work on questions while waiting to show your answer to the
judges. Therefore you should bring only the solution slip with you when you dash to the front. You may bring only one
solution slip at a time to the judges, and each team may submit only one answer per question. Good luck, and have fun!

26. Let z be a complex number in the 33. If log2 x = log3 y = log36 17, then 42. Philip writes the integers from 1
first quadrant of the complex plane. In compute xy. to 2000 on a large sheet of paper. He
which quadrant is −1/z̄ located? (As proceeds to erase all the multiples of 3,
customary, z̄ means the complex con- 34. Solve for a17 if a1 + a2 + a3 = 1, then all the multiples of 5, and so on,
jugate of z.) a2 + a3 + a4 = 2, . . . , a16 + a17 + a1 = erasing all the multiples of each odd
16, and a17 + a1 + a2 = 17. prime. How many numbers are left
27. Triangle ABC has sides of length when he finishes?
AB = 9, AC = 7, and BC = 8. 35. In a round robin tournament, each
The angle bisectors of angles 6 A and player competes against every other 43. In right triangle 4ABC with right
6 B meet sides BC and AC at points player exactly once. If every player angle at C and m6 A = 36◦ , the in-
X and Y , and the bisectors intersect wins an even number of games, what scribed circle is tangent to sides AB,
at I. Determine the ratio of the area is the smallest number of players there AC, and BC at points T , S, and R,
of 4AY I to the area of 4BXI. could be in the tournament? respectively. Determine m6 RT S.

28. Amy and Joey are situated on a 36. The population of Decatur de- 44. Find the measure, in degrees, of
circular track 400 feet around. Joey creased by 20% during 1991, but then the smallest positive angle θ for which
starts running at a rate of 10 feet per increased by 16 32 % during 1992. Over- sin 3θ = cos 7θ.
second. Amy waits for a full minute, all, the population dropped by a total
then starts running from the same of 3000 people during this two year pe- 45. Find the average of all distinct
point (in the same direction) at 12 feet riod. What was the population of De- four-digit numbers formed by permut-
per second. How many seconds elapse catur at the outset of 1991? ing the digits of 1993.
before Amy passes Joey on the track?
4 3 4 2 3
37. Which of 23 , 24 , 32 , 34 , 42 , 46. A set of points is chosen on the
2
29. Quadrilateral ABCD has side and 43 is the largest? circumference of a circle such that the
lengths AB = 6, BC = 7, CD = 8, number of different triangles with ver-
and AD = 9. A circle is drawn that 38. A point is chosen at random inside tices among the points is equal to
is tangent to sides AD, AB, and BC. a square of side length 2 cm. What is the number of pentagons. How many
If X and Y are the points of tangency the probability that the point is within points are there?
1
to sides AD and BC, then compute 4 cm of at least one of the sides?
CY + DX. 47. In a basketball game, Paly has
39. In trapezoid ABCD with area 30, four times as many points as Gunn. A
30. There are six types of quarks. A the sides AB and CD are parallel and Gunn player sinks a three-point shot,
baryon is any unordered set of three AB = 2(CD). If point E is chosen on at which point Paly has only three
quarks, and the quarks do not have side BC, then what is the maximum times as many points. How many
to be different. How many types of possible area of 4ADE? points does Paly have?
baryons are there?
40. There are 11 men and 24 women 48. In how many ways can three
31. Sam’s band has six members, but at a dance. Lisa and Claire each insist squares be chosen from a five by five
only four of them play together for a upon having a male partner (any one grid of squares so that no two chosen
concert. In addition, no three mem- will do) for every song. If there is no squares lie in the same row or column?
bers can play together in more than partner changing during songs, what
one performance. How many concerts is the minimum number of songs that 49. Find the length of the longest di-
can Sam’s band give, at most? must be played so that every woman agonal of a regular dodecagon (a 12-
can dance with every man? sided polygon) whose side length is 1.
32. How many solutions are there to
the inequality 13a + 17b < 221, where 41. Let us define a ∗ b to mean 4a /2b . 50. Find all integers n which make
a and b are positive integers? Find the value of x for which x∗2 = 4. n2 − 5n + 6 a positive prime number.
TEAM QUESTION Create 2005 points of intersection
with exactly 505 lines:
Just as in the warm-up today, your goal is to find a
way to create exactly 2005 points of intersection in
the Euclidean plane using a prescribed number of
lines. Write your solutions to the five questions in
easy to verify format. For example, to create 40
points of intersection with exactly 12 lines, we can
use the configuration below:
4 concurrent lines, 7 parallel
lines, and 1 other line give

(4)(7)+(7)(1)+(4)(1)+1=40
..
. points in total with 12 lines.

## Create 2005 points of intersection Create 2005 points of intersection

with exactly 406 lines: with exactly 307 lines:

## Create 2005 points of intersection Create 2005 points of intersection

with exactly 208 lines: with exactly 109 lines: