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LAPORAN TUGAS AKHIR

Sistem Manajemen Kendali dan Pengawasan Penggunaan Daya


Lampu Penerangan Jalan Umum (PJU) Menggunakan Jaringan
Seluler

Disusun Oleh :

1. Andik Irawan NIM 1631130064


2. Dhea Fiky Fatchatur Rizky NIM 1631130063

POLITEKNIK NEGERI MALANG


JURUSAN TEKNIK ELEKTRO
PROGRAM STUDI TEKNIK TELEKOMUNIKASI
2018

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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman Judul................................................................................................................i
Daftar isi........................................................................................................................ii
Daftar Gambar..............................................................................................................iv
Daftar Tabel...................................................................................................................v
BAB I.............................................................................................................................1
PENDAHULUAN.........................................................................................................1
1.1 Latar Belakang.........................................................................................................1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah....................................................................................................3
1.3 Batasan Masalah......................................................................................................3
1.4 Tujuan Penelitian.....................................................................................................3
1.5 Manfaat Penelitian...................................................................................................4
1.6 Luaran Penelitian.....................................................................................................4
BAB II...........................................................................................................................5
TINJAUAN PUSTAKA................................................................................................5
2.1 Penelitian Terkait.....................................................................................................5
2.2 Landasan Teori.........................................................................................................8
2.2.1 Penerangan Jalan Umum (PJU)............................................................................6
2.2.1.1 Jenis Lampu Penerangan Jalan Umum.........................................................9
2.2.2 Dimmer .........................................................................................................13
2.2.3 Arduino UNO .............................................................................................. 14
2.2.4 Raspberry Pi ................................................................................................ 15
2.2.5 Modul GSM Shield.............................................................................................17
2.2.6 Sensor Arus.........................................................................................................18
2.2.7 Sensor Tegangan.................................................................................................20
2.2.8 HC-12 433 MHz Wireless...................................................................................22
2.2.9 Buck Converter Step Down LM259....................................................................23
2.2.10 Light Dependent Resistor (LDR)......................................................................24
2.2.11 Server ...............................................................................................................25
2.2.12 Firebase.............................................................................................................29
2.3 Kerangka Berfikir..................................................................................................31

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BAB III........................................................................................................................32
METODE PENELITIAN............................................................................................32
3.1 Alat dan Bahan.......................................................................................................32
3.2 Metode dan Desain................................................................................................33
3.3 Langkah-langkah Penelitian..................................................................................36
3.4 Teknik Pengolahan Data........................................................................................38
3.5 Jadwal Pelaksanaan Laporan Akhir.......................................................................38

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DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Lampu Flourescent....................................................................................9


Gambar 2.2 Lampu Merkuri........................................................................................10
Gambar 2.3 Lampu Sodium Tekanan Rendah.............................................................11
Gambar 2.4 Lampu Sodium Tekanan Tinggi...............................................................12
Gambar 2.5 Lampu LED.............................................................................................12
Gambar 2.6 AC Light Dimmer Modul.........................................................................13

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Gambar 2.7 Arduiono UNO.........................................................................................14
Gambar 2.8 Raspberry Pi ...........................................................................................15
Gambar 2.9 Raspberry Pi 3 pin layout........................................................................16
Gambar 2.10 GSM Shieldt...........................................................................................17
Gambar 2.11 Sensor Arus............................................................................................18
Gambar 2.12 Konfigurasi Pin IC ACS712...................................................................19
Gambar 2.13 Grafik Tegangan Keluaran Terhadap Arus yang disensor.....................20
Gambar 2.14 Rangkaian sensor pembagi tegangan.....................................................20
Gambar 2.15 Modul Sensor Tegangan........................................................................21
Gambar 2.16 HC-12 433 MHz Wireless ....................................................................22
Gambar 2.17 Buck Converter Step Down LM259......................................................23
Gambar 2.18 Light Dependent Resistor (LDR)...........................................................24
Gambar 2.19 Grafik Hubungan Antara Resistansi dan Iluminasi...............................25
Gambar 2.20 Arsitektur Web Server............................................................................26
Gambar 2.21 Tampilan fitur firebase...........................................................................29
Gambar 2.22 Blok diagram kerangka pemikiran.........................................................31
Gambar 3. 1 Diagram Blok Sistem.............................................................................33
Gambar 3.2 Blok Diagram Concentrator dan node PJU.............................................35
Gambar 3.3 Flowchart Tahap Penelitian.....................................................................37

DAFTAR GAMBAR

Gambar 2.1 Lampu Flourescent....................................................................................


Gambar 2.2 Lampu Merkuri........................................................................................
Gambar 2.3 Lampu Sodium Tekanan Rendah.............................................................
Gambar 2.4 Lampu Sodium Tekanan Tinggi...............................................................
Gambar 2.5 Lampu LED.............................................................................................
Gambar 2.6 AC Light Dimmer Modul.........................................................................
Gambar 2.7 Arduiono UNO.........................................................................................

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Gambar 2.8 Raspberry Pi ...........................................................................................
Gambar 2.9 Raspberry Pi 3 pin layout........................................................................
Gambar 2.10 GSM Shieldt...........................................................................................
Gambar 2.11 Sensor Arus............................................................................................
Gambar 2.12 Konfigurasi Pin IC ACS712...................................................................
Gambar 2.13 Grafik Tegangan Keluaran Terhadap Arus yang disensor.....................
Gambar 2.14 Rangkaian sensor pembagi tegangan.....................................................
Gambar 2.15 Modul Sensor Tegangan........................................................................
Gambar 2.16 HC-12 433 MHz Wireless ....................................................................
Gambar 2.17 Buck Converter Step Down LM259......................................................
Gambar 2.18 Light Dependent Resistor (LDR)...........................................................
Gambar 2.19 Grafik Hubungan Antara Resistansi dan Iluminasi...............................
Gambar 2.20 Arsitektur Web Server............................................................................
Gambar 2.21 Tampilan fitur firebase...........................................................................
Gambar 2.22 Blok diagram kerangka pemikiran............31Gambar 3. 1 Diagram Blok
Sistem..........................................................................................................................
Gambar 3.2 Blok Diagram Concentrator dan node PJU.............................................
Gambar 3.3 Flowchart Tahap Penelitian.....................................................................

DAFTAR TABEL

Tabel 2.3 Spesifikasi GSM Shield SIM 800L.............................................................


Tabel 2.4 Spesifikasi Sensor Arus ACS712.................................................................
Tabel 2.5 Konfigurasi Pin ACS712.............................................................................
Tabel 2.6 Spesifikasi Sensor Tegangan........................................................................
Tabel 2.7 Spesifikasi HC-12 433MHz Wireless..........................................................
Tabel 2.8 Spesifikasi Buck Converter Step Down LM259.........................................
Tabel 2.9 Spesifikasi GSM Shield SIM 800L.............................................................
Tabel 3.1 Jadwal Kegiatan...........................................................................................

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