Anda di halaman 1dari 13

Shell Tube

ID (in) 22.44 Number n Length (ft) 87


Baffle Space (in) 13.7 OD, BWG, Pitch (in) 1
Passes 1 Passes 6

Diket : m shell 11415.419 m tube 91596.72


T1 (C) 55 131 t1 (C) 30
T2 (C) 38 100.4 t2 (C) 38
c (Btu/lb.F) 0.55 c (Btu/lb.F) 1

Peny :
1). Heat balance
Q, Methane 192121.5
Q, Water 1318993

2). LMTD
11.94 (C) R 2.125
53.4919156553 (F) S 0.32
Ft 0.825
Δt (F) 44.13
3). Tc n tc sangat kecil = 0
4). Shell 4).Tube at' (Tabel 10), in^2 0.546
as (ft^2) 0.427 at (ft^2) 0.055
Gs (lb/ft^2.hr) 26735.045 Gt 1666026
At Tc = 115,7 F / 46,5 C V (fps) 7.40
μ (lb/ft.hr) 0.02541 At tc = 93,2 F
De (ft) 0.0825 μ 1.936
Re 86802.095 D (ft) 0.0695
JH 180 Re 59808.27
At Tc = 115,7 F
κ 0.021
sehingga (c*μ/κ): 0.87

ho (Btu/hr.ft^2.F) 40.00 hi 1650


hio 1376.1

13). Uc 38.873
14). Ud a" 0.2618
A 455.83
Ud 94.02
15). Rd -0.015
Tube
20
0.083 1.25

86
100.4

U (Kcal/hr.m2.C) 331.8115
Temp (˚F) Temp (˚F) Temp in (˚C)

Shell in shell out tube in tube out Shell


Design 131 100.4 87.8 100.4 55
Oct-18 123.15 99.67 87.8 104.01 50.64
Nov-18 116.89 92.75 87.8 97.01 47.16
Dec-18 123.51 97.65 87.8 101.99 50.84
Jan-19 121.58 96.14 87.8 100.83 49.77
Feb-19 112.34 96.51 87.8 100.67 44.63
Mar-19 118.89 98.27 87.8 102.88 48.27

R S Ft
Design 2.43 0.29 0.825 Tcaloric, rata2:
Oct-18 1.45 0.46 0.6
Nov-18 2.62 0.32 0.5
Dec-18 1.82 0.40 0.55
Jan-19 1.95 0.39 0.5
Feb-19 1.23 0.52 0.5
Mar-19 1.37 0.48 0.585

a (ft2) G (lbm/h ft2) V (fps)


shell tube shell tube Shell
Design 26580.494 1754667.13
Oct-18 18602.762 719725.10
Nov-18 14812.32 1055415.80
Dec-18 0.427 0.055 18602.762 905438.76
Jan-19 18602.762 972797.10
Feb-19 17195.21 574713.05
Mar-19 18542.404 679272.53

Pressure Drop
Shell :
1) untuk Re 59397.79
f 0.0015 ft^2 / in^2
2). No.of Crosses N+1=12L/B
N+1 17.5182
s=
ρ𝑔𝑎𝑠/ρ𝑤𝑎𝑎
𝑡𝑒�
ρgas = 𝑤′/𝑣= (𝑝.
(𝑀�))/(𝑅.𝑇𝑎𝑏𝑠)

ρgas = (𝑝.(𝑀�))/(𝑅.𝑇𝑎𝑏𝑠) = ( ((14,55 𝑘𝑔/(𝑐𝑚^2 ))/


(0,0703067 𝑘𝑔/(𝑐𝑚^2 )))𝑝𝑠𝑖 𝑥 2 𝑙𝑏𝑚/𝑙𝑏𝑚𝑜𝑙)/(10,73
(𝑝𝑠𝑖. 𝑓𝑡^3)/(𝑙𝑏𝑚𝑜𝑙.𝑅) 𝑥 (460+111,4)𝑅) = 0,0675 𝑙𝑏𝑚⁄
(𝑓𝑡^3 )
ρgas = (𝑝.(𝑀�))/(𝑅.𝑇𝑎𝑏𝑠) = ( ((14,55 𝑘𝑔/(𝑐𝑚^2 ))/
(0,0703067 𝑘𝑔/(𝑐𝑚^2 )))𝑝𝑠𝑖 𝑥 2 𝑙𝑏𝑚/𝑙𝑏𝑚𝑜𝑙)/(10,73
(𝑝𝑠𝑖. 𝑓𝑡^3)/(𝑙𝑏𝑚𝑜𝑙.𝑅) 𝑥 (460+111,4)𝑅) = 0,0675 𝑙𝑏𝑚⁄
(𝑓𝑡^3 )
jadi,
s = 0,0675/(62,5 )
=0,00108

Ds = 22,44/12 1.87
tidak ada syarat untuk besaran
3). [fig.29]
ΔPs= (𝑓. 𝐺𝑠^2.𝐷𝑠.(𝑁+1))/ φs
(5,22 . 〖 10 〗 ^10. 𝐷𝑒𝑠. =(μ/μ𝑤)^0,14=(0,02
5384
φ𝑠)
ΔPs= (0,0015 𝑥 〖 18602,76 〗 ^2 𝑥
1,87 𝑥 5,2555)/(5,22 𝑥 〖 10 〗 ^10 𝑥
0,0592 𝑥 0,5384)
ΔPs 0.010213299
shell = Hidrogentube = water

Temp in (˚C) Temp out (˚C) Q (Btu/jam)


LMTD (°C) LMTD (F)
Tube Shell Tube Shell Tube
31 38 38 1215523.72 1215523.72 11.27 52.29
31 37.59 40.01 641559.23 641559.23 8.45 47.21
31 33.75 36.12 534338.29 534338.29 5.96 42.73
31 36.47 38.88 706387.99 706387.99 8.30 46.93
31 35.63 38.24 697007.56 697007.56 7.56 45.62
31 35.84 38.15 406775.97 406775.97 5.62 42.11
31 36.82 39.38 563176.73 563176.73 7.25 45.05

shell (F) tube (F)


at' (in^2) De (ft) D (Ft)
115.7 94.1
111.4 95.9 0.546 0.0592 0.0695 Baffle Space (in)
104.8 92.4
110.6 94.9 A 455.83
108.9 94.3 a'' 0.26 triangular pitch tube'
104.4 94.2
108.6 95.3

V (fps) Re jh
ho Correction Factor
Tube shell tube shell tube
7.80 72300.61 62990.37 160 150.29 0.925
3.20 50600.68 67189.73 130 122.17 0.925
4.69 40290.44 62990.37 150 139.89 0.925
4.02 50600.68 66305.66 150 140.63 0.925
4.32 50600.68 64605.51 150 140.10 0.925
2.55 46772.05 21160.50 130 121.60 0.925
3.02 50436.51 65444.55 150 140.36 0.925

Tube :
1). untuk re 55199
f 0.000175
2). ΔPt' 5.5692 [fig.26]
jika Re diatas 2100 maka, digun
(f.Gt^2.L.n)/
;φt =
( 〖 5,22.10 〗 ^10.
Ds.φt )
3). untuk :
Gt 719725 [fig.27]
^2 ))/ (4.𝑛)/𝑠 . v^2/2.g' = 0,07
(𝑣^2)/(2.𝑔
𝑚𝑜𝑙)/(10,73 ′)
) = 0,0675 𝑙𝑏𝑚⁄
^2 ))/ (4.𝑛)/𝑠 .
(𝑣^2)/(2.𝑔
𝑚𝑜𝑙)/(10,73 ′)
) = 0,0675 𝑙𝑏𝑚⁄ ΔPr 1.68

4). ΔPt 7.2492 allowable ΔPt 10,0 Psi

dak ada syarat untuk besaran nilai Re :


φs
=(μ/μ𝑤)^0,14=(0,02178/1,815)^0,14=0,
5384
Thermal Conductivity (k)
Flow (lb/jam) Cp (Btu/lb.°F)
∆T (˚F) Btu/h ft°F
Shell Tube Shell Tube Shell
43.14 11349 96470.14 3.5 1 0.122
28.33 7943.07 39569.89 3.44 1 0.1215
21.37 6324.61 58025.88 3.5 1 0.1207
25.81 7943.07 49780.27 3.44 1 0.1214
22.81 7943.07 53483.57 3.45 1 0.1212
21.06 7342.07 31597.24 3.5 1 0.1206
26.35 7917.30 37345.84 3.45 1 0.1212

Shell Tube
ID (in) 22.44 Number n Length (ft) 87 20 ft
Baffle Space (in) 13.7 OD, BWG, Pitch (in) 1 0.083 1.25
Passes 1 Passes 6

triangular pitch tube'

Ud
hi hio Uc Rd (jam.ft.F/Btu)
Shell Tube
1572.5 1311.47 134.84 61.82 61.82 0.00876
777.0 648.02 102.79 49.68 49.68 0.01040
1017.5 848.60 120.10 54.86 54.86 0.00990
906.5 756.02 118.58 60.03 60.03 0.00822
962 802.31 119.28 67.04 67.04 0.00653
629.00 524.59 98.72 42.38 42.38 0.01347
730.75 609.45 114.08 46.88 46.88 0.01256

0.0030
ika Re diatas 2100 maka, digunakan rumus dibawah untuk φt
(μ/μ𝑤 )^0,14 = 0.0025
(0,02178/1,815)^0,14 = 0,5384
0.0020

0.0015

0.0010

0.0005
0.0015

0.0010

0.0005

0.0000
Dec-99Dec-99 Jan-00 Jan-00 Jan-00 Jan-00 Jan-00 Jan-00 Jan-00
Thermal Conductivity (k) Viscosity (µ)
(cµ/k)^(1/3) (μ/μw)^0,14
Btu/h ft°F lb/ft h
Tube Shell Tube Shell Tube Shell
0.02178 1.936 0.8549 0.53353
0.02178 1.8150 0.8512 0.53838
0.02178 1.936 0.8580 0.53353
0.02178 1.8392 0.8514 0.53738
0.02178 1.8876 0.8527 0.53543
0.02178 1.8876 0.8582 0.53543
0.02178 1.8634 0.8527 0.53640

140.9 h outside 1002.89


Uc 123.54
Ud 50.79
Rd Terhitung 0.0024 h.m2.C/kkal
Rd desain 0.000205 h.m2.C/kkal

P f ρgas
Rd (jam.m2.C/Kcal) N+1
Psi ft^2 / in^2 lbm/ft^3
0.0018 206.9504 0.00145 17.5182 0.0670
0.0021 206.2469 0.0016 17.5182 0.0673
0.0020 206.2469 0.00155 17.5182 0.0681
0.0017 206.2469 0.00155 17.5182 0.0674
0.0013 206.2469 0.00155 17.5182 0.0676
0.0028 206.2469 0.00155 17.5182 0.0681
0.0026 206.2469 0.00155 17.5182 0.0676

f φt ΔPt' v^2/2.g'

0.000165 1.0 16.80 0.26


0.00016 1.0 2.74 0.07
0.000165 1.0 6.08 0.135
0.000165 1.0 4.47 0.11
0.00016 1.0 5.01 0.128
0.00025 1.0 2.73 0.042
0.00017 1.0 2.59 0.061

kmol/h
komposisi Mr (kg/kmol)
Inlet Outlet
Column U Methane 39.47 52.01 16
Carbon Dioxide 1.79 0 44
Column U

Carbon Monoxide 10.75 0 28


Hydrogen 1732.66 1693.25 2
Nitrogen 0.38 0.38 28
Steam 36.71 51.04 18
Total 1821.76 1796.68
n-00 Jan-00 Jan-00 Jan-00
(μ/μw)^0,14

Tube

ρwater
s Ds (ft) ΔPs (psi) φs
lbm/ft^3 ΔPs (kgf/cm^2)
62.5 0.00107206 1.87 10.12276 1.00000 0.7117
62.5 0.00107644 1.87 5.44890 1.00000 0.3831
62.5 0.00108901 1.87 3.30805 1.00000 0.2326
62.5 0.00107801 1.87 5.27097 1.00000 0.3706
62.5 0.00108127 1.87 5.25508 1.00000 0.3695
62.5 0.001090 1.87 4.45489 1.00000 0.3132
62.5 0.00108179 1.87 5.21850 1.00000 0.3669

ΔPr ΔPT φs
6.24 23.0434851 0.5335
1.68 4.4214 Allowable 0.5384
3.24 9.3193 Allowable 0.5335
2.64 7.1143 Allowable 0.5374
3.07 8.0803 Allowable 0.5354
1.01 3.7393 Allowable 0.5354
1.46 4.0586 Allowable 0.5364

kg/h
φt
Inlet Outlet
631.52 832.16 0.5335
78.76 0 0.5384
301 0 0.5335
3465.32 3386.5 0.5374
10.64 10.64 0.5354
660.78 918.72 0.5354
5148.02 5148.02 0.5364
t rata2:
TI8053 TI8055 TI233
Bulan Shell In Shell Out Tube In Tube Out
Oktober 50.63777 37.59365 31 40.00742
November 47.15869 33.74836 31 36.11586
Desember 50.83656 36.47429 31 38.88336
Januaari 49.76528 35.63478 31 38.24009
Februari 44.63085 35.83661 31 38.1521
Maret 48.2739 36.81938 31 39.37779