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The University of Lahore, Department of Electrical Engineering

Name: _______________________________________, Roll No: ________________________


Power System Protection, Winter 2019 semester
Assignment no 4 (CLO-2)
Chapter 6 (Distance Protection of Transmission Lines)
Question no 1

(1) Why is there a need for distance protection in presence of over-current relay protection for
EHV transmission lines protection?
(2) Explain how impedance relay, reactance relay and mho relay behave under normal load?
(3) What is the effect of arc resistance on the reach of impedance relay, reactance relay and mho
relay?
(4) Give a brief comparison between the three types of distance relays.
(5) For a b-to-c phase fault on phase ‘a’ sequence network connection, derive the expression for
phase fault distance measuring unit that will measure the positive sequence impedance up to fault
point 𝑍1 for b-to-c fault.
(6) For an a-to-g ground fault on phase ‘a’ sequence network connection, derive the expression
for ground fault distance measuring unit that will measure the positive sequence impedance up to
fault point 𝑍1 for a-g fault.
(7) Why is there a need of three-stepped distance protection? Describe three-stepped distance
protection scheme of a transmission line.

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