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solutions

24. (b) With temperature rise, dielectric constant of 35. (b) Charge on glass rod is positive, so charge on
liquid decreases. gold leaves will also be positive. Due to X-rays,
25. (d) In the presence of medium force becomes more electrons from leaves will be emitted, so
1 leaves becomes more positive and diverge
times. further.
K
36. (d) Negative charge means excess of electron
26. (a) Separation between the spheres is not too which increases the mass of sphere B.
large as compared to their radius so due to 2
induction effect redistribution of charge takes 1 F r 
place. Hence effective charge separation 37. (b) F 
2
 1   2  
r F2  r1 
decreases so force increases.
2
27. (a) Q  ne  1014  1.6  1019  5  0.04 
   F2  11.25 N
Q  1.6  105 C  16C F2  0.06 

Electrons are removed, so chare will be 1 Fmedium


positive. 38. (a) F  i.e. K
K Fair
28. (a) When put 1 cm apart in air, the force between
Na and Cl ions = F. When put in water, the 39. (a) In second case, charges will be  2C and
F 3C
force between Na and Cl ions 
K F QQ
Since F  Q1Q2 i.e.  1 2
29. (d) Positive charge shows the deficiency of F  Q'1 Q'2
electrons. Number of electrons
14.4  1019 40 3 8
   4  F   10 N
  19
9 F   2 3
1.6  10
(Attractive)
30. (c)
40. (b) By using Q  ne  Q  1019  1.6  1019
2
Q  1.6 C .
31. (c) Initially, force between A and C F k 2
r 41. (b) FA = force on C due to charge placed at A
+Q +Q –Q 106  2  106
 9  109   1.8 N
(10 10 2 )2
A B FA FC C
r/2 r/2 FB = force on C due to charge placed at B
r 106  2  106
 9  109   1.8 N
When a similar sphere B having charge +Q is (0.1)2
kept at the mid point of line joining A and C, FA
+2C
then Net force on B is Fnet  F A  FC C 120o
Q2 kQ2 kQ2 FB
k  8  8F .
 r 2 2  r 2 2 r2
(Direction is shown in figure) +1C – 1C
A 10 B
32. (a) Let separation between two parts be r  cm
(Q  q) Net force on C
F  k.q
r2
Fnet  (F A )2  (FB )2  2F A FB cos120o  1.8 N
dF Q 2
For F to be maximum 0  
dq q 1 42. (c) By using Q  ne Q  2e  3.2  1019 C

Q 1 43. (b) F  Q1Q2 


33. (b) n   6.25 1018
e 1.6  1019 F1 Q1Q2 10  20 8
 ' '  
1 q1q2 F F2 Q1Q2  5   5 1
34. (a) F  
4 0 r 2 K
Q2
44. (c) By using F  9  109.
If F is the force in air, then F is less than F r2
since K  1.
9 (2  106 )2 Q2
 F  9  10 .  0.144N 51. (c) | FB |  | FC | k.
(0.5)2 a2
FC FC sin
45. (c) Effective air separation between them FC cos 60o60o 60o
becomes infinite so force becomes zero. FB cos 60o A
60o
Q2 FB 60o FB sin
46. (a) F  9  109 
2 60o
r
(1.6  1019)2
 9  199  10 2
 2.3  10 8 N –Q
60o 60o +Q
(10 ) a C
B
47. (c) Number of atoms in given mass Hence force experienced by the charge at A in
10 the direction normal to BC is zero.
  6.02 1023 e– 52. (d) They will not experience any force if
63.5
| FG | | Fe |
= 9.48  1022
+ –
m2 1 q2
A G 2 2
 . 
B (16 10 ) 4 0 (16 10 2)2
10 cm
q
 4 0G
Transfer of electron between balls m
9.48  1022 53. (b) On rubbing glass rod with silk, excess electron
 6 transferred from glass to silk. So glass rod
10 becomes positive and silk becomes negative.
= 9.48  1016
e2 e2
Hence magnitude of charge gained by each 54. (c) F   k ˆ   k.
r r
ball. r2 r3
 
Q = 9.48  1016  1.6  10–19 = 0.015 C  r̂  r 
 r 
Force of attraction between the balls  
(0.015)2 55. (c) By Q  Ne or
F  9  109  2
 2  108 N. 6
(0.1) Q 80 10
N N   5  1014
Charge e 1.6  1019
48. (a) Surface charge density () 
Surfacearea Q1Q2 Q1Q2 r
56. (c) F  F ' or 2
 2
 r' 
– Q + 2Q =
Q
4 0r 4 0r' K K

2Q 
a b 57. (b) Dielectric constant K 
0
c
+2
Q Permittivity of metals ( ) is assumed to be
2Q Q very high.
So  inner  and  Outer  58. (c) Potential energy depends upon the charge at
4b2 4c 2
peaks of irregularities. Since every event in the
49. (a) In the following figure since universe leads to the minimisation of energy.
| F A | | FB | | FC | and they are equally 59. (c) Let us consider 1 ball has any type of charge.
inclined with each other,
q so their resultant will 1 and 2 must have different charges, 2 and 4
be zero. A must have different charges i.e. 1 and 4 must
have same charges but electrostatics
attraction is also present in (1, 4) which is
impossible.
FB Q F
C 60. (c) After following the guidelines mentioned above
FA FC
q q FD
C B
+Q +Q FAC
4 A FA
Fa 10 B
50. (d) By using K  K 4
Fm 2.5  10 5

D C
+Q
solutions
1 e2
Electrostatic force Fe 
4 0 r 2

Fnet  FAC  FD  FA2  FC2  FD


9  109  1.6  1019  1.6  1019
Fe  =
(5  1011)2
kq2 kq2 9.22  10–8 N
Since FA  FC  and FD 
a2 (a 2)2 Fe 9.22 108
So,   2.36 1039
2kq2 kq2 kq2  1 FG 3.9  10 47
Fnet  2
 2
 2  2 
a 2a a  2
F1 QQ
q2  1 2 2  66. (d) F  Q1Q2   1 2
   F2 Q1' Q2'
4 0a2  2 
 
61. (c) Since both are metals so equal amount of
charge will induce on them. 3  106  8  106 3 8 4
 6 6 6 6
 
Q2 (3  10  6  10 )(8  10  6  10 )  3  2 1
62. (d) Initially F  k. (fig. A). Finally when a
r2 F1 6  103
third spherical conductor comes in contact  F2     1.5  10 3 N
alternately with B and C then removed, so 4 4
charges on B and C are Q / 2 and 3Q / 4 (Attractive)
respectively (fig. B)
67. (a) Initially
Q Q Q/ 3Q/4
2 Q Q

B B A B
C C
r r r

(A) (B) Q2
 Q   3Q  F k ....... (i)
   r2
Now force 2 4  3
F '  k.   2  F Finally
r 8 Q/2 FB
Q/2
FA Q
63. (b) When a positively charged body connected to B
A C
earth, electrons flows from earth to body and
r/2 r/2
body becomes neutral.
+
+
+
+
+ e– k(Q / 2)2 kQ2
+ + Force on C due to A, FA   2
+ (r / 2)2 r
+
Force on C due to B,
2
KQ(Q / 2) 2KQ
64. (a) FB  
1 (7  106)(5  106) 1 35 1012 (r / 2)2 r2
F   N
4 0 r 2
4 0 r2 kQ2
 Net force on C, Fnet  FB  FA  F
1 (5  106)(7  106) 1 35 1012 r2
F'   N
4 0 r2 4 0 r2 Q2
68. (d) F  k. . If Q is halved, r is doubled then
Gmemp r2
65. (a) Gravitational force FG  1
r2 F times
16
6.7  1011  9.1 1031  1.6  1027
FG  69. (b) The schematic diagram of distribution of
(5  1011)2 charges on x-axis is shown in figure below :
= 3.9  10–47 N
1C 1C 1C 1C 1C

O x =1 x =2 x =4 x =8
Total force acting on 1 C charge is given by
1  1 1 106 1 1 106
F   
4 0  (1)2 (2)2

1 1 106 1 1 106 
   .... 
(4)2 (8)2 
 
10 6  1 1  1 
1 1  9  6 
      ...   9  10  10
4 0  1 4 16 64   1 
 1 
 4 
4 4
 9  109  10 6   9  103  = 12000 N
3 3
q 1.6
70. (a) n   1019
e 1.6  1019
71. (a) In case of spherical metal conductor the
charge quickly spreads uniformly over the
entire surface because of which charges stay
for longer time on the spherical surface. While
in case of non-spherical surface, the charge
concentration is different at different points
due to which the charges do not stay on the
surface for longer time.