Guide:
College-Level
Examination
Program®
2013-14
Precalculus
2013 The College Boarcl. All right' miervecl. College Hoard. College-Level Examination
Fri:gram. CLEF, ancl the acorn logo are regi.ltezecl tt tick= arks ol the College Hoard.
Precalculus
6
Notes and Reference Information Sample Test Questions
The following information will be available for The following sample questions do not appear on an
reference during the exam. actual CLEP examination. They are intended to give
(1) Figures that accompany questions are intended to potential test takers an indication of the format and
provide information useful in answering the difficulty level of the examination and to provide
questions. All figures lie in a plane unless otherwise content for practice and review. Knowing the correct
indicated. The figures are drawn as accurately as answers to all of the sample questions is not a
possible EXCEPT when it is stated in a specific guarantee of satisfactory performance on the exam.
question that the figure is not drawn to scale.
Straight lines and smooth curves may appear slightly Section I
jagged on the screen. Directions: A graphing calculator will be available
(2) Unless otherwise specified. all angles are for the questions in this section. Some questions will
measured in radians, and all numbers used are real require you to select from among five choices. For
numbers. For some questions in this test, you may these questions, select the BEST of the choices
have to decide whether the calculator should be in given. If the exact numerical value of your answer is
radian mode or degree mode. not one of the choices, select the choice that best
(3) Unless otherwise specified, the domain of any approximates this value. Some questions will require
function f is assumed to be the set of all real you to enter a numerical answer in the box provided.
numbers x for which f (x) is a real number. The
range of f is assumed to be the set of all real I. For each of the following functions, indicate
numbers f (x), where x is in the domain of f.
whether it is even, odd, or neither eve nor odd.
(4)In this test, log x denotes the common logarithm
of x (that is, the logarithm to the base 10) and Function Even Odd Neither
In x denotes the natural logarithm of x (that is,
the logarithm to the base e). ex + e x
f (x) =
(5) The inverse of a trigonometric function f may 2
be indicated using the inverse function notation f g(x)=Isinxl
or with the prefix "air" (e.g., sin -I x = arcsin x h(x)= 8x4 + 4x2 + 2x _
(6) The range of sin-I x is [--K- K
2' 2 I Click on your choices.
The range of cos -l x is [0, K].
f (x) = x(x — 1)
g(x) = x
2. The graph of the function f and a table of values
for the function g are shown above. What is the 5. The functions f and g are defined above. What
value of f (g(0)) ? are all values of x for which .1(x) < g(x) ?
(A) —4 ( A) x < 0 or x > I
(B) — 2 (B) x < 0 or x > 2
(C) 0 (C) 0 < x < I
(D) 2 (D) 0 < x < 2
(E) 4 (E) I <x< 2
x
xe
h(x) =
x
3. The chute with center P is tangent to 7. The function h i s defined above. Which
perpendicular lines ( and k at points (1, 3) of the following are true about the graph
and (3, 1), wspectively, as shown above.
— of y = h(x) ?
Which of the following is an equation of the
circle with center P? I. The graph has a vertical asymptote
at x = 0.
(A) x2 = II. The graph has a horizontal asymptote
at y = 0.
(B) (x-3)2 +(y-3)2 =10
III. The graph has a minimum point.
(C) (x—I)2 +(y-3)2 =20
(A) None
(D) (x-4)2 +(y-2)2 =10 (B) I and II only
(C') I and III only
(E) (x-4)2 +(y— 2)2 =20 (D) II and III only
(E) I. II. and III
8
PRECALCULUS
(A) 2.0
(B) 9.1
(C) 11.1
(D) 18.4
(E) 26.0
(A) —18
(B) —16
(C) —9
(D) 9
(E) 16
15. When a certain radioactive element decays. the 18. How many different values of x satisfy the
amount, in milligrams. that remains after t years equation sin x + 2sin(2x) ?
can be approximated by the function A above.
Approximately how many years would it take for (A) One
an initial amount of 800 milligrams of this (B) Two
element to decay to 400 milligrams? (C) Three
(A) 173 (D) Five
(B) 347 (E) Infinitely many
(C) 693
(D) 1,386
(E) 2,772
R ALCULUS
19. A ball is dropped from an initial height of d 22. A rectangular box with a square base is open at
feet above the floor and repeatedly bounces off the top and has a volume of 12 cubic feet. Each
the floor. Each time the ball hits the floor. it side of the base has a length of .v feet. Which of
the following expresses the surface area. S. in
rebounds to a maximum height that is of square feet. of the outside of the box in terms
4
the height from which it previously fell. of .v ?
The function h models the maximum height.
in feet. to which the ball rebounds on the
(A) S = 5x2
nth bounce. Which of the following is an (B) S = 12
expression for h(n)? x"
(C) —2 2
(D) 2 (D)
(E) I
(E) 5
(B) 18
24. The table above shows selected values for the
function p. If p is a quadratic polynomial. what
5ir is the value of p(10) ?
(C)
9
18
(D)
Sir
36
(E)
Sir
11
1 Section II
25. If log2b x5 =T and b > — then x =
2'
Directions: A calculator will not be available for
T the questions in this section. Some questions will
(A) (2b)5 require you to select from among five choices. For
T these questions. select the BEST of the choices
(B) 2b 5 given. Some questions will require you to enter a
numerical answer in the box provided.
(C) 2b5T
(D) (26)5T 28. If (x — 15- )(x + .1S)= 5, what is the value
(E) (2b) T of .v ?
5 (A) 5
(B) +
26. The population of city Z was 420.000 in 2000. (C) ±5
If the population is projected to grow at a (D) ±4T)
constant rate of 2 percent per year. which of the
following is closest to the projected population (E) ±,15i
of city Z in the year 2030 ?
29. If .1(x) = 2x + I and g(x) = 3x — 1,
(A) 430.000
then .f (g(x)) =
(B) 510.000
(C) 670.000 (A) 5x
(D) 760.000 (B) x-2
(E) 4.300.000 (C) 6x — 1
(D) 6x+2
(E) 6x2 + — 1
mum.
NNE •
30. The graph in the .vv-plane of which of the
following equations is a parabola?
h=
12
UL U
31. An experiment designed to measure the 34. The function h is given by h(x) = loge (x2 + 2).
growth of bacteria began at 2:00 P.M. and
ended at 8:00 P.M. on the same day. The For what positive value of .v does h(x) = 3 ?
number of bacteria is given by the function N. (A) 1
whew N(t) = 1000 • 3243 and t represents the (B) 2
number of hours that have elapsed since the (C) 8
experiment began. How many more bacteria
were there at the end of the experiment than at ( D)
the beginning of the experiment? (E)
x 0 1 2 3 4
y 1 10 20 30 20 10
(A) II only
32. The equation of the line shown in the graph
above is y = ax + b. Which of the following is (B) III only
always true for this line? (C) I and II
(D) I and III
(A) ab < 0
(E) II and III
(B) ab > 0
(C) ab = 0
(D) a=b 36. In the .vv plane. the lines with equations
2x + 2y = 1 and 4x — y = 4 intersect at the
(E) a = —b
point with coordinates (a, b). What is the value
of b?
33. What is the x-intercept of the graph of
1 3/2— 8 .9
y = —x
8
(A) —16
(B) —8
(C) 16*
(D) 16
(E) 512
13
A
(A) 32
(B) 42
(C) 48
(D) 64
(E) It cannot be determined from the
information given.
y= g(x)
(A) f (x) = 10
40. The figure above shows the graph of a
(B) f(x) = —10 polynomial function g. Which of the following
(C) f (x) = 10 — 2x could define g(x)?
(D) f(x) = — 10 + 2x (A) g(x) = x3 — 4
(E) f(x) = —10 — 2x
(B) g(x) = x3 — 4x
(C) g(x) = —x 3 + 4x
(D) g(x) = x4 - 4x2
(E) g(x) = —x4 + 4x2
14
PREC AL CUL U
41. If a and b are numbers such that In a = 2.1 WEEKLY SALES OF PRODUCT X
,i2
and In b = 1.4, what is the value of In ( "
b •
Price Per Un it
42. If 0 < 0 < — and lOsin 0 = z, what is tan 0
2
in terms of z?
(A) z
77-7
10 Number of Units Sold
10
(B) 43. Based on past sales. a convenience stow has
2 —100 Ilz observed a linear relationship between the
number of units of Product X that will be sold to
1/10
s:1
(C) customers each week and the price per unit. The
10
figure above models this linear relationship.
jz2 Based on the model, how many dollars would
(D) the convenience store expect to earn from its
10 sales of Product X in a week when the price per
unit is $5 ?
1 1XI z2
(E) (A) $125
(B) $250
(C) $350
(D) $600
(E) $720
15
y
I
46 m
1
47 m
0 I
44. The figure above shows the graph of the 45. The Statue of Liberty is 46 meters tall and
function f defined by (x) = 42x + 4. stands on a pedestal that is 47 mete N above
If f is the inverse function of f, what is the ground. An observer is located t/ meters
from the pedestal and is standing level with
the value of f -I (2) ?
the base, as shown in the figure above. Which
of the following best expresses the angle B in
(A) —Ng
terms of 5?
(B) — 2
(C) 0
(A) 0 = arcsin (d) — arcsin ( 4
4 1)
(D)
(B) = arcsin (-91) — arcsin
(E) 4ri
47
(C) = arctan (- — arctan (7
46 )
(A) 2 and 3
(B) 3 and 4
(C) 4 and 5
(D) 17 and 18
(E) 173 and 174
16
47. In the xy plane. which of the following is an 50. For all x # 0, the function f is defined by
equation of a vertical asymptote to the graph .f(x) = — . What is the range of f ?
of y = sec (6x –ir)? Ixl
(A) –I and I only
(A) x
6 (B) All real numbers between –1 and I.
inclusive
(B) x=—
4 (C) All real numbers greater than or equal to 0
(C) x = 3- (D) All real numbers except 0
(E) All real numbers
E
(D) x= 2
51. Let the function f be given by f(x) = sin(x).
(E) x =
What are all values of .v such that
f(-x) = l(x)?
(A) 0
(B) All integer multiples of n
(C) All integer multiples of —
2
(D) All real numbers
(E) There are no such values of x.
17
P R E C A L C U L U
54. The population P of fish, in thousands, in a 55. What are all solutions of the equation
certain pond at time t years is modeled by the cos(2x)+I = sin (2x) in the interval [0, 2/r) ?
42 4 2
ln(5) n 3rt 3tr 7ir
(A) (D) — and — —
Po 4 2 4 4 2 2
ln(5) g n 31c 7 Ir 71r 15n.
(B) (n) — — — — and
1 8'4 4 8 4 8
In
Po
4 )
In(--11
5)
(D) In
5P0
(E) In (5(P0-1))
4po
18
PRECALCULUSS
Study Resources
Most textbooks used in college level precalculus Answer Key
courses cover the topics in the outline given earlier.
but the approaches to certain topics and the Section 1 Section 2
emphases given to them may differ. To prepare for I. See below 28. D
the Precalculus exam. it is advisable to study one or 29. C
more college textbooks, which can be found in most 3. D 30. B
college bookstores. When selecting a textbook. 4. C 31. 80.000
check the table of contents against the knowledge 5. D 32. A
and skills required for this test. 6. 5.28 33. D
Visit www.collegeboard.org/clepprep for additional 7. D 34. D
precalculus resources. You can also find suggestions 8. B 35. E
for exam preparation in Chapter IV of the Official 9. E 36. -0.4
Study Guide. In addition. many college faculty post 10. E 37. C
their course materials on their schools' websites. I 1. C 38. A
12. D 39. D
13. B 40. C
14. 7 41. 2.8
15. C 42. A
16. D 43. C
17. 2.14 44. C
18. D 45. E
19. A 46. B
20. C 47. B
21. A 48. D
22. D 49. -2
23. C 50. A
24. 91 51. B
25. A 52. C
26. D 53. A
27. 0.5 54. E
55. C
Px)= Ni
2
g(x)=Isinx 4
h(x). 8x' + 4x2 + 2x Ni
19
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