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Exposición Dahl

La parte del texto en la que estaría expresadas las principales cuestiones relativas a las
condiciones epistémicas exigidas de los ciudadanos es fundamentalmente la tercera.
Primer elemento.- Igualdad intrínseca, Consideración equitativa de intereses…
Segundo elemento.- Presunción de autonomía personal…
Cada ciudadano debe contar con oportunidades apropiadas e iguales para descubrir y convalidar
(dentro del lapso que permita la perentoriedad de una decisión) la elección de los asuntos a ser
debatidos que mejor sirvan los intereses de los ciudadanos.

Este criterio implica, entonces, que los procedimientos alternativos para adoptar decisiones se
evalúen según las oportunidades que brindan a los ciudadanos para comprender los medios y los
fines, los propios intereses y las consecuencias previstas que pueden tener las políticas establecidas
no sólo sobre cada uno de ellos sino además sobre todas las personas involucradas.

Marco educativo…

Marco de información fiable…

Primera parte introductoria…

Enlightned Comprehension…

Responsabilidad moral…

Locke.- Second treatise of government: …all men by nature are equal… that equal right that
every man has, to his Natural Freedom, without being subjected to the Will or Authority of any
other Man…
Though Locke casts his version in a special form, he shares with many others a fundamental
belief that at least on matters requiring collective decision “all Men” are, or ought to be
considered, equal in some important sense. I am going to call this underlying notion the Idea
of Intrinsic Equality.
Principle of Equal Consideration of Interests. - To begin with, the principle implies that during
a process of collective decision making-making, the interests of every person who is subject to
the decision must (within the limits of feasibility) be accurately interpreted and made known…
[and] must be given equal consideration.
By a morally autonomous person I mean one who decides on his moral principles, and the
decisions that significantly depend on them, following a process of reflection, deliberation,
scrutiny and consideration.
They should possess the capacity for looking after themselves, in the sense of being able to
take care of their interests. They should so far as possible be morally autonomous, particularly
on the decisions of great importance for themselves and others. They should act responsibly,
in the sense of weighing alternative courses of action as best they can, considering their
consequences, and taking into account the rights and obligations of oneself and others. And
they should be capable of engaging in free and open discussion with others in order to arrive
at moral judgment.
The assumption that a substantial portion of adults are adequately qualified to govern
themselves might be called a strong principal of equality.
- Strong Principle of Equality. – All (adult) members are sufficiently well qualified, taken
all around, to participate in making the collective decisions binding on the association
that significantly affect their good or interests. In any case, none are so definitely better
qualified than the others that they should be entrusted with making the collective and
binding decisions.
The presumption of personal autonomy: In the absence of a compelling showing to the contrary
everyone should be assumed to be the best judge of his or her own good or interest.
Anyone whose personal autonomy is permanently replaced by paternalistic authority would be
maintained in a perpetual state of childhood and dependence…

Criteria
- Effective Participation
- Voting Equality at The Decisive Stage
- Enlightened Understanding
…to know what it wants, or what is best, the people must be enlightened, at least to some
degree…
“Each citizen ought to have adequate and equal opportunities for discovering and validating
(within the time permitted by the need for a decision) the choice on the matter to be decided
that would best serve the citizens interests”
The criterion implies that the alternative procedures for making decisions ought to be evaluated
according to the opportunities they furnish citizens for acquiring an understanding of means
and ends, of one’s interest and the expected consequences of policies for interests, not only for
oneself but for all other relevant persons as well.
- Control of the Agenda