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1.

Hitung besarnya reaksi dari tumpuan diatas:


· ∑MA = 0
-RB . 10m + P . 5m = 0
-RB . 10m + 10 ton . 5m = 0
-RB . 10m + 50tm = 0
-RB . 10m = -50tm

RB = 5ton

· ∑MB = 0
RA . 10m – P . 5m = 0
RA . 10m – 10 ton . 5m = 0
RA . 10m – 50tm = 0
RA . 10m = 50tm

RA = 5ton

Kontrol :
RA + RB = P
5 ton + 5 ton = 10 ton
10 ton = 10 ton……………….OK!

2.

∑H = 0
HA – P2. Cos 300 = 0
HA = P2 cos 300
HA = 1,5 . 0,866
HA = 1,299t

∑V = 0
= P1 + P2 sin 300
= 2t + 1,5 . 0,5
= 2,75 t
∑MA = 0
-RB . 8m + P1. sin 30 . 5m + P2 . 3m= 0
-RB . 8m + 1,5 t . 0,5 . 5m + 2t . 3m= 0
-RB . 8m + 3,75tm + 6tm= 0
-RB . 8m = -9,75tm

RB = 1,22ton

∑MB = 0
RA . 8m – P1 . 5m – P2. sin 30 . 3m = 0
RA . 8m – 2 t . 5m – 1,5t . 0,5 . 3m= 0
RA . 8m – 10tm – 2,25tm= 0
RA . 8m = 12,25tm

RA = 1,53ton
Kontrol : P1 + P2 . sin 300 = RA + RB
2t + 1,5 . 0,5 = 1,53 + 1,22
2,75 ton = 2,75 ton……………ok!

3.

Mencari Reaksi Secara Analitis:

ΣMB = 0

RA x 9.5m – P1 x Sin 45° x 8m – P2 x 5m – q x 1½m – q x ½m = 0

9.5RA – 3.6t x ½√2 x 8m – 2.6t x 5m – 1.6t x 1½m – 1.6t x ½m = 0

9.5RA – 3.6t x ½√2 x 8m – 2.6t x 5m – 1.6t x 1½m – 1.6t x ½m = 0

9.5 RA– 20.36 – 15 – 2.4 – 0.8 = 0

9.5 RA– 38.56 = 0

9.5 RA = 38.56

RA = 38.56/9.5 => RA = 4.059 ton

ΣMA = 0

–RB x 9.5m + P1 x Sin 45° x 1½m – P2 x 3½m – Q x 8½ = 0

–9.5RB + 3.6t x ½√2 x 1½m + 2.6t x 3½m – 1.6t x 4m x 8½m = 0

–9.5RB + 3.6t x ½√2 x 1½m + 2.6t x 3½m + 1.6t x 4m x 8½m = 0

–9.5RB + 3.818 + 9.1 + 54.4 = 0

–9.5 RB = –67.318

RB = = 7.086 ton

ΣKV = 0

RA + RB – P1 x Cos 45°– P2 – q x 4m = 0

4.059 ton + 7.086 ton – 3.6 ton x ½√2– 2.6 ton – 1.6ton x 4m = 0

11.145 ton – 2.545 – 2.6 ton – 6.4 ton = 0


11.145 ton – 11.545 = -0.4 ≈ 0

Bidang D

Titik A

DA = RA = 4.059 ton

Titik C

DCkiri = RA = 4.059 ton

DCkanan = RA – P1 x Sin 45°


= 4.059 – 3.6 x ½√2
= 4.059 – 2.545 = 1.514 ton

Titik D

DDkiri = RA – P1 x Sin 45°


= 1.514 ton

DDkanan = RA – P1 x Sin 45°– P2


= 1.514 – 2.6 = -1.086 ton

Titik E

DEkiri = RA – P1 x Sin 45°– P2


= -1.086 ton

DEkanan = RA – P1 x Sin 45°– P2 – (q x 0 m)


= -1.086 ton

Titik B

DBkiri = RA – P1 x Sin 45°– P2 – (q x 0 m)


= -1.086 ton

DBkanan = RA – P1 x Sin 45°– P2 – (q x 3 m) + RB


= -1.086 ton – (1.6 x 3m) + 7.086

= -1.086 ton – 4.8 ton + 7.086 ton = 1.2 ton

Titik F

DFkanan = [RA – P1 x Sin 45°– P2 – (q x 3 m) + RB]– (q x 1 m)


= 1.2 ton – 1.6 ton

= -0.4 ≈ 0

Bidang D

Titik A

MA = 0
Titik C

MC = RA x 1½m
= 4.059 ton x 1½m = 6.088 tm

Titik D

MD = RA x 3½m – P1 x Cos 45° x 2m


= 4.059 ton x 3½m – 3.6 x ½√2 x 2m
= 14.206 – 5.090 = 9.116 tm

Titik E

ME = RA x 6½m – P1 x Cos 45° x 5m – P2 x 3m


= 4.059 ton x 6½m – 3.6 x ½√2 x 5m – 2.6 x 3m
= 26.383 – 12.726 – 7.8 = 5.857 tm

Titik G

MG = RA x (6½+ X) – P1 x Cos 45° x (5 + X) – P2 x (3 + X) – ½qX2


= 6½RA + XRA – 3.6 x ½√2 x (5 + X) – 2.6 x (3 + X) – ½ x 1.6 x X2
= 6½ x 4.059+ X x 4.059– 12.726 + 2.545X – 7.8 + 2.6X – 0.8X2
= 26.383+ 4.059X– 12.726 + 2.545X – 7.8 + 2.6X – 0.8X2
= 5.857+ 9.204X– 0.8X2
a = -0.8 ; b = 9.204 ; c = 5.857

X1 = -0.604
X2 = 12.109 karena > 4 m maka X2 tidak dipakai.

= 5.857 + (9.204 x (-0.604)) – 0.8 (-0.6042)


= 5.857 – 5.559 – 0.292 ≈ 0

Titik B

MB = RA x 9½m – P1 x Cos 45° x 8m – P2 x 6m – (q x 3m x 1½)


= 4.059 x 9½m – 3.6 x ½√2 x 8m – 2.6 x 6m – (1.6 x 3m x 1½)
= 38.560 – 20.361 – 15.6 – 7.2
= -4.601
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