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CONTROL OF THE PRACTICE OF PHARMACY  ADMINISTRATION OF ADULT VACCINES ◦ Preparing

◦ Art 4, Sec 40 ◦ Packaging


o LEGAL CONTROL
 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10918 ◦ All licensed and trained pharmacist who shall ◦ Labeling
administer adult vaccines shall ensure that the
◦ Philippine Pharmacy Act ◦ Record keeping
vaccine to be administered shall have a doctor’s
◦ Approved on July 21, 2016 prescription which is n.m.t. 7 days old and submit a ◦ Dose calculations
monthly vaccination report and Adverse Event
◦ An act regulating and modernizing the practice of Following Immunization (AEFI) report to DOH ◦ Counseling or giving information
Pharmacy in the Philippines regional offices using the prescribed form.
ADULTERATED / DETERIORATED PHARMACEUTICALS,
◦ Repeals RA 5921 (Pharmacy Law)  Definition of Terms: PROPRIETARY MEDICINES OR PHARMACEUTICAL
SPECIALTIES
◦ This Act provides for and shall govern this: (Article BRAND NAME
1, Section 3) ◦ Any drug, preparation or mixtures of drugs under
◦ The proprietary name given by the manufacturer a trade name intended for the cure, mitigation or
1. Standardization and regulation of pharmacy to distinguish its product from those of prevention of disease in men or animals
education; competitors
2. Administration of licensure examination, COUNTERFEIT PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS
registration, and licensing of pharmacists; GENERIC NAME
3. Supervision, control, and regulation of the ◦ Do not contain the amounts as claimed
practice of pharmacy in the Philippines; ◦ The scientifically and internationally recognized
name of the active ingredients ◦ With wrong ingredients
4. Development and enhancement of professional
competence of pharmacists through continuing MEDICINES ◦ Without active ingredients
professional development, research, and other
related activities; and ◦ Refer to drugs in their appropriate dosage forms, ◦ With insufficient quantity of active ingredients
5. Integration of pharmacy education. with assured quality, safety, and efficacy for
COSMETICS
 PROFESSIONAL REGULATORY BOARD OF humans and animals.
PHARMACY ◦ A substance intended to be placed in contact with
BIOPHARMACEUTICALS
the various eternal parts of the human body or
◦ Composed of a Chairman and two members with the teeth and the mucous membranes of the
◦ Refer to pharmaceutical products that are used
appointed by the President of the Philippines (Art oral cavity.
for therapeutic or for in vivo diagnostic purposes
3, Sec 7)
◦ Vaccines, sera, and drugs derived from life forms FOOD / DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS
 REQUIREMENTS FOR THE OPENING AND using biotechnology
OPERATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL OUTLET OR ◦ Processed food products intended to supplement
DISPENSING the diet that bears or contains one or more of the
ESTABLISHMENT
dietary ingredients:
◦ Art 4, Sec 38 ◦ The sum of processes performed by a pharmacist
in relation to the sale or transfer of ◦ Vitamins
◦ Shall be in accordance with the rules and pharmaceutical products with or without a
◦ Minerals
regulations prescribed by the FDA prescription or medication order
◦ Herbs or other botanicals
◦ No application for the opening of a retail drugstore ◦ Reading
shall be approved unless it is signed by a Filipino ◦ Amino acids
registered pharmacist, either as owner or a ◦ Validating and interpreting prescriptions
supervising pharmacist.
◦ Dietary substances to increase the total daily  Statement of Policy ACTIVE INGREDIENT
intake in amounts conforming to the latest
Philippine-recommended or internationally- ◦ To promote, encourage and require the use of ◦ The chemical component responsible for the
agreed energy and nutrient intakes generic terminology in the importation, claimed therapeutic effect of the pharmaceutical
manufacture, distribution, marketing, advertising product.
HEALTH SUPPLEMENTS and promotion, prescription and dispensing of
drugs. CHEMICAL NAME
◦ Any product that is used to maintain, enhance and
improve the healthy function of the human body ◦ To ensure the adequate supply of drugs with ◦ The description of the chemical structure of the
and contains herbal fatty acids, enzymes, generic names at the lowest possible cost and drug or medicine and serve as the complete
probiotics, and other bioactive substances endeavor to make them available for free to identification of a compound
indigent patients. DRUG PRODUCT
HOUSEHOLD REMEDIES
◦ To encourage the extensive use of drugs with ◦ The finished product form that contains the active
◦ Any preparation containing pharmaceutical generic names through a rational system of
substances of common or ordinary use to relieve ingredients, generally but not necessarily in
procurement and distribution. association with the inactive ingredients
common physical ailments and which may be
dispensed without a medical prescription in ◦ To emphasize the scientific basis for the use of the DRUG ESTABLISHMENT
original packages, bottles, or containers. drugs in order that the health professional may
become more aware and cognizant of their ◦ Any organization or company involved in the
INSTITUTIONAL PHARMACIES therapeutic effectiveness; and manufacture, importation, repacking and/or
◦ Pharmacies of institutions, organizations, and/or distribution of drugs or medicines
◦ To promote drug safety by minimizing duplication
corporations that provide a range of in medications and/or use of drugs with DRUG OUTLETS
pharmaceutical services, given exclusively to the potentially adverse drug interactions.
employee and/or qualified dependents. ◦ Drugstores, pharmacies and any other business
 Definition of Terms establishments which sell drugs or medicines

GENERIC NAME OR GENERIC TERMINOLOGY CORE LIST


MEDICAL DEVICE
◦ The identification of drugs and medicines by their ◦ A list of drugs that meets the health care needs of
◦ Any instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, scientifically and internationally recognized active the majority of the population
appliance, implant, in vitro reagent, or calibrator, ingredients or by their official generic name as
software, material intended by the manufacturer determined by the FDA of the DOH. COMPLEMENTARY LIST
to be used alone, or in combination, for human
beings GENERIC DRUGS ◦ A list of alternative drugs used when there is

 No response to the core essential drug


o GENERICS ACT OF 1988 ◦ Drugs that are not covered by patent protection
and which are labeled solely by their international  There is hypersensitivity reaction to the core
 REPUBLIC ACT NO. 6675
non-proprietary or generic names. drug
◦ Approved on September 13, 1988  Or when for one reason or another, the core
BRAND NAME drug cannot be given
◦ This is an act to promote, require, and ensure the
production of an adequate supply, distribution, ◦ The proprietary name given by the manufacturer Who Shall Use Generic Terminology?
use, and acceptance of drugs and medicines to distinguish its product from those of
competitors 1. All government health agencies and their personnel
identified by their generic names.
2. All medical, dental, and veterinary practitioners
3. Any organization or company involved in the  RELATIONSHIP WITH THE PUBLIC  RELATIONSHIP TO
manufacture, importation, repacking, marketing, OTHER HEALTH PROFESSIONALS
and/or distribution of drugs and medicines 1. Drugs of Good Quality
4. Drug outlets including drugstores, hospital and non- ◦ Drug Consultant = Pharmacist
hospital pharmacies, and non-traditional outlets 2. Conformity to Laws
◦ Diagnosing and Prescribing = Doctor
 ETHICAL CONTROL 3. Confidential Information
 Ethics  AUTO-THERAPY
4. Physical Facilities
- Philosophical science dealing with the morality  The reasons given against the practice:
of human acts. 1. Treats only symptoms but not the cause
5. Civic Responsibilities
- It deals with right conduct directed towards the 2. Misinterpretation of the printed directions and
formation of the individual 6. Remuneration precautions
- Answers the questions pertaining to the last end 3. Delays treatment with disastrous results, even
of man and the meaning of his life.  PHARMACIST–PATIENT–PRESCRIBER death
 Special Ethics RELATIONSHIP 4. Misuse and abuse of drug therapy due to ignorance
- It deals with the application of the general on the potency and harmful effects when overused
◦ The pharmacist can strengthen her
principles or morality to the particular actions of 5. Medications of pregnant women with possible
relationship with the prescriber by:
man as an individual and as a member of society. birth defects
1. Inviting him to the pharmacy
 Professional Code of Ethics  The arguments in favor of auto-therapy
2. Keeping him informed of unusual patient problems, 1. Minor complaints may be treated by the layman
Objectives:
reactions, and progress 2. Effectivity of home remedies
1. To define professional privileges, behaviors and 3. Human instinct to self-medicate is too strong to be
3. Detailing him on new product, new developments denied
responsibilities towards the members of the same
and special facilities and services available 4. ”Bootleg” self-medication
profession and towards the members of the
4. Participating in inter-professional meeting and 5. Home remedies are now strictly regulated
community in general.
health programs. 6. Can be psychologically useful
2. To promote professional quality, professional
conduct and moral method of procedure
◦ The pharmacist can strengthen her
3. To defend private professions from undue
relationship with the patient by:  Compounding and Dispensing Prescriptions
interference by the government or other private
1. Personal contact in receiving and delivering
agencies ◦ Must be distinguished from an ordinary
prescriptions
4. To preserve the dignity of the profession and the of commercial transaction
2. Attending or supervising sales of OTC
the profession and the confidence of the public pharmaceuticals, accessory products and health
5. To defend clients from unscrupulous professionals ◦ Requires professional service
supplies
6. To fix certain standards of compensation for services 3. Providing professional advice and counsel whenever ◦ The pharmacist is responsible for the accuracy,
or work. appropriate and pertinent. quality, safety of the prescribed medication
 The Code of Ethics of the Pharmacy Profession ◦ Factors that destroy this triangular
in different parts of the world embraces relationship:  Clandestine Arrangements
principles of professional conduct to serve as 1. Counter prescribing ◦ Exploitation of the patient by certain arrangements
guidelines for the pharmacist in his relationship 2. Physician and/or nurse dispensing of the pharmacist with other members of the health
3. Self-service counters team should never be done
with:
◦ Unethical practices include: referral fees, rebates,
1. The public 4. Mail-order service
kickbacks, use of secret or coded prescriptions,
2. Other members of the health profession 5. Drug distribution through non-professional outlets
commercial advertising on prescription blanks,
3. Fellow pharmacists
expensive gifts, elaborate entertainment, sale of
drug samples for profit
 Interpersonal Relations
◦ Opportunities for a successful inter-professional
relationship:
1. In-service visits between practitioners
2. Co-sponsored seminars and other meetings
3. Participation in inter-professional and public health
activities
4. Special invitation for speakers, observers and
visitors to professional meetings
5. Formal and informal correspondence related to
problems and plans of mutual interest
6. Social and community intercourse
 RELATIONS TO FELLOW PHARMACISTS

◦ Self-improvement

◦ Recruitment

◦ Instruction

◦ Professional organizations

◦ Unethical practices

◦ Intra-professional relations

 Relation of Legal and


Ethical Control
◦ Both law and ethics fare interrelated although it may
happen that something believed ethical now may be
considered illegal.
◦ Example: Substitution of prescribed drugs
 Pride in the Profession
◦ Pharmacy has a rich and honorable heritage.
◦ We can do no less to maintain and preserve the
dignity and integrity of our profession.
◦ LET US BE PROUD MEMBERS OF A PROUD
PROFESSION.