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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

5. CSC-211 numerical line protection measurement control


equipment

5.1 Introduction
CSC-211 is line protection measurement control equipment that is applicable to neutral indirect ground
system of under 110kV and can be installed inside the switch cabinet on the spot.

5.1.1 Protection function


a) Three-zone over current protection (OC) with definite-time (via low voltage and direction lock),
wherein 䊢 zone can be set as the reverse-time zone (Once set as reverse-time, definite-time
over current II and 䊢 exit automatically).

b) Three-zone zero-sequence over current protection (EF) with definite-time (via direction lock),
wherein 䊢 can be set as reverse-time zone (Once set as reverse-time, definite-time
zero-sequence over current II and 䊢 exit automatically).

c) Earth fault discrimination

d) Over load protection(OL) ( Trip is optional)

e) Acceleration protection (ACC) (pre-acceleration, post-acceleration and acceleration after


manual close).

f) Under-frequency load shedding scheme(UF)

g) Under-voltage load shedding scheme (UV)

h) Three-phase reclosing (ARC) (check synchronization, check no voltage or check nothing)

i) Manual close function (checking synchronization, check no voltage or check nothing).

5.1.2 Measurement and control function


a) Collection of 15-channel digital input signal, change of signal, and accident signal

b) Remote control of open and close for small current-grounded detection, remote control of open
and close for normal breaker

c) Remote measurement of Ua, Ub, Uc, Ia, Ic, P, Q, cos M and F analog

d) Forward/reverse power, and forward/reverse re power

e) Event SOE record

f) 2-channel impulse input P and Q

5.1.3 Other functions


a) VT fail alarm

b) Control circuit (CC) broken alarm

c) Circuit breaker(CB) unpower alarm

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

d) Fault recording wave

e) 32 setting-group

5.2 Protection component

5.2.1 Over current component


The current and time setting of each zone in the over current protection with definite-time can be set
individually. The judgement logic for all over current protection is consistent, the conditions of the action
is listed as follows:

a) MAX ( Ia, Ib, Ic) ! Idzn , Idzn is the current setting of the nth zone;

b) Delay expiration

c) The low-voltage component and the direction component meet the operation conditions

The three-zone over current protection starts up/shuts down via a soft connector, when the rear board
terminal X5.7 is used as the common remote signal. The software and hardware combined connector
mode can be selected. Here, the X5.7 is the hard contact digital input of the three-zone over current
protection. The direction component and low-voltage component can be quit or adopted via the control
word. When the direction or low-voltage lock condition starts up, the protection logic is affected by the VT
disconnection and control word KG1.13; when the direction and low-voltage lock condition do not
operate, the protection logic is not affected by VT disconnection. The following figure shows the A phase
over current protection logic with the direction and low-voltage lock condition.

Ia > Idz1

VT Fail & T
KG1.13=1
OC I

KG1.13=0 ı1

Phase A direction
KG1.0=1
&
Low Voltage
KG1.3=1

Figure 5-1 Definite-time over current protection logic

The over current 䊢 zone can be set as the reverse-time (here, the over current II and 䊢 zone exit), the
logic figure is shown as follows (taking A phase reverse-time over current as one example):

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Phase A INV

VT Fail & Trip


KG1.13=1
OC ċ

KG1.13=0 ı1

Phase A direction
KG1.10=1

Figure 5-2 Reverse-time limit over current protection logic

5.2.2 Low-voltage component


When any voltage of three phase-to-phase voltages is lower than the low-voltage setting, the over
current components locked by the low-voltage are opened. This component can be used to guarantee
that the equipment does not mis-operate in the non fault case such as the electromotor reverse charging.

The low-voltage component can be quit or adopted via the control word.

5.2.3 Zero-sequence over current component


The grounded zero-sequence current is higher in the non-effective earthing system, so the
zero-sequence over current preset to trip after a time delay generally. The three-zone zero-sequence
over current is similar with the over current component. The current and time setting of all zones can be
set individually.

The action conditions are listed as follows:

a) Zero-sequence current is higher than the setting.

b) Delay expiration

c) The zero-sequence direction condition is met.

The three-zone zero-sequence over current protection starts up/shuts down via a soft connector, and the
zero-sequence direction component can be quit or adopted via the control word. When the direction
component starts up, the protection logic is affected by the VT fail and control word KG1.13,or the
protection logic is not affected by VT fail.

The three-zone zero-sequence over current with definite-time protection logic is shown as follows (taking
zero-sequence over current I zone as one example):

3I0 > I0dz1

VT Fail & T Trip


KG1.13=1
EFĉ

KG1.13=0 ı1

Negative direction
KG1.7=1

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Figure 5-3 Definite-time zero current protection logic

The zero-sequence over current 䊢 can be set as the reverse-time (here, the zero-sequence over current
II and 䊢 zone shuts down), and the protection logic is shown as follows:

EF INV

VT Fail &
KG1.13=1
EF ċ

KG1.13=0 ı1

Negative direction
KG1.11=1

Figure 5-4 Reverse-time zero current protection logic

5.2.4 Direction component


The 90q wiring mode is used in the direction component and starts by phase. The current components of
each phase are controlled by the direction components in the table 5-1. The action zone is
U
90$  arg  30$ (as shown in the figure 5-5), the error is smaller than r2q, and sensibility angle is -30q.
I
To eliminate the dead area, the direction component has memory function.

Inter-phase direction component I U


A Ia Ubc
B Ib Uca
C Ic Uab
Table 5-1 Mapping relation of current and voltage of direction component

90o

I
Action
zone

U
O

-30o

Figure 5-5 Action area of inter-phase direction component

$ 3I 0
The action zone of the zero-sequence direction component is 120  arg  240$ , 3U0 is the
3U 0
self-generation zero-sequence voltage, the external 3I0 terminal wiring is not reverse, and the blurry
angle error of the edge is smaller than r5q(as shown in the figure 5-6).
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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Action 120o
zone
3U0

3I0 120o

Figure 5-6 Acting zone of zero-sequence direction component

Note: when the onsite test condition is not met, only the analogue phase sequence is validated, and the
direction action zone is not validated.

5.2.5 Earth fault discrimination


The equipment, open triangle voltage monitoring point and main station are composed of the earth
fault discrimination system. When the non-effective earthing system is grounded, 3U0 increases and
the open triangle voltage monitoring point of the bus sends the grounded signals to main station.
After the main station receives the ground signal, it will call 3U0 and 3I0 vector and zero sequence
power direction from all equipments, and judge the ground line.

If there is no main station system, it is judged as the ground line as the 3U0 is higher than 18V upon
close, 3U0 is smaller than 18V after the onsite test trip and open,. The alarm message “local line
ground“ is reported. After trip test, the equipment will automatically reclose.

In addition, the equipment includes the trip test and line selection function. The on-duty person
makes the trip operation at the monitoring main station to identify the ground line. The test trip
provides the automatic reclose function. (When the reclose starts up and the hide trip reclosing
control word starts up)

5.2.6 Reverse-time component


The reverse-time protection is the coordination component of the action time limit and current. To move
horizontally action curve, you can conveniently realize the coordination of the full line. The action time of
the reverse-time over current protection is related to the fault current of the protected line. Higher the
fault current is, shorter the action time is. On the contrary, shorter the fault current is, longer the action
time limit is. The analysis equation of the IEC reverse-time is divided into three types: namely standard
reverse-time, high reverse-time and extreme reverse-time. The feature equation and curve of all are
shown as follows:

a) General reverse-time: t 0.14


Tp
I 0.02
( ) 1
Ip
b) Very reverse-time: t 13.5
Tp
I
( ) 1
Ip

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

c) Extreme reverse-time: t 80
Tp
I 2
( ) 1
Ip

Figure 5-7 Reverse-time limit curve upon small current

Figure 5-8 Reverse-time limit curve upon high current

Wherein: Tp is the time coefficient, ranges from 0.05 to 1; Ip is the basic current, I is the fault current, and t
is the trip time.

Deducted from above equation, the reverse time limit feature expression of this equipment is written as
the equation 5-1:

Tinv
t (equation 5-1)
I Exp
( ) 1
Ip

The reverse-time index setting is the Exp value of the equation 5-1 in the setting list. The reverse-time
time setting is the Tinv in the equation 5-1. it is the product of the numerator in the above three IEEE
expressions and the unit is second.

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

The inter-phase current and zero-sequence current of the equipment includes the fixing and reverse time
protection function. The related bits of the control word can be set to select the definite-time or
reverse-time limit. When the reverse time is selected, the definite-time over current II and III zone and
zero-current II and III zone component will automatically shuts down, the function connector of the
inter-phase current III zone and zero-sequence current III zone becomes the connector of the
inter-phase current reverse-time and zero-sequence current reverse-time function.

5.2.7 Aacceleration component


The acceleration component can realize the charging manual close acceleration and protection
acceleration, including over current acceleration and zero-sequence current acceleration. Wherein the
over current acceleration can include the low-voltage lock (direction lock is not considered for the
acceleration component). The protection acceleration can be divided into the pre-acceleration and
post-acceleration and can be selected via the control word. The acceleration protection starts up/shuts
down via the connector.

The start condition of the manual close acceleration is:

a) The breaker keeps open over 30 seconds.

b) No current is kept for over 30 seconds.

c) The reclosing is not charged fully for over 30 seconds.

d) The breaker changes from open to close and closes at the fault.

Note: 1.The manual close acceleration allows 3 s extension period.

2.The breaker keeps open means TWJ of the device is close which is the actual location of the
breaker.

The over current acceleration action condition is:

a) MAX ( Ia, Ib, Ic) ! Idz ,Idz is acceleration current setting:

b) Delay expiration

c) The low-voltage condition is met.

The over current acceleration low-voltage lock can operate and exit via the control word. When the
low-voltage lock starts up, the protection logic is affected by VT fail and control word KG1.13,or the
protection logic is not affected by VT fail.

The conditions of the zero-current acceleration action is:

a) The zero-sequence current is higher than the zero-current acceleration current setting;

b) Delay expires

The logic of the manual close over current acceleration protection is shown as follows:

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Change to closed

Unclosed status Max(Ia,Ib,Ic) > Idz

No current & 30S & T


ACC
Charging full

KG1.13=1

PT Fail
KG1.13=0 ı1
Low voltage
KG1.6=1

Figure 5-9 Manual close over current acceleration protection logic

The logic of the manual close zero current protection is shown as follows:

Change to closed

On unclosed status I0 > Idz


& T Trip
No current & 30S ACC

Charging full

Figure 5-10 Manual close zero-current acceleration protection logic

I0JS > Idz

Has current
& T Trip
& ACC
Reclose action KG2.14=0

Figure 5-11 Zero-current post -acceleration protection logic

5.2.8 Three-phase first reclosing


The equipment provides the three-phase first reclosing function, check synchronization and check no
voltage function.

5.2.8.1 Start condition

a) Protection trip

b) Switch position does not correspond

5.2.8.2 Lock condition

When the breaker closes, the reclosing starts to be charged, the charging duration is 15 s. The green
reclosing indicator will flicker during charging. The green indicator will keep on after the reclosing is
charged fully. When any condition is met, the reclosing starts to discharge.

a) After the control loop is disconnected, it will discharge after 10 s delay.

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

b) The spring non energy storage terminal is at high level and is discharged after 2 s delay.

c) The lock reclosing terminal is at the high level.

d) After permanent trip (such as under-frequency, under-voltage action, and over-load action )

e) Manual trip or remote trip

f) Check no voltage or check synchronization fail

5.2.8.3 Reclosing mode

a) Non synchronization (check nothing)

b) Check no voltage

c) Check synchronization

d) If check no voltage fails, the reclosing will automatically enter into the check synchronization.

The reclosing function starts up/shuts down via the soft connector; the reclosing mode and
synchronization phase selection are set via the control word. For check no voltage mode, when the
control word KG2.9=0, and the line extraction voltage is lower than 0.3Un, it is judged as no voltage;
when the control word KG2.9˙1, no bus voltage or no line extraction voltage is met, it is judged as no
voltage.

Note: when the PT is not installed on the line side, the reclosing mode should be non synchronization
mode.

5.2.9 Manual close function


Non synchronization, check no voltage, check synchronization, check no voltage or check
synchronization close mode can be used in the manual close function.

The reclosing mode, synchronization phase selection uses the same control word and setting of
Sync-Check with three phase first reclosing. For “DI4 manual digital input“ is at the high level , check
whether the close condition is met during extension period 9s, if it is met, equipment puts the spare exit 2
out.

Manual close output condition:

a) The manual close digital input is at a high level

b) The breaker is at the open position for over 10s

c) The close condition is met

When the manual close digital input keeps a high level for 10s, an alarm “manual close digital input
error“ is reported.

5.2.10 Distributed under-frequency load shedding scheme


When the system frequency changes from the normal status to a lower frequency than the setting
frequency, the component starts. Fault, electromotor reverse charging and true power under-rate
are distinguished according to frequency change rate. The reclosing will be discharged after this
component action.
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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Action condition:

a) 45Hz < F < setting;

b) Delay expiration.

Lock condition:

a) The minimum line voltage is lower than the lock voltage setting;

b) The switch is at the trip;

c) ǻ)ǻW > lock setting of frequency change rate;

d) When the load current < Idz(this condition is optional via the control of the control word);

e) VT disconnect;

Idz is the under-frequency current setting, its setting range is from 0 to 10.0In, it is recommend to be over
0.1In.

The under frequency load shedding component starts up/shuts down via a soft connector, the rear
terminal X5.6 is used as the common remote communication. If the software and hardware combined
connector mode be selected, the X5.6 is the hard contact digital input of this component.

45Hz < F < Fdz

‘F/‘t > (df/dt)dz

Min(Uab,Ubc,Uca)<Block Vdz

& T Trip
Max(Ia,Ib,Ic) <No Idz ı1
KG1.12=1 UF
VT Fail

On unclosed status

Figure 5-12 under-frequency load shedding scheme

Note: the under frequency signal indicator (red indicator) of the panel can be used as the under
voltage action indicator.

5.2.11 Distributed under-voltage load shedding scheme


When this component is used, the low-voltage control can be used. When the system voltage
changes from the normal operation voltage to a lower than the setting, this component will
automatically judge whether to remove load. The reclosing is discharged after the low-voltage action.

Action condition:

a) Three line voltages are lower than the low-voltage setting;

b) Delay expiration:

Lock condition:

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

a) ǻ8ǻW> lock setting of voltage change rate, wherein ǻ8ǻWLVFKDQJHUDWHRIDQ\OLQHYROWDJH;

b) Three-phase current is lower than 0.1In(this condition is optional via the control of the control
word);

c) Negative sequence voltage > 5V;

d) Phase voltage is lower than 12V;

e) The switch is at trip;

f) VT disconnection;

The low-voltage separation protection equipment function starts up/shuts down via the control word.

Note: the under-frequency signal indicator(red indicator) of the panel can be used as the under-voltage
action indicator.

Max(Uab,Ubc,Uca)<Udz

‘U/‘t >(du/dt)dz

U2 > 5V

Max(Ia,Ib,Ic) < 0.1In & T Trip


KG3.1=1 ı1 KG2.8=1
Min(Ua,Ub,Uc) < 12V

VT Fail

On unclosed status

Figure 5-13 under-voltage load shedding logic

5.2.12 Over load component


The over-load component monitors the three-phase load current, if the maximum phase current
exceeds the setting and the duration exceeds the alarm delay setting, an alarm is given. The trip
starts up/shuts down via the control word and the action conditions are:

a) MAX ( Ia, Ib, Ic) ! Idz , Idz is the over-load current setting;

b) Delay expiration;

The over-load function starts up/shuts down via the soft connector and the control word is used to
decide whether to trip.

Note: this equipment considers that generally the over-load time is long delay, and the protection exit
delay is the practical setting time, but the report does not embody it.

Max(Ia,Ib,Ic)>Idz Ttz To trip


Overload KG2.13=1

Tgj To alarm
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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Figure 5-14 Over load protection logic

Wherein Ttz is the over-load trip time and Tgj is the over load alarm time.

5.2.13 VT Failure detection


VT monitoring loop is used to monitor the VT loop single-phase disconnection, two-phase
disconnection or three-phase voltage loss. When one of the following three conditions is met, the
equipment reports “VT Fail” and drives the alarm signal contact and LED indicator.

a) If the self-generated 3U0 is smaller than 8V, the three-phase voltage is smaller than 8V, and
the current is over no current threshold (the default is 0.125 A), it is judged as three phase
voltage loss.

b) If the self-generated 3U0 is higher than 8V, and the minimum line voltage is lower than 16V,
it is judged as two-phase failure.

c) If the self-generated 3U0 is higher than 8V and the difference between the maximal line
voltage and minimal line voltage is higher than 16V, it is judged as single phase VT failure.

After the equipment detects VT failure, it can exit the protection with direction component or voltage
component via the control word, or select to shut down the direction components and voltage
components.

If the analog self-check function and reclosing function operate, and the reclosing selects the check
no voltage or check synchronization mode, when the line voltage is lower than 0.3Un and any phase
current is higher than the default 0.125A (no current value can be changed in the factory setting).
The line VT fail is reported after 9-second delay, the alarm signal is given, and the automatic
reclosing is locked. When the line voltage recovers to normal status, the reclosing will automatically
recover to normal status.

VT loop monitoring function starts up/shuts down via the analog self-check control word.

No current

max{UA,UB,Uc}<8V &
Generated 3U0 < 8V

& ı1 & 9S Report”VT Fail”


Min{UAB,UBC,UCA}<16V KG1.15=1

Max{UAB,UBC,UCA}- &
Min{UAB,UBC,UCA}>16V

Relay start up

Figure 5-15 VT failure logic

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

No current

Ux<0.3Uxn

ARC Sync-Check
& 9S Report“Ux VT Fail”
ı1 KG1.15=1
ARC Check LU

Relay start up

Figure 5-16 line Ux failure alarm

5.2.14 Control circuit disconnection detection


The integrity of the control circuit can be judged according to the contact location of the relay
HWJ and TWJ. When the contact location of HWJ and TWJ is open, the equipment will actively
display “CC broken” alarm after delay confirmation. The alarm indicator of the panel is lighted and
the alarm signal is given. The control bus disconnection is confirmed within the default 10s which can

be set in the factory setting.


The control circuit disconnection detection function can starts up/shuts down via the control word

5.2.15 CB unpower alarm


When the “DI2 CB unpower” digital input is at the high level, the equipment will actively display
“CB unpower” after delay confirmation, the alarm indicator of the panel is on, and the alarm signal is
given. The CB unpower digital input is confirmed within the default 10s. The time can be set in the

factory setting.

5.3 Setting and description


The protection type of the CSC-211 is 40H and the setting type is 90H.

5.3.1 Soft connector

Name Function

OC ĉ OC ĉ ON/OFF

OC Ċ OC Ċ ON/OFF

OC ċ OC ċ ON/OFF

EF ĉ EF ĉ ON/OFF

EF Ċ EF Ċ ON/OFF

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Name Function

EF ċ EF ċ ON/OFF

ACC Accelerate ON/OFF

Overload Overload function ON/OFF

UF Under Frequency ON/OFF

ARC ARC ON/OFF

5.3.2 Setting list

N0. Name Scope Unit Note

1 Ctr Word 1 0000̚FFFF Refer to 5.3.3

2 Ctr Word 2 0000̚FFFF Refer to 5.3.4

3 Ctr Word 3 0000̚FFFF Refer to 5.3.5

0.25~100(In=5A)
4 OC ĉ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

5 OC ĉ T 0.0̚32.00 s

0.25~100(In=5A)
6 OC Ċ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

7 OC Ċ T 0.1̚32.00 s

0.25~100(In=5A)
8 OC ċ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

9 OC ċ T 0.1̚32.00 s

10 BLK OC V 1.0̚120.0 V Phase-to-phase

0.25~100(In=5A)
11 EF ĉ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

N0. Name Scope Unit Note

12 EF ĉ T 0.0̚32.00 s

0.25~100(In=5A)
13 EF Ċ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

14 EF Ċ T 0.1̚32.00 s

0.25~100(In=5A)
15 EF ċ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

16 EF ċ T 0.1̚32.00 s

OC ACC I
0.25~100(In=5A)
17 A
0.05~20(In=1A)

OC ACC T
18 0.0̚3.00 s

EF ACC I
0.25~100(In=5A)
19 A
0.05~20(In=1A)

EF ACC T
20 0.0̚3.00 s

0.25~100(In=5A)
21 OC INV I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

22 OC INV T 0.005̚250 s

0.25~100(In=5A)
23 EF INV I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

24 EF INV T 0.005̚250 s

25 INV Exp 0.01̚10.0 0.02, 1, or2

0.25~100(In=5A)
26 Overload I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

N0. Name Scope Unit Note

27 OL Alarm T 6̚6000 s

28 OL Trip T 0.1̚6000 s

29 Sync-Check Ang 10̚50 q

30 ARC T 0.2̚32.0 s

31 UF F 45.0̚49.5 Hz

32 UF T 0.0̚32.0 s

33 BLK UF V 10̚120 V Phase-to-phase

34 BLK UF dF/dt 1.0̚10.0 Hz/s

0~50(In=5A)
35 BLK UF I A
0~10(In=1A)

36 UV split V 20.0̚100.0 V Phase-to-phase

37 UV split T 0.1̚32.0 s

38 BLK UV dv/dt 1.0̚100.0 V/S Phase-to-phase

39 Mea CT Ratio(kA/A) 0.001̚7.0 Primary Mea CT /1000

40 Mea VT Ratio(kV/V) 0.01̚2.0 Primary VT/1000

5.3.3 Definition of control word 1

Bit “0” “1”

15 VT Check Off VT Check On

14 CT Rated 5A CT Rated 1A

13 VT Fail Blk Off VT Fail Func Off

12 No I Blk UF Off No I Blk UF On

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

11 EF INV Dir Off EF INV Dir On

10 OC INV Dir Off OC INV Dir On

9 EF ċ Dir Off EF ċ Dir On

8 EF Ċ Dir Off EF Ċ Dir On

7 EF ĉ Dir Off EF ĉ Dir On

6 V Blk OC ACC Off V Blk OC ACC On

5 V Blk OC ċ Off V Blk OC ċ On

4 V Blk OC Ċ Off V Blk OC Ċ On

3 V Blk OCĉOff V Blk OCĉOn

2 OC ċ Dir Off OC ċ Dir On

1 OC Ċ Dir Off OC Ċ Dir On

0 OC ĉ Dir Off OC ĉ Dir On

5.3.4 Definition of control word 2

Bit “0” “1”

15 OC&EF DEF On OC&EF INV On

14 ACC After ARC ACC Before ARC

13 Overload Alarm Overload Trip

12 Not used Not used

11 Not used Not used

10 ARC Operation ARC Backup 4

9 ARC LU Ux ARC LU Any Side

8 UV Split Off UV Split On

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Bit “0” “1”

7 CB Open ARC On CB Open ARC Off

6 Manual Close Off Manual Close On

5 CC Broken On CC Broken Off

3 Reclosing phase

1
Reclosing mode
0

Note:To separate the reclosing signal node from the protection action signal node, the enhanced
CSC211 terminal X6-19 and X6-20 can be used as the reclosing action signal contact. This contact
can act as the reclosing action signals or spare exit 4 via the control word KG2.10 in the software. If
this node is used as the reclosing action signal contact in the engineering, please set the control
word KG2.10 as the “1”.

5.3.4.1 Reclosing mode

Bit1 Bit0 Mode

0 0 ARC Check None

0 1 ARC Check Syn

1 0 ARC Check LU

1 1 ARC Check LU&Syn

5.3.4.2 Reclosing phase

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Phase

0 0 0 /

0 0 1 Syn-Check UA

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CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Bit4 Bit3 Bit2 Phase

0 1 0 Syn-Check UB

0 1 1 Syn-Check UC

1 0 0 None

1 0 1 Syn-Check UAB

1 1 0 Syn-Check UBC

1 1 1 Syn-Check UCA

5.3.5 Definition of control word 3

Bit “0” “1”

15-3 Not used Not used

2 EF CT Rated 1A EF CT Rated 5A

1 No I Blk UV Off No I Blk UV On

0 OC ˥ ARC On OC ˥ ARC Off

5.3.6 Setting description


a) If the operation box inside the equipment is not used during the engineering application, the trip
(TWJ) and close (HWJ) monitoring loop of the operation box does not form a loop and will lead
to “control loop disconnection” alarm. The KG2.5 can be set to 1 and the control loop monitoring
function will exit.

b) CT change ratio is special for measurement; it is set via dividing the change ratio by 1000.

For example: first CT change ratio is 600/5˙120, it is set as 120/1000=0.12;

If 10kV VT change ratio 10 000/100˙100, it is set as 100/1000=0.10.

c) All protection function can start up/shut down via the soft connector or control word.

d) The spare bit of the control word must be set to 0.

31
POWER TRIP LOGIC CPU COM AC2 AC2 AC1
X8 X7 X6 X5 X4 X3 X2 X1
1 DI1 BLK ARC 1 1 Common 1 Rem/Loc 1 Ua 1 1
2 DI2 CB unpower 2 2 Trip1 2 Reset 2 Ub 2 2
3 3 3 Close1 3 Overhaul 3 Uc 3 3
4 4 4 Common 4 4 Un 4 4
5 5 5 Trip2 5 -24V 5 Ux 5 5
6 6 6 Close2 6 UF/P 6 Ux' 6 6
5.4 Terminal figure

7 7 7 Common 7 OC/Q 7 7
8 8 8 Remote trip 8 Common- 8 8
9 9 9 Remote close 9 9 9
10 (-) 10 10 Common 10 10 10
11 11 11 Operation 11 11 11
12 12 12 Alarm 12 12 12 Ib'
13 13 13
Backup1
14 Failure 14 14
15 15 15
Backup2
16 16 16
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment

17 17 17
Backup3

32
18 18 18
19 19 19
20 20 20

11 RS485A 11 RS485A 11 RS485A 11 RS485A 11 RS485A


12 RS485B 12 RS485B 12 RS485B 12 RS485B 12 RS485B
13 Resistance 13 Lon-A 13 Lon-A
14 RS485A 14 Lon-B 14 Lon-B
15 RS485B 15 Not used 15 Lon-A
16 Resistance 16 Not used 16 Lon-B

NOTE:The part in the broken line is optional


Manual
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

5.5 Wiring illustration


A
η24V(X8.11)
B X5
DI1
C Remote/Local 1
Reset DI2
2
Backup DI3
3
DI4
Selected trip 4
X2 -24V 5 -24V(X8.12)
UF/P η24V
1 Ia 6
2 Ia’ OC/Q 7
Ib COM- 8 -24V
3
4 Ib’ SYNA+ 9 Pluse
5 Ic SYNA- 10 -24V
Pro.CT 6 Ic’ RS485A 11
7 I0 RS485B 12
IEC60870-5-103
Zero CT 8 I0' X6
9 Ia COM 1 ηKM
10 Ia' Trip1 2 X7.3
Mea.CT
11 Ic Close1 3 X7.7
12 Ic' COM 4
Trip2 5
X3
1 Ua Close2 6
2 Ub COM 7 ηKM
3 Uc Remote trip 8 X7.2
4 Un Remote close 9 X7.7
5 Ux COM 10 ηXM
6 Ux’ Operation 11 Operation
Alarm 12 Alarm
ηKM X8 13
DI1 14
1 DI1
DI2 2 DI2 15
DI3 DI3 16
3
DI4 17
4 DI4
DI5 18
5 DI5
DI6 19
6 DI6 ARC(holdin) Spare
DI7 20
7 DI7
DI8
8 DI8
DI9 X7
9 DI9
ηKM 1 ηKM
-KM 10 DIδιε Manual Trip 2 X6.8
11 η24V
Relay trip 3 X6.2
12 -24V
Open winding 4 Trip
13 DC
signal Failure Close winding 5 Close
14
Short to CW 6
15 Not uesd
Close 7 X6.3
(+) 16 DC(+) X6.9
220/110 ιKM 8 -KM
17 Not used
DC supply COM 9 +XM
(-) 18 DC(-)
TWJ 10 G
19 Not used
HWJ 11 R -XM
20 GND
12
CC Broken
13
UTP5 Eth 14
HUB/SWITCH 1 Event Spare
RJ45-1 15
Out for 16
Spare
manual trip 17
Eth 18
HUB/SWITCH 2 RJ45-2
19
20

33
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

6. CSC-221 numerical capacitor protection measurement


control equipment

6.1 Introduction
It is applicable to 66kV and lower capacitor protection and measurement and control and can be installed
at the switch cabinet.

6.1.1 CSC-221A protection function


a) Three-phase imbalanced voltage protection (or single phase imbalanced voltage protection)

b) Two-zone over current protection (definit/reverse time limit)

c) Two-zone zero-sequence over current protection (definit /reverse time limit)

d) Over-voltage protection(OV)

e) Under-voltage protection(UV)

f) Automatic switching function

6.1.2 CSC-221B protection function


a) Three-phase imbalanced current protection (or single phase imbalanced current protection)

b) Two-zone over current protection (definit /reverse time limit)

c) Two-zone zero-sequence over current protection (definit /reverse time limit)

d) Over-voltage protection

e) Under-voltage protection

f) Automatic switching function

6.1.3 Measurement and control function


a) Collection of 15-channel digital input signal, change of signal, and accident signal

b) Remote control of open and close for small current-grounded detection, remote control of open
and close for normal breaker

c) Remote measurement of Ua, Ub, Uc, Ia, Ib, Ic, P, Q and cos M
d) Forward/reverse re power

e) SOE of various events

f) 1-channel impulse Q input

6.1.4 Other functions


a) VT fail alarm

b) Control circuit disconnection alarm

c) CB unpower alarm
34
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

d) Fault recording wave

e) 32-group setting zone

6.2 Protection component

6.2.1 Over current component


The equipment is equipped two zone definite-ime over current protection, the current and time setting of
all zones can be independently set. The over current protection for all zones is judged by same logic, the
start condition is:

MAX(I)) > MIN(Id ); Id is n-zone over current setting, I) is phase current (terminal X2-1~6).

The action condition is:

a) I)>Idzn; Idzn is n-zone current setting, I) is the phase current;

b) T>Tn; Tn is n-zone delay setting.

Two-zone over current protection starts up/shuts down via the soft connector.

I¶>Idzn Tn Trip
OC

Figure 6-1 Over current protection logic

6.2.2 Zero-sequence over current component


The grounded zero-sequence current is higher in the small resistance groundn system, so the
zero-sequence over current setted to trip after a time delay generally, or the alarm no trip can be selected.
The two-zone zero-sequence over current component is realized via the mode similar to the realization
mode of the over current component, the current and time setting of all zones can be independently set.

Action condition:

a) 3I0>Idn;Idn is n-zone zero-sequence current setting, 3I0 is zero-sequence current;

b) T>Tdn; Tdn is n-zone delay setting.

Two-zone zero-sequence over current protection starts up/shuts down via a soft connector.

The zero-sequence rated current is 1A or 5A and can be set via the internal parameters.

3I0>Idn Tdn Tip


KG1.3(1.4)=0
EF
Tdn Alarm
KG1.3(1.4)=1

Figure 6-2 Zero-current protection logic

35
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

6.2.3 Under-voltage protection component


The action condition of under voltage protection component is:

a) All of the three phase-to-phase voltage is lower than under-voltage setting

b) The three phase current of this line is lower than the setting

c) The line voltage exists for over 2s, namely the voltage reduction edge action

d) The breaker must be closed

e) The delay time expires

The under-voltage protection starts up and shuts down via a soft connector. When the mode is “soft and
hard combination”, the hard connector (5X-7) should operate.

Uab<Udz
&
Ubc<Udz
Y
Uca<Udz
& UV
I<IYL Td Trip

Y
HWJ

2S
Any Up-p>Udz
Td+2S

Figure 6-3 Under-voltage protection logic

6.2.4 Over-voltage protection component


When any line voltage exceeds the setting of the over current protection, the over-voltage protection
starts and the action condition is:

a) Any line voltage exceeds the setting;

b) T > setting;

c) Breaker is closed;

The over-voltage protection starts up/shuts down via the soft connector.

Uab>Udz
ı1
Ubc>Udz OV
H &
Td
Uca>Udz Trip
KG1.5=0
Y
TWJ Td Alarm
KG1.5=1

Figure 6-4 Over-voltage protection logic


36
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

6.2.5 Reverse time limit component


The reverse-time protection is the coordination component of the action time limit and current. To move
horizontally action curve, you can conveniently realize the coordination of the full line. The action time of
the reverse-time over current protection is related to the fault current of the protected line. Higher the
fault current is, shorter the action time is. On the contrary, shorter the fault current is, longer the action
time limit is. The analysis equation of the IEEE reverse-time is divided into three types: namely standard
reverse-time, high reverse-time and extreme reverse-time. The feature equation and curve of all are
shown as follows:

a. General reverse b. Very reverse time c. Extreme reverse


time limit limit time limit

0.14 13.5 80
t tp t tp t tp
( I I p )0.02  1 (I I p )  1 ( I I p )2  1
Wherein: tp is the time coefficient, ranges from 0.05 to 1; Ip is the basic current, I is the fault current, and t
is the trip time.

Deducted from above equation, the reverse time limit feature expression of this equipment is written as

Tinv
t
( I I p )Exp  1
the equation.

The reverse-time index setting is the Exp value of the equation. The reverse-time time setting is the Tinv,
it is the product of the numerator in the above three IEEE expressions and the unit is second.

The inter-phase current and zero-sequence current of the equipment includes the fixing and reverse time
protection function. The related bits of the control word can be set to select the definite-time or
reverse-time limit. When the reverse time is selected, the definite-time over current II zone and
zero-current II zone component will automatically shuts down, the function connector of the inter-phase
current II zone and zero-sequence current II zone becomes the connector of the inter-phase current
reverse-time and zero-sequence current reverse-time function.

6.2.6 Imbalanced protection component


The imbalanced components are used to protect the fault inside the capacitor and the action condition is
listed as follows:

a) Any one (three phase) of three phase imbalanced input (terminal X1-1 ~ 6) is higher than the
imbalanced setting

b) Breaker is closed

c) The delay time expires

The imbalanced protection starts up/shuts down via a soft connector.

Note: If the imbalanced analog only includes one phase, connect the three phase imbalanced input
terminal to get any phase.
37
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Imbalanced 1˄U or I)>BP(dz)


ı1
Imbalanced 2˄U or I)>BP(dz)
H & Imbalance
Imbalanced 3˄U or I)>BP(dz) Td Trip
Y KG1.6=0

TWJ Td Alarm
KG1.6=1

Figure 6-5 Imbalanced protection logic

6.2.7 Automatic switching function


When the integrated automatic voltage reactive power adjustment equipment (such as VQC) is not used,
the user can select this function on demand. Automatic removal condition is:

a) Any one of three line voltages is higher than the automatic switching over-voltage setting;

b) No protection action lock signal

c) The breaker is closed

d) The delay time expires

e) Automatic switching connector operation and related control word operation

Uab>Udz
ı1
Ubc>Udz KG1.12=1
H & “1”
Uca>Udz Tzq Remove
Y Autoswitch “0”

TWJ

Figure 6-6 Automatic removal logic

Automatic start-up condition:

a) Three line voltage is lower than the automatic switching low-voltage setting and is higher than
64V

b) No protection action lock signal;

c) The breaker is open;

d) The delay time expires;

e) TWJ keeps over 5 min;

f) Automatic switching connector operation

38
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

64V<Uab<Udz
&
64V<Ubc<Udz KG1.12=1
Y & “1”
64V<Uca<Udz Tzt Start-up
Y Autoswitch “0”

TWJ 5minutes
0

Figure 6-7 Automatic start-up logic

To prevent capacitor from closing upon fault, manual trip, remote trip or protection lock occurs, this
protection automatically shuts down “Autoswitch” soft connector. Therefore, the spare action signal
contact should feed back to connect to lock digital input.

Manual or
remote trip ı1 Remove Auto
15ms switch
H connector
Protection Block automatic
action switch

Figure 6-8 Automatic switching connector shutdown

Note: it is recommended that the automatic switching time is higher than 2 s.

6.2.8 VT fail detection


VT loop monitoring is used to detect the VT loop single phase disconnection, two-phase
disconnection or three-phase voltage loss fault. When one of the following conditions is met, the
equipment reports “VT fail” and drives the alarm signal contact and LED indicator.

a) If the three phase voltage is lower than 8V and the current of a phase (a or c phase) is
higher than 0.25A (set), it is judged as the three phase voltage loss.

b) If the sum of the three phase voltage is higher than 8V and the minimal line voltage is lower
than 16V, it is judged as the two-phase VT failure.

c) If the sum of the three phase voltage is higher than 8V and the difference between
maximum and minimum line voltage is higher than 16V, it is judged as the single phase VT
failure.

VT loop monitoring function starts up/shuts down via the self-check control word. When KG1.15
(D15)=1, VT detection function starts up;

6.2.9 Control circuit broken detection


The integrity of the control circuit can be judged according to the contact location of the relay HWJ
and TWJ. When the contact location of HWJ and TWJ is open, the equipment will actively display
“CC Broken” alarm after delay confirmation. The alarm indicator of the panel is on and the alarm
signal is given. The control loop disconnection is confirmed within the default 10s.

39
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

6.2.10 CB unpower alarm


When the “DI2 CB unpower” digital input is at the high level, the equipment will actively display “CB
unpower” after delay confirmation, the alarm indicator of the panel is on, and the alarm signal is
given. The spring no energy storage digital input is confirmed within the default 20s.

6.3 Setting and setting description


The protection type of the CSC-221A and CSC-221B capacitor is 41H in hexadecimal, CSC-221A setting
type is 91H, and the CSC-221B setting type is 92H.

6.3.1 Soft connector

Name Function

OC ĉ OC ĉ ON/OFF

OC Ċ OC Ċ ON/OFF

EF ĉ EF ĉ ON/OFF

EF Ċ EF Ċ ON/OFF

Imbalance Imbalanced protection ON/OFF

OV OV ON/OFF

UV UV ON/OFF

Connector8 Backup

Connector9 Backup

AutoSwitch Auto Switch ON/OFF

6.3.2 Setting list

NO. Name Scope Unit Note

1 Ctr Word 1 0000̚FFFF Refer to 6.3.3

2 Ctr Word 2 0000̚FFFF Backup

0.25~100(In=5A)
3 OC ĉ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

4 OC ĉ T 0.0̚32.00 S

0.25~100(In=5A)
5 OC Ċ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

40
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

NO. Name Scope Unit Note

6 OC Ċ T 0.1̚32.00 S

0.25~100(In=5A)
7 EF ĉ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

8 EF ĉ T 0.0̚32.00 S

0.25~100(In=5A)
9 EF Ċ I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

10 EF Ċ T 0.1̚32.00 S

0.25~100(In=5A)
11 OC INV I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

12 OC INV T 0.005̚120 S

0.25~100(In=5A)
13 EF INV I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

14 EF INV T 0.005̚120 S

15 INV Exp 0.01̚10.0 0.02, 1,or 2

0.5̚100.0 V CSC221A: Imbalanced V

16 Imbalanced 0.25~100(In=5A)
A CSC221B: Imbalanced I
0.05~20(In=1A)

17 Imbalanced T 0.0̚32.0 S

18 OV V 70̚130.0 V Phase-to-phase

19 OV T 0.0̚100.0 S

20 UV V 10̚110.0 V Phase-to-phase

21 UV T 0.0̚100.0 S

41
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

NO. Name Scope Unit Note

0.25~100(In=5A)
22 BLK UV I A
0.05~20(In=1A)

23 Auto Off V 20̚120.0 V Phase-to-phase

24 Auto Off T 0.1̚100.0 S

25 Auto On V 70̚120.0 V Phase-to-phase

26 Auto On T 0.1̚100.0 S

Mea CT
27 0.001̚7.0 Primary Mea CT/1000
Ratio(kA/A)

Mea VT
28 0.01̚2.0 Primary VT/1000
Ratio(kV/V)

6.3.3 Definition of control word 1

Bit “0” “1”

D15 VT Check Off VT Check On

D14 CT Rated 5A CT Rated 1A

D13 OC&EF DEF On OC&EF INV On

D12 AutoSwitch Off AutoSwitch On

D7~D11 Backup Backup

D6 Imbalance Trip Imbalance Alarm

D5 OV Trip OV Alarm

D4 EF Ċ Trip EF Ċ Alarm

D3 EF ĉ Trip EF ĉ Alarm

D2 DI3 Signal DI3 Alarm

42
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

Bit “0” “1”

D1 CC Broken On CC Broken Off

D0 OV 3X1~4 OV Clearance

Note: 1 The spare control word must be set to zero.

2. When the over-voltage is the bus voltage (KG1.0=0), the bus voltage is connected to the terminal
X3-1~4; when the over-voltage is the clearance voltage (KG1.0=1), the clearance voltage is connected to
the terminal X1-3 ~ 6, and any voltage of two channels is higher than the over-voltage setting, action
occurs.

6.3.4 Setting description


a) If the operation box inside the equipment is not used during the engineering application, the trip
(TWJ) and close (HWJ) monitoring loop of the operation box does not form a loop and will lead
to “control loop disconnection” alarm. The KG1.1 can be set to 1 and the control loop monitoring
function will exit.

b) CT change ratio is special for measurement, and is set via dividing the change ratio by 1000.

For example: first CT change ratio is 600/5˙120, it is set as 120/1000=0.12;

If 10kV VT change ratio 10 000/100˙100, it is set as 100/1000=0.10

c) All protection equipment function can start up/shut down via the soft connector or control word.

d) It is recommended that the spare bit of the control word is set to 0.

e) The above part lists the standard configuration. If the content is not consistent with the
equipment list, refer to the practical equipment.

43
POWER TRIP LOGIC CPU COM AC2 AC2 AC1
X8 X7 X6 X5 X4 X3 X2 X1
1 DI1 1 1 Common 1 Rem/Loc 1 Ua 1 1
2 DI2 CB unpower 2 2 Trip1 2 Reset 2 Ub 2 2
3 3 3 Close1 3 Overhaul 3 Uc 3 3
4 4 4 Common 4 4 Un 4 4
5 5 5 Trip2 5 -24V 5 5 5
6 6 6 Close2 6 OV/P 6 6 6
7 7 7 Common 7 UV/Q 7 7
6.4 Terminal figure

8 8 8 Remote trip 8 Common- 8 8


9 9 9 Remote close 9 9 9
10 (-) 10 10 Common 10 10 10
11 11 11 Operation 11 11 11
12 12 12 Alarm 12 12 12 Ib'
13 13 13
Backup
14 Failure 14 14
15 15 15
Backup
16 16 16
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment

17 17 17
Backup
18 18 18

44
19 19 19
Backup
20 20 20

11 RS485A 11 RS485A 11 RS485A 11 RS485A 11 RS485A


12 RS485B 12 RS485B 12 RS485B 12 RS485B 12 RS485B
13 Resistance 13 Lon-A 13 Lon-A
14 RS485A 14 Lon-B 14 Lon-B
15 RS485B 15 Not used 15 Lon-A
16 Resistance 16 Not used 16 Lon-B

NOTE:The part in the broken line is optional


Manual
CSC-200 numerical protection measurement control equipment Manual

6.5 Wiring figure


A
η24V(X8.11)
B X5
DI1
C Remote/Local 1
Reset DI2
2
Backup DI3
3
DI4
BLK Autoswitch 4
X2 -24V 5 -24V(X8.12)
Backup η24V
1 Ia 6
2 Ia’ Q 7
Ib COM- 8 -24V
3
4 Ib’ SYNA+ 9 Pluse
5 Ic SYNA- 10 -24V
Pro.CT 6 Ic’ RS485A 11
7 I0 RS485B 12
IEC60870-5-103
Zero CT 8 I0' X6
9 Ia COM 1 ηKM
10 Ia' Trip1 2 X7.3
Mea.CT
11 Ic Close1 3 X7.7
12 Ic' COM 4
Trip2 5
X3
1 Ua Close2 6
2 Ub COM 7 ηKM
3 Uc Remote trip 8 X7.2
4 Un Remote close 9 X7.7
5 COM 10 ηXM
6 Operation 11 Operation
Alarm 12 Alarm
ηKM X8 13
DI1 14
1 DI1
DI2 2 DI2 15
DI3 DI3 16
3
DI4 17
4 DI4
DI5 18
5 DI5
DI6 19
6 DI6
DI7 20
7 DI7
DI8
8 DI8
DI9 X7
9 DI9
ηKM 1 ηKM
-KM 10 DIδιε Manual Trip 2 X6.8
11 η24V
Relay Trip 3 X6.2
12 -24V
Open winding 4 Trip
13 DC
signal Failure Close winding 5 Close
14
Short to CW 6
15 Not uesd
Close 7 X6.3
(+) 16 DC(+) X6.9
220/110 ιKM 8 -KM
17 Not used
DC supply COM 9 +XM
(-) 18 DC(-)
TWJ 10 G
19 Not used
HWJ 11 R -XM
20 GND
12
CC broken
13
UTP5 Eth 14
HUB/SWITCH 1 Event Spare
RJ45-1 15
Out for 16
Spare
manual trip 17
Eth 18
HUB/SWITCH 2 RJ45-2
19
20

Wiring note: if only one imbalanced analog input is provided, the A phase X3-1 and X3-2 of the three
phase imbalance at the X3 terminal is connected. If the automatic voltage switching function of this
equipment is not used, the action signal contact of the X6-19~20 is not connected to the X5-4. Generally
the strong current digital input 1 (X8-1) is used as the remote communication of the entity. After the entity
action is expanded by the external relay, the connection equipment trips and the digital input makes a
remote communication.

45