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PROJECT : PEKERJAAN PEMBANGUNAN SUTT 150kV PLTMG TIMIKA - GI TIMIKA

CONTRACT NO :
CONTRACTOR : PT. RUDHIO

FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3


KELAS 6
(T.67)

1. DATA
1.1. Support Reaction
BROKEN WIRE CONDITION
EXTERNAL LOAD (kN)
Compression Tension
Axial Compression P 384.758 Comp
Axial Uplift T 308.5500 Tens
Transversal Shear Fx 38.899 CTs TTs
Longitudinal Shear Fy 46.586 CLs TLs

1.2. Spesifikasi Material


Mutu Beton K 225 fc' = 18.675 Mpa
Berat Jenis Beton BJb = 24 kN/m³
Baja Tulangan U 39 fy = 390 Mpa
U 24 fy' = 240 Mpa
Berat Jenis Tanah BJs = 16 kN/m³
S2 S1x S1x S1x S2
S2

1.3. Dimensi Pondasi


1.50
S1Y

H = m
H1 = 0.40 m
H2 = 0.60 m
S1Y

H3 = 0.50 m
Lx = 4.80 m
Ly = 4.80 m
S2

Cx = 0.50 m
Cy = 0.50 m
D = 0.40 m
S1x = 1.20 m 3.0 x Diameter Pile
S2 = 1.20 m
Hp = 5.00 m
Hp1 = 4.00 m Cy
Qp = 10
Cx
H3
H

H2

H
H

H1
H

Hp
Hp

Hp1
Hp1

D D

S2 S1y S1y S2
S2 S1x S2 S2 S1 x S2
Ly
Lx

Page 1 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
2. DESAIN PONDASI
2.1. Perhitungan Volume & Berat Pondasi Pada halaman 1,
Volume Pedestal Vp = Lx x Ly x H1 H2 = 0.60 meter,
= 4.80 x 4.80 x 0.40 tolong direvisi
= 9.22 m³

Volume Kolom Vk = Cx x Cy x H2
= 0.50 x 0.50 x 0.50
= 0.13 m³

Volume Pile Vb = 1/4 .π .D² .Hp1 .Qp


= 0.25 x 3.14 x 0.40 ² x 4.00 x 10
= 5.02 m³

Volume Total Pondasi Vt = Vp + Vk + Vb


= 9.22 + 0.13 + 5.02
= 14.37 m³

Berat Pondasi Wc = Vt x BJb


= 14.37 x 24.00 Volume dan berat bored pile
= 344.76 kN sudah dihitung pada
2.2. Perhitungan Volume dan Berat Tanah
perhitungan kuat tarik tiang
sehingga pada perhitungan cek
Volume Tanah Vs = (Lx . Ly . H2) - (Cx . Cy . H2) uplift berat bored pile terhitung
= 13.82 - 0.15
= 13.67 m³ 2x, sebaiknya untuk berat
podasi tidak menyertakan berat
Berat Tanah Ws = Vs x BJs bored pile.
= 13.67 x 16.00
= 218.78 kN

3. Daya Dukung Ijin Tiang


3.1. Daya dukung ijin tiang tekan
Berdasarkan data sondir (Guy Sangrelat)
qc x Ap Tf x Cp
Ptk = +
FK1 FK2
dimana :
Ptk = daya dukung ijin tekan pile tunggal
qc = Nilai konus 8D diatas ujung tiang 4D dibawah ujung tiang = 17.36 kg/cm2
Tf = nilai total friction …………………..……………………...…………………… = 26.56 kg/cm
Ap = luas penampang tiang, (1/4 ∏D2)…...………...………………………………… = 1256 cm2
Cp = keliling selimut tiang, (2∏r)………………..…………………………………… = 125.6 cm
FK1 dan FK2 = faktor keamanan berturut-turut 3 dan 5
FK1 = 3
FK2 = 5

qc x Ap Tf x Cp
Ptk = +
FK1 FK2
17.36 x 1256 26.56 x 125.6
= +
3 5
= 7935.266 Kg
= 79.353 kN

Page 2 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
3.2. Cek Stabilitas Tiang Tarik
Berdasarkan data sondir (Guy Sangrelat, Mayerhof)
(Tf x Cp x 0.7 )
Ppile tarik = + Wp
FK2

Keterangan :
Ppile tarik = daya dukung ijin tarik pile tunggal
Nilai total friction pada kedalaman tiang........................… Tf = 27 kg/cm = 0.2656102 kN/cm
Keliling selimut tiang….................................................... Cp = 125.6 cm
Faktor keamanan............................................................... FK2 = 5
Berat Beton................................................................ Wc = 344.76 kN
Berat Jenis Beton BJb = 24.00 kN/m³
Panjang Pile Efektif Hp1 = 4.00 m
Diameter Pile D = 0.40 m
Berat 1 pile…………….…………... Wp = 1/4 .π .D² .Hp1 .BJb
= 12.058 kN
Jumlah pile........................................................................ Qp = 10

Tf x Cp x 0.7
Pta = + Wp
FK2
0.266 x 125.6 x 0.7
= + 12.058
5
= 16.728 kN

4. Efisiensi kelompok tiang


Efisiensi kelompok tiang berdasrkan rumus Converse-Labbarre :
(n - 1) x m + (m-1) x n θ
Eg = 1 - x
mxn 90
dimana :
θ = arctan (D/S1) = 18.43 o
D = diameter pile, = 0.40 m
S1 = jarak antar pile, = 1.20 m
m = jumlah tiang arah horisontal = = 3
n = jumlah tiang arah vertikal = = 3
Qp = Jumlah Pile = = 10
( n - 1 ) m + ( m - 1 ) n θ
Eg = 1 - x
m x n 90
( 3 - 1 ) 3 + ( 3 - 1 ) 3 18.43
= 1 - x
3 x 3 90
= 0.72689

P maks ijin kelompok tiang


= Eg x Ptk x Qp
= 576.81 kN

5. Perhitungan gaya tekan dan tarik tiang


5.1. Perhitungan Gaya Tekan Tiang
Compression :
Fyc = 46.586 kN
Fxc = 38.899 kN
Fc = 384.758 kN
H = 1.500 m
(∑Pv) Mx . Ymaks My . Xmaks
Pmaks = + +
Qp ny . ∑y2 nx . ∑X2
Keterangan :
Pmaks = Beban maksimum tiang...................................... ∑Pv = Fc + Wc
= 729.518 kN
Momen yang bekerja pada sumbu X................................ Mx = ((D/tanα). P)-(Fy . D)
= 28.05 kNm
Momen yang bekerja pada sumbu Y................................ My = ((D/tanα). P)-(Fx . D)
= 39.58 kNm

Page 3 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
Absis terjauh tiang terhadap titik berat......................... Xmaks = 2.40 m
Absis terjauh tiang terhadap titik berat......................... Ymaks = 1.00 m
Jumlah tiang...................................................................... Qp = 10
nx = Banyak tiang pada sumbu x....................................... nx = 3
ny = Banyak tiang pada sumbu y....................................... ny = 3

ΣX² = Jumlah kuadrat absis tiang...................................... ΣX² = Xmaks² x nx


= 17.28 m²

ΣY² = Jumlah kuadrat absis tiang...................................... ΣY² = Ymaks² x ny


Apakah daya
= 3 m²
dukung pondasi
∑Pv Mx x Ymaks My x Xmaks tiang bored pile ini
Pmaks = + +
Qp ny x ∑y2 nx x ∑X2
729.52 28.05 x 1.00 39.58 x 2.40
sudah
= + + memperhitungkan
10 3 x 3 3 x 17.28
= 77.900 kN efisiensi kelompok
∑Pv Mx x Ymaks My x Xmaks
Pmin =
Qp
-
ny x ∑y2
-
nx x ∑X2
tiang?
729.52 28.05 x 1.00 39.58 x 2.40
= - -
10 3 x 3 3 x 3
= 59.281 kN
Pmaks = 77.90 kN < Ptk = 79.35 kN
Ok

5.2. Perhitungan terhadap Uplift


Daya dukung ijin tarik pile tunggal Pta = 16.728 kN
Jumlah tiang...................................................................... Qp = 10 Tolong
Berat Pondasi Wc = 344.76 kN direvisi
Berat Tanah Ws = 218.78 kN sesuai
T = 308.55 kN
dengan
Berat yang menahan gaya angkat Wu = (Pta x Qp) + Wc + Ws comment
= 730.82 kN pada
halaman 2
Wu/T > SF
2.37 > 2.00
Aman

Kontrol Geser 1 Arah


Cx

H3

Cy Ly
H2
e
Cx
H1

Lx

e = 1/2 .Lx - 1/2 .Cx - H1


= 0.5 x 4.80 - 0.5 x 0.5 - 0.40
= 1.75 m

e x ( Pmax - Pmin )
Pe = Pmin +
Lx
1.75 x ( 77.90 - 59.28 )
= 59.28 +
4.80
= 66.1 kN/m²

Page 4 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)

( Pmaks - Pe )
Vu = e * Lx * ( Pe + )
2
( 77.90 - 66.07 )
= 1.75 x 4.80 ( 66.07 + )
2
= 604.7 kN

1
Vc = * √(fc′ ) * Lx * H1
6
1
= x √ 18.675 x 4800 x 400
6
= 1382866.59 N
= 1382.87 kN
Ɵ = 0.75
Syarat Vu < Ɵ.Vc
< 0.75 x 1382.87
604.7 < 1037.15
Aman

Kontrol Geser 2 Arah (Geser Pons)


Cx

H3

H2 Cy Cy1 Ly

e Cx

H1
Cx1

Lx

Luas Penampang
Pu = Fc + Wc
= 729.52 kN
Qp = 10.00
H1 = 0.40 m
a. Kontrol geser 2 arah disekitar kolom
Cx = Cy = 0.50
Cx1 = Cy1 = Cx + H1
= 0.90 m
Luas penampang kritis dari atas pondasi
Ls = Cx1 x Cy1
= 0.90 x 0.90
= 0.81 m²
Keliling penampang kritis
bo = (2 * Cx1) + (2 * Cy1)
= 1.80 + 1.80
= 3.60 m
βc = 1.00
Nilai konstanta αs = 20 (Kolom sudut)
Vu = Pu
= 729.52 kN
Gaya geser yang di tahan beton
Vc1 = 2 √fc * bo * H1
( 1 + ) * ( )
βc 6
2 √ 18.675 x 3600 x 400
= ( 1 + ) ( )
1 6
= 3111449.82 N
= 3111.45 kN

Page 5 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)

Vc2 = αs
* H1 √fc' * bo * H1
( 2 + ) * ( )
bo 12
= 2 + 20 x 400 ( √ 18.675 x 3600 x 400
)
3600 12
= 2189538.8 N
= 2189.54 kN

Vc3 = √fc * bo * H1
3
= √ 18.675 x 3600 x 400
3
= 2074299.88 N
= 2074.30 kN

Nilai terkecil antara, Vc1, Vc2 & Vc3 ...........


Vc = Min (Vc1 : Vc2 : Vc3)
= 2,074.30 kN
Φ = 0.75
Syarat,
Vu ≤ Φ.Vc
729.5 < 1555.7
Aman

b. Kontrol Geser 2 arah di sekitar pile


Keliling penampang kritis
S2 = 1.20 m
D = 0.40 m
bo = 2 (D/2 + H1/2 + S2)
= 3.20 m
βc = 1.00
Nilai konstanta αs = 20 (Kolom sudut)
Reaksi pada tiap Pile
Pu
Vu =
Qp
= 72.9518 kN

Gaya geser yang di tahan beton


Vc1 = 2 √fc * bo * H1
( 1 + ) * ( )
βc 6
2 √ 18.675 x 3200 x 400
= ( 1 + ) ( )
1 6
= 2765733.18 N
= 2765.73 kN

Vc2 = αs
* H1 √fc' * bo * H1
( 2 + ) * ( )
bo 12
= 2 + 20 x 400 ( √ 18.675 x 3200 x 400
)
3200 12
= 2074299.9 N
= 2074.30 kN

Vc3 = √fc * bo * H1
3
= √ 18.675 x 3200 x 400
3
= 1843822.12 N
= 1843.82 kN

Nilai terkecil antara, Vc1, Vc2 & Vc3 ...........


Vc = Min (Vc1 : Vc2 : Vc3)
= 1,843.82 kN
Φ = 0.75

Page 6 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
Syarat,
Vu ≤ Φ.Vc
73.0 < 1382.9
Aman

3. Perhitungan Tulangan
3.1. Perhitungan Tulangan Tiang
Momen pada tiang.............................................. Mu = 58.35 kNm
Beban Maksimum tiang........................................... Pu = 77.90 kN
Dia. Pile................................................................... D = 400 mm
Panjang Tiang........................................................ Hp1 = 4.000 mm
Berat Jenis beton.................................................. BJb = 24.000 KN/m³
Mutu beton K225.................................................... fc' = 18.675 Mpa
Mutu baja U39........................................................... fy = 390 Mpa
Mutu baja U24.................................................... fy' = 240 Mpa
Tebal pedestal........................................................ H1 = 400 mm
Selimut beton...................................................... p = 75 mm
Φ tulangan = 16 mm
Φ sengkang = 10 mm
Lebar kolom efektif............................................ d' = D - p - 1/2 Φtulangan
= 317 mm
b = 1000 mm
β1 = 0.85

a. menentukan rasio tulangan balance dan rasio tulangan maksimum


0.85 x β1 x fc' 600
ρb = ( ) x ( )
fy 600 + fy
= 0.0210

ρmaks = 0,75 . ρb
= 0.016

ρmin = 1,4 / fy
= 0.004
b. menentukan luas tulangan
Mu = k x b x d²
K = Mu / ( b x d² )
= 0.0581

K = 0.9 x ρ x fy
ρ = K / 0.9 x fy
= 0.00017 < ρmin = 0.0036

Maka di ambil, ρmin = 0.0036


Asmin = ρmin x b x d'
= 1137.9 mm²

As = 1/4 x π x d²
= 201.14 mm²

Jumlah tulangan yg di gunakan......................... N = 8


As' = As . N
= 1609.1 mm² > Asmin = 1137.9 mm²
Ok
Maka tulangan yang di gunakan tulangan = 8 D 16

c. Kontrol terhadap tulangan geser


Tinggi pile................................................... Hp1 = 4.0 m
Jumlah pile.................................................... Qp = 10
Fxc = 38.90 kN
Fyc = 46.586 kN
Hmaks = 46.59 kN

Page 7 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
Gaya geser, Vu = = Hmaks / Qp
= 4.659 kN
PAD
Vc = 1/6 . √fc' . D . d'
= 91326.81 N
= 91.33 kN
ϴ = 0.8 8 D16
PILE
Vn = Vu/ϴ 40 cm

6.211 KN
Kontrol v u >fvc sengkang
Ø10 - 150 mm
fvc = ϴ x vc
= 68.495 kN
Vu < fvc

Tidak perlu tulangan geser


Maka digunakan tulangan praktis ɸ10 - 150

3.2. Perhitungan Tulangan Pad


Mutu beton fc = 18.675 Mpa
Mutu baja fy = 390 Mpa
Diameter tulangan pad Dpad = 19 mm
Selimut beton sb = 75 mm
Lx = Ly = 4800 mm
Lx' = Ly - sb - 1/2D
19
= 4800 - 75 -
2
= 4716 mm
Tebal pad H1 = 400 mm
Tebal efektif pad H1' = H1 - sb - 1/2D
19
= 400 - 75 -
2
= 315.5 mm
Fa = Lx . Ly
= 23.04 m

X = (1/2 * Lx) - (1/2 * Cx)


2.15 m
Momen yang bekerja Mu = 2 (Pult/Qp) . (H1-(D/2))
= 29.18 kNm
β1 = 0.85
Φ = 0.80
0,85 .β 1 .fc 600
ρb = x
fy 600 + fy
0.85 x 0.85 x 18.675 600
= x
390 600 + 390
= 0.021
ρmaks = 0,75 x ρb
= 0.75 x 0.021
= 0.016

Mu
K =
Φ .1000 .H1'²
29180720
=
0.80 x 1000 x 99540.3
= 0.366 Mpa

fy
m =
0,85 .fc
390
=
0.85 x 18.7
= 24.569

Page 8 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
1 2m . K
K = x (1 - √ 1- )
m fy
1 2 x 24.569 x 0.366
= x ( 1 - √ 1 -
24.569 390
= 0.0010
ρmin = 0.0020 SNI 03-2847-2002 Pasal 16.3.3.1
Maka rasio yang dipakai ……… ρ = 0.0020
Luas tulangan …………………As = ρ x Lx' x H3'
= 0.002 x 4716 x 315.5
= 2975.48 mm

Luas tulangan Aso = 1/4 π D²


D 19
= 1 x 22 2
x 19
4 7
= 283.64 mm
Asumsi Jarak tulangan s = 200 mm
Luas tulangan terpakai …… As = Aso . Lx'
= 6687.59 mm
s
Kontrol As > As'
Aman
Maka Dipakai tulangan D 19 - 200 mm

3.3. Perhitungan Tulangan Chimney


Mu = Fmaks(Fxc dan Fyc) . H
= 46.59 x 1.50
= 69.879 kNm
Pult = 344.76 kN
Cx = Cy = 500 mm
Berat Jenis beton, BJ.beton =
Mutu beton K225, fc' = 18.675 Mpa
Mutu baja fy = 390 Mpa
Selimut beton, p = 75 mm
ɸtul = 19 mm
Cx' = Cx - p - 1/2 Φtulangan
= 500 - 75 - 0.5 x 19
= 415.5 mm

Menurut peraturan SKSNI-T15-1991, rasio antara luas tulangan dan luas kolom harus lebih besar dari 1 %.
ρ = 0.0100
Ast = ρ. Cx. Cx'
= 0.0100 x 500 x 415.5
= 2077.5 mm²
Luas tulangan
D 19 …… Aso = 1/4 π D²
1 22 2
= x x 19
4 7
= 283.643 mm

Page 9 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
Jumlah tulangan……………… S = 9 batang
As' = Aso x S
= 283.643 x 9
= 2553 mm²

As' > Ast


2553 > 2078
Ok
Kontrol = As/(Cx.Cy)
= 0.010
= 1.021 %
Lebih dari 1% (Ok)
Maka Dipakai tulangan 9 D 19

Kontrol terhadap tulangan geser


Berdasarkan SNI 03-2874-2002 Pasal 13.8.6
ɸ skg = 10 mm
Selimut beton,………………… p = 75 mm
Lebar chimney,…………………Cx = 500 mm
Lebar kolom efektif,……………b' = b - p - 1/2 Φtulangan
= 500 - 75 - 0.5 x 10
= 420 mm
Vu max = Fmaks (Fxc dan Fyc)
= 46.59 kN
Mutu Baja,…………………… fy = 240 Mpa
Mutu beton K225,…………… fc' = 18.675 Mpa
Gaya geser yang ditahan oleh beton………………..
√fc * Cx * Cx'
Vc =
6
√ 18.675 x 500 x 420
=
6
= 151251.03 N
= 151.25 kN

Av = 2 * 0.25 * π * ɸ skg2
= 157.00 mm
s = 150 mm
Vs = ( Av* fy * Cx' ) / s
= 105504 N
105.50 kN 0.75c 9 D19
=
ϴ = 0.60

= ϴ. (Vc+Vs)
= 0.60 x 256.8
= 154.05 kN
Maka, Vu < ϴ. (Vc+Vs)
46.59 < 154.05 0.75cm

Ok sengkang
Maka Tul. Sengkang……… Ø10 - 150 mm Ø10 - 150 mm

Data:
d= 0.40 m Pu = 384.76 kN mv = 1/(α x qc)
B= 4.80 m L pile = 4.00 m Eu = 1/mv
L= 4.80 m D hardsoil = 9.00 m
h= 0.40 m

Page 10 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
Perhitungan Modulus deformasi
Nilai konus, qc = 205.0 kg/cm2
= 20.10 Bar
α = 2.5

Layer of soil properties


Layer qc γ mv Eu μ
m kg/cm2 t/m3 m2/MN MN/m2
3.67 30 35 0.136 7.355 0.5 mv = Koefisien pemampatan
5.00 40 45 0.102 9.807 0.5 Eu = modutus deformasi pada kondisi undrained
6.33 20 25 0.204 4.903 0.5 µ = poisson ratio
7.67 20 25 0.204 4.903 0.5 qc = From CPT table
9.00 38 43 0.107 9.316 0.5

Settlement Analisys:

Tolong dicek kembali


input data soil
propertiesnya, karena
masih tidak sesuai
dengan data sondir di
Tip 68

Page 11 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
Formula for sattlement :
Dimana
S = Si + Sc S = Total Penurunan
Si = Penurunan Segera
Sc = Penurunan konsolidasi
Pu

H
1.00 m
Bo

(2/3)Lg

2.67 m

B'/L'
Layer 1 1.33 m
1 2 elv. 5.0 m

Layer 1.33 m
2 elv. 6.3 m

Layer 1.33 m
3 elv. 7.7 m

Layer 1.33 m
4 elv. 9.00 m

Page 12 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)
Immediate Settlement
Layer B L q H Df H/B Df/B μ1 μ0 Eu Si
(m) (m) (kN/m2) (m) (m) (MN/m2) (mm)
1 6.13 6.13 10.23 1.33 2.67 0.22 0.43 0.10 0.78 9.81 0.50
2 7.47 7.47 6.90 1.33 4.00 0.18 0.54 0.10 0.78 4.90 0.82
3 8.80 8.80 4.97 1.33 5.33 0.15 0.61 0.10 0.78 4.90 0.70
4 10.13 10.13 3.75 1.33 6.67 0.13 0.66 0.10 0.78 9.32 0.32
Total Immediate Settlement 2.33

Note :
q = Pu/(B*L)
Si = Penurunan segera
Tolong dicek kembali
= μ1 x μ0 x q x B /Eu input data soil
μ1 = Faktor koreksi untuk lapisan tanah dengan tebal terbatas H propertiesnya, karena
μ0 = Faktor koreksi untuk kedalaman pondasi Df masih tidak sesuai
dengan data sondir di Tip
68

Settlement Oedometer
H z B z/B σz/q q σz mv mv x σz x H
Layer 2 2
(m) (m) (m) (kN/m ) (kN/m ) (m2/MN) (mm)
1 1.333 0.667 6.133 0.109 0.222 10.228 2.271 0.102 0.309
2 1.333 2.000 7.467 0.268 0.123 6.901 0.849 0.204 0.231
3 1.333 3.333 8.800 0.379 0.073 4.968 0.363 0.204 0.099
4 1.333 4.667 10.133 0.461 0.048 3.747 0.180 0.107 0.026
Total 0.664

Page 13 of 14
FOUNDATION CALCULATION TOWER TYPE AA +3
KELAS 6
(T.67)

Df /√LB = 0.43
√LB/Df 1.87
L/B = 1.00

μd = 0.760
Faktor Koreksi lapisan tanah μg = 1.200
Penurunan konsolidasi Sc = μg x μd x Σ(mv x σz x H)
= 0.605 mm

Total Penurunan S = Si + Sc
= 2.94 mm < 25 mm Ok

Dicek ulang
menyesuakan
comment pada
halaman 11 & 13

Page 14 of 14