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Questions

1. What are the causes of food insecurity?


2. Where is there more food insecurity?
3. How many people suffer from food insecurity?
4. What are some ongoing solutions to stop food insecurity?
5. What are some potential solutions for food insecurity?
6. How do wars cause food insecurity?

Notes
United Nations Food : In 2017 the number of malnourished people reached 821 million.
Around 2004 the prices of grains around the world began to increase because there was more
demand for it than there was production. In 2005 food production was slowed down because of
extreme weather where food was produced. Hunger and malnourishment are the number risk to
people in the world above AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined.
How technology can prevent food waste in developing countries: Every year around 4
billion dollars of fresh produce is lost in india because of bad refrigeration. According to the
FAO 40% of food is lost in developing countries before it even reaches the market. Research
done by nottingham university shows that lack of good refrigeration technology and reliable
energy is a big cause of lost food. There is some technology that uses solar energy too cool milk
and keep it from going bad, also using a cooling system powered by biogas found in cow
manure.
The worlds ten hungriest countries: The 10 countries in order from least to greatest are
Timor-Leste, Afghanistan, Sudan, Haiti, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Madagascar, Yemen, Chad, and
the Central African Republican. Most of these countries are located in the middle east and
Africa.
Why are so many people in the world hungry?: Many of the reasons for lack of food are
drought, Population size, lack of money, production of biofuel, uneducated farmers, and
HIV/AIDS. In a lot of countries without irrigation systems droughts affect them greatly because
the crops only source of water is from nature. Many farmers lack techniques for farming causing
them not to be able to properly grow crops.
Feeding the developing world: search for a solution: By 2050 the worlds population will
reach 9 billion people, which means productivity of crops needs to increase by 70% to reach the
demand. The issue is that agriculture causes deforestation and emits green house gases. A
potential solution is precision farming where satellites and farming sensors use data collected
from soil in the ground to determine if the soil is most enough and contains enough nutrients.
After this process a computer tells farmers where is the best place to plant crops and how much
to plant.
Why are there still so many hungry people in the world?: A big issue that is seen from
governments all over the world is that they don’t see food as a human right so they do not
account for sustainable food for all. Around 5 million kids die each year due to poor nutrition. It
is essential that children get the proper amount of food in the first 1000 days of their life to
ensure they develop properly, that is about 2 years and 9 months. A big issue for food insecurity
is the fact that 2 billion people around the world only make $2 everyday.
Links between food insecurity and the unsustainable hunting of wildlife in a UNESCO
world heritage site in Madagascar: A study in madagascar found that when the people had food
security they hunted less for mammals on the island which included almost extinct lemurs. The
people depended on animals in the ecosystem for them to get food.

Sources:
1. Borgerson, C., Rajaona, D., Razafindrapaoly, B., Rasolofoniaina, B. J., Kremen, C., &
Golden, C. D. (2017). Links between food insecurity and the unsustainable hunting of
wildlife in a UNESCO world heritage site in Madagascar. ​The Lancet,​ ​389​.
doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(17)31115-7

2. Earley, K. (2014, December 18). Tech can prevent huge food waste problems in
developing countries. Retrieved from
https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2014/dec/18/technology-prevent-wast
e-food-developing-countries

3. Elver, H. (2015, February 19). Why are there still so many hungry people in the world? |
Hilal Elver. Retrieved from
https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2015/feb/19/why-hungry-people-food-
poverty-hunger-economics-mdgs

4. Food Security in Developing Countries: Is There a Role for the WTO? (2015, May 05).
Retrieved from
https://www.cgdev.org/publication/food-security-developing-countries-there-role-wto

5. Food. (n.d.). Retrieved from ​http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/food/

6. Health Economics, & Global FocusNorth America. (n.d.). Feeding the Developing
World: The Search for Solutions. Retrieved from
http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/feeding-the-developing-world-the-search-for
-solutions/
7. Smith, M. D., Rabbitt, M. P., & Jensen, A. C. (2017). Who are the World’s Food
Insecure? New Evidence from the Food and Agriculture Organization’s Food Insecurity
Experience Scale. ​World Development,​ ​93​, 402-412. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.01.006

8. Smith, M. D., Kassa, W., & Winters, P. (2017). Assessing food insecurity in Latin
America and the Caribbean using FAO’s Food Insecurity Experience Scale. ​Food Policy,
71​, 48-61. doi:10.1016/j.foodpol.2017.07.005

9. The world's ten hungriest countries. (n.d.). Retrieved from


https://www.concernusa.org/story/worlds-ten-hungriest-countries/

10. Why are so many people in the world hungry? (n.d.). Retrieved from
https://www.worldvision.com.au/global-issues/work-we-do/famine/why-are-so-many-peo
ple-in-the-world-hungry