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Section 6

Requirements for
Ancillary Facilities
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

148 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage


Industry Guidelines
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

6.1 Introduction
This section defines the minimum requirements of ancillary facilities
to be provided at the sewage treatment plants. These requirements are
crucial in ensuring the workability and operability of the plants.

6.2 Water Supply and Wash Water


Water shall be supplied to each site from standpipes and taps, to provide
for sanitary cleansing of plant areas, personal hygiene, safety, fire
fighting, process use and for equipment cooling and/or sealing. Water
shall be connected to potable supply that provides a minimum pressure
of 20 m head across the site. A ring main system shall be provided for
all treatment plants larger than 5000 PE.

Each sewage treatment plant or sludge treatment facility shall be


provided with water tank of at least 445 litre storage capacities or one
day water usage or whichever is higher.

Double backflow prevention shall be provided in all cases. This is to prevent


contamination of any potable water service, including the incoming supply
line.

The water supply system shall be sized to meet the following cases:

i) Fire fighting demand as instructed by the local regulations and


any essential plant water demands.
ii) All potentially simultaneous process uses, equipment uses and a
for plant cleansing.

All water supplies and its installation (piping, tanks, air conditioning
drainpipes, gutters and etc.) must be totally isolated from all potential
contact of electrical system by means of total enclosure or suitably
located the electrical system above flood level.

Where required, wash water shall be equipped with booster pump and
where possible, obtain from reclaimed water.

Drawings submitted for approval shall indicate locations of water tapping


point and piping layout. Approval for water tapping should be obtained
from water authority for permanent water supply before submitting
inspection form. All related document, such as water bills and transfer
of ownership, to be submitted before final inspection.

Table 6.1 tabulates the minimum number and location of stand pipe
required in a sewage treatment plant. Typical drawing of stand pipe
are shown in Figure 6.1

Sewerage Treatment Plants Volume 4 149


Requirements for Ancillary Facilities
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

Table 6.1 – Minimum Number of Recommended Water


Table 6.1 Minimum Number of Recommended Water
Stand Pipe and Location
Stand Pipe and Location

Class of Population Minimum


Class of Population Minimum Location
STP Equivalent Numbers Location
STP Equivalent Numbers
1 ”1,000 1 Inlet Works
1 ≤1000 1 Inlet Works
22 1,001 –
1001 – 5000 2 2 Inlet Works
Inlet and
Works Treatment
and TreatmentProcess
ProcessUnit
Unit
5,000
33 5001 – 20– 000
5,001 2 2 Inlet
Inlet Works
Works and
and TreatmentProcess
Treatment ProcessUnit
Unit
20,000
4 >20 000 4 Inlet Works, Secondary Screen Area,
4 >20,000 4 Inlet Works, Secondary Screen Area,
Treatment Process Units and Dewatering
Treatment Process Units and Dewatering
Facilities.
Facilities.
Figure 6.1 Standard Details for Stand Pipe
Figure 6.1 Standard Details for Stand Pipe

800

76 648 76

Ø15 G.I PIPE


608

76
8
64

100
0
80
76

STAND PIPE

6.3
6.3 Mess Facilitiesand
Mess Facilities andAblutions
Ablutions

All
All treatment plants shall
treatment plants shallhave
havea aminimum
minimum of of
oneone sanitary
sanitary set consisting
set consisting of
of a toilet and wash basin. Washing facilities, toilets and showers
a toilet and wash basin. Washing facilities, toilets and showers shall be shall
be provided
provided for for operators
operators at allatClass
all Class
3 and 3Class
and 4Class
plants4with
plants
PE with PE
greater

150 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage


Industry Guidelines
138 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

greater than 5000. Additionally, mess accommodation shall be provided


than
at 5,000.
Class 4Additionally, mess accommodation
treatment plants with PE greatershall
thanbe20provided
000. at Class
4 treatment plants with PE greater than 20,000.
Guard house with water and power supply shall also be provided for
Guard house with water and power supply shall also be provided for plant
plant more than 20 000 PE.
more than 20,000 PE.
Figure 6.2 Typical for Administration and Mess Facilities Building
Figure 6.2 Typical for Administration and Mess Facilities
Building

16 Visitor’s / Staff Parking

Covered Porch

Manager’s /
2
Engineer’s Office
1 4
Reception Area General Office
3 Supervisor's Office

5
Meeting /
Briefing Room

14 12
Control Room
Workshop

8 Sample Reception
& Preparation

7 Male
Toilet

7 Female 9 9
Toilet Clean Locker Room Dirty Locker Room
Prayer Recreation Area
6
Room 10
Pantry
9
13 11 Toilet / Shower
General Store Eating Area

16 Motorcycles / Operational Vehicles Parking

Note : The numbers on the layout correspond to the numbers in Table B.1.
The layout is only for indicative purposes only and can be changed ( i.e. floor space and other arrangement)
to suit the plant’s needs and requirements.

Sewerage Treatment Plants Volume 4 151

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Requirements for Ancillary Facilities
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities
Minimum internal floor area of mess facilities are 400 meter 2 .
Approval
Minimum from thefloor
internal Commission
area of messshall be sought
facilities if smaller
are 400 meter2. floor area
Approval
is to be provided. Typical
shallofarrangement ifof smaller
mess facilities . is shown
is to bein
2
from
Minimum theinternal
Commission
floor area be sought
mess facilities are 400 floor
meterarea Approval
Figure
from the 6.2
provided. Typical arrangement
Commission shall be ofsought
mess facilities
if smaller is shown
floor in Figure
area 6.2be
is to
provided. Typical arrangement of mess facilities is shown in Figure 6.2
6.4
6.4 Roads and
Roads andAccess
Access
6.4 Roads and Access
All-weather, surfaced
All-weather, surfaced roads
roads shall
shall bebe provided
provided to to permit
permit access
access toto all
all
treatment
All-weather, plants.
surfacedThe roads
roads must
shall withstand
be provided a load
to of
permitat least
access
treatment plants. The roads must withstand a load of at least 15 tonnes. 15 tonnes.
to all
Such roads
treatment
Such roads must
plants. also
mustThe be
beconstructed
alsoroads within
must withstand
constructed a the
within loadplant
the of atproviding
plant least access
15 tonnes.
providing to
access
each
Such
to process
roads
each must unit.
process also The
be
unit. construction
constructed
The shall
within
construction thecomply
shall plant
comply with
withPublic
providing accessWork
Public to
Work
Department
each process requirement.
unit. The Figure 6.3
construction and
shallFigure
comply 6.4 illustrate
with the
Public
Department requirement. Figure 6.3 and Figure 6.4 illustrate the typical typical
Work
section of road pavementFigure
Department and site road.
section of requirement.
road pavement and 6.3 siteand Figure 6.4 illustrate the typical
road.
section of road pavement and site road.
Figure 6.3 Typical Details of Road Pavement
Figure 6.3 Typical Details of Road Pavement
Figure 6.3 Typical Details of Road Pavement
40 THK. WEARING COURSE
60 THK.
40 THK. PREMIXCOURSE
WEARING BINDER COURSE
10 THK. SAND/QUARRY DUST
60 THK. PREMIX BINDER COURSE
10 THK. SAND/QUARRY DUST

300 THK. CRUSHER RUN


50 THK SAND
300 THK. CRUSHER RUN
50 THK SAND

Figure 6.4 Typical Road Section of Site Road


Figure 6.4 6.4 Typical
Figure TypicalRoad
RoadSection
Section of Site
SiteRoad
Road

4000

4000

ROAD KERB ROAD KERB


ROAD KERB ROAD KERB
FALL FALL

FALL FALL

40 THK. WEARING COURSE


60 THK. PREMIX BINDER COURSE
40 THK. WEARING COURSE
250 THK.
60 THK. ROADBASE
PREMIX BINDER COURSE
250150 THK.
THK. SUB-BASE
ROADBASE
GEOTEXTILE MEMBRANE APPROVED BY ENGINEERS
150 THK. SUB-BASE
GEOTEXTILE MEMBRANE APPROVED BY ENGINEERS

The on-site road shall be able to provide safe and convenient access for
trucks
The or other
on-site road machinery equipment
shall be able usedsafe
to provide for and
maintenance purposes.
convenient The
access for
152 trucks or other machinery equipment
Volume 4 used for maintenance purposes. The
Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines

140 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage


140 Volume 4 IndustrySewerage
Malaysian Guidelines
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

The on-site road shall be able to provide safe and convenient access for
trucks or other machinery equipment used for maintenance purposes.
The minimum width of the road shall be 4 meter Where vehicles need
to pass frequently or parking is required along the road, the minimum
width shall be 6 m.

Corner of junction for perimeter internal road for tankers or trucks


access shall have a minimum inside radius of 6 meter. Inside radius
for perimeter road not intended for tankers or trucks access shall be
not less than 4 m.

Cul-de-sac at the end of roads shall be provided with turning area


reserve of not less than 9 m.

Where roads for maintenance vehicles or machineries are not required,


concrete or hard surfaced walkways of at least 900 mm width shall
be provided between each process unit. Concrete hardstanding area
can be laid where storage bins are located. The use of steps shall be
avoided, where possible.

Where the ingress or egress of the treatment plant is near a junction of


a public road, an adequate acceleration and deceleration lane must be
made available between the access road and the junction for vehicles
to safely enter and leave the treatment plant.

Vehicular access shall be provided to all unit processes that require


daily operation and maintenance.

6.5 Drainage
The area of the treatment plant shall be adequately drained and this
shall be arranged to prevent surface water run-off from entering the
process units.

Any cleaning or maintenance process wash water must be returned to


the inlet works via a separate drainage system.

External drainage facilities must be provided for treatment plant along the
slope area. Cut off drainage at the entrance must also be provided.

Treatment plant platform level shall be designed above flood level.


If the treatment plant is located in a flood prone area, flap gate shall
be provided to avoid back flow from the river/ main drain. The plant
hydraulic must be designed properly to ensure the discharge head is
adequate to open the flap valve at any circumstances.

Sewerage Treatment Plants Volume 4 153


Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

The effluent discharge shall be directed to the main drain or river


to avoid discharging effluent into a drain within the residential area.
Discharge to a retention pond is not allowed unless prior approval has
been granted.

The receiving drain/watercourse shall have sufficient capacity to accept


the run-off from the plant as well as the effluent discharge from the
treatment plant.

6.6 Fencing and Security

The boundary of a treatment plant, pumping station and/or sludge


treatment facility shall be secured by 3.0 meter high fence. The perimeter
fence shall have an entrance by double gates or sliding barrier to allow
access of maintenance vehicles. The gates shall be secured by padlocks
and shall comply with the requirements of the Commission. Where the
treatment plant is situated in a building, access to the plant must be
secured.

The fence shall be 2.4 meter solid wall with three strands of 0.6 meter
high barbed wire. Typical details of the fence are given in Figure 6.5,
6.6, 6.7 and 6.8.

STP project proponent is required to provide adequate warning/safety


and the Commission signboard before handing over the sewerage system
to the Commission.

154 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage


Industry Guidelines
3000 4200 2100
Figure 6.5

3 NOS. 2.5 DIA. BARBED WIRE 3 NOS. 2.5mm DIA. BARBED WIRE

Sewage Treatment Plants


3 THK. M.S. PLATE

Sewerage Treatment Plants


X X X X X X X X X X X X X X

600
X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X
X X X X X X X X X X

BRICKWALL FENCE
BRICKWALL FENCE

2400
6"x6"

Volume 4
Volume 4
CONCRETE

150
COLUMN @ 3m

225
INTERNAL
900

225
63 x 63 x 6
THK. ANGLE
150

600 x 600 x 900 DEEP GRADE 20


600 SQ.
MASS CONCRETE STUMP
150 DIA. X 14.6 #
M.S. POST
Typical Drawing of Brickwall Fencing and Gate
Figure 6.5 Typical Drawing of Brickwall Fencing and Gate
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

14 3
155
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities
156
3200

800
230

2T12 2T12 2T12 A 2T12

R6-200 R6-200
100 x 125mm COPING BEAM 100 x 125mm COPING BEAM 230 x 230mm RC COLUMN
AT 3.2m INTERVALS
A 4T12
LINKS R6-150
C C

2200
115mm THK BRICKWALL
PLASTERED ON BOTH SIDE

2200
SURFACE TO BE ROUGHENED

2T12 2T12
2T12 B 2T12 FINISHED GRD. LEVEL FINISHED GRD. LEVEL
R6-150 R6-150

300
300
2T12 2T12
115 x 300mm GROUND BEAM B

MIN. 900
MIN. 900
115 x 300mm GROUND BEAM

230
230
50mm LEAN CONCRETE 750 x 750 x 230mm
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

RC FOOTING
750 750
750 750
50mm LEAN CONCRETE 4T12 B/W

FRONT VIEW OF BRICKWALL FENCING TYPICAL RC COLUMN DETAIL

R6-200 R6-100
3 STRANDS P.V.C. COATED BARBED 150 230
R6-200
WIRE ATTACHED TO POST BY 75
HEAVY SPLIT PINS 125 T12 T12
T12 T12

800
230
63 x 63 x 6mm M.S. ANGLE T12 T12

300
T12

100
WITH 3 STRANDS OF BARBED WIRE T12
45°
T12 T12
100 x 125mm COPING BEAM

Volume 4
300
SECTION A-A SECTION B-B SECTION C-C
115mm THICK CEMENT / SAND
BRICKWALL WITH 20 PLASTERING
BOTH SIDES NOTES :

1. ALL CONCRETE USED SHALL BE GRADE C25.

2200
2. MINIMUM COVER TO REINFORCEMENT SHALL BE 25mm.

3. ALL BRICKS USED SHALL BE FIRST QUALITY CEMENT / SAND BRICKS.

4. BRICKWORK SHALL BE REINFORCED WITH EXPANDED METAL OR "EXMET" AT EVERY FOURTH COURSE COMMENCINGS TWO COURSES ABOVE GROUND BEAM LEVEL.
Figure 6.6 Brickwall Fencing

150 x 300mm GROUND BEAM 5. BRICKWORK WALLS SHALL BE ANCHORED TO CONCRETE FACES USING GALVANISED FISHTAIL A NCHORS TO LAP IN WITH THE BRICK REINFORCEMENT AT EVERY

300
FOURTH COURSE COMMENCING TWO COURSES ABOVE GROUND BEAM LEVEL.

6. MORTAR FOR BRICKWORK SHALL BE SET IN 1:1:5 CEMENT-LIME-SAND MORTAR.

MIN. 900
230
750 x 750 x 230mm FOOTING 7. PLASTERING AND RENDERING TO SURFACE OF BRICKWALL SHALL BE FINISHED TO A MINIMUM THICKNERS OF 20mm WITH 1:3 CEMENT-SAND NORTAR.

750
PAINTING

TYPICAL CROSS SECTION OF BRICKWALL FENCING 1.) ALL EXPOSED WALL SHALL BE PAINTED WITH ONE UNDERCOAT OF APPROVED RESISTING PRIMER SEALER AND TWO COATS OF
APPROVED WEATHER RESISTANT EMULSION PAINT.

2.) TWO BANDS OF IWK'S COLOUR WITH OVERALL HEIGHTS OF 400mm SHALL BE PAINTED ON EXTERIOR FACE OF THE WALL.

3.) NTERIOR/EXTERIOR WALL COLOUR STANDARDS - DULUX TUNGSTEN (10412) OR EQUIVALENT

Industry Guidelines
Malaysian Sewerage
3200 3200

230

800

800

Sewerage Treatment Plants


4T12

LINKS R6-150
230 x 230mm
RC COLUMN
AT 3m INTERVALS
2200

2200
PRE-CAST CONCRETE
WALL 75mm THICK
SURFACE TO BE ROUGHENED

FINISHED GRD. LEVEL


FINISHED GRD. LEVEL

TYPICAL RC COLUMN DETAIL


FRONT VIEW OF PRE-CAST FENCING
R6-100 C/C
230

Volume 4
3 STRANDS P.V.C. COATED BARBED
WIRE ATTACHED TO POST BY 75 T12 T12
HEAVY SPLIT PINS
230

800
63 x 63 x 6mm M.S. ANGLE T12 T12
WITH 3 STRANDS OF BARBED WIRE

45°
SECTION A-A

300
PRE-CAST CONCRETE WALL
75mm THICK NOTES :
1. ALL CONCRETE USED SHALL BE GRADE C25.
Figure 6.7 Precast Fencing

2. MINIMUM COVER TO REINFORCEMENT SHALL BE 25mm.

2200
PRE-CAST CONCRETE WALL
75mm THICK 3. FOUNDATION AS PER THE DESIGN OF THE ENGINEER-IN-CHARGE.

PAINTING
1.) ALL EXPOSED WALL SHALL BE PAINTED WITH ONE UNDERCOAT OF APPROVED RESISTING
PRIMER SEALER AND TWO COATS OF APPROVED WEATHER RESISTANT EMULSION PAINT.
2.) TWO BANDS OF IWK'S COLOUR WITH OVERALL HEIGHTS
OF 400mm SHALL BE PAINTED ON EXTERIOR FACE OF THE WALL.
3.) COLOUR STANDARDS
TYPICAL CROSS SECTION OF PRE-CAST FENCING A.) INTERIOR/EXTERIOR WALL - DULUX TUNGSTEN (10412) OR EQUIVALENT
B.) BANDS - BLUE - DULUX GLOSS FINISH
(PANTONE 300C) OR EQUIVALENT
- GREEN - DULUX GLOSS FINISH
(PANTONE 354C) OR EQUIVALENT

157
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities
158

146
B
3 STRANDS P.V.C. COATED BARBED- WIRE
ATTACHED TO POST BY
HEAVY SPLIT PINS
63 x 63 x 6mm M.S. ANGLE
Requirements

WITH 3 STRANDS OF BARBED WIRE


Requirements for

390mmx190mmx190mm BOND BEAM BLOCK


for Ancillary

390mmx190mmx190mm FULL BLOCK


AncillaryFacilities

Figure
Facilities

1 NO HORIZONTAL REINFORCEMENT
Figure

390mm x 190mm x 190mm BOND BEAM BLOCK

B
ELEVATION
SECTION A-A

ANTI-CLIMB

Volume 4

Volume 4
SECTION B-B
6.86.8 Masonry
Masony

NOTE :-
1 NO. HORIZONTOL REINFORCEMENT 1. FOUNDATION AS PER THE DESIGN OF THE ENGINEER-IN-CHARGE
390mmx190mm190mm BOND BEAM BLOCK 2. ALL MASONRY UNITS (CONCRETE BLOCKS) USED MUST BE UNDER
SIRIM CERTIFICATION SCHEME
3. CONCRETE MIX USED FOR GROUTING TO BE GRADE 20
Fencing

4. CEMENT MORTAR USED FOR JOINTS TO BE 1:3 MIX


Fencing

PAINTING
390mmx190mmx114mm FULL BLOCK
1.) ALL EXPOSED WALL SHALL BE PAINTED WITH ONE UNDERCOAT
OF APPROVED RESISTING PRIMER SEALER AND TWO COATS OF
APPROVED WEATHER RESISTANT EMULSION PAINT.
2.) TWO BANDS OF IWK'S COLOUR WITH OVERALL HEIGHTS
OF 400mm SHALL BE PAINTED ON EXTERIOR FACE OF THE WALL.
1 NO HORIZONTAL REINFORCEMENT 3.) COLOUR STANDARDS
A.) INTERIOR/EXTERIOR WALL - DULUX TUNGSTEN (10412)
390mmx190mmx190mm BOND BEAM BLOCK
B.) BANDS - BLUE - DULUX GLOSS FINISH OR EQUIVALENT
(PANTONE 300C) OR EQUIVALENT
- GREEN - DULUX GLOSS FINISH
(PANTONE 354C) OR EQUIVALENT

Industry Guidelines
Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines
Malaysian Sewerage
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

6.7 Beautification Zone and Landscape

Treatment plants shall be effectively and visually screened by a


beautification zone within the treatment plant site of not less than
2 m wide, on which selected species of trees and shrubs can be planted.
In congested or difficult locations, the Commission should be consulted
on these requirements.

Premix or Paved area shall be provided at this zone for all class 1
treatment plants with loading equal or less than 1000 PE or where
necessary.

6.8 Stores and Workshops

All Class 4 Treatment plants that exceed 20 000 PE and have a pump
station within the premises shall be provided with an active store and
workshop.

6.9 Spares

All mechanical units shall be provided with an adequate reserve supply of


critical spare parts. A list of proposed spare parts should be forwarded
for approval when detailed designs are submitted for verification and
approval.

All parts recommended by the manufacturer to be provided with spares


shall be so delivered at the stage of final inspection. Notwithstanding
that, all parts with a life span of 3 years or less shall be provided with
spares

Typical spare parts requirements are provided in Table 6.2. Spare parts
shall be obtained from the original manufacturer of the equipment and
shall be packed and protected for storage to BS1133 requirement.

A set of special tools if required and specific to an equipment including


lifting tackle and greasing equipment necessary for the maintenance,
repair, testing and overhauled of the equipment shall be supplied together
with the spares at the stage of final inspection.

Sewerage Treatment Plants Volume 4 159


Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

Table 6.2 Spare Part

No. Equipment Spare Parts Quantity


1. Pumps: Bearing one set
Raw Sewage o-ring one set
Submersible oil seal one set
Pumps. mechanical seal one set
Grit Pumps. wear ring one set
Feeding Pumps. Impeller (for 3 or more one set
RAS Pumps. pump of similar model) one set, whichever parts is
Sludge Pumps. (see Pumps, Motors, relevant
Effluent Pumps. Drives)
2. Motors (Electric): Bearing one set
o-ring one set
oil seal one set
mechanical seal one set
3 Drives
a)Direct Couple gear bearing one set
b)Chain chain one set
sprocket one set
c)Belt V-belt one set
4 Mechanically Raked Chain one set
Screens Chain link one set
Gear sprocket one set
(also see Motors, one set, whichever parts is
Drives) relevant
5. Diaphragm Pump diaphragm one set
6. Progressive Cavity rubber stator one set
(Mono) Pump
7. Blowers (see Motors, Drives) one set, whichever parts is
relevant
8. Aerator:
Diffused Air Diffusers 10% of total numbers
Mechanical (surface, (see Motors, Drives) one set, whichever parts is
brush) relevant
9. Scraper rotating collectors one set
wheel one set per clarifier
(see Motors, Drives) one set, whichever parts is
relevant
10. Conveyor (see Motors, Drives) one set, whichever parts is
relevant

160 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage


Industry Guidelines
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

Table 6.2 Spare Part (continued)


6.10 Yard Lighting
No. Equipment Spare Parts Quantity

11. Filter Press oil seal for hydraulic one set


pump one pair out of every five
membrane cloth pair of plates
12. Belt Press oil seal for hydraulic one set
pump one set if the STP has only
Belt one press
13. Centrifuges (see Drives) one set, whichever parts is
relevant

6.10 Yard Lighting


Effective yard and building lighting systems shall be incorporated within
the treatment plant site in order to provide sufficient illumination for
operation and maintenance schedules to be carried out during day and
night periods. In addition, the entire treatment plant site shall have
sufficient street lights and perimeter lights for various operations, safety
and security reasons.

Compound lighting shall be provided at every 50 m interval for all


manned and security plants. However, sufficient lighting is required at
the strategic location such as entrance gate, inlet works and necessary
areas. Refer to Table 6.3.

All lighting shall be accessible for maintenance / removal. Typical details


of compound lighting are shown in Figure 6.9.

Table 6.3 Numbers of Unit and Location of Compound Lighting

Minimum
Class of Population
Numbers Location
STP Equivalent
of Unit

1 ≤1 000 1 Inlet Works or Entrance


Inlet Works and Treatment Process
2 1001 – 5000 2
Unit
Every Internal Corner of STP boundry
4 and nearby to Inlet Works, Treatment
3 5 001 – 20 000
Process Unit and Sludge Treatment
Entrance, Inlet Works, Mess Building,
50 meter Process Treatment Unit, Secondary
4 > 20 000
Treatment Unit and Sludge Treatment.

Sewerage Treatment Plants Volume 4 161


Requirements
Requirements for Ancillary
for Ancillary Facilities Facilities

Figure 6.9 Typical Details of Compound Lighting


Figure 6.9 Typical Details of Compound Lighting
670

105
290

105

6000
250 STANDARD GALVANISED
STREET LAMP POST

FRONT VIEW

SIDE VIEW

LAMP POST

6.11 Sampling Facilities


6.11 Sampling Facilities
Suitable sampling facilities shall be provided (preferably in the form of
an open
Suitable chamber)
sampling within
facilities shallthe
be boundary of the STP in
provided (preferably to the
allow representative
form of an
open samples
chamber)towithin the boundary
be taken safely by ofonetheperson.
STP toFor allow representative
treatment plants up to
samples to be taken safely by one person. For treatment
20 000 PE, sufficient space shall be allowed for proper plants up to
preparation
20,000of PE, sufficient
samples to bespace
takenshall
awaybetoallowed
central for proper preparation
laboratories for furtheroftesting
samples to be taken away to central laboratories for
and analysis. The sampling area shall contain sufficient further testing and space
bench
analysis.
and The sampling
storage spaceareafor shall contain
samples. Forsufficient
treatment bench space
plants and than
greater
storage
20 000 PE, the sampling area shall be provided in accordance the
space for samples. For treatment plants greater than 20,000 PE, with MS
sampling
1228.area shall ladder
Access be provided
shall in
be accordance
provided for withsampling
MS 1228. Access where
facilities
ladder shall be provided for sampling facilities where necessary. Internal
necessary. Internal surface area for sampling point shall be tiled with
surface area for sampling point shall be tiled with clear coloured tiles
clear coloured tiles

6.12 Auto Restart Facilities


6.12 Auto Restart Facilities
All electrical equipment shall be fitted with auto restart facilities for quick
All electrical
re-operation equipment
in the event of failureshall be fitted
of power with auto restart facilities for
facilities.
quick re-operation in the event of failure of power facilities.

162 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage


Industry Guidelines
150 Volume 4 Malaysian Sewerage
Industry Guidelines
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

6.13 Safety Facilities

Safe access and walkways shall be provided at all process units and
equipment (valves, penstocks, aeration tanks, etc.) that require service
and maintenance. Safety handrails shall also be installed at walkways
and other working areas with a fall greater than 2 m. Typical details
of hand rail are shown in Figure 6.10

All chemical storage facilities shall be provided with a safety shower


and eyewash as well as appropriate warning signs. Liquid chemical
storage facilities shall be bund. Access to the area shall be restricted
using lockable doors/gates.

Provision for fire detection, alarm and fire fighting equipment shall
be complying with the latest requirements in the Uniform Building
Bylaws, the Institute of Electrical Engineers (IEE) guidelines and other
statutory requirements.

All tanks shall not exceed 1.2 m above ground.

Stair case and ladder exceeding 1.2 m shall be provided with


handrail

All plants located adjacent to earth slopes shall be provided with proper
slope protection structures. The slope protection design must be certified
by Qualified Professional Engineer.

6.14 Doors

All external doors shall be of weather proof and suitable for out-door
installation.

Door with sufficient width for the manoeuvre of equipment shall be


provided at the building of pump station, blower room, etc. For opening
more than 4 m wide or 5 m high, motorized roller shutter shall be
provided complete with manual over-ride button, which enables it to
be operated during power interruption.

6.15 Fire Hydrant

For treatment plants above 20 000PE, fire hydrant shall be provided


complying with the requirements of Jabatan Bomba.

Sewerage Treatment Plants Volume 4 163


Requirements for Ancillary Facilities

6.16 Power Supply

Power supply shall be provided to each plant from the approved


source. Drawings submitted for approval shall indicate the locations of
electrical power tapping point and schematic layout plan. Approval for
power supply tapping should be obtained from relevant authority for
permanent power supply before submitting inspection form. All related
document, such as electrical bills, transfer of ownership: to be submitted
before final inspection. Requirement of power shall be finalised prior
to obtaining design approval

Requirement of incoming permanent power supply shall be inline with


Section 4 this Volume.

6.17 Internal Sanitation (Toilet)

All plants shall be provided with toilet. The toilet shall consist of water
tap, water closet, shower and wash basin. The area for toilet shall
comply with Uniform Building By Laws. Toilet to be located beside
the control panel building. Toilets can also be located in the mess or
office building.

6.18 Lifting Requirement

Safe lifting weight in unrestricted area is 16 kg. For heavier objects and/
or very tight locations, provision of crane or access for truck mounted
crane to be made.

Lifting requirements are as follows:

- Weight < 16 kg: Manual lifting


- 16 kg ≤ Weight ≤ 250 kg: A davit or ‘A’ frame shall be arranged
to allow items lifted by using manual
chain hoist to be projected on a 1.2
m truck tray and positioned at 2 m
above road level. In the pump station,
motorized hoist is required for lifting
weight exceeding 100 kg.
- Weight > 250 kg: A gantry with motorised hoist shall
be arranged to allow items to be
projected on a 1.2 m truck tray and
positioned at 2 m above road level
truck tray.

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Lifting equipment shall be subjected to DOSH approval standards and


guidelines.

Safe Working Load with approved method of installation shall be rated


and printed for all lifting facilities. Height and lifting method must be
considered in the design for Safe Working Load of lifting facilities.

All portable motorised hoist shall be of 230 V operating voltage and fixed
electrical hoist shall be of 415 V operating voltage.

All fixed 3 axis type gantry shall come with additional safety features
such as travel stop limit switch, hoist over run limit switch, slow &
fast speed mode and emergency stop (for all type of hoist).

All fixed type outdoor lifting facility futures shall comprise of hoist
parking bay with shade. All fixed type lifting facility shall come with
working platform and excess ladder.

Typical drawings of lifting davits and A-frame lifting facilities are


shown in Figure 6.11 and Figure 6.12.

6.19 Ventilation

Ventilation is the process of letting in outside air into a space so that it


mixes with the inside atmosphere to dilute contaminants and replenish
oxygen. The purpose of ventilation in a sewage treatment plant is
to provide a comfortable and safe working environment for all plant
personnel.

Hence proper ventilation shall be provided as a mean of providing


sufficient fresh air and reducing poisonous or explosive gases in enclosed
or semi-enclosed spaces where access to human is allowed. Ventilation
can be achieved naturally or mechanically:

• Natural ventilation uses the force of nature such as air currents,


breezes, thermal gradients and pressure differences to move air
in and out of the space.

• Mechanical ventilation uses fans and blowers to force air


through space. It is also sometimes called forced ventilation.

Particular requirements are:


a) Ventilation shall be intrinsically safe with respect to explosive
gases (such as methane) where such gases may be present.
b) Ventilation shall be designed to deal with the different densities
of the various gases.

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c) Ventilation fans shall be located outside the enclosed space to


induce forced air into the plant. Intake locations shall be such
that only fresh air is drawn into the system and not air recirculated
from the exhaust.
d) Mechanical ventilation shall be used if the system is required to
remove contaminants.
e) Ventilation exhaust shall be directed to a suitable location for
discharge and it shall not be adjacent to the intake point.
f) Ventilation at rooms where heat generation may take place must
be adequate to dissipate the heat generated to ensure a comfortable
making ambient for the equipment and the operator.
g) Noise levels associated with operating fans and blowers, particularly
in a confined space, shall conform to the requirements in Section
4 of this Guidelines and other stationary requirements.
h) Optimise recurring cost for operation, maintenance and
replacement.
i) Regular testing and inspection of the equipment
j) Compliance with the suggested ventilation requirements. Table 6.4
presents some commonly used values for ventilation rates in typical
enclosed spaces of a sewage treatment plant: -

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Table 6.4 Common ventilation rates

Minimum Ventilation Rate


Space Remarks
(Air Changes/hour, ac/hr)
Wet-Well 30 intermittent Use 100% outside air. Step up
12 continuous to 24 ac/hr if hazardous gases
are detected. Consider odour
control, where warranted
Dry-Well 30 intermittent
12 continuous
Grit Removal/ 30 intermittent Same as wet well
Screen Area 12 continuous
Digester Gas 30 intermittent Same as wet well
Control Room 12 continuous
Sludge Gas 30 intermittent Same as wet well
Compressor Room 12 continuous
Enclosed Grit 30 intermittent Same as wet well
Loading Areas 12 continuous
Enclosed Primary 30 intermittent Same as wet well
Sedimentation Tanks 12 continuous
Scum Concentration 30 intermittent Same as wet well
Tank 12 continuous
Chlorine and 60 intermittent Hazardous areas, toxic fumes,
Sulphur Dioxide floor level exhaust required.
12 continuous
Rooms Interlock fans with manual
switches located at each
entrance. Also interlock fans
with chlorine and sulphur
dioxide detection. Use 100%
outside air
Filter/Dewatering 12 continuous Consider odour control for
Area exhaust air from dewatering
area, where warranted
All other enclosed 30 intermittent In particular at blower room,
unit processes not high tension room, low voltage
12 continuous
mentionedelsewhere room, switchboard and control
panel rooms, where there are
tendency of heat generation

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k) An audible and visible warning shall be provided at all entry


points. This shall automatically operate if the fan fails.
l) Where natural or forced ventilation is provided, it shall be
installed in such a manner so as to avoid any ingress of water
due to rain or other sources.
m) In areas with routine entry by personnel, the ventilation strategy
shall emphasize adequate control of contaminants and the
ventilation system shall be continuously operated.

6.20 Process Water

The designer is encouraged to provide recycle water facilities from


the treated effluent. The recycle water can be utilised for cleaning and
landscaping purposes.

6.21 Aesthetic

The structure of a treatment plant shall blend with the surrounding


development to improve the aesthetic value of the area. Roof, structure
wall or brickwall fancing can be designed with other than conventional
finishing.

6.22 Close Turfing

Unpaved area within the STP reserve shall be turfed with close turfing.
The type of grass must be “cow grass”. For slope area, turf must be
pegged to avoid grass wash away during water run-off.

6.23 Standard Roofing and related requirement

Roof for control panel shall be of flat roof and shall be installed with
water proving material on the final layer. The slope of flat roof shall
be 1: 20 and gutter shall be provided.

However, for the aesthetic purpose Pitch type roof may be provided.
The slope shall be 30 degree from horizontal. Suitable material for roof
such as roof tile is recommended.

The design of roof shall be considered from the following:

i) Suitable material for roof (flat or slope) including colour


ii) Adequate air for ventilations
iii) Enough heights for lifting facilities

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iv) Enough heights for access and headroom


v) Type of insulation
vi) Acoustic treatment where applicable

6.24 Painting

Painting shall include all plant and machinery inside buildings, including
pipework, grating, handrailing, internal walls below ground level and
all metal work including machinery.

The conduits and piping shall be appropriately named and labelled


indicating flow directions and painted with the following colour codes
for easy identification:
Chlorine line - yellow with double green bands
Compressed air line - green
Fuel gas line - orange
Potable water supply line - blue
Raw sewage line - black
Final effluent line - grey
Sludge line - brown
Non-potable water line - blue with double black bands
Other disinfectant lines - yellow with double red bands
Biogas line - yellow

The labels shall be stencilled on the piping in a contrasting colour with


the colour coded bands, if any, located at appropriate and strategic
points.

Colour codes selected for general equipment, building and others items
in a sewage treatment plants shall be adhered to colour standards as
detailed in Table 6.5. The types of paint and surface preparation used
shall be as recommended by the paint manufacturer.

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Table 6.5 Painting System Index – Colour Standards

Equivalent Colour
Item Colour
Guide
General Equipment including motors Dark Blue Dulux Regal Blue
(unless come with the original manufacturer 0013
approved colour code)
Par Mandarin Blue
0013
Penstocks/Valves/Manhole Covers Black Par Bituminous Black
Machinery Guards/Railings/Runways/ Yellow Dulux Lemon 2024
Overhead Cranes/Lifting Davit
Par Golden Yellow
Switchboards Light Grey Dulux Pewter 695
Par Willow Grey
00A05
Fencing poles/Gates Green Dulux A365-13449
Par Green 3666
Building and Walls – Exterior Grey Dulux BS 00A05-
(Weathersheild) 10235
Building and Walls - Interior White
Fencewall – Interior and Exterior Grey Dulux BS 00A05-
10235
Floors - Concrete Interior Green Leigh Green 3666
Building Stripes Green Dulux A910-13448
Par Green 3666
Blue Dulux A910-11482
Par Blue 2686
Indah Water Logo (where applicable) Indah Water Dulux A365-13449
Green Par Green 1006
Indah Water Dulux A365-11483
Blue Par Blue 1007

Notes:
The above painting requirements are not applicable to stainless steel, aluminium,
galvanised metal surfaces except where necessary to comply with statutory health
and safety requirement.

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Figure 6.10 Typical Detail of Guard Rail


Figure 6.10 Typical Details og Guard Rail

550

1
21/4
1100

100 33

150-250
SIDE PALM BASE
TYPICAL RUN OF HANDRAIL AS
VIEWED FROM WALKWAY SIDE

FLAT BASE
TUBULAR STANDARDS
550

1
21/4
1100

12
100
150-250

100 36

TRIANGULAR BASE
TYPICAL RUN OF HANDRAIL AS
VIEWED FROM WALKWAY SIDE

ROUND BASE
TUBULAR STANDARDS

3000 C/C 3000 C/C


550
1100

550

DETAIL OF HOT DIPPED G.I. RAILING

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Figure 6.11 Typical Detail of Lifting Davit
6.11 : Typical Detail of Lifting Davit

50
0
90

75
Requirements for Ancillary Facilities 50

25

20 25 20
25

6.11 : Typical Detail of Lifting Davit


30° FL FL

6
450

30
120

6 FILLET WELDED

10
50 OD=98
0
SAFE WORKING 90
LOAD TO BE PLAT THICKNESS 10
INDICATED
75

50

25
1775

250

260
20 25 20
25

30° FL FL

6
450

30
120
DETAIL `A'
6 FILLET WELDED

10
OD = 118
OD=98

SAFE WORKING
LOAD TO BE PLAT THICKNESS 10 DETAIL `A'
INDICATED

SIDE VIEW SECTION


LIFTING DAVIT
LIFTING DAVIT
1775

250

260

NOTE : DEPTH OF SLEEVE SHALL VARIOUS WITH HEIGHT OF POLE ACCORDINGLY

DETAIL `A'

Figure 6.12 : Typical DetailDETAIL


of A`A'Frame Lifting Facilities
OD = 118

SIDE VIEW SECTION


LIFTING DAVIT
LIFTING DAVIT
1200 2160

203x203x46Kg/m UB 1800

NOTE : DEPTH OF SLEEVE SHALL VARIOUS WITH HEIGHT OF POLE ACCORDINGLY

Figure 6.12 Typical Detail of A-Frame Lifting Facilities


180

203x133x25Kg/m UB
315

203x133x
25Kg/m UB

Figure 6.12 : Typical Detail of A Frame Lifting Facilities

2160
2340

1200
2340

203x203x46Kg/m UB 1800
180

203x133x25Kg/m UB
315

203x133x
25Kg/m UB

300x300x12 PLATE BOLTED TO CONCRETE 300x300x12 PLATE BOLTED TO CONCRETE

1500

TO PROVIDE WITH ROLLER OR FIX TO THE CONCRETE TO PROVIDE WITH ROLLER OR FIX TO THE CONCRETE
2340

FLOOR (TO SYSTEM SUPPLIER DESIGN)


2340

FLOOR (TO SYSTEM SUPPLIER DESIGN)

SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW

A-FRAME WITH I-BEAM A-FRAME WITH I-BEAM

300x300x12 PLATE BOLTED TO CONCRETE 300x300x12 PLATE BOLTED TO CONCRETE

1500

TO PROVIDE WITH ROLLER OR FIX TO THE CONCRETE TO PROVIDE WITH ROLLER OR FIX TO THE CONCRETE
FLOOR (TO SYSTEM SUPPLIER DESIGN) FLOOR (TO SYSTEM SUPPLIER DESIGN)

SIDE VIEW FRONT VIEW

A-FRAME WITH I-BEAM A-FRAME WITH I-BEAM

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